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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 3/3] CGroups: Add css_tryget()
On Wed, 10 Dec 2008 15:36:57 -0800
menage@google.com wrote:

> This patch adds css_tryget(), that obtains a counted reference on a
> CSS. It is used in situations where the caller has a "weak" reference
> to the CSS, i.e. one that does not protect the cgroup from removal via
> a reference count, but would instead be cleaned up by a destroy()
> callback.
>
> css_tryget() will return true on success, or false if the cgroup is
> being removed.
>
> This is similar to Kamezawa Hiroyuki's patch from a week or two ago,
> but with the difference that in the event of css_tryget() racing with
> a cgroup_rmdir(), css_tryget() will only return false if the cgroup
> really does get removed.
>
> This implementation is done by biasing css->refcnt, so that a refcnt
> of 1 means "releasable" and 0 means "released or releasing". In the
> event of a race, css_tryget() distinguishes between "released" and
> "releasing" by checking for the CSS_REMOVED flag in css->flags.
>
> Signed-off-by: Paul Menage <menage@google.com>
>
thx, I'll try this.

-Kame



> ---
> include/linux/cgroup.h | 33 ++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> kernel/cgroup.c | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 2 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> Index: hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09/include/linux/cgroup.h
> ===================================================================
> --- hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09.orig/include/linux/cgroup.h
> +++ hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09/include/linux/cgroup.h
> @@ -52,9 +52,9 @@ struct cgroup_subsys_state {
> * hierarchy structure */
> struct cgroup *cgroup;
>
> - /* State maintained by the cgroup system to allow
> - * subsystems to be "busy". Should be accessed via css_get()
> - * and css_put() */
> + /* State maintained by the cgroup system to allow subsystems
> + * to be "busy". Should be accessed via css_get(),
> + * css_tryget() and and css_put(). */
>
> atomic_t refcnt;
>
> @@ -64,11 +64,14 @@ struct cgroup_subsys_state {
> /* bits in struct cgroup_subsys_state flags field */
> enum {
> CSS_ROOT, /* This CSS is the root of the subsystem */
> + CSS_REMOVED, /* This CSS is dead */
> };
>
> /*
> - * Call css_get() to hold a reference on the cgroup;
> - *
> + * Call css_get() to hold a reference on the css; it can be used
> + * for a reference obtained via:
> + * - an existing ref-counted reference to the css
> + * - task->cgroups for a locked task
> */
>
> static inline void css_get(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
> @@ -77,9 +80,27 @@ static inline void css_get(struct cgroup
> if (!test_bit(CSS_ROOT, &css->flags))
> atomic_inc(&css->refcnt);
> }
> +
> +/*
> + * Call css_tryget() to take a reference on a css if your existing
> + * (known-valid) reference isn't already ref-counted. Returns false if
> + * the css has been destroyed.
> + */
> +
> +static inline bool css_tryget(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
> +{
> + if (test_bit(CSS_ROOT, &css->flags))
> + return true;
> + while (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&css->refcnt)) {
> + if (test_bit(CSS_REMOVED, &css->flags))
> + return false;
> + }
> + return true;
> +}
> +
> /*
> * css_put() should be called to release a reference taken by
> - * css_get()
> + * css_get() or css_tryget()
> */
>
> extern void __css_put(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css);
> Index: hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09/kernel/cgroup.c
> ===================================================================
> --- hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09.orig/kernel/cgroup.c
> +++ hierarchy_lock-mmotm-2008-12-09/kernel/cgroup.c
> @@ -2321,7 +2321,7 @@ static void init_cgroup_css(struct cgrou
> struct cgroup *cgrp)
> {
> css->cgroup = cgrp;
> - atomic_set(&css->refcnt, 0);
> + atomic_set(&css->refcnt, 1);
> css->flags = 0;
> if (cgrp == dummytop)
> set_bit(CSS_ROOT, &css->flags);
> @@ -2453,7 +2453,7 @@ static int cgroup_has_css_refs(struct cg
> {
> /* Check the reference count on each subsystem. Since we
> * already established that there are no tasks in the
> - * cgroup, if the css refcount is also 0, then there should
> + * cgroup, if the css refcount is also 1, then there should
> * be no outstanding references, so the subsystem is safe to
> * destroy. We scan across all subsystems rather than using
> * the per-hierarchy linked list of mounted subsystems since
> @@ -2474,12 +2474,59 @@ static int cgroup_has_css_refs(struct cg
> * matter, since it can only happen if the cgroup
> * has been deleted and hence no longer needs the
> * release agent to be called anyway. */
> - if (css && atomic_read(&css->refcnt))
> + if (css && (atomic_read(&css->refcnt) > 1))
> return 1;
> }
> return 0;
> }
>
> +/*
> + * Atomically mark all of the cgroup's CSS objects as
> + * CSS_REMOVED. Return true on success, or false if the cgroup has
> + * busy subsystems. Call with cgroup_mutex held
> + */
> +
> +static int cgroup_clear_css_refs(struct cgroup *cgrp)
> +{
> + struct cgroup_subsys *ss;
> + unsigned long flags;
> + bool failed = false;
> + local_irq_save(flags);
> + for_each_subsys(cgrp->root, ss) {
> + struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgrp->subsys[ss->subsys_id];
> + int refcnt;
> + do {
> + /* We can only remove a CSS with a refcnt==1 */
> + refcnt = atomic_read(&css->refcnt);
> + if (refcnt > 1) {
> + failed = true;
> + goto done;
> + }
> + BUG_ON(!refcnt);
> + /*
> + * Drop the refcnt to 0 while we check other
> + * subsystems. This will cause any racing
> + * css_tryget() to spin until we set the
> + * CSS_REMOVED bits or abort
> + */
> + } while (atomic_cmpxchg(&css->refcnt, refcnt, 0) != refcnt);
> + }
> + done:
> + for_each_subsys(cgrp->root, ss) {
> + struct cgroup_subsys_state *css = cgrp->subsys[ss->subsys_id];
> + if (failed) {
> + /* Restore old refcnt if necessary */
> + if (!atomic_read(&css->refcnt))
> + atomic_set(&css->refcnt, 1);
> + } else {
> + /* Commit the fact that the CSS is removed */
> + set_bit(CSS_REMOVED, &css->flags);
> + }
> + }
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> + return !failed;
> +}
> +
> static int cgroup_rmdir(struct inode *unused_dir, struct dentry *dentry)
> {
> struct cgroup *cgrp = dentry->d_fsdata;
> @@ -2510,7 +2557,7 @@ static int cgroup_rmdir(struct inode *un
>
> if (atomic_read(&cgrp->count)
> || !list_empty(&cgrp->children)
> - || cgroup_has_css_refs(cgrp)) {
> + || !cgroup_clear_css_refs(cgrp)) {
> mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex);
> return -EBUSY;
> }
> @@ -3065,7 +3112,8 @@ void __css_put(struct cgroup_subsys_stat
> {
> struct cgroup *cgrp = css->cgroup;
> rcu_read_lock();
> - if (atomic_dec_and_test(&css->refcnt) && notify_on_release(cgrp)) {
> + if ((atomic_dec_return(&css->refcnt) == 1) &&
> + notify_on_release(cgrp)) {
> set_bit(CGRP_RELEASABLE, &cgrp->flags);
> check_for_release(cgrp);
> }
>
> --
>



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