lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2008]   [Apr]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [patch 1/3] dynamic printk - core infrastructure
On Tue, 1 Apr 2008 15:49:51 -0400 Jason Baron wrote:

>
> Add the ability to dynamically enable/disable pr_debug()/dev_dbg() in the
> kernel. Yes, these calls could be converted to printk(KERN_DEBUG), but there
> are enough to cause overhead. Additionally, the logs become difficult to read.
> Here, one can turn on and off these messages per .c source file via:
>
> echo "add file.c" > /sys/kernel/debug/dynamic_printk/files
> echo "remove file.c" > /sys/kernel/debug/dynamic_printk/files

Is <filename> the full path name or just the basename of the file?
If just the basename, what happens for files that have duplicated
basenames throughout the kernel tree?

> There is also a special 'all' value that turns on all the debugging messages.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> include/linux/device.h | 12 ++
> include/linux/kernel.h | 11 ++
> lib/Kconfig.debug | 34 ++++++
> lib/Makefile | 2
> lib/dynamic_printk.c | 253 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 312 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 lib/dynamic_printk.c
>
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
> index db375be..b007f61 100644
> --- a/include/linux/device.h
> +++ b/include/linux/device.h
> @@ -587,6 +587,17 @@ extern const char *dev_driver_string(struct device *dev);
> #define dev_info(dev, format, arg...) \
> dev_printk(KERN_INFO , dev , format , ## arg)
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_PRINTK
> +extern void dyanmic_printk(char *, char *, ...);
> +DECLARE_IMV(char, dynamic_debug_on);
> +#define dev_dbg(dev, format, arg...) \
> + do { \
> + if (unlikely(imv_read(dynamic_debug_on))) \
> + dynamic_printk(__FILE__, KERN_DEBUG "%s %s: " format, \
> + dev_driver_string(dev), (dev)->bus_id, \
> + ## arg); \
> + } while (0)
> +#else
> #ifdef DEBUG
> #define dev_dbg(dev, format, arg...) \
> dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG , dev , format , ## arg)
> @@ -597,6 +608,7 @@ dev_dbg(struct device *dev, const char *fmt, ...)
> return 0;
> }
> #endif
> +#endif
>
> #ifdef VERBOSE_DEBUG
> #define dev_vdbg dev_dbg
> diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
> index ff356b2..a311e87 100644
> --- a/include/linux/kernel.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
> @@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
> #include <linux/compiler.h>
> #include <linux/bitops.h>
> #include <linux/log2.h>
> +#include <linux/immediate.h>
> #include <asm/byteorder.h>
> #include <asm/bug.h>
>
> @@ -276,6 +277,15 @@ extern void print_hex_dump_bytes(const char *prefix_str, int prefix_type,
> #define pr_info(fmt, arg...) \
> printk(KERN_INFO fmt, ##arg)
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_PRINTK
> +extern void dynamic_printk(char *, char *, ...);
> +DECLARE_IMV(char, dynamic_debug_on);
> +#define pr_debug(fmt, ...) \
> + do { \
> + if (unlikely(imv_read(dynamic_debug_on))) \
> + dynamic_printk(__FILE__, KERN_DEBUG fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__);\
> + } while (0)

That indentation should be more like it is in dev_dbg() above.

> +#else
> #ifdef DEBUG
> /* If you are writing a driver, please use dev_dbg instead */
> #define pr_debug(fmt, arg...) \
> @@ -286,6 +296,7 @@ static inline int __attribute__ ((format (printf, 1, 2))) pr_debug(const char *
> return 0;
> }
> #endif
> +#endif
>
> /*
> * Display an IP address in readable format.
> diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> index 0d8a5a4..5454c0a 100644
> --- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
> +++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
> @@ -615,4 +615,38 @@ config PROVIDE_OHCI1394_DMA_INIT
>
> See Documentation/debugging-via-ohci1394.txt for more information.
>
> +config DYNAMIC_PRINTK
> + bool "Enable dynamic printk() call support"
> + default y

Why default yes?

> + depends on PRINTK
> + help
> +
> + allows pr_debug() and dev_dbg() calls to be dynamically enabled based

Allows

> + upon their .c source file. Traditionally, these calls are only
> + enabled if one set #define DEBUG and recompiled the kernel. This
> + option obviates time consuming re-compiles.

time-consuming
> +
> + The impact of this compile option is a larger kerenl text size ~1%.

kernel

> + However, if CONFIG_IMMEDIATE is set, the run-time impact is
> + negligible. Without CONFIG_IMMEDIATE set, a global variable is
> + referenced for each pr_debug() and dev_dbg() calls.
> +
> + Usage:
> +
> + The printing of pr_debug() and dev_dbg() is controlled by the
> + debugfs file, dynamic_printk/files.
> +
> + echo "add foo.c" > dynamic_printk/files
> + echo "remove foo.c" > dynamic_printk/files
> +

Does "cat dynamic_printk/files" do anything useful?

> + Also, a special "all" value will print all pr_debug() and dev_dbg()
> + calls. ie:

I.e.:

> +
> + echo "add all" > dynamic_printk/files
> + echo "remove all" > dynamic_printk/files
> +
> + Finally, passing "dynamic_printk" at the command line enables all
> + pr_debug() and dev_dbg() call to come out (same as "all"). This mode

calls

> + can be disabled via a "remove all"
> +

Trailing whitespace (tab).

It looks like the use of "add/remove all" can only be done when
nr_entries == 0 (no filename entries in the hash list).
If that's the case, please document it.


> source "samples/Kconfig"
> diff --git a/lib/dynamic_printk.c b/lib/dynamic_printk.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..008496b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/lib/dynamic_printk.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,253 @@
> +/*
> + * lib/dynamic_printk.c
> + *
> + * make pr_debug()/dev_dbg() calls runtime configurable based upon their .c file
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Red Hat, Inc., Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> +#include <linux/seq_file.h>
> +#include <linux/debugfs.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> +#include <linux/hash.h>
> +
> +#define FILE_HASH_BITS 5
> +#define FILE_TABLE_SIZE (1 << FILE_HASH_BITS)
> +
> +DEFINE_IMV(char, dynamic_debug_on) = 0;
> +EXPORT_IMV_SYMBOL_GPL(dynamic_debug_on);
> +
> +static int all;
> +static struct hlist_head file_table[FILE_TABLE_SIZE] =
> + { [0 ... FILE_TABLE_SIZE-1] = HLIST_HEAD_INIT };
> +static DECLARE_MUTEX(debug_list_mutex);
> +static int nr_entries;
> +
> +struct debug_name {
> + struct hlist_node hlist;
> + char *name;
> +};
> +
> +static inline unsigned int name_hash(char *name)
> +{
> + unsigned int hash = full_name_hash(name, strlen(name));
> + return (hash & ((1 << FILE_HASH_BITS) - 1));
> +}
> +
> +static struct debug_name *find_debug_file(char *file_name)
> +{
> + int found = 0;
> + struct hlist_head *head;
> + struct hlist_node *node;
> + struct debug_name *element;
> +
> + head = &file_table[name_hash(file_name)];
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(element, node, head, hlist) {
> + if (!strcmp(element->name, file_name)) {
> + found = 1;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> + if (found)
> + return element;
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static int add_debug_file(char *file_name)
> +{
> + struct debug_name *new;
> +
> + if (find_debug_file(file_name))
> + return -EINVAL;
> + new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct debug_name), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!new)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + INIT_HLIST_NODE(&new->hlist);
> + new->name = file_name;
> + hlist_add_head_rcu(&new->hlist,
> + &file_table[name_hash(new->name)]);
> + nr_entries++;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int remove_debug_file(char *file_name)
> +{
> + struct debug_name *element;
> +
> + element = find_debug_file(file_name);
> + if (element == NULL)
> + return -EINVAL;
> + hlist_del_rcu(&element->hlist);
> + synchronize_rcu();
> + kfree(element->name);
> + kfree(element);
> + nr_entries--;
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void dynamic_printk(char *filename, char *fmt, ...)
> +{
> + va_list args;
> +
> + va_start(args, fmt);
> + if (all)
> + vprintk(fmt, args);
> + else {
> + if (find_debug_file(filename))
> + vprintk(fmt, args);
> + }
> + va_end(args);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dynamic_printk);
> +
> +static ssize_t pr_debug_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> + size_t length, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> + char *buffer, *file_name, *s;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (!buf || length > PAGE_SIZE || length < 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + buffer = (char *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!buffer)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + err = -EFAULT;
> + if (copy_from_user(buffer, buf, length))
> + goto out;
> +
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + if (length < PAGE_SIZE)
> + buffer[length] = '\0';
> + else if (buffer[PAGE_SIZE-1])
> + goto out;
> +
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + down(&debug_list_mutex);
> + if (!strncmp("add all", buffer, 7)) {
> + if (!all && (nr_entries == 0))
> + imv_set(dynamic_debug_on, 1);
> + all = 1;
> + err = 0;
> + } else if (!strncmp("remove all", buffer, 10)) {
> + if (all && (nr_entries == 0))
> + imv_set(dynamic_debug_on, 0);
> + all = 0;
> + err = 0;
> + } else if (!strncmp("add ", buffer, 4)) {
> + s = strstrip(buffer+4);

(buffer + 4);

> + file_name = kmalloc(strlen(s)+1, GFP_KERNEL);

strlen(s) + 1,

> + if (!file_name) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out_up;
> + }
> + file_name = strcpy(file_name, s);
> + err = add_debug_file(file_name);
> + if (err && err != -ENOMEM)
> + kfree(file_name);
> + if (!err && (nr_entries == 1) && !all)
> + imv_set(dynamic_debug_on, 1);
> + } else if (!strncmp("remove ", buffer, 7)) {
> + s = strstrip(buffer+7);

spacing

> + err = remove_debug_file(s);
> + if (!err && (nr_entries == 0) && !all)
> + imv_set(dynamic_debug_on, 0);
> + }
> + if (!err)
> + err = length;
> +out_up:
> + up(&debug_list_mutex);
> +out:
> + free_page((unsigned long)buffer);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static void *pr_debug_seq_start(struct seq_file *f, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> + return (*pos < FILE_TABLE_SIZE) ? pos : NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void *pr_debug_seq_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
> +{
> + (*pos)++;
> + if (*pos >= FILE_TABLE_SIZE)
> + return NULL;
> + return pos;
> +}
> +
> +static void pr_debug_seq_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
> +{
> + /* Nothing to do */
> +}
> +
> +static int pr_debug_seq_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
> +{
> + struct hlist_head *head;
> + struct hlist_node *node;
> + struct debug_name *element;
> + unsigned int i = *(loff_t *) v;
> +
> + if (i == 0 && all)
> + seq_printf(s, "all\n");
> + rcu_read_lock();
> + head = &file_table[i];
> + hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(element, node, head, hlist)
> + seq_printf(s, "%s\n", element->name);
> + rcu_read_unlock();
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct seq_operations pr_debug_seq_ops = {
> + .start = pr_debug_seq_start,
> + .next = pr_debug_seq_next,
> + .stop = pr_debug_seq_stop,
> + .show = pr_debug_seq_show
> +};
> +
> +static int pr_debug_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + return seq_open(filp, &pr_debug_seq_ops);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations pr_debug_operations = {
> + .open = pr_debug_open,
> + .read = seq_read,
> + .write = pr_debug_write,
> + .llseek = seq_lseek,
> + .release = seq_release,
> +};
> +
> +int __init dynamic_printk_init(void)
> +{
> + struct dentry *dir, *file;
> +
> + dir = debugfs_create_dir("dynamic_printk", NULL);
> + if (!dir)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + file = debugfs_create_file("files", 0644, dir, NULL,
> + &pr_debug_operations);
> + if (!file) {
> + debugfs_remove(dir);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +__initcall(dynamic_printk_init);
> +
> +static int __init dynamic_printk_setup(char *str)
> +{
> + if (str)
> + return -ENOENT;
> + all = 1;
> + imv_set(dynamic_debug_on, 1);
> + return 0;

extra tab.

> +}
> +early_param("dynamic_printk", dynamic_printk_setup);

---
~Randy

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2008-04-01 23:51    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans