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SubjectRe: [BUG] 2.6.25-rc2-git8 fails to boot on 486 due to TSC breakage

* Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se> wrote:

> > yes, i already fixed that when i added Mikael's patch and it's all
> > queued up.
>
> Ok. For reference and for LKML viewers, this is what the final patch
> should be:

below is the full commit - will send it to Linus later today.

Ingo

--------------->
Subject: x86: fix boot failure on 486 due to TSC breakage
From: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se>
Date: Sun, 24 Feb 2008 18:27:03 +0100
> Diffing dmesg between git7 and git8 doesn't sched any light since
> git8 also removed the printouts of the x86 caps as they were being
> initialised and updated. I'm currently adding those printouts back
> in the hope of seeing where and when the caps get broken.

That turned out to be very illuminating:

--- dmesg-2.6.24-git7 2008-02-24 18:01:25.295851000 +0100
+++ dmesg-2.6.24-git8 2008-02-24 18:01:25.530358000 +0100
...
CPU: After generic identify, caps: 00000003 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
CPU: After all inits, caps: 00000003 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
+CPU: After applying cleared_cpu_caps, caps: 00000013 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000
Notice how the TSC cap bit goes from Off to On.

(The first two lines are printout loops from -git7 forward-ported
to -git8, the third line is the same printout loop added just after
the xor-with-cleared_cpu_caps[] loop.)

Here's how the breakage occurs:
1. arch/x86/kernel/tsc_32.c:tsc_init() sees !cpu_has_tsc,
so bails and calls setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_TSC).
2. include/asm-x86/cpufeature.h:setup_clear_cpu_cap(bit) clears
the bit in boot_cpu_data and sets it in cleared_cpu_caps
3. arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c:identify_cpu() XORs all caps
in with cleared_cpu_caps
HOWEVER, at this point c->x86_capability correctly has TSC
Off, cleared_cpu_caps has TSC On, so the XOR incorrectly
sets TSC to On in c->x86_capability, with disastrous results.

The real bug is that clearing bits with XOR only works if the
bits are known to be 1 prior to the XOR, and that's not true here.

A simple fix is to convert the XOR to AND-NOT instead. The following
patch does that, and allows my 486 to boot 2.6.25-rc kernels again.

[ mingo@elte.hu: fixed a similar bug in setup_64.c as well. ]

The breakage was introduced via commit 7d851c8d3db0.

Signed-off-by: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe@it.uu.se>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c | 2 +-
2 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -504,7 +504,7 @@ void __cpuinit identify_cpu(struct cpuin

/* Clear all flags overriden by options */
for (i = 0; i < NCAPINTS; i++)
- c->x86_capability[i] ^= cleared_cpu_caps[i];
+ c->x86_capability[i] &= ~cleared_cpu_caps[i];

/* Init Machine Check Exception if available. */
mcheck_init(c);
Index: linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux-x86.q.orig/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
+++ linux-x86.q/arch/x86/kernel/setup_64.c
@@ -1021,7 +1021,7 @@ void __cpuinit identify_cpu(struct cpuin

/* Clear all flags overriden by options */
for (i = 0; i < NCAPINTS; i++)
- c->x86_capability[i] ^= cleared_cpu_caps[i];
+ c->x86_capability[i] &= ~cleared_cpu_caps[i];

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
mcheck_init(c);

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