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Subject[RFC v12][PATCH 09/14] Dump open file descriptors
Date
Dump the files_struct of a task with 'struct cr_hdr_files', followed by
all open file descriptors. Because the 'struct file' corresponding to an
FD can be shared, each they are assigned an objref and registered in the
object hash. A reference to the 'file *' is kept for as long as it lives
in the hash (the hash is only cleaned up at the end of the checkpoint).

For each open FD there is a 'struct cr_hdr_fd_ent' with the FD, its
close-on-exec property, and the objref of the corresponding 'file *'.
If the FD is to be saved (first time) then this is followed by a
'struct cr_hdr_fd_data' with the FD state. Then will come the next FD
and so on.

Recall that it is assumed that all tasks possibly sharing the file table
are frozen. If this assumption breaks, then the behavior is *undefined*:
checkpoint may fail, or restart from the resulting image file will fail.

This patch only handles basic FDs - regular files, directories.

Changelog[v12]:
- Replace obsolete cr_debug() with pr_debug()

Changelog[v11]:
- Discard handling of opened symlinks (there is no such thing)
- cr_scan_fds() retries from scratch if hits size limits

Changelog[v9]:
- Fix a couple of leaks in cr_write_files()
- Drop useless kfree from cr_scan_fds()

Changelog[v8]:
- initialize 'coe' to workaround gcc false warning

Changelog[v6]:
- Balance all calls to cr_hbuf_get() with matching cr_hbuf_put()
(even though it's not really needed)

Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/checkpoint_hdr.h | 2 +-
checkpoint/Makefile | 2 +-
checkpoint/checkpoint.c | 4 +
checkpoint/checkpoint_file.h | 17 +++
checkpoint/ckpt_file.c | 224 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/checkpoint.h | 3 +-
include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h | 31 +++++-
7 files changed, 279 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 checkpoint/checkpoint_file.h
create mode 100644 checkpoint/ckpt_file.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/checkpoint_hdr.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/checkpoint_hdr.h
index 6185548..43f21e4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/checkpoint_hdr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/checkpoint_hdr.h
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@
/*
* To maintain compatibility between 32-bit and 64-bit architecture flavors,
* keep data 64-bit aligned: use padding for structure members, and use
- * __attribute__ ((aligned (8))) for the entire structure.
+ * __attribute__((aligned (8))) for the entire structure.
*
* Quoting Arnd Bergmann:
* "This structure has an odd multiple of 32-bit members, which means
diff --git a/checkpoint/Makefile b/checkpoint/Makefile
index 9843fb9..7496695 100644
--- a/checkpoint/Makefile
+++ b/checkpoint/Makefile
@@ -3,4 +3,4 @@
#

obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o objhash.o \
- ckpt_mem.o rstr_mem.o
+ ckpt_mem.o rstr_mem.o ckpt_file.o
diff --git a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
index 5c47184..dd0f527 100644
--- a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
+++ b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
@@ -233,6 +233,10 @@ static int cr_write_task(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
pr_debug("memory: ret %d\n", ret);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
+ ret = cr_write_files(ctx, t);
+ pr_debug("files: ret %d\n", ret);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
ret = cr_write_thread(ctx, t);
pr_debug("thread: ret %d\n", ret);
if (ret < 0)
diff --git a/checkpoint/checkpoint_file.h b/checkpoint/checkpoint_file.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9dc3eba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/checkpoint_file.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+#ifndef _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_FILE_H_
+#define _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_FILE_H_
+/*
+ * Checkpoint file descriptors
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/fdtable.h>
+
+int cr_scan_fds(struct files_struct *files, int **fdtable);
+
+#endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_FILE_H_ */
diff --git a/checkpoint/ckpt_file.c b/checkpoint/ckpt_file.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e3097ac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/ckpt_file.c
@@ -0,0 +1,224 @@
+/*
+ * Checkpoint file descriptors
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/fdtable.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint_hdr.h>
+
+#include "checkpoint_file.h"
+
+#define CR_DEFAULT_FDTABLE 256 /* an initial guess */
+
+/**
+ * cr_scan_fds - scan file table and construct array of open fds
+ * @files: files_struct pointer
+ * @fdtable: (output) array of open fds
+ *
+ * Returns the number of open fds found, and also the file table
+ * array via *fdtable. The caller should free the array.
+ *
+ * The caller must validate the file descriptors collected in the
+ * array before using them, e.g. by using fcheck_files(), in case
+ * the task's fdtable changes in the meantime.
+ */
+int cr_scan_fds(struct files_struct *files, int **fdtable)
+{
+ struct fdtable *fdt;
+ int *fds = NULL;
+ int i, n;
+ int tot = CR_DEFAULT_FDTABLE;
+
+ /*
+ * We assume that all tasks possibly sharing the file table are
+ * frozen (or we our a single process and we checkpoint ourselves).
+ * Therefore, we can safely proceed after krealloc() from where we
+ * left off. Otherwise the file table may be modified by another
+ * task after we scan it. The behavior is this case is undefined,
+ * and either and either checkpoint or restart will likely fail.
+ */
+ retry:
+ fds = krealloc(fds, tot * sizeof(*fds), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fds)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ spin_lock(&files->file_lock);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+ for (n = 0, i = 0; i < fdt->max_fds; i++) {
+ if (!fcheck_files(files, i))
+ continue;
+ if (n == tot) {
+ spin_unlock(&files->file_lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ tot *= 2; /* won't overflow: kmalloc will fail */
+ goto retry;
+ }
+ fds[n++] = i;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ spin_unlock(&files->file_lock);
+
+ *fdtable = fds;
+ return n;
+}
+
+/* cr_write_fd_data - dump the state of a given file pointer */
+static int cr_write_fd_data(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct file *file, int parent)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_fd_data *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct dentry *dent = file->f_dentry;
+ struct inode *inode = dent->d_inode;
+ enum fd_type fd_type;
+ int ret;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_FD_DATA;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = parent;
+
+ hh->f_flags = file->f_flags;
+ hh->f_mode = file->f_mode;
+ hh->f_pos = file->f_pos;
+ hh->f_version = file->f_version;
+ /* FIX: need also file->uid, file->gid, file->f_owner, etc */
+
+ switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
+ case S_IFREG:
+ fd_type = CR_FD_FILE;
+ break;
+ case S_IFDIR:
+ fd_type = CR_FD_DIR;
+ break;
+ default:
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return -EBADF;
+ }
+
+ /* FIX: check if the file/dir/link is unlinked */
+ hh->fd_type = fd_type;
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return cr_write_fname(ctx, &file->f_path, &ctx->fs_mnt);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_write_fd_ent - dump the state of a given file descriptor
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @files: files_struct pointer
+ * @fd: file descriptor
+ *
+ * Saves the state of the file descriptor; looks up the actual file
+ * pointer in the hash table, and if found saves the matching objref,
+ * otherwise calls cr_write_fd_data to dump the file pointer too.
+ */
+static int
+cr_write_fd_ent(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct files_struct *files, int fd)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_fd_ent *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct file *file;
+ struct fdtable *fdt;
+ int objref, new, ret;
+ int coe = 0; /* avoid gcc warning */
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ fdt = files_fdtable(files);
+ file = fcheck_files(files, fd);
+ if (file) {
+ coe = FD_ISSET(fd, fdt->close_on_exec);
+ get_file(file);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ /* sanity check (although this shouldn't happen) */
+ if (!file) {
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* adding 'file' to the hash will keep a reference to it */
+ new = cr_obj_add_ptr(ctx, file, &objref, CR_OBJ_FILE, 0);
+ pr_debug("fd %d objref %d file %p c-o-e %d)\n", fd, objref, file, coe);
+
+ if (new < 0) {
+ ret = new;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_FD_ENT;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = 0;
+
+ hh->objref = objref;
+ hh->fd = fd;
+ hh->close_on_exec = coe;
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* new==1 if-and-only-if file was newly added to hash */
+ if (new)
+ ret = cr_write_fd_data(ctx, file, objref);
+
+out:
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ if (file)
+ fput(file);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int cr_write_files(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_files *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct files_struct *files;
+ int *fdtable = NULL;
+ int nfds, n, ret;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_FILES;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = task_pid_vnr(t);
+
+ files = get_files_struct(t);
+
+ nfds = cr_scan_fds(files, &fdtable);
+ if (nfds < 0) {
+ ret = nfds;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ hh->objref = 0; /* will be meaningful with multiple processes */
+ hh->nfds = nfds;
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ pr_debug("nfds %d\n", nfds);
+ for (n = 0; n < nfds; n++) {
+ ret = cr_write_fd_ent(ctx, files, fdtable[n]);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ out:
+ kfree(fdtable);
+ put_files_struct(files);
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint.h b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
index 0ad4940..59cc515 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/path.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>

-#define CR_VERSION 1
+#define CR_VERSION 2

struct cr_ctx {
int crid; /* unique checkpoint id */
@@ -85,6 +85,7 @@ extern struct file *cr_read_open_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx,

extern int do_checkpoint(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid);
extern int cr_write_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t);
+extern int cr_write_files(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t);

extern int do_restart(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid);
extern int cr_read_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
index f3997da..cf6a637 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
/*
* To maintain compatibility between 32-bit and 64-bit architecture flavors,
* keep data 64-bit aligned: use padding for structure members, and use
- * __attribute__ ((aligned (8))) for the entire structure.
+ * __attribute__((aligned (8))) for the entire structure.
*
* Quoting Arnd Bergmann:
* "This structure has an odd multiple of 32-bit members, which means
@@ -54,6 +54,10 @@ enum {
CR_HDR_PGARR,
CR_HDR_MM_CONTEXT,

+ CR_HDR_FILES = 301,
+ CR_HDR_FD_ENT,
+ CR_HDR_FD_DATA,
+
CR_HDR_TAIL = 5001
};

@@ -116,4 +120,29 @@ struct cr_hdr_pgarr {
__u64 nr_pages; /* number of pages to saved */
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));

+struct cr_hdr_files {
+ __u32 objref; /* identifier for shared objects */
+ __u32 nfds;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct cr_hdr_fd_ent {
+ __u32 objref; /* identifier for shared objects */
+ __s32 fd;
+ __u32 close_on_exec;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+/* fd types */
+enum fd_type {
+ CR_FD_FILE = 1,
+ CR_FD_DIR,
+};
+
+struct cr_hdr_fd_data {
+ __u16 fd_type;
+ __u16 f_mode;
+ __u32 f_flags;
+ __u64 f_pos;
+ __u64 f_version;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
#endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_HDR_H_ */
--
1.5.4.3


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