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SubjectHow to avoid spurious lockdep warnings?
In a Xen system, when a new pagetable is about to be put in use it is 
"pinned", meaning that each page in the pagetable is registered with the
hypervisor. This is done in arch/x86/xen/mmu.c:pin_page().

In order to make this efficient, the hypercalls for pinning are batched,
so that multiple pages are submitted at once in a single multicall.
While a page is batched pending the hypercall, its corresponding
pte_lock is held.

This means that the code can end up holding multiple pte locks at once,
though it is guaranteed to never try to hold the same lock at once.
However, because these locks are in the same lock class, I get a
spurious warning from lockdep. Is there some way I can get rid of this
warning?

=============================================
[ INFO: possible recursive locking detected ]
2.6.25-rc6-x86-latest.git-dirty #297
---------------------------------------------
init/1 is trying to acquire lock:
(__pte_lockptr(page)){--..}, at: [<c0105038>] pin_page+0x6a/0x167
but task is already holding lock:
(__pte_lockptr(page)){--..}, at: [<c0105038>] pin_page+0x6a/0x167
other info that might help us debug this:
4 locks held by init/1:
#0: (&mm->mmap_sem){----}, at: [<c012645c>] copy_process+0x97e/0x122f
#1: (&mm->mmap_sem/1){--..}, at: [<c012646c>] copy_process+0x98e/0x122f
#2: (&mm->page_table_lock){--..}, at: [<c0104bf5>] xen_dup_mmap+0x11/0x24
#3: (__pte_lockptr(page)){--..}, at: [<c0105038>] pin_page+0x6a/0x167
stack backtrace:
Pid: 1, comm: init Not tainted 2.6.25-rc6-x86-latest.git-dirty #297
[<c0144049>] __lock_acquire+0x821/0xb50
[<c01443ee>] lock_acquire+0x76/0x9d
[<c0105038>] ? pin_page+0x6a/0x167
[<c0454537>] _spin_lock+0x23/0x32
[<c0105038>] ? pin_page+0x6a/0x167
[<c0105038>] pin_page+0x6a/0x167
[<c0104520>] pgd_walk+0x18f/0x1e1
[<c0104fce>] ? pin_page+0x0/0x167
[<c0104b20>] xen_pgd_pin+0x46/0x10a
[<c0104bfd>] xen_dup_mmap+0x19/0x24
[<c0126619>] copy_process+0xb3b/0x122f
[<c0126e6d>] do_fork+0xab/0x1dd
[<c017341b>] ? vfs_write+0xf1/0x108
[<c010877a>] ? sysenter_past_esp+0xba/0xc8
[<c0106cd5>] sys_clone+0x1f/0x21
[<c0108731>] sysenter_past_esp+0x71/0xc8
=======================

Thanks,
J


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