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SubjectRe: [PATCH] tracing/function-branch-tracer: support for x86-64
2008/12/2 Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>:
> it's this bit:
>
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>> + "1: movq (%[parent_old]), %[old]\n"
>> + "2: movq %[return_hooker], (%[parent_replaced])\n"
>> +#else
>> "1: movl (%[parent_old]), %[old]\n"
>> "2: movl %[return_hooker], (%[parent_replaced])\n"
>> +#endif
>> " movl $0, %[faulted]\n"
>>
>> ".section .fixup, \"ax\"\n"
>> @@ -476,8 +481,13 @@ void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long *parent, unsigned long self_addr)
>> ".previous\n"
>>
>> ".section __ex_table, \"a\"\n"
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>> + " .quad 1b, 3b\n"
>> + " .quad 2b, 3b\n"
>> +#else
>> " .long 1b, 3b\n"
>> " .long 2b, 3b\n"
>> +#endif
>
> i think we might want to introduce a few assembly helpers/defines to
> standardize such constructs - they are quite frequent. Something like:
>
> " .ip_ptr 1b, 3b\n"
> " .ip_ptr 2b, 3b\n"


Yeah. Note that in this particular case I could use EX_TABLE() macro
too (if it is defined for x86, I can't verify yet).

> (Cc:-ed Alexander and Cyrill who have done work in this area recently)
>
> we might also introduce instruction helpers:
>
> "1: mov_ptr (%[parent_old]), %[old]\n"
> "2: mov_ptr %[return_hooker], (%[parent_replaced])\n"
>
> and avoid the #ifdefs altogether.


Good idea.

>
>> Note that arch/x86/process_64.c is not traced, as in X86-32. I first
>> thought __switch_to() was responsible of crashes during tracing because
>> I believed current task were changed inside but that's actually not the
>> case (actually yes, but not the "current" pointer).
>>
>> So I will have to investigate to find the functions that harm here, to
>> enable tracing of the other functions inside (but there is no issue at
>> this time, while process_64.c stays out of -pg flags).
>
> ok. You should take a look at arch/x86/include/asm/system.h's switch_to()
> macros - it has special stack switching smarts for context-switching.
>
> the other special stack layout case is the starting of kernel threads -
> ret_from_fork and its details in process*.c.


Ok, I will have a look inside.

>> A little possible race condition is fixed inside this patch too. When
>> the tracer allocate a return stack dynamically, the current depth is
>> not initialized before but after. An interrupt could occur at this time
>> and, after seeing that the return stack is allocated, the tracer could
>> try to trace it with a random uninitialized depth. It's a prevention,
>> even if I hadn't problems with it.
>
>> index 08b536a..1e9379d 100644
>> --- a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
>> +++ b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
>> @@ -1673,8 +1673,8 @@ static int alloc_retstack_tasklist(struct ftrace_ret_stack **ret_stack_list)
>> }
>>
>> if (t->ret_stack == NULL) {
>> - t->ret_stack = ret_stack_list[start++];
>> t->curr_ret_stack = -1;
>> + t->ret_stack = ret_stack_list[start++];
>> atomic_set(&t->trace_overrun, 0);
>> }
>> } while_each_thread(g, t);
>
> okay - the (optimization-)safe way to tell the compiler about such local
> CPU ordering information is:
>
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> index 08b536a..f724996 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/ftrace.c
> @@ -1673,8 +1673,10 @@ static int alloc_retstack_tasklist(struct ftrace_ret_stack **ret_stack_list)
> }
>
> if (t->ret_stack == NULL) {
> - t->ret_stack = ret_stack_list[start++];
> t->curr_ret_stack = -1;
> + /* Make sure IRQs see the -1 first: */
> + barrier();
> + t->ret_stack = ret_stack_list[start++];
> atomic_set(&t->trace_overrun, 0);
> }
> } while_each_thread(g, t);
>
> i changed the patch to do that.


Oops, I forgot it one more time.

That reminds me: I don't know why I always confuse the name of this
tracer: function-branch-tracer instead of function-graph-tracer.
Weird :-)


> All in one, great stuff!


Thanks :-)


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