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SubjectRe: 2.6.25-rc1 xen pvops regression
Jody Belka wrote:
> Hi all,
> I thought I'd try out 2.6.25-rc1 as a xen 32-bit pae domU the other day.
> Unfortunately, I didn't get very far very fast, as the domain just crashed
> immediately upon booting, without any direct feedback (I did have messages
> on the xen message buffer, which helped). This even with earlyprintk turned on.
> After a long, arduous journey, I managed to track this down to the following:
> ----------
> commit 551889a6e2a24a9c06fd453ea03b57b7746ffdc0
> x86: construct 32-bit boot time page tables in native format.
> Specifically the boot time page tables in a CONFIG_X86_PAE=y enabled
> kernel are in PAE format.
> early_ioremap is updated to use the standard page table accessors.
> Clear any mappings beyond max_low_pfn from the boot page tables in
> native_pagetable_setup_start because the initial mappings can extend
> beyond the range of physical memory and into the vmalloc area.
> Derived from patches by Eric Biederman and H. Peter Anvin.
> [ PAE swapper_pg_dir needs to be page-sized fix ]
> ----------
> However, to make life more interesting, just reverting this isn't quite
> enough to get us to the promised land. If we try, we find that although
> we do now start booting, we crash again a short way into the process.
> In a different manner though. Specifically, in early_ioremap_clear.
> Reverting the above commit /except/ for the changes to arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
> gets everything working again.
> Well, except that we can't shutdown/reboot properly, but I've sent a patch
> for that in another email.
> I'm afraid i've no idea what needs to be done to get the change to work
> with xen, but i'm willing to try out any patches people come up with.
> Please cc me on any replies, as i'm not subscribed, thanks.


Although I'm on vacation, I happened to download a recent copy of
x86.git and found that it crashes early. Here's a couple of patches to
apply; I don't know if they apply to current git, but I hope it helps.

Subject: x86/early_ioremap: don't assume we're using swapper_pg_dir

At the early stages of boot, before the kernel pagetable has been
fully initialized, a Xen kernel will still be running off the
Xen-provided pagetables rather than swapper_pg_dir[]. Therefore,
readback cr3 to determine the base of the pagetable rather than
assuming swapper_pg_dir[].

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>

arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c | 4 +++-
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/ioremap.c
@@ -265,7 +265,9 @@

static inline pmd_t * __init early_ioremap_pmd(unsigned long addr)
- pgd_t *pgd = &swapper_pg_dir[pgd_index(addr)];
+ /* Don't assume we're using swapper_pg_dir at this point */
+ pgd_t *base = __va(read_cr3());
+ pgd_t *pgd = &base[pgd_index(addr)];
pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
Subject: xen: unpin initial Xen pagetable once we're finished with it

Unpin the Xen-provided pagetable once we've finished with it, so it
doesn't cause stray references which cause later swapper_pg_dir
pagetable updates to fail.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>

arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
@@ -798,6 +798,10 @@
* added to the table can be prepared properly for Xen.
+ /* Unpin initial Xen pagetable */
+ pin_pagetable_pfn(MMUEXT_UNPIN_TABLE,
+ PFN_DOWN(__pa(xen_start_info->pt_base)));

static __init void xen_pagetable_setup_done(pgd_t *base)
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