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    SubjectRe: deadlock on 2.6.24.3-rt3
    [Added Peter Zijlsta and LKML]

    Hiroshi, thanks for looking into this!

    Peter, this looks like a legit fix, could you Ack it.


    On Mon, 17 Mar 2008, Hiroshi Shimamoto wrote:

    > Hiroshi Shimamoto wrote:
    > > Hi,
    > >
    > > I got a soft lockup message on 2.6.24.3-rt3.
    > > I attached the .config.
    > >
    > > I think there is a deadlock scenario, I explain later.
    > >
    > > Here is the console log;
    > > BUG: soft lockup - CPU#2 stuck for 11s! [bash:2175]
    > > CPU 2:
    > > Modules linked in:
    > > Pid: 2175, comm: bash Not tainted 2.6.24.3-rt3 #1
    > > RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8063f052>] [<ffffffff8063f052>] __spin_lock+0x57/0x67
    > > RSP: 0000:ffff8100c52a1d48 EFLAGS: 00000202
    > > RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000004bc5 RCX: 0000000000004bc5
    > > RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: 00000000006c3208 RDI: 0000000000000001
    > > RBP: 000000000000000d R08: ffff8100cbc28018 R09: ffff810007c95458
    > > R10: 00000000006c3208 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: ffffffff808246e8
    > > R13: 000284d000000002 R14: ffffffff80387277 R15: 00000000ffffffff
    > > FS: 00002b28926a2ef0(0000) GS:ffff8100cf8a3940(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
    > > CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
    > > CR2: 00000000006c3208 CR3: 00000000c3cac000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
    > > DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
    > > DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
    > > Call Trace:
    > > [<ffffffff8063f024>] __spin_lock+0x29/0x67
    > > [<ffffffff80296597>] swap_info_get+0x65/0xdd
    > > [<ffffffff80296c0c>] can_share_swap_page+0x39/0x84
    > > [<ffffffff8028ae6e>] do_wp_page+0x2f9/0x519
    > > [<ffffffff8028c8d2>] handle_mm_fault+0x615/0x7cf
    > > [<ffffffff802db823>] proc_flush_task+0x171/0x29c
    > > [<ffffffff8024a64d>] recalc_sigpending+0xe/0x3c
    > > [<ffffffff8022645e>] do_page_fault+0x162/0x754
    > > [<ffffffff8026fe81>] audit_syscall_exit+0x31c/0x37a
    > > [<ffffffff8063f449>] error_exit+0x0/0x51
    > > ---------------------------
    > > | preempt count: 00010002 ]
    > > | 2-level deep critical section nesting:
    > > ----------------------------------------
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 11s! [stress:9460]
    > > CPU 3:
    > > Modules linked in:
    > > Pid: 9460, comm: stress Not tainted 2.6.24.3-rt3 #1
    > > RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8027c974>] [<ffffffff8027c974>] find_get_page+0xad/0xbe
    > > RSP: 0018:ffff8100cbf25b88 EFLAGS: 00000202
    > > 0000000000002009 RBX: ffffffff80824bc8 RCX: 0000000000000002
    > > RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: ffff8100cbfcf298 RDI: ffff810005ad8910
    > > RBP: ffffffff80383a57 R08: ffff810005ad8918 R09: 0000000000000003
    > > R10: ffff810005ad88d8 R11: 0000000000000001 R12: ffffffff80822880
    > > R13: ffff81000799ce48 R14: ffffffff8028921c R15: ffffffff80822880
    > > FS: 00002acaa373bb00(0000) GS:ffff8100cf8a32c0(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
    > > CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b
    > > CR2: 00002b9b2827c530 CR3: 000000006cc90000 CR4: 00000000000006e0
    > > DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
    > > DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
    > > Call Trace:
    > > [<ffffffff8027c8ea>] find_get_page+0x23/0xbe
    > > [<ffffffff80296f83>] free_swap_and_cache+0x46/0xdd
    > > [<ffffffff8028b9b7>] unmap_vmas+0x626/0x8ce
    > > [<ffffffff8028fa4c>] exit_mmap+0xac/0x147
    > > [<ffffffff8023ced7>] mmput+0x32/0xae
    > > [<ffffffff80242f00>] do_exit+0x199/0x914
    > > [<ffffffff8024ab3b>] __dequeue_signal+0x19/0x1b7
    > > [<ffffffff802436a7>] do_group_exit+0x2c/0x7e
    > > [<ffffffff8024c47b>] get_signal_to_deliver+0x2ef/0x4aa
    > > [<ffffffff8020b5dc>] do_notify_resume+0xa8/0x7cd
    > > [<ffffffff80239320>] add_preempt_count+0x14/0x111
    > > [<ffffffff8038b292>] __up_read+0x13/0x8d
    > > [<ffffffff80226483>] do_page_fault+0x187/0x754
    > > [<ffffffff802335ae>] __dequeue_entity+0x2d/0x34
    > > [<ffffffff8020a6d5>] __switch_to+0x27/0x2c9
    > > [<ffffffff802264f0>] do_page_fault+0x1f4/0x754
    > > [<ffffffff8020c7be>] retint_signal+0x3d/0x7f
    > > ---------------------------
    > > | preempt count: 00010005 ]
    > > | 5-level deep critical section nesting:
    > > ----------------------------------------
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > .. [<ffffffff8027c8db>] .... find_get_page+0x14/0xbe
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > > .. [<ffffffff8063f009>] .... __spin_lock+0xe/0x67
    > > .....[<00000000>] .. ( <= 0x0)
    > >
    > >
    > > I also got a kernel core.
    > > (gdb) info thr
    > > 4 process 9460 0xffffffff8027c974 in find_get_page (mapping=<value optimized out>,
    > > offset=18446744071570598016) at include/asm/processor_64.h:385
    > > 3 process 2175 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at kernel/spinlock.c:333
    > > 2 process 9132 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at include/asm/spinlock_64.h:22
    > > * 1 process 9478 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at kernel/spinlock.c:333
    > >
    > > CPU3(thread 4) is in find_get_page(), and the others in __spin_lock().
    > > The thread 4 is waiting to turn PG_nonewrefs bit off in wait_on_page_ref() which is
    > > called from page_cache_get_speculative(), and the thread 4 holds the swap_lock.
    > > The other threads waiting the swap_lock.
    > > On the other hand, the thread 1 turned PG_nonewrefs bit on by calling
    > > lock_page_ref_irq() in remove_mapping(), and then waiting the swap_lock.
    > > So if the target page of remove_mapping() is in the exiting process memory,
    > > the kernel is deadlock.
    > >
    > > (gdb) bt
    > > #0 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at kernel/spinlock.c:333
    > > #1 0xffffffff80296597 in swap_info_get (entry=<value optimized out>)
    > > at mm/swapfile.c:253
    > > #2 0xffffffff80296618 in swap_free (entry={val = 1}) at mm/swapfile.c:300
    > > #3 0xffffffff80286acd in remove_mapping (mapping=<value optimized out>,
    > > page=0xffff810005ad8910) at mm/vmscan.c:423
    > > ...
    > >
    > > (gdb) thr 2
    > > (gdb) bt
    > > #0 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at include/asm/spinlock_64.h:22
    > > #1 0xffffffff80296374 in valid_swaphandles (entry=<value optimized out>,
    > > offset=0xffff81001e22bc78) at mm/swapfile.c:1783
    > > #2 0xffffffff8028b0af in swapin_readahead (entry={val = 1}, addr=0, vma=0x1)
    > > at mm/memory.c:2054
    > > #3 0xffffffff8029a6af in shmem_getpage (inode=0xffff8100cdf4fd48, idx=0,
    > > pagep=0xffff81001e22bd80, sgp=SGP_FAULT, type=0xffff81001e22bd34) at mm/shmem.c:1089
    > > ...
    > >
    > > (gdb) thr 3
    > > (gdb) bt
    > > #0 __spin_lock (lock=0xffffffff80893f80) at kernel/spinlock.c:333
    > > #1 0xffffffff80296597 in swap_info_get (entry=<value optimized out>)
    > > at mm/swapfile.c:253
    > > #2 0xffffffff80296c0c in can_share_swap_page (page=<value optimized out>)
    > > at mm/swapfile.c:317
    > > #3 0xffffffff8028ae6e in do_wp_page (mm=0xffff8100ce772f40, vma=0xffff8100cd212f00,
    > > address=7090696, page_table=0xffff8100cbcef618, pmd=0xffff8100cbc28018,
    > > ptl=0xffff810007c95458, orig_pte=<value optimized out>) at mm/memory.c:1606
    > > ...
    > >
    > > (gdb) thr 4
    > > (gdb) bt
    > > #0 0xffffffff8027c974 in find_get_page (mapping=<value optimized out>,
    > > offset=18446744071570598016) at include/asm/processor_64.h:385
    > > #1 0xffffffff80296f83 in free_swap_and_cache (entry={val = 4032}) at mm/swapfile.c:403
    > > #2 0xffffffff8028b9b7 in unmap_vmas (tlbp=0xffff8100cbf25cd8, vma=0xffff8100cde5c678,
    > > start_addr=0, end_addr=18446744073709551615, nr_accounted=0xffff8100cbf25cd0,
    > > details=0x0) at mm/memory.c:728
    > > #3 0xffffffff8028fa4c in exit_mmap (mm=0xffff8100cd093600) at mm/mmap.c:2048
    > > #4 0xffffffff8023ced7 in mmput (mm=0xffff8100cd093600) at kernel/fork.c:443
    > > #5 0xffffffff80242f00 in do_exit (code=14) at kernel/exit.c:997
    > > ...
    > >
    > >
    > > I think it came from the lockless speculative get page patch.
    > > I found the newer version of this patch in linux-mm.
    > > http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=119477111927364&w=2
    > >
    > > I haven't tested it because it looks big change and hard to apply.
    > > But it seems to fix this deadlock issue.
    > > Any other patch to fix this issue is welcome.
    > >
    >
    > Is this patch good?
    >
    > ---
    > From: Hiroshi Shimamoto <h-shimamoto@ct.jp.nec.com>
    > Subject: [PATCH] avoid deadlock related with PG_nonewrefs and swap_lock
    >
    > There is a deadlock scenario; remove_mapping() vs free_swap_and_cache().
    > remove_mapping() turns PG_nonewrefs bit on, then locks swap_lock.
    > free_swap_and_cache() locks swap_lock, then wait to turn PG_nonewrefs bit
    > off in find_get_page().
    >
    > swap_lock can be unlocked before calling find_get_page().
    >
    > Signed-off-by: Hiroshi Shimamoto <h-shimamoto@ct.jp.nec.com>
    > ---
    > mm/swapfile.c | 5 +++--
    > 1 files changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
    >
    > diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
    > index 5036b70..581afee 100644
    > --- a/mm/swapfile.c
    > +++ b/mm/swapfile.c
    > @@ -400,13 +400,14 @@ void free_swap_and_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
    > p = swap_info_get(entry);
    > if (p) {
    > if (swap_entry_free(p, swp_offset(entry)) == 1) {
    > + spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
    > page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
    > if (page && unlikely(TestSetPageLocked(page))) {
    > page_cache_release(page);
    > page = NULL;
    > }
    > - }
    > - spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
    > + } else
    > + spin_unlock(&swap_lock);
    > }
    > if (page) {
    > int one_user;
    > --
    > 1.5.4.1
    >


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