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SubjectRe: tracing and mmiotrace
On Sat, 22 Mar 2008 13:07:47 +0100
Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> > > i'd suggest the following: pull x86.git and sched-devel.git into a
> > > single tree [the two will combine without rejects]. Then try to add a
> > > kernel/tracing/trace_mmiotrace.c ftrace plugin. The trace_sysprof.c
> > > plugin might be a good example.
> >
> > I did this and now I have mmiotrace enabled/disabled via the tracing
> > framework (what do we call this, since ftrace is one of the tracers?).
>
> cool! could you send the patches for that? (even if they are not fully
> functional yet)

Patch attached in the end. Nice to see how much code disappeared. I tried
to mark all the features I had to break with XXX-comments.

> > The elaborate testing is because I keep hitting a NULL pointer
> > dereference in tracing_generic_entry_update() suggesting 'entry' is
> > NULL. Is there some special init function I have to call or what
> > gives?
>
> that's weird - _entry_ is NULL?

Yes. See the patch, and my kernel log at
http://jumi.lut.fi/~paalanen/scratch/tracing-dmesg1.txt

First you see my check in __trace_special() trigger, and then NULL
pointer dereference BUG at ffffffff80259332 which translates to
kernel/trace/trace.c:639 in tracing_generic_entry_update(), line:
entry->preempt_count = pc & 0xff;
I don't understand why it tries to dereference NULL even when I
check for it.
---
Oh, and during bootup there is an error about -fstack-protector-all
test failed.
> > btw. currently 'cat /debug/tracing/trace' gives the
> > print_func_help_header() and quits, it never stays waiting for more
> > data.
>
> yeah - try "cat /debug/tracing/trace_pipe" for the waiting variant -
> does that work better?

Not really. IIRC it said "resource temporarily unavailable" until
mmiotrace actually tried to produce data. No header there. So I
cannot make "cat" ready to read and after that start tracing.

> 2.6.26 is still a bit away, i strongly feel that we should do this via
> the ftrace framework. We could try this: we try to bring it up to full
> functionality now, even via hacks like multiple trace_special() calls,
> and then extend/clean-up the interacations and missing callbacks?

Okay, though personally I'm not such a big fan of "hack now, fix later
(if willing)" ;-)
Oops, I forgot the "depends on RELAY" there.


arch/x86/Kconfig.debug | 3 +-
arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c | 208 ++++++----------------------------------
include/linux/mmiotrace.h | 6 +
kernel/trace/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/trace/trace.c | 7 ++
kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c | 84 ++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 130 insertions(+), 179 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
index 4c4fea0..127f1e9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig.debug
@@ -186,7 +186,8 @@ config MMIOTRACE_HOOKS

config MMIOTRACE
bool "Memory mapped IO tracing"
- depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && RELAY && DEBUG_FS
+ depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && RELAY
+ select TRACING
select MMIOTRACE_HOOKS
default y
help
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c b/arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c
index 7386440..c7a67d7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c
@@ -22,9 +22,8 @@
#define DEBUG 1

#include <linux/module.h>
-#include <linux/relay.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
-#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
@@ -63,18 +62,18 @@ static const size_t subbuf_size = 256*1024;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct trap_reason, pf_reason);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mm_io_header_rw, cpu_trace);

+#if 0 /* XXX: no way gather this info anymore */
/* Access to this is not per-cpu. */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, dropped);
+#endif

static struct dentry *dir;
-static struct dentry *enabled_file;
static struct dentry *marker_file;

static DEFINE_MUTEX(mmiotrace_mutex);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(trace_lock);
static atomic_t mmiotrace_enabled;
static LIST_HEAD(trace_list); /* struct remap_trace */
-static struct rchan *chan;

/*
* Locking in this file:
@@ -93,36 +92,24 @@ static unsigned long filter_offset;
static int nommiotrace;
static int ISA_trace;
static int trace_pc;
-static int enable_now;

module_param(n_subbufs, uint, 0);
module_param(filter_offset, ulong, 0);
module_param(nommiotrace, bool, 0);
module_param(ISA_trace, bool, 0);
module_param(trace_pc, bool, 0);
-module_param(enable_now, bool, 0);

MODULE_PARM_DESC(n_subbufs, "Number of 256kB buffers, default 128.");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(filter_offset, "Start address of traced mappings.");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nommiotrace, "Disable actual MMIO tracing.");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(ISA_trace, "Do not exclude the low ISA range.");
MODULE_PARM_DESC(trace_pc, "Record address of faulting instructions.");
-MODULE_PARM_DESC(enable_now, "Start mmiotracing immediately on module load.");

static bool is_enabled(void)
{
return atomic_read(&mmiotrace_enabled);
}

-static void record_timestamp(struct mm_io_header *header)
-{
- struct timespec now;
-
- getnstimeofday(&now);
- header->sec = now.tv_sec;
- header->nsec = now.tv_nsec;
-}
-
/*
* Write callback for the debugfs entry:
* Read a marker and write it to the mmio trace log
@@ -141,7 +128,6 @@ static ssize_t write_marker(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
headp = (struct mm_io_header *)event;
headp->type = MMIO_MAGIC | (MMIO_MARKER << MMIO_OPCODE_SHIFT);
headp->data_len = len;
- record_timestamp(headp);

if (copy_from_user(event + sizeof(*headp), buffer, len)) {
kfree(event);
@@ -149,9 +135,11 @@ static ssize_t write_marker(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
}

spin_lock_irq(&trace_lock);
+#if 0 /* XXX: convert this to use tracing */
if (is_enabled())
relay_write(chan, event, sizeof(*headp) + len);
else
+#endif
len = -EINVAL;
spin_unlock_irq(&trace_lock);
kfree(event);
@@ -242,7 +230,11 @@ static void pre(struct kmmio_probe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
else
my_trace->rw.pc = 0;

- record_timestamp(&my_trace->header);
+ /*
+ * XXX: the timestamp recorded will be *after* the tracing has been
+ * done, not at the time we hit the instruction. SMP implications
+ * on event ordering?
+ */

switch (type) {
case REG_READ:
@@ -295,77 +287,19 @@ static void post(struct kmmio_probe *p, unsigned long condition,
default:
break;
}
- relay_write(chan, my_trace, sizeof(*my_trace));
+
+ /*
+ * XXX: Several required values are ignored:
+ * - mapping id
+ * - program counter
+ * Also the address should be physical, not virtual.
+ */
+ mmio_trace_record(my_trace->header.type, my_trace->rw.address,
+ my_trace->rw.value);
put_cpu_var(cpu_trace);
put_cpu_var(pf_reason);
}

-/*
- * subbuf_start() relay callback.
- *
- * Defined so that we know when events are dropped due to the buffer-full
- * condition.
- */
-static int subbuf_start_handler(struct rchan_buf *buf, void *subbuf,
- void *prev_subbuf, size_t prev_padding)
-{
- unsigned int cpu = buf->cpu;
- atomic_t *drop = &per_cpu(dropped, cpu);
- int count;
- if (relay_buf_full(buf)) {
- if (atomic_inc_return(drop) == 1)
- pr_err(NAME "cpu %d buffer full!\n", cpu);
- return 0;
- }
- count = atomic_read(drop);
- if (count) {
- pr_err(NAME "cpu %d buffer no longer full, missed %d events.\n",
- cpu, count);
- atomic_sub(count, drop);
- }
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-static struct file_operations mmio_fops = {
- .owner = THIS_MODULE,
-};
-
-/* file_create() callback. Creates relay file in debugfs. */
-static struct dentry *create_buf_file_handler(const char *filename,
- struct dentry *parent,
- int mode,
- struct rchan_buf *buf,
- int *is_global)
-{
- struct dentry *buf_file;
-
- mmio_fops.read = relay_file_operations.read;
- mmio_fops.open = relay_file_operations.open;
- mmio_fops.poll = relay_file_operations.poll;
- mmio_fops.mmap = relay_file_operations.mmap;
- mmio_fops.release = relay_file_operations.release;
- mmio_fops.splice_read = relay_file_operations.splice_read;
-
- buf_file = debugfs_create_file(filename, mode, parent, buf,
- &mmio_fops);
-
- return buf_file;
-}
-
-/* file_remove() default callback. Removes relay file in debugfs. */
-static int remove_buf_file_handler(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- debugfs_remove(dentry);
- return 0;
-}
-
-static struct rchan_callbacks relay_callbacks = {
- .subbuf_start = subbuf_start_handler,
- .create_buf_file = create_buf_file_handler,
- .remove_buf_file = remove_buf_file_handler,
-};
-
static void ioremap_trace_core(unsigned long offset, unsigned long size,
void __iomem *addr)
{
@@ -387,7 +321,6 @@ static void ioremap_trace_core(unsigned long offset, unsigned long size,
.pc = 0
}
};
- record_timestamp(&event.header);

if (!trace) {
pr_err(NAME "kmalloc failed in ioremap\n");
@@ -410,7 +343,10 @@ static void ioremap_trace_core(unsigned long offset, unsigned long size,
if (!is_enabled())
goto not_enabled;

- relay_write(chan, &event, sizeof(event));
+ /*
+ * XXX: Insufficient data recorded!
+ */
+ mmio_trace_record(event.header.type, event.map.addr, event.map.len);
list_add_tail(&trace->list, &trace_list);
if (!nommiotrace)
register_kmmio_probe(&trace->probe);
@@ -454,7 +390,6 @@ static void iounmap_trace_core(volatile void __iomem *addr)
struct remap_trace *found_trace = NULL;

pr_debug(NAME "Unmapping %p.\n", addr);
- record_timestamp(&event.header);

spin_lock_irq(&trace_lock);
if (!is_enabled())
@@ -469,7 +404,8 @@ static void iounmap_trace_core(volatile void __iomem *addr)
break;
}
}
- relay_write(chan, &event, sizeof(event));
+ mmio_trace_record(event.header.type, event.map.addr,
+ found_trace ? found_trace->id : -1);

not_enabled:
spin_unlock_irq(&trace_lock);
@@ -512,77 +448,23 @@ static void clear_trace_list(void)
}
}

-static ssize_t read_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
- char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
-{
- char buf[3];
-
- if (is_enabled())
- buf[0] = '1';
- else
- buf[0] = '0';
- buf[1] = '\n';
- buf[2] = '\0';
- return simple_read_from_buffer(user_buf, count, ppos, buf, 2);
-}
-
-static void enable_mmiotrace(void);
-static void disable_mmiotrace(void);
-
-static ssize_t write_enabled_file_bool(struct file *file,
- const char __user *user_buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
-{
- char buf[32];
- int buf_size = min(count, (sizeof(buf)-1));
-
- if (copy_from_user(buf, user_buf, buf_size))
- return -EFAULT;
-
- switch (buf[0]) {
- case 'y':
- case 'Y':
- case '1':
- enable_mmiotrace();
- break;
- case 'n':
- case 'N':
- case '0':
- disable_mmiotrace();
- break;
- }
-
- return count;
-}
-
-/* this ripped from kernel/kprobes.c */
-static struct file_operations fops_enabled = {
- .owner = THIS_MODULE,
- .read = read_enabled_file_bool,
- .write = write_enabled_file_bool
-};
-
static struct file_operations fops_marker = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.write = write_marker
};

-static void enable_mmiotrace(void)
+void enable_mmiotrace(void)
{
mutex_lock(&mmiotrace_mutex);
if (is_enabled())
goto out;

- chan = relay_open("cpu", dir, subbuf_size, n_subbufs,
- &relay_callbacks, NULL);
- if (!chan) {
- pr_err(NAME "relay app channel creation failed.\n");
- goto out;
- }
-
reference_kmmio();

+#if 0 /* XXX: tracing does not support text entries */
marker_file = debugfs_create_file("marker", 0660, dir, NULL,
&fops_marker);
+#endif
if (!marker_file)
pr_err(NAME "marker file creation failed.\n");

@@ -598,7 +480,7 @@ out:
mutex_unlock(&mmiotrace_mutex);
}

-static void disable_mmiotrace(void)
+void disable_mmiotrace(void)
{
mutex_lock(&mmiotrace_mutex);
if (!is_enabled())
@@ -615,17 +497,13 @@ static void disable_mmiotrace(void)
debugfs_remove(marker_file);
marker_file = NULL;
}
- if (chan) {
- relay_close(chan);
- chan = NULL;
- }

pr_info(NAME "disabled.\n");
out:
mutex_unlock(&mmiotrace_mutex);
}

-static int __init init(void)
+int __init init_mmiotrace(void)
{
pr_debug(NAME "load...\n");
if (n_subbufs < 2)
@@ -636,31 +514,5 @@ static int __init init(void)
pr_err(NAME "Couldn't create relay app directory.\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
-
- enabled_file = debugfs_create_file("enabled", 0600, dir, NULL,
- &fops_enabled);
- if (!enabled_file) {
- pr_err(NAME "Couldn't create enabled file.\n");
- debugfs_remove(dir);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
-
- if (enable_now)
- enable_mmiotrace();
-
return 0;
}
-
-static void __exit cleanup(void)
-{
- pr_debug(NAME "unload...\n");
- if (enabled_file)
- debugfs_remove(enabled_file);
- disable_mmiotrace();
- if (dir)
- debugfs_remove(dir);
-}
-
-module_init(init);
-module_exit(cleanup);
-MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/include/linux/mmiotrace.h b/include/linux/mmiotrace.h
index cb5efd0..579b3b0 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmiotrace.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmiotrace.h
@@ -54,6 +54,12 @@ static inline void mmiotrace_iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MMIOTRACE_HOOKS */

+/* in kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c */
+extern int __init init_mmiotrace(void);
+extern void enable_mmiotrace(void);
+extern void disable_mmiotrace(void);
+extern void mmio_trace_record(u32 type, unsigned long addr, unsigned long arg);
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */


diff --git a/kernel/trace/Makefile b/kernel/trace/Makefile
index 4ec1f52..fd8c5a4 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/trace/Makefile
@@ -15,5 +15,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FTRACE) += trace_functions.o
obj-$(CONFIG_IRQSOFF_TRACER) += trace_irqsoff.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PREEMPT_TRACER) += trace_irqsoff.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_TRACER) += trace_sched_wakeup.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MMIOTRACE) += trace_mmiotrace.o

libftrace-y := ftrace.o
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 64ea829..05444b0 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -682,6 +682,13 @@ __trace_special(void *__tr, void *__data,

spin_lock_irqsave(&data->lock, irq_flags);
entry = tracing_get_trace_entry(tr, data);
+ if (!entry) {
+ static unsigned limit;
+ if (limit++ < 12)
+ pr_err("%s: Dereferencing NULL, arrr!\n", __func__);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&data->lock, irq_flags);
+ return;
+ }
tracing_generic_entry_update(entry, 0);
entry->type = TRACE_SPECIAL;
entry->special.arg1 = arg1;
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c b/kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e4dd03c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_mmiotrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+/*
+ * Memory mapped I/O tracing
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Pekka Paalanen <pq@iki.fi>
+ */
+
+#define DEBUG 1
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mmiotrace.h>
+
+#include "trace.h"
+
+extern void
+__trace_special(void *__tr, void *__data,
+ unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3);
+
+static struct trace_array *mmio_trace_array;
+
+
+static void mmio_trace_init(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);
+ mmio_trace_array = tr;
+ if (tr->ctrl)
+ enable_mmiotrace();
+}
+
+static void mmio_trace_reset(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);
+ if (tr->ctrl)
+ disable_mmiotrace();
+}
+
+static void mmio_trace_ctrl_update(struct trace_array *tr)
+{
+ pr_debug("in %s\n", __func__);
+ if (tr->ctrl)
+ enable_mmiotrace();
+ else
+ disable_mmiotrace();
+}
+
+static struct tracer mmio_tracer __read_mostly =
+{
+ .name = "mmiotrace",
+ .init = mmio_trace_init,
+ .reset = mmio_trace_reset,
+ .ctrl_update = mmio_trace_ctrl_update,
+};
+
+__init static int init_mmio_trace(void)
+{
+ int ret = init_mmiotrace();
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ return register_tracer(&mmio_tracer);
+}
+device_initcall(init_mmio_trace);
+
+void mmio_trace_record(u32 type, unsigned long addr, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct trace_array *tr = mmio_trace_array;
+ struct trace_array_cpu *data = tr->data[smp_processor_id()];
+
+ if (!current || current->pid == 0) {
+ /*
+ * XXX: This is a problem. We need to able to record, no
+ * matter what. tracing_generic_entry_update() would crash.
+ */
+ static unsigned limit;
+ if (limit++ < 12)
+ pr_err("Error in %s: no current.\n", __func__);
+ return;
+ }
+ if (!tr || !data) {
+ static unsigned limit;
+ if (limit++ < 12)
+ pr_err("%s: no tr or data\n", __func__);
+ return;
+ }
+ __trace_special(tr, data, type, addr, arg);
+}


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