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Subject[RFC v9][PATCH 03/13] General infrastructure for checkpoint restart
Date
Add those interfaces, as well as helpers needed to easily manage the
file format. The code is roughly broken out as follows:

checkpoint/sys.c - user/kernel data transfer, as well as setup of the
CR context (a per-checkpoint data structure for housekeeping)
checkpoint/checkpoint.c - output wrappers and basic checkpoint handling
checkpoint/restart.c - input wrappers and basic restart handling

For now, we can only checkpoint the 'current' task ("self" checkpoint),
and the 'pid' argument to to the syscall is ignored.

Patches to add the per-architecture support as well as the actual
work to do the memory checkpoint follow in subsequent patches.

Changelog[v9]:
- cr_kwrite/cr_kread() use file->f_op->write() directly
- Drop cr_uwrite/cr_uread() since they aren't used anywhere

Changelog[v6]:
- Balance all calls to cr_hbuf_get() with matching cr_hbuf_put()
(although it's not really needed)

Changelog[v5]:
- Rename headers files s/ckpt/checkpoint/

Changelog[v2]:
- Added utsname->{release,version,machine} to checkpoint header
- Pad header structures to 64 bits to ensure compatibility
Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
Makefile | 2 +-
checkpoint/Makefile | 2 +-
checkpoint/checkpoint.c | 171 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
checkpoint/restart.c | 197 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
checkpoint/sys.c | 194 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/checkpoint.h | 55 +++++++++++
include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h | 75 +++++++++++++++
include/linux/magic.h | 3 +
8 files changed, 693 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 checkpoint/checkpoint.c
create mode 100644 checkpoint/restart.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/checkpoint.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 29abe62..90dc50f 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -619,7 +619,7 @@ export mod_strip_cmd


ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
-core-y += kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
+core-y += kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/ checkpoint/

vmlinux-dirs := $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-y) $(init-m) \
$(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
diff --git a/checkpoint/Makefile b/checkpoint/Makefile
index 07d018b..d2df68c 100644
--- a/checkpoint/Makefile
+++ b/checkpoint/Makefile
@@ -2,4 +2,4 @@
# Makefile for linux checkpoint/restart.
#

-obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o
diff --git a/checkpoint/checkpoint.c b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..71f761e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/checkpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
+/*
+ * Checkpoint logic and helpers
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/dcache.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/utsname.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint_hdr.h>
+
+/* unique checkpoint identifier (FIXME: should be per-container ?) */
+static atomic_t cr_ctx_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+/**
+ * cr_write_obj - write a record described by a cr_hdr
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @h: record descriptor
+ * @buf: record buffer
+ */
+int cr_write_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_kwrite(ctx, h, sizeof(*h));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ return cr_kwrite(ctx, buf, h->len);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_write_string - write a string
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @str: string pointer
+ * @len: string length
+ */
+int cr_write_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, char *str, int len)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_STRING;
+ h.len = len;
+ h.parent = 0;
+
+ return cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, str);
+}
+
+/* write the checkpoint header */
+static int cr_write_head(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_head *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct new_utsname *uts;
+ struct timeval ktv;
+ int ret;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_HEAD;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = 0;
+
+ do_gettimeofday(&ktv);
+
+ hh->magic = CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_HEAD;
+ hh->major = (LINUX_VERSION_CODE >> 16) & 0xff;
+ hh->minor = (LINUX_VERSION_CODE >> 8) & 0xff;
+ hh->patch = (LINUX_VERSION_CODE) & 0xff;
+
+ hh->rev = CR_VERSION;
+
+ hh->flags = ctx->flags;
+ hh->time = ktv.tv_sec;
+
+ uts = utsname();
+ memcpy(hh->release, uts->release, __NEW_UTS_LEN);
+ memcpy(hh->version, uts->version, __NEW_UTS_LEN);
+ memcpy(hh->machine, uts->machine, __NEW_UTS_LEN);
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* write the checkpoint trailer */
+static int cr_write_tail(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_tail *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ int ret;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_TAIL;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = 0;
+
+ hh->magic = CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_TAIL;
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* dump the task_struct of a given task */
+static int cr_write_task_struct(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ struct cr_hdr_task *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ int ret;
+
+ h.type = CR_HDR_TASK;
+ h.len = sizeof(*hh);
+ h.parent = 0;
+
+ hh->state = t->state;
+ hh->exit_state = t->exit_state;
+ hh->exit_code = t->exit_code;
+ hh->exit_signal = t->exit_signal;
+
+ hh->task_comm_len = TASK_COMM_LEN;
+
+ /* FIXME: save remaining relevant task_struct fields */
+
+ ret = cr_write_obj(ctx, &h, hh);
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return cr_write_string(ctx, t->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN);
+}
+
+/* dump the entire state of a given task */
+static int cr_write_task(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_write_task_struct(ctx, t);
+ cr_debug("ret %d\n", ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int do_checkpoint(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_write_head(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_write_task(ctx, current);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_write_tail(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ ctx->crid = atomic_inc_return(&cr_ctx_count);
+
+ /* on success, return (unique) checkpoint identifier */
+ ret = ctx->crid;
+ out:
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/checkpoint/restart.c b/checkpoint/restart.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fbfa52e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/restart.c
@@ -0,0 +1,197 @@
+/*
+ * Restart logic and helpers
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint_hdr.h>
+
+/**
+ * cr_read_obj - read a whole record (cr_hdr followed by payload)
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @h: record descriptor
+ * @buf: record buffer
+ * @n: available buffer size
+ *
+ * Returns size of payload
+ */
+int cr_read_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf, int n)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_kread(ctx, h, sizeof(*h));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ cr_debug("type %d len %d parent %d\n", h->type, h->len, h->parent);
+
+ if (h->len < 0 || h->len > n)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return cr_kread(ctx, buf, h->len);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_read_obj_type - read a whole record of expected type
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @buf: record buffer
+ * @n: available buffer size
+ * @type: expected record type
+ *
+ * Returns object reference of the parent object
+ */
+int cr_read_obj_type(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int n, int type)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr h;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_read_obj(ctx, &h, buf, n);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (h.type == type)
+ ret = h.parent;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_read_string - read a string
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @str: string buffer
+ * @len: buffer buffer length
+ */
+int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *str, int len)
+{
+ return cr_read_obj_type(ctx, str, len, CR_HDR_STRING);
+}
+
+/* read the checkpoint header */
+static int cr_read_head(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_head *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ int parent, ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_HEAD);
+ if (parent < 0) {
+ ret = parent;
+ goto out;
+ } else if (parent != 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (hh->magic != CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_HEAD || hh->rev != CR_VERSION ||
+ hh->major != ((LINUX_VERSION_CODE >> 16) & 0xff) ||
+ hh->minor != ((LINUX_VERSION_CODE >> 8) & 0xff) ||
+ hh->patch != ((LINUX_VERSION_CODE) & 0xff))
+ goto out;
+
+ if (hh->flags & ~CR_CTX_CKPT)
+ goto out;
+
+ ctx->oflags = hh->flags;
+
+ /* FIX: verify compatibility of release, version and machine */
+
+ ret = 0;
+ out:
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* read the checkpoint trailer */
+static int cr_read_tail(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_tail *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ int parent, ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_TAIL);
+ if (parent < 0) {
+ ret = parent;
+ goto out;
+ } else if (parent != 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (hh->magic != CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_TAIL)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = 0;
+ out:
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* read the task_struct into the current task */
+static int cr_read_task_struct(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_task *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct task_struct *t = current;
+ char *buf;
+ int parent, ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_TASK);
+ if (parent < 0) {
+ ret = parent;
+ goto out;
+ } else if (parent != 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* upper limit for task_comm_len to prevent DoS */
+ if (hh->task_comm_len < 0 || hh->task_comm_len > PAGE_SIZE)
+ goto out;
+
+ buf = kmalloc(hh->task_comm_len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_read_string(ctx, buf, hh->task_comm_len);
+ if (!ret) {
+ /* if t->comm is too long, silently truncate */
+ memset(t->comm, 0, TASK_COMM_LEN);
+ memcpy(t->comm, buf, min(hh->task_comm_len, TASK_COMM_LEN));
+ }
+ kfree(buf);
+
+ /* FIXME: restore remaining relevant task_struct fields */
+ out:
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* read the entire state of the current task */
+static int cr_read_task(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_read_task_struct(ctx);
+ cr_debug("ret %d\n", ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int do_restart(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_read_head(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_read_task(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_read_tail(ctx);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* on success, adjust the return value if needed [TODO] */
+ out:
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/checkpoint/sys.c b/checkpoint/sys.c
index 375129c..bd14ef9 100644
--- a/checkpoint/sys.c
+++ b/checkpoint/sys.c
@@ -10,6 +10,158 @@

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/capability.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+
+/*
+ * Helpers to write(read) from(to) kernel space to(from) the checkpoint
+ * image file descriptor (similar to how a core-dump is performed).
+ *
+ * cr_kwrite() - write a kernel-space buffer to the checkpoint image
+ * cr_kread() - read from the checkpoint image to a kernel-space buffer
+ */
+
+int cr_kwrite(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *addr, int count)
+{
+ struct file *file = ctx->file;
+ mm_segment_t fs;
+ ssize_t nwrite;
+ int nleft;
+
+ fs = get_fs();
+ set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
+ for (nleft = count; nleft; nleft -= nwrite) {
+ nwrite = file->f_op->write(file, addr, nleft, &file->f_pos);
+ if (nwrite < 0) {
+ if (nwrite == -EAGAIN)
+ nwrite = 0;
+ else
+ return nwrite;
+ }
+ addr += nwrite;
+ }
+ set_fs(fs);
+ ctx->total += count;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int cr_kread(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *addr, int count)
+{
+ struct file *file = ctx->file;
+ mm_segment_t fs;
+ ssize_t nread;
+ int nleft;
+
+ fs = get_fs();
+ set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
+ for (nleft = count; nleft; nleft -= nread) {
+ nread = file->f_op->read(file, addr, nleft, &file->f_pos);
+ if (nread <= 0) {
+ if (nread == -EAGAIN) {
+ nread = 0;
+ continue;
+ } else if (nread == 0)
+ nread = -EPIPE; /* unexecpted EOF */
+ return nread;
+ }
+ addr += nread;
+ }
+ set_fs(fs);
+ ctx->total += count;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * During checkpoint and restart the code writes outs/reads in data
+ * to/from the checkpoint image from/to a temporary buffer (ctx->hbuf).
+ * Because operations can be nested, use cr_hbuf_get() to reserve space
+ * in the buffer, then cr_hbuf_put() when you no longer need that space.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * ctx->hbuf is used to hold headers and data of known (or bound),
+ * static sizes. In some cases, multiple headers may be allocated in
+ * a nested manner. The size should accommodate all headers, nested
+ * or not, on all archs.
+ */
+#define CR_HBUF_TOTAL (8 * 4096)
+
+/**
+ * cr_hbuf_get - reserve space on the hbuf
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @n: number of bytes to reserve
+ *
+ * Returns pointer to reserved space
+ */
+void *cr_hbuf_get(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int n)
+{
+ void *ptr;
+
+ /*
+ * Since requests depend on logic and static header sizes (not on
+ * user data), space should always suffice, unless someone either
+ * made a structure bigger or call path deeper than expected.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(ctx->hpos + n > CR_HBUF_TOTAL);
+ ptr = ctx->hbuf + ctx->hpos;
+ ctx->hpos += n;
+ return ptr;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_hbuf_put - unreserve space on the hbuf
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @n: number of bytes to reserve
+ */
+void cr_hbuf_put(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int n)
+{
+ BUG_ON(ctx->hpos < n);
+ ctx->hpos -= n;
+}
+
+/*
+ * helpers to manage C/R contexts: allocated for each checkpoint and/or
+ * restart operation, and persists until the operation is completed.
+ */
+
+static void cr_ctx_free(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ if (ctx->file)
+ fput(ctx->file);
+ kfree(ctx->hbuf);
+ kfree(ctx);
+}
+
+static struct cr_ctx *cr_ctx_alloc(int fd, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ struct cr_ctx *ctx;
+ int err;
+
+ ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ ctx->flags = flags;
+
+ err = -EBADF;
+ ctx->file = fget(fd);
+ if (!ctx->file)
+ goto err;
+
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ ctx->hbuf = kmalloc(CR_HBUF_TOTAL, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx->hbuf)
+ goto err;
+
+ return ctx;
+
+ err:
+ cr_ctx_free(ctx);
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}

/**
* sys_checkpoint - checkpoint a container
@@ -22,9 +174,26 @@
*/
asmlinkage long sys_checkpoint(pid_t pid, int fd, unsigned long flags)
{
- pr_debug("sys_checkpoint not implemented yet\n");
- return -ENOSYS;
+ struct cr_ctx *ctx;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* no flags for now */
+ if (flags)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ctx = cr_ctx_alloc(fd, flags | CR_CTX_CKPT);
+ if (IS_ERR(ctx))
+ return PTR_ERR(ctx);
+
+ ret = do_checkpoint(ctx, pid);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = ctx->crid;
+
+ cr_ctx_free(ctx);
+ return ret;
}
+
/**
* sys_restart - restart a container
* @crid: checkpoint image identifier
@@ -36,6 +205,23 @@ asmlinkage long sys_checkpoint(pid_t pid, int fd, unsigned long flags)
*/
asmlinkage long sys_restart(int crid, int fd, unsigned long flags)
{
- pr_debug("sys_restart not implemented yet\n");
- return -ENOSYS;
+ struct cr_ctx *ctx;
+ pid_t pid;
+ int ret;
+
+ /* no flags for now */
+ if (flags)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ctx = cr_ctx_alloc(fd, flags | CR_CTX_RSTR);
+ if (IS_ERR(ctx))
+ return PTR_ERR(ctx);
+
+ /* FIXME: for now, we use 'crid' as a pid */
+ pid = (pid_t) crid;
+
+ ret = do_restart(ctx, pid);
+
+ cr_ctx_free(ctx);
+ return ret;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint.h b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9c119ba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint.h
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+#ifndef _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_H_
+#define _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_H_
+/*
+ * Generic container checkpoint-restart
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#define CR_VERSION 1
+
+struct cr_ctx {
+ int crid; /* unique checkpoint id */
+
+ pid_t root_pid; /* container identifier */
+
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned long oflags; /* restart: old flags */
+
+ struct file *file;
+ int total; /* total read/written */
+
+ void *hbuf; /* temporary buffer for headers */
+ int hpos; /* position in headers buffer */
+};
+
+/* cr_ctx: flags */
+#define CR_CTX_CKPT 0x1
+#define CR_CTX_RSTR 0x2
+
+extern int cr_kwrite(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int count);
+extern int cr_kread(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int count);
+
+extern void *cr_hbuf_get(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int n);
+extern void cr_hbuf_put(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int n);
+
+struct cr_hdr;
+
+extern int cr_write_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf);
+extern int cr_write_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, char *str, int len);
+
+extern int cr_read_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf, int n);
+extern int cr_read_obj_type(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int n, int type);
+extern int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *str, int len);
+
+extern int do_checkpoint(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid);
+extern int do_restart(struct cr_ctx *ctx, pid_t pid);
+
+#define cr_debug(fmt, args...) \
+ pr_debug("[%d:c/r:%s] " fmt, task_pid_vnr(current), __func__, ## args)
+
+#endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..79e4df2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+#ifndef _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_HDR_H_
+#define _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_HDR_H_
+/*
+ * Generic container checkpoint-restart
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/utsname.h>
+
+/*
+ * To maintain compatibility between 32-bit and 64-bit architecture flavors,
+ * keep data 64-bit aligned: use padding for structure members, and use
+ * __attribute__ ((aligned (8))) for the entire structure.
+ */
+
+/* records: generic header */
+
+struct cr_hdr {
+ __s16 type;
+ __s16 len;
+ __u32 parent;
+};
+
+/* header types */
+enum {
+ CR_HDR_HEAD = 1,
+ CR_HDR_STRING,
+
+ CR_HDR_TASK = 101,
+ CR_HDR_THREAD,
+ CR_HDR_CPU,
+
+ CR_HDR_MM = 201,
+ CR_HDR_VMA,
+ CR_HDR_MM_CONTEXT,
+
+ CR_HDR_TAIL = 5001
+};
+
+struct cr_hdr_head {
+ __u64 magic;
+
+ __u16 major;
+ __u16 minor;
+ __u16 patch;
+ __u16 rev;
+
+ __u64 time; /* when checkpoint taken */
+ __u64 flags; /* checkpoint options */
+
+ char release[__NEW_UTS_LEN];
+ char version[__NEW_UTS_LEN];
+ char machine[__NEW_UTS_LEN];
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct cr_hdr_tail {
+ __u64 magic;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct cr_hdr_task {
+ __u32 state;
+ __u32 exit_state;
+ __u32 exit_code;
+ __u32 exit_signal;
+
+ __s32 task_comm_len;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+#endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_HDR_H_ */
diff --git a/include/linux/magic.h b/include/linux/magic.h
index f7f3fdd..5939bbe 100644
--- a/include/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/linux/magic.h
@@ -46,4 +46,7 @@
#define FUTEXFS_SUPER_MAGIC 0xBAD1DEA
#define INOTIFYFS_SUPER_MAGIC 0x2BAD1DEA

+#define CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_HEAD 0x00feed0cc0a2d200LL
+#define CHECKPOINT_MAGIC_TAIL 0x002d2a0cc0deef00LL
+
#endif /* __LINUX_MAGIC_H__ */
--
1.5.4.3


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