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SubjectRe: [Bug 10030] Suspend doesn't work when SD card is inserted
Date
On Saturday, 23 of February 2008, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Sat, 23 Feb 2008, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>
> > Unfortunately, I missed your Bugzilla comment at
> > http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=10030#c28
>
> Strange... But obviously you did see it eventually.
>
> > Well, in the face of it, I'm considering to remove the code that
> > acquires device semaphores from the suspend core for now. Evidently, this
> > change turns out to be painfully premature.
>
> I wonder if that's really the best thing.

Ultimately no, it's not. However, we are now late in the -rc2 time frame and
the release of -rc3 seems to be imminent. At this point, IMO, that's the
safest thing to do. BTW, appended is the patch I'd like to get applied.

> How would we then learn about drivers trying to register or unregister a
> device during a sleep transition?

I think we should fix the ones we know about and try to reintroduce this
change in the 2.6.26 time frame. It also seems reasonable to reconsider what
we want to achieve, as there may be a better way to do that.

> Do you think it might be possible instead to somehow allow these
> unregistrations to go through, while still failing or blocking
> registrations?

Yes, that should be possible, but as I said above, I think it's not the right
time for doing that right now.

> It shouldn't be too hard to modify the driver core so that it calls the
> driver's remove() method without trying to acquire dev->sem if your
> in_suspend_context() test succeeds.

I agree that the in_suspend_context() test may be useful and this is one
of the reasons why I think the entire approach requires reconsideration.

> I have to admit, I still don't understand what's going on with the MMC
> driver.

Me neither, and that alone is a good enough reason for resigning from acquiring
device semaphores in the suspend core, at least in the mainline kernel, until
we understand the problem.

> Why is there a workqueue involved? If the workqueue fails to
> unregister the device, why should it bother the suspend routine? After
> all, if the suspend routine can afford to wait for the workqueue to
> finish then it could just as well afford to do the unregistration
> itself.

Yes, that's strange.

> > Also, we have apparent problems with pm_sleep_lock()
> > being take in device_add() (see
> > http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9874).
>
> We'll have to get more information from the bug reporter to figure out
> what really happened there.

Yes.

> Ultimately it may turn out some drivers just aren't very careful about
> when they try to register new devices.

That's almost certain to me.

> Doing the registration by way of a workqueue can be problematic if the
> workqueue happens to run during a system sleep transition. That will still
> be true if you revert the acquire-all-semaphores patch.

Yes, but our taking of device semaphores exposes these problems in a rather
drastic fashion. :-)

Thanks,
Rafael

---
drivers/base/power/main.c | 84 ++--------------------------------------------
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 80 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6/drivers/base/power/main.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/drivers/base/power/main.c
+++ linux-2.6/drivers/base/power/main.c
@@ -48,7 +48,6 @@
*/

LIST_HEAD(dpm_active);
-static LIST_HEAD(dpm_locked);
static LIST_HEAD(dpm_off);
static LIST_HEAD(dpm_off_irq);
static LIST_HEAD(dpm_destroy);
@@ -81,28 +80,6 @@ void device_pm_add(struct device *dev)
*/
void device_pm_remove(struct device *dev)
{
- /*
- * If this function is called during a suspend, it will be blocked,
- * because we're holding the device's semaphore at that time, which may
- * lead to a deadlock. In that case we want to print a warning.
- * However, it may also be called by unregister_dropped_devices() with
- * the device's semaphore released, in which case the warning should
- * not be printed.
- */
- if (down_trylock(&dev->sem)) {
- if (down_read_trylock(&pm_sleep_rwsem)) {
- /* No suspend in progress, wait on dev->sem */
- down(&dev->sem);
- up_read(&pm_sleep_rwsem);
- } else {
- /* Suspend in progress, we may deadlock */
- dev_warn(dev, "Suspicious %s during suspend\n",
- __FUNCTION__);
- dump_stack();
- /* The user has been warned ... */
- down(&dev->sem);
- }
- }
pr_debug("PM: Removing info for %s:%s\n",
dev->bus ? dev->bus->name : "No Bus",
kobject_name(&dev->kobj));
@@ -110,7 +87,6 @@ void device_pm_remove(struct device *dev
dpm_sysfs_remove(dev);
list_del_init(&dev->power.entry);
mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
- up(&dev->sem);
}

/**
@@ -266,7 +242,7 @@ static void dpm_resume(void)
struct list_head *entry = dpm_off.next;
struct device *dev = to_device(entry);

- list_move_tail(entry, &dpm_locked);
+ list_move_tail(entry, &dpm_active);
mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
resume_device(dev);
mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
@@ -275,25 +251,6 @@ static void dpm_resume(void)
}

/**
- * unlock_all_devices - Release each device's semaphore
- *
- * Go through the dpm_off list. Put each device on the dpm_active
- * list and unlock it.
- */
-static void unlock_all_devices(void)
-{
- mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
- while (!list_empty(&dpm_locked)) {
- struct list_head *entry = dpm_locked.prev;
- struct device *dev = to_device(entry);
-
- list_move(entry, &dpm_active);
- up(&dev->sem);
- }
- mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
-}
-
-/**
* unregister_dropped_devices - Unregister devices scheduled for removal
*
* Unregister all devices on the dpm_destroy list.
@@ -305,7 +262,6 @@ static void unregister_dropped_devices(v
struct list_head *entry = dpm_destroy.next;
struct device *dev = to_device(entry);

- up(&dev->sem);
mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
/* This also removes the device from the list */
device_unregister(dev);
@@ -324,7 +280,6 @@ void device_resume(void)
{
might_sleep();
dpm_resume();
- unlock_all_devices();
unregister_dropped_devices();
up_write(&pm_sleep_rwsem);
}
@@ -461,8 +416,8 @@ static int dpm_suspend(pm_message_t stat
int error = 0;

mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
- while (!list_empty(&dpm_locked)) {
- struct list_head *entry = dpm_locked.prev;
+ while (!list_empty(&dpm_active)) {
+ struct list_head *entry = dpm_active.prev;
struct device *dev = to_device(entry);

list_del_init(&dev->power.entry);
@@ -478,7 +433,7 @@ static int dpm_suspend(pm_message_t stat
""));
mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
if (list_empty(&dev->power.entry))
- list_add(&dev->power.entry, &dpm_locked);
+ list_add_tail(&dev->power.entry, &dpm_active);
break;
}
mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
@@ -491,36 +446,6 @@ static int dpm_suspend(pm_message_t stat
}

/**
- * lock_all_devices - Acquire every device's semaphore
- *
- * Go through the dpm_active list. Carefully lock each device's
- * semaphore and put it in on the dpm_locked list.
- */
-static void lock_all_devices(void)
-{
- mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
- while (!list_empty(&dpm_active)) {
- struct list_head *entry = dpm_active.next;
- struct device *dev = to_device(entry);
-
- /* Required locking order is dev->sem first,
- * then dpm_list_mutex. Hence this awkward code.
- */
- get_device(dev);
- mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
- down(&dev->sem);
- mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
-
- if (list_empty(entry))
- up(&dev->sem); /* Device was removed */
- else
- list_move_tail(entry, &dpm_locked);
- put_device(dev);
- }
- mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
-}
-
-/**
* device_suspend - Save state and stop all devices in system.
* @state: new power management state
*
@@ -533,7 +458,6 @@ int device_suspend(pm_message_t state)

might_sleep();
down_write(&pm_sleep_rwsem);
- lock_all_devices();
error = dpm_suspend(state);
if (error)
device_resume();

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