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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/4] Add replace_page(), change the mapping of pte from one page into another
On Thu, Nov 13, 2008 at 03:00:59AM +0100, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
> CPU0 migrate.c CPU1 filemap.c
> ------- ----------
> find_get_page
> radix_tree_lookup_slot returns the oldpage
> page_count still = expected_count
> freeze_ref (oldpage->count = 0)
> radix_tree_replace (too late, other side already got the oldpage)
> unfreeze_ref (oldpage->count = 2)
> page_cache_get_speculative(old_page)
> set count to 3 and succeeds

After reading more of this lockless radix tree code, I realized this
below check is the one that was intended to restart find_get_page and
prevent it to return the oldpage:

if (unlikely(page != *pagep)) {

But there's no barrier there, atomic_add_unless would need to provide
an atomic smp_mb() _after_ atomic_add_unless executed. In the old days
the atomic_* routines had no implied memory barriers, you had to use
smp_mb__after_atomic_add_unless if you wanted to avoid the race. I
don't see much in the ppc implementation of atomic_add_unless that
would provide an implicit smb_mb after the page_cache_get_speculative
returns, so I can't see why the pagep can't be by find_get_page read
before the other cpu executes radix_tree_replace in the above

I guess you intended to put an smp_mb() in between the
page_cache_get_speculative and the *pagep to make the code safe on ppc
too, but there isn't, and I think it must be fixed, either that or I
don't understand ppc assembly right. The other side has a smp_wmb
implicit inside radix_tree_replace_slot so it should be ok already to
ensure we see the refcount going to 0 before we see the pagep changed
(the fact the other side has a memory barrier, further confirms this
side needs it too).

BTW, the radix_tree_deref_slot might miss a rcu_barrier_depends()
after radix_tree_deref_slot returns but I'm not entirely sure and only
alpha would be affected in the worst case.

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