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Subject[PATCH 8/8] block: add test code for testing CPU affinity
Date
Supports several modes:

- Force IO queue affinity to a specific mask of CPUs
- Force IO completion affinity to a specific mask of CPUs
- Force completion of a request on the same CPU that queued it

Test code so far.

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
block/blk-core.c | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
block/blk-settings.c | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++
block/blk-softirq.c | 105 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
block/blk-sysfs.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/blkdev.h | 8 ++++
5 files changed, 275 insertions(+), 50 deletions(-)
diff --git a/block/blk-core.c b/block/blk-core.c
index 34a475b..bda4623 100644
--- a/block/blk-core.c
+++ b/block/blk-core.c
@@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ void rq_init(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->queuelist);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->donelist);

+ rq->cpu = -1;
rq->errors = 0;
rq->bio = rq->biotail = NULL;
INIT_HLIST_NODE(&rq->hash);
@@ -180,6 +181,11 @@ void blk_dump_rq_flags(struct request *rq, char *msg)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_dump_rq_flags);

+static inline int blk_is_io_cpu(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ return cpu_isset(smp_processor_id(), q->queue_cpu);
+}
+
/*
* "plug" the device if there are no outstanding requests: this will
* force the transfer to start only after we have put all the requests
@@ -200,6 +206,10 @@ void blk_plug_device(struct request_queue *q)
return;

if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags)) {
+ /*
+ * no need to care about the io cpu here, since the
+ * timeout handler needs to punt to kblockd anyway
+ */
mod_timer(&q->unplug_timer, jiffies + q->unplug_delay);
blk_add_trace_generic(q, NULL, 0, BLK_TA_PLUG);
}
@@ -299,6 +309,22 @@ void blk_unplug(struct request_queue *q)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_unplug);

+static void blk_invoke_request_fn(struct request_queue *q)
+{
+ /*
+ * one level of recursion is ok and is much faster than kicking
+ * the unplug handling
+ */
+ if (blk_is_io_cpu(q) &&
+ !test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
+ q->request_fn(q);
+ clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
+ } else {
+ set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
+ }
+}
+
/**
* blk_start_queue - restart a previously stopped queue
* @q: The &struct request_queue in question
@@ -313,18 +339,7 @@ void blk_start_queue(struct request_queue *q)
WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());

clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_STOPPED, &q->queue_flags);
-
- /*
- * one level of recursion is ok and is much faster than kicking
- * the unplug handling
- */
- if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
- q->request_fn(q);
- clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
- } else {
- blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
- }
+ blk_invoke_request_fn(q);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_start_queue);

@@ -381,19 +396,8 @@ void blk_run_queue(struct request_queue *q)
spin_lock_irqsave(q->queue_lock, flags);
blk_remove_plug(q);

- /*
- * Only recurse once to avoid overrunning the stack, let the unplug
- * handling reinvoke the handler shortly if we already got there.
- */
- if (!elv_queue_empty(q)) {
- if (!test_and_set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags)) {
- q->request_fn(q);
- clear_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REENTER, &q->queue_flags);
- } else {
- blk_plug_device(q);
- kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
- }
- }
+ if (!elv_queue_empty(q))
+ blk_invoke_request_fn(q);

spin_unlock_irqrestore(q->queue_lock, flags);
}
@@ -453,6 +457,9 @@ struct request_queue *blk_alloc_queue_node(gfp_t gfp_mask, int node_id)
if (!q)
return NULL;

+ cpus_setall(q->queue_cpu);
+ cpus_setall(q->complete_cpu);
+ q->force_same_complete = 0;
q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_fn = blk_backing_dev_unplug;
q->backing_dev_info.unplug_io_data = q;
err = bdi_init(&q->backing_dev_info);
@@ -857,7 +864,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_get_request);
*/
void blk_start_queueing(struct request_queue *q)
{
- if (!blk_queue_plugged(q))
+ if (!blk_is_io_cpu(q)) {
+ set_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_PLUGGED, &q->queue_flags);
+ kblockd_schedule_work(q, &q->unplug_work);
+ } else if (!blk_queue_plugged(q))
q->request_fn(q);
else
__generic_unplug_device(q);
@@ -1160,13 +1170,18 @@ get_rq:
init_request_from_bio(req, bio);

spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ if (q->force_same_complete)
+ req->cpu = smp_processor_id();
if (elv_queue_empty(q))
blk_plug_device(q);
add_request(q, req);
out:
if (sync)
__generic_unplug_device(q);
-
+ if (cpu_isset(smp_processor_id(), q->queue_cpu))
+ q->local_queue++;
+ else
+ q->remote_queue++;
spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
return 0;

@@ -1912,7 +1927,16 @@ void blk_rq_bio_prep(struct request_queue *q, struct request *rq,

int kblockd_schedule_work(struct request_queue *q, struct work_struct *work)
{
- return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work);
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (blk_is_io_cpu(q))
+ return queue_work(kblockd_workqueue, work);
+
+ /*
+ * would need to be improved, of course...
+ */
+ cpu = first_cpu(q->queue_cpu);
+ return queue_work_on_cpu(kblockd_workqueue, work, cpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kblockd_schedule_work);

diff --git a/block/blk-settings.c b/block/blk-settings.c
index c8d0c57..2126139 100644
--- a/block/blk-settings.c
+++ b/block/blk-settings.c
@@ -386,6 +386,53 @@ void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *q, int mask)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_update_dma_alignment);

+static int blk_queue_set_cpumask(cpumask_t *cpumask, int cpu)
+{
+ if (cpu == -1)
+ cpus_setall(*cpumask);
+ else if (!cpu_isset(cpu, cpu_possible_map)) {
+ cpus_setall(*cpumask);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ } else {
+ cpus_clear(*cpumask);
+ cpu_set(cpu, *cpumask);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_set_completion_cpu - Set IO CPU for completions
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @cpu: cpu
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This function allows a driver to set a CPU that should handle completions
+ * for this device.
+ *
+ **/
+int blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(struct request_queue *q, int cpu)
+{
+ return blk_queue_set_cpumask(&q->complete_cpu, cpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_set_completion_cpu);
+
+/**
+ * blk_queue_set_queue_cpu - Set IO CPU for queuing
+ * @q: the request queue for the device
+ * @cpu: cpu
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * This function allows a driver to set a CPU that should handle queuing
+ * for this device.
+ *
+ **/
+int blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(struct request_queue *q, int cpu)
+{
+ return blk_queue_set_cpumask(&q->queue_cpu, cpu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_set_queue_cpu);
+
int __init blk_settings_init(void)
{
blk_max_low_pfn = max_low_pfn - 1;
diff --git a/block/blk-softirq.c b/block/blk-softirq.c
index 05f9451..5ae8345 100644
--- a/block/blk-softirq.c
+++ b/block/blk-softirq.c
@@ -11,29 +11,51 @@

#include "blk.h"

-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blk_cpu_done);
+struct blk_comp {
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct list_head list;
+ int dead;
+};
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct blk_comp, blk_cpu_done);

static int __cpuinit blk_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
- /*
- * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
- * and trigger a run of the softirq
- */
- if (action == CPU_DEAD || action == CPU_DEAD_FROZEN) {
- int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
+ int cpu = (unsigned long) hcpu;
+ struct blk_comp *bc;
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN: {
+ /*
+ * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
+ * and trigger a run of the softirq
+ */
+ struct blk_comp *dead;

local_irq_disable();
- list_splice_init(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu),
- &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done));
+ bc = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
+ dead = &per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu);
+ double_spin_lock(&bc->lock, &dead->lock, bc < dead);
+ list_splice_init(&dead->list, &bc->list);
+ dead->dead = 1;
+ double_spin_unlock(&bc->lock, &dead->lock, bc < dead);
raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
local_irq_enable();
+ break;
+ }
+ case CPU_ONLINE: {
+ local_irq_disable();
+ bc = &per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu);
+ bc->dead = 0;
+ local_irq_enable();
+ break;
+ }
}

return NOTIFY_OK;
}

-
static struct notifier_block blk_cpu_notifier __cpuinitdata = {
.notifier_call = blk_cpu_notify,
};
@@ -44,11 +66,14 @@ static struct notifier_block blk_cpu_notifier __cpuinitdata = {
*/
static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
{
- struct list_head *cpu_list, local_list;
+ struct blk_comp *bc;
+ struct list_head local_list;

local_irq_disable();
- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_replace_init(cpu_list, &local_list);
+ bc = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
+ spin_lock(&bc->lock);
+ list_replace_init(&bc->list, &local_list);
+ spin_unlock(&bc->lock);
local_irq_enable();

while (!list_empty(&local_list)) {
@@ -71,30 +96,66 @@ static void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
* through a softirq handler. The user must have registered a completion
* callback through blk_queue_softirq_done().
**/
-
void blk_complete_request(struct request *req)
{
- struct list_head *cpu_list;
+ int ccpu, cpu, was_empty;
+ struct request_queue *q = req->q;
+ struct blk_comp *bc;
unsigned long flags;

- BUG_ON(!req->q->softirq_done_fn);
+ BUG_ON(!q->softirq_done_fn);

local_irq_save(flags);
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (q->force_same_complete && req->cpu != -1)
+ ccpu = req->cpu;
+ else if (cpu_isset(cpu, q->complete_cpu))
+ ccpu = cpu;
+ else
+ ccpu = first_cpu(q->complete_cpu);
+
+ if (ccpu == cpu) {
+is_dead:
+ bc = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
+ q->local_complete++;
+ } else {
+ bc = &per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, ccpu);
+ if (unlikely(bc->dead)) {
+ ccpu = cpu;
+ goto is_dead;
+ }
+
+ q->remote_complete++;
+ }
+
+ spin_lock(&bc->lock);
+ was_empty = list_empty(&bc->list);
+ list_add_tail(&req->donelist, &bc->list);
+ spin_unlock(&bc->lock);

- cpu_list = &__get_cpu_var(blk_cpu_done);
- list_add_tail(&req->donelist, cpu_list);
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ if (was_empty) {
+ if (cpu == ccpu)
+ raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ else
+ raise_softirq_on_cpu(ccpu, BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ }

local_irq_restore(flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_complete_request);

-int __init blk_softirq_init(void)
+static int __init blk_softirq_init(void)
{
int i;

- for_each_possible_cpu(i)
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ struct blk_comp *bc = &per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i);
+
+ spin_lock_init(&bc->lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bc->list);
+ bc->dead = 0;
+ }

open_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, blk_done_softirq, NULL);
register_hotcpu_notifier(&blk_cpu_notifier);
diff --git a/block/blk-sysfs.c b/block/blk-sysfs.c
index 54d0db1..870e837 100644
--- a/block/blk-sysfs.c
+++ b/block/blk-sysfs.c
@@ -135,6 +135,70 @@ static ssize_t queue_max_hw_sectors_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
return queue_var_show(max_hw_sectors_kb, (page));
}

+static ssize_t queue_complete_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = cpumask_scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, q->complete_cpu);
+ len += sprintf(page+len, "\nlocal\t%d\nremote\t%d\n", q->local_complete, q->remote_complete);
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_complete_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q,
+ const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ char *p = (char *) page;
+ long val;
+
+ val = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(q, val);
+ q->local_complete = q->remote_complete = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_queue_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ ssize_t len;
+
+ len = cpumask_scnprintf(page, PAGE_SIZE, q->queue_cpu);
+ len += sprintf(page+len, "\nlocal\t%d\nremote\t%d\n", q->local_queue, q->remote_queue);
+ return len;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_queue_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q,
+ const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ char *p = (char *) page;
+ long val;
+
+ val = simple_strtol(p, &p, 10);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(q, val);
+ q->local_queue = q->remote_queue = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ return count;
+}
+
+static ssize_t queue_rq_affinity_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
+{
+ return queue_var_show(q->force_same_complete, page);
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+queue_rq_affinity_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count)
+{
+ unsigned long val;
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ ret = queue_var_store(&val, page, count);
+ spin_lock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+ q->force_same_complete = !!val;
+ spin_unlock_irq(q->queue_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}

static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_requests_entry = {
.attr = {.name = "nr_requests", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
@@ -170,6 +234,24 @@ static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_hw_sector_size_entry = {
.show = queue_hw_sector_size_show,
};

+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_complete_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "completion_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_complete_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_complete_affinity_store,
+};
+
+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_queue_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "queue_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_queue_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_queue_affinity_store,
+};
+
+static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_rq_affinity_entry = {
+ .attr = {.name = "rq_affinity", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
+ .show = queue_rq_affinity_show,
+ .store = queue_rq_affinity_store,
+};
+
static struct attribute *default_attrs[] = {
&queue_requests_entry.attr,
&queue_ra_entry.attr,
@@ -177,6 +259,9 @@ static struct attribute *default_attrs[] = {
&queue_max_sectors_entry.attr,
&queue_iosched_entry.attr,
&queue_hw_sector_size_entry.attr,
+ &queue_complete_affinity_entry.attr,
+ &queue_queue_affinity_entry.attr,
+ &queue_rq_affinity_entry.attr,
NULL,
};

diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index 5e43772..7db3bdf 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -142,6 +142,7 @@ enum rq_flag_bits {
struct request {
struct list_head queuelist;
struct list_head donelist;
+ int cpu;

struct request_queue *q;

@@ -387,6 +388,11 @@ struct request_queue
#if defined(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_BSG)
struct bsg_class_device bsg_dev;
#endif
+ cpumask_t queue_cpu;
+ cpumask_t complete_cpu;
+ int local_queue, remote_queue;
+ int local_complete, remote_complete;
+ int force_same_complete;
};

#define QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER 0 /* cluster several segments into 1 */
@@ -702,6 +708,8 @@ extern void blk_queue_segment_boundary(struct request_queue *, unsigned long);
extern void blk_queue_prep_rq(struct request_queue *, prep_rq_fn *pfn);
extern void blk_queue_merge_bvec(struct request_queue *, merge_bvec_fn *);
extern void blk_queue_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int);
+extern int blk_queue_set_queue_cpu(struct request_queue *, int);
+extern int blk_queue_set_completion_cpu(struct request_queue *, int);
extern void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *, int);
extern void blk_queue_softirq_done(struct request_queue *, softirq_done_fn *);
extern struct backing_dev_info *blk_get_backing_dev_info(struct block_device *bdev);
--
1.5.4.22.g7a20


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