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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] add man-page for pthread_mutexattr_setrobust_np()
On Sun, Dec 21, 2008 at 21:59, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
<sebastian@breakpoint.cc> wrote:
> * Michael Kerrisk | 2008-12-07 11:44:54 [-0500]:
>
>>Sebastian,
> Michael,
Sebastian, Michael,

> +.SH EXAMPLE
> +The code example shows how to share a lock between two applications without
> +System V IPC.
> +An advantage over System V semaphores is that the kernel is not invoked in
> +case the lock is not hold.
> +If one of the applications dies while holding the lock or the system reboots
> +unexpectedly, the new owner of lock marks the lock state consistent.
> +In this example the lock owner does not need to perform any validation of the
> +resource protected by the lock.
> +
> +.nf
> +#define _GNU_SOURCE
> +
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <pthread.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +
> +#include <sys/mman.h>
> +#include <sys/stat.h>
> +#include <sys/types.h>
> +
> +static const char *lock_name = "/dev/shm/limi_lock";
> +static pthread_mutex_t *limi_mutex;
> +
> +static int open_existing_lock(void)
> +{
> + int fd;
> + int ret;
> + struct stat buf;
> + int retry = 5;
> +
> + fd = open(lock_name, O_RDWR);
> + if (fd < 0)
> + return fd;
> + do {
> + ret = fstat(fd, &buf);
> + if (ret < 0)
Isn't here a close(2) missing?

> + return ret;
> +
> + if (buf.st_size == sizeof(*limi_mutex))
> + return fd;
> +
> + close(fd);
Isn't this close(2) wrong here?

> + sleep(1);
> + retry\-\-;
> + } while (retry);
> +
> + close(fd);
> + return \-1;
> +}
> +
> +static int create_new_lock(void)
> +{
> + int fd;
> + pthread_mutex_t cmutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
> + pthread_mutexattr_t attr;
> + int ret;
> +
> + pthread_mutexattr_init(&attr);
> + pthread_mutexattr_setrobust_np(&attr, PTHREAD_MUTEX_ROBUST_NP);
> + pthread_mutex_init(&cmutex, &attr);
> +
> + fd = open(lock_name, O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_EXCL, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR |
> + S_IRGRP | S_IWGRP);
> + if (fd < 0)
> + return fd;
> +
> + ret = write(fd, &cmutex, sizeof(cmutex));
I think its undefined behavior if you copy a struct pthread_mutex. You
should use mmap here too.

> + if (ret < 0) {
> + fprintf(stderr, "Write to %s failed: %s\\n",
> + lock_name, strerror(errno));
> + exit(1);
> + }
> + return fd;
> +}


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