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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/9] Restore memory address space
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On Thu, 2008-10-16 at 11:14 -0700, Dave Hansen wrote:
> From: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
>
> Restoring the memory address space begins with nuking the existing one
> of the current process, and then reading the VMA state and contents.
> Call do_mmap_pgoffset() for each VMA and then read in the data.
>
> Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
>
> linux-2.6.git-dave/arch/x86/mm/restart.c | 64 +++
> linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/Makefile | 2
> linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/checkpoint_arch.h | 2
> linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/checkpoint_mem.h | 5
> linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/restart.c | 42 ++
> linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/rstr_mem.c | 384 ++++++++++++++++++++
> linux-2.6.git-dave/include/asm-x86/checkpoint_hdr.h | 4
> linux-2.6.git-dave/include/linux/checkpoint.h | 3
> 8 files changed, 503 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff -puN arch/x86/mm/restart.c~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space arch/x86/mm/restart.c
> --- linux-2.6.git/arch/x86/mm/restart.c~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/arch/x86/mm/restart.c 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -53,8 +53,10 @@ int cr_read_thread(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
>
> size = sizeof(*desc) * GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES;
> desc = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!desc)
> - return -ENOMEM;
> + if (!desc) {
> + ret = -ENOMEM;
> + goto out;
> + }
>
> ret = cr_kread(ctx, desc, size);
> if (ret >= 0) {
> @@ -189,3 +191,61 @@ int cr_read_cpu(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
> cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> return ret;
> }
> +
> +int cr_read_mm_context(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm, int parent)
> +{
> + struct cr_hdr_mm_context *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + int n, rparent, ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> + rparent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_MM_CONTEXT);
> + cr_debug("parent %d rparent %d nldt %d\n", parent, rparent, hh->nldt);
> + if (rparent < 0) {
> + ret = rparent;
> + goto out;
> + }
> + if (rparent != parent)
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (hh->nldt < 0 || hh->ldt_entry_size != LDT_ENTRY_SIZE)
> + goto out;
> +
> + /*
> + * to utilize the syscall modify_ldt() we first convert the data
> + * in the checkpoint image from 'struct desc_struct' to 'struct
> + * user_desc' with reverse logic of include/asm/desc.h:fill_ldt()
> + */
> +
> + for (n = 0; n < hh->nldt; n++) {
> + struct user_desc info;
> + struct desc_struct desc;
> + mm_segment_t old_fs;
> +
> + ret = cr_kread(ctx, &desc, LDT_ENTRY_SIZE);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + info.entry_number = n;
> + info.base_addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16);
> + info.limit = desc.limit0;
> + info.seg_32bit = desc.d;
> + info.contents = desc.type >> 2;
> + info.read_exec_only = (desc.type >> 1) ^ 1;
> + info.limit_in_pages = desc.g;
> + info.seg_not_present = desc.p ^ 1;
> + info.useable = desc.avl;
> +
> + old_fs = get_fs();
> + set_fs(get_ds());
> + ret = sys_modify_ldt(1, (struct user_desc __user *) &info,
> + sizeof(info));
> + set_fs(old_fs);
> +
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = 0;
> + out:
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + return ret;
> +}
> diff -puN checkpoint/checkpoint_arch.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space checkpoint/checkpoint_arch.h
> --- linux-2.6.git/checkpoint/checkpoint_arch.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/checkpoint_arch.h 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -7,3 +7,5 @@ extern int cr_write_mm_context(struct cr
>
> extern int cr_read_thread(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
> extern int cr_read_cpu(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
> +extern int cr_read_mm_context(struct cr_ctx *ctx,
> + struct mm_struct *mm, int parent);
> diff -puN checkpoint/checkpoint_mem.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space checkpoint/checkpoint_mem.h
> --- linux-2.6.git/checkpoint/checkpoint_mem.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/checkpoint_mem.h 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -38,4 +38,9 @@ static inline int cr_pgarr_is_full(struc
> return (pgarr->nr_used == CR_PGARR_TOTAL);
> }
>
> +static inline int cr_pgarr_nr_free(struct cr_pgarr *pgarr)
> +{
> + return CR_PGARR_TOTAL - pgarr->nr_used;
> +}
> +
> #endif /* _CHECKPOINT_CKPT_MEM_H_ */
> diff -puN checkpoint/Makefile~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space checkpoint/Makefile
> --- linux-2.6.git/checkpoint/Makefile~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/Makefile 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -3,4 +3,4 @@
> #
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o \
> - ckpt_mem.o
> + ckpt_mem.o rstr_mem.o
> diff -puN checkpoint/restart.c~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space checkpoint/restart.c
> --- linux-2.6.git/checkpoint/restart.c~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/restart.c 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -78,6 +78,44 @@ int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, v
> return cr_read_obj_type(ctx, str, len, CR_HDR_STRING);
> }
>
> +/**
> + * cr_read_fname - read a file name
> + * @ctx: checkpoint context
> + * @fname: buffer
> + * @n: buffer length
> + */
> +int cr_read_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *fname, int flen)
> +{
> + return cr_read_obj_type(ctx, fname, flen, CR_HDR_FNAME);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_read_open_fname - read a file name and open a file
> + * @ctx: checkpoint context
> + * @flags: file flags
> + * @mode: file mode
> + */
> +struct file *cr_read_open_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int flags, int mode)
> +{
> + struct file *file;
> + char *fname;
> + int ret;
> +
> + fname = kmalloc(PATH_MAX, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!fname)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> + ret = cr_read_fname(ctx, fname, PATH_MAX);
> + cr_debug("fname '%s' flags %#x mode %#x\n", fname, flags, mode);
> + if (ret >= 0)
> + file = filp_open(fname, flags, mode);
> + else
> + file = ERR_PTR(ret);
> +
> + kfree(fname);
> + return file;
> +}
> +
> /* read the checkpoint header */
> static int cr_read_head(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
> {
> @@ -177,6 +215,10 @@ static int cr_read_task(struct cr_ctx *c
> cr_debug("task_struct: ret %d\n", ret);
> if (ret < 0)
> goto out;
> + ret = cr_read_mm(ctx);
> + cr_debug("memory: ret %d\n", ret);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> ret = cr_read_thread(ctx);
> cr_debug("thread: ret %d\n", ret);
> if (ret < 0)
> diff -puN /dev/null checkpoint/rstr_mem.c
> --- /dev/null 2008-09-02 09:40:19.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/checkpoint/rstr_mem.c 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -0,0 +1,384 @@
> +/*
> + * Restart memory contents
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
> + *
> + * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
> + * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
> + * distribution for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/fcntl.h>
> +#include <linux/file.h>
> +#include <linux/fs.h>
> +#include <linux/pagemap.h>
> +#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> +#include <linux/mman.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
> +#include <linux/checkpoint_hdr.h>
> +
> +#include "checkpoint_arch.h"
> +#include "checkpoint_mem.h"
> +
> +/*
> + * Unlike checkpoint, restart is executed in the context of each restarting
> + * process: vma regions are restored via a call to mmap(), and the data is
> + * read into the address space of the current process.
> + */
> +
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_read_pages_vaddrs - read addresses of pages to page-array chain
> + * @ctx - restart context
> + * @nr_pages - number of address to read
> + */
> +static int cr_read_pages_vaddrs(struct cr_ctx *ctx, unsigned long nr_pages)
> +{
> + struct cr_pgarr *pgarr;
> + unsigned long *vaddrp;
> + int nr, ret;
> +
> + while (nr_pages) {
> + pgarr = cr_pgarr_current(ctx);
> + if (!pgarr)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + nr = cr_pgarr_nr_free(pgarr);
> + if (nr > nr_pages)
> + nr = nr_pages;
> + vaddrp = &pgarr->vaddrs[pgarr->nr_used];
> + ret = cr_kread(ctx, vaddrp, nr * sizeof(unsigned long));
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> + pgarr->nr_used += nr;
> + nr_pages -= nr;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int cr_page_read(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct page *page, char *buf)
> +{
> + void *ptr;
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = cr_kread(ctx, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ptr = kmap_atomic(page, KM_USER1);
> + memcpy(ptr, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
> + kunmap_atomic(page, KM_USER1);

Here too, I think this should be changed to
kunmap_atomic(ptr, KM_USER1);

Regards,
Nadia

> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_read_pages_contents - read in data of pages in page-array chain
> + * @ctx - restart context
> + */
> +static int cr_read_pages_contents(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
> +{
> + struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
> + struct cr_pgarr *pgarr;
> + unsigned long *vaddrs;
> + char *buf;
> + int i, ret = 0;
> +
> + buf = kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!buf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + list_for_each_entry_reverse(pgarr, &ctx->pgarr_list, list) {
> + vaddrs = pgarr->vaddrs;
> + for (i = 0; i < pgarr->nr_used; i++) {
> + struct page *page;
> +
> + ret = get_user_pages(current, mm, vaddrs[i],
> + 1, 1, 1, &page, NULL);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + ret = cr_page_read(ctx, page, buf);
> + page_cache_release(page);
> +
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + out:
> + up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + kfree(buf);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_read_private_vma_contents - restore contents of a VMA with private memory
> + * @ctx - restart context
> + *
> + * Reads a header that specifies how many pages will follow, then reads
> + * a list of virtual addresses into ctx->pgarr_list page-array chain,
> + * followed by the actual contents of the corresponding pages. Iterates
> + * these steps until reaching a header specifying "0" pages, which marks
> + * the end of the contents.
> + */
> +static int cr_read_private_vma_contents(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
> +{
> + struct cr_hdr_pgarr *hh;
> + unsigned long nr_pages;
> + int parent, ret = 0;
> +
> + while (1) {
> + hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_PGARR);
> + if (parent != 0) {
> + if (parent < 0)
> + ret = parent;
> + else
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + cr_debug("nr_pages %ld\n", (unsigned long) hh->nr_pages);
> +
> + nr_pages = hh->nr_pages;
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> +
> + if (!nr_pages)
> + break;
> +
> + ret = cr_read_pages_vaddrs(ctx, nr_pages);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + break;
> + ret = cr_read_pages_contents(ctx);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + break;
> + cr_pgarr_reset_all(ctx);
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_calc_map_prot_bits - convert vm_flags to mmap protection
> + * orig_vm_flags: source vm_flags
> + */
> +static unsigned long cr_calc_map_prot_bits(unsigned long orig_vm_flags)
> +{
> + unsigned long vm_prot = 0;
> +
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_READ)
> + vm_prot |= PROT_READ;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
> + vm_prot |= PROT_WRITE;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
> + vm_prot |= PROT_EXEC;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & PROT_SEM) /* only (?) with IPC-SHM */
> + vm_prot |= PROT_SEM;
> +
> + return vm_prot;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * cr_calc_map_flags_bits - convert vm_flags to mmap flags
> + * orig_vm_flags: source vm_flags
> + */
> +static unsigned long cr_calc_map_flags_bits(unsigned long orig_vm_flags)
> +{
> + unsigned long vm_flags = 0;
> +
> + vm_flags = MAP_FIXED;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)
> + vm_flags |= MAP_GROWSDOWN;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
> + vm_flags |= MAP_DENYWRITE;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
> + vm_flags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
> + if (orig_vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
> + vm_flags |= MAP_SHARED;
> + else
> + vm_flags |= MAP_PRIVATE;
> +
> + return vm_flags;
> +}
> +
> +static int cr_read_vma(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm)
> +{
> + struct cr_hdr_vma *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + unsigned long vm_size, vm_start, vm_flags, vm_prot, vm_pgoff;
> + unsigned long addr;
> + struct file *file = NULL;
> + int parent, ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> + parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_VMA);
> + if (parent < 0) {
> + ret = parent;
> + goto err;
> + } else if (parent != 0)
> + goto err;
> +
> + cr_debug("vma %#lx-%#lx type %d\n", (unsigned long) hh->vm_start,
> + (unsigned long) hh->vm_end, (int) hh->vma_type);
> +
> + if (hh->vm_end < hh->vm_start)
> + goto err;
> +
> + vm_start = hh->vm_start;
> + vm_pgoff = hh->vm_pgoff;
> + vm_size = hh->vm_end - hh->vm_start;
> + vm_prot = cr_calc_map_prot_bits(hh->vm_flags);
> + vm_flags = cr_calc_map_flags_bits(hh->vm_flags);
> +
> + switch (hh->vma_type) {
> +
> + case CR_VMA_ANON: /* anonymous private mapping */
> + if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
> + goto err;
> + /*
> + * vm_pgoff for anonymous mapping is the "global" page
> + * offset (namely from addr 0x0), so we force a zero
> + */
> + vm_pgoff = 0;
> + break;
> +
> + case CR_VMA_FILE: /* private mapping from a file */
> + if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
> + goto err;
> + /*
> + * for private mapping using 'read-only' is sufficient
> + */
> + file = cr_read_open_fname(ctx, O_RDONLY, 0);
> + if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(file);
> + goto err;
> + }
> + break;
> +
> + default:
> + goto err;
> +
> + }
> +
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> +
> + down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + addr = do_mmap_pgoff(file, vm_start, vm_size,
> + vm_prot, vm_flags, vm_pgoff);
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + cr_debug("size %#lx prot %#lx flag %#lx pgoff %#lx => %#lx\n",
> + vm_size, vm_prot, vm_flags, vm_pgoff, addr);
> +
> + /* the file (if opened) is now referenced by the vma */
> + if (file)
> + filp_close(file, NULL);
> +
> + if (IS_ERR((void *) addr))
> + return PTR_ERR((void *) addr);
> +
> + /*
> + * CR_VMA_ANON: read in memory as is
> + * CR_VMA_FILE: read in memory as is
> + * (more to follow ...)
> + */
> +
> + switch (hh->vma_type) {
> + case CR_VMA_ANON:
> + case CR_VMA_FILE:
> + /* standard case: read the data into the memory */
> + ret = cr_read_private_vma_contents(ctx);
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + cr_debug("vma retval %d\n", ret);
> + return 0;
> +
> + err:
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int cr_destroy_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
> +{
> + struct vm_area_struct *vmnext = mm->mmap;
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> + int ret;
> +
> + while (vmnext) {
> + vma = vmnext;
> + vmnext = vmnext->vm_next;
> + ret = do_munmap(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end-vma->vm_start);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + pr_debug("CR: restart failed do_munmap (%d)\n", ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int cr_read_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
> +{
> + struct cr_hdr_mm *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + struct mm_struct *mm;
> + int nr, parent, ret;
> +
> + parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_MM);
> + if (parent < 0) {
> + ret = parent;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> +#if 0 /* activate when containers are used */
> + if (parent != task_pid_vnr(current))
> + goto out;
> +#endif
> + cr_debug("map_count %d\n", hh->map_count);
> +
> + /* XXX need more sanity checks */
> + if (hh->start_code > hh->end_code ||
> + hh->start_data > hh->end_data || hh->map_count < 0)
> + goto out;
> +
> + mm = current->mm;
> +
> + /* point of no return -- destruct current mm */
> + down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + ret = cr_destroy_mm(mm);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> + goto out;
> + }
> + mm->start_code = hh->start_code;
> + mm->end_code = hh->end_code;
> + mm->start_data = hh->start_data;
> + mm->end_data = hh->end_data;
> + mm->start_brk = hh->start_brk;
> + mm->brk = hh->brk;
> + mm->start_stack = hh->start_stack;
> + mm->arg_start = hh->arg_start;
> + mm->arg_end = hh->arg_end;
> + mm->env_start = hh->env_start;
> + mm->env_end = hh->env_end;
> + up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +
> + /* FIX: need also mm->flags */
> +
> + for (nr = hh->map_count; nr; nr--) {
> + ret = cr_read_vma(ctx, mm);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = cr_read_mm_context(ctx, mm, hh->objref);
> + out:
> + cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
> + return ret;
> +}
> diff -puN include/asm-x86/checkpoint_hdr.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space include/asm-x86/checkpoint_hdr.h
> --- linux-2.6.git/include/asm-x86/checkpoint_hdr.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/include/asm-x86/checkpoint_hdr.h 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -74,4 +74,8 @@ struct cr_hdr_mm_context {
> __s16 nldt;
> } __attribute__((aligned(8)));
>
> +
> +/* misc prototypes from kernel (not defined elsewhere) */
> +asmlinkage int sys_modify_ldt(int func, void __user *ptr, unsigned long bytecount);
> +
> #endif /* __ASM_X86_CKPT_HDR__H */
> diff -puN include/linux/checkpoint.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space include/linux/checkpoint.h
> --- linux-2.6.git/include/linux/checkpoint.h~v6_PATCH_5_9_Restore_memory_address_space 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> +++ linux-2.6.git-dave/include/linux/checkpoint.h 2008-10-16 10:53:36.000000000 -0700
> @@ -55,6 +55,9 @@ extern int cr_write_fname(struct cr_ctx
> extern int cr_read_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf, int n);
> extern int cr_read_obj_type(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int n, int type);
> extern int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *str, int len);
> +extern int cr_read_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *fname, int n);
> +extern struct file *cr_read_open_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx,
> + int flags, int mode);
>
> extern int cr_write_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t);
> extern int cr_read_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
> _
> _______________________________________________
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> Containers@lists.linux-foundation.org
> https://lists.linux-foundation.org/mailman/listinfo/containers
>
--
Nadia Derbey <Nadia.Derbey@bull.net>



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