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SubjectRe: kernel BUG at kernel/power/snapshot.c:464!
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On Saturday, 9 of February 2008, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> On Friday, 8 of February 2008, Jeff Mahoney wrote:
> > Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > > On Friday, 8 of February 2008, Pavel Machek wrote:
> > >> Hi!
> > >>
> > >>> Our old friend kernel BUG at kernel/power/snapshot.c:464! is back, this
> > >>> time from mainline. I can't reproduce with 2.6.24-final, but I can with
> > >>> a git snapshot from a few days ago. I'm doing a git bisect run now, but
> > >>> it's rather time consuming, so I thought I'd pass this on in the interim.
> > >>>
> > >>> I can reproduce this just by doing "cat /dev/snapshot".
> > >>>
> > >>> Working output looks like:
> > >>> swsusp: Marking nosave pages: 000000000009f000 - 0000000000100000
> > >>> swsusp: Marking nosave pages: 00000000f7ff0000 - 0000000100000000
> > >>> swsusp: Basic memory bitmaps created
> > >>> swsusp: Basic memory bitmaps freed
> > >> root@amd:~# cat /dev/snapshot
> > >> cat: /dev/snapshot: No data available
> > >> root@amd:~#
> > >>
> > >> ...on less than two days old 2.6.25-rc0-git. Rafael, do you have any
> > >> ideas what may break?
> > >
> > > No idea and I can't reproduce it.
> > >
> > > Plus the trace looks bogus, as there are no "swsusp: ..." messages in the
> > > mainline any more.
> >
> > The git version from two days ago did. :)
> >
> > I just git pulled and built and got the same BUG.
> >
> > Here are the nosave registration messages:
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 000000000009f000 - 00000000000a0000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000a0000 - 00000000000e0000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000f7ff0000 - 00000000f7fff000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000f7fff000 - 00000000f8000000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000f8000000 - 00000000ff780000
> > PM: Registered nosave memory: 00000000ff780000 - 0000000100000000
> >
> > And the old swsusp messages match those ranges, just coalesced into two
> > ranges.
> >
> > Reassembling the zones from /proc/zoneinfo yields:
> > Node 0, zone DMA start_pfn: 0, spanned 4096
> > (0x0-0x1000)
> > Node 0, zone DMA32 start_pfn: 4096, spanned 1011696
> > (0x1000-0xf7ff0)
> > Node 1, zone Normal start_pfn: 1048576, spanned 1048576
> > (0x100000-200000)
>
> Ah, NUMA.
>
> > The pfn it's searching for is 0xf7ff0, which will end up hitting this in
> > memory_bm_find_bit:
> > while (pfn < zone_bm->start_pfn || pfn >= zone_bm->end_pfn) {
> > zone_bm = zone_bm->next;
> > BUG_ON(!zone_bm)
> > }
> >
> > Should that be pfn > zone_bm->end_pfn, or is end_pfn non-inclusive?
>
> It used to be non-inclusive and I think it is, as 0xf7ff0 seems to be the start
> of a reserved region.
>
> Well, the assumption is that if the PFN doesn't belong to any zone, then
> pfn_valid() in mark_nosave_pages() should filter it out. Apparently, it has
> stopped doing this at one point.

Andi, Thomas, Ingo,
the source of the bug is that on a K8 NUMA system there is a PFN for which
pfn_valid() returns 'true' and yet it doesn't belong to any zone. Is there a
valid scenarion in which something like this is possible? It didn't happen
with 2.6.24.

[Please see http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=9966 for the reference
to the entire thread.]

Thanks,
Rafael


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