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SubjectRe: section breakage on ppc64 (aka __devinitconst is broken by design)
On Sun, Feb 03, 2008 at 06:02:34PM +0000, Al Viro wrote:
> On Sun, Feb 03, 2008 at 06:26:35PM +0100, Sam Ravnborg wrote:
> > On Sun, Feb 03, 2008 at 01:08:44PM +0000, Al Viro wrote:
> > > ; cat >a.c <<'EOF'
> > > const char foo[] __attribute__ ((__section__(".blah"))) = "";
> > > const char * const bar __attribute__((__section__(".blah"))) = "";
> > > EOF
> > > ; gcc -m32 -S a.c
> > > ; gcc -m64 -S a.c
> > > a.c:2: error: bar causes a section type conflict
> > > ;
> > > That's 4.1.2 on ppc. What happens is that the second declaration
> > > wants to make .blah writable. We actually trigger that in ppc64
> > > builds on drivers/net/natsemi.c.
> > >
> > > Note that on ppc64 without explicit sections you have the second one land in
> > > .data.rel.ro.local, which is "aw",progbits.
> > >
> > > The reason why it didn't visibly bite us before is that usually __devinit...
> > > just expanded to nothing (unless you disable HOTPLUG, which requires
> > > EMBEDDED, which wasn't apparently common enough for ppc64 builds).
> > >
> > > Suggestions?
> >
> > Hi Al.
> >
> > __devinitconst were invented to cover this issue.
> > So use __devinitconst for const data and
> > __devinitdata for non-const data.
>
> As the example above shows, what is and what is not const data is
> irrelevant. The data _is_ const. On ppc32 gcc is happy to put
> it into read-only section. On ppc64 the same version of gcc insists
> on making the section this data object is going to *writable*.
>
> > We recently had breakage in mainline with x86 64 bit
> > (sis190) for the exact same case.
>
> No, this is not exact same case. Unfortunately.
>
> > Does this work in your ppc example or do we need
> > to find another solution?
>
> Please, read the posted example. s/.blah/.devinit.rodata/ if you wish - it's
> not magical. What happens is that
> * gcc choice of r/o vs. r/w section is not determined by object
> being const
> * that choice is actually platform-dependent, even between related
> platforms (see ppc32 and ppc64 in the example above).

Got it now - sorry.

And I'm suprised to see that gcc thinks bar is writeable.
If I try to assign it gcc error out as expected.

To get your example building I had to kill the const in front of foo:
char foo[] __attribute__ ((__section__(".blah"))) = "";
const char * const bar __attribute__((__section__(".blah"))) = "";

This is not an acceptable situation but for now I do not see a solution.

It is as such not the __devinitconst thing that causes us problems here.
It is the total concept of controlling the section of variables from
our C-code base.

We could invent a __initstr annotation but I dunno if that would suffice.
Do you see any pattern when gcc do the r/w choice compared to the
r/o choise. Maybe it is only const char[] that happens to be considered
r/o and the rest is r/w?

Should a gcc-bug be filed for this btw?

Sam


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