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SubjectXFS filesystem corruption on the arm(el) architecture
(Note: Please CC me, as I am NOT on the lkml!!)

Some time ago, I discovered some problems with xfs. Unfortunatly, I had
no time diving into it. However, some weeks ago some other people
running debian on ARM machines confirmed the problem on their machines
starting at [1], so I think it is appropitate to at least report it.
It has also been seen on 2.6.27-rc4 [2].

summary: the xfs partition corrupts almost immediatly after creation. I
had the impression, that the first unlink (rm) causes the corruption,
but this might be just an impression.

During the tests I made, I conserved a image of the corrupted filesystem
which I can make available on request (it's 26 Mbyte, gzipped).

Please let me know how I can assist you in finding the problem.


[1] http://lists.debian.org/debian-arm/2008/08/msg00155.html
[2] http://lists.debian.org/debian-arm/2008/08/msg00184.html

Best regards,
Tobias Frost
http://blog.coldtobi.de

PS: Thank you for your great work!

Some Logs (copies from the debian mailing list, so you don't have to
follow the whole thread there:)

-I did test xfs on my Thecus 2100. I could reproduce the fs-corruption
with xfs.
The xfs was created freshly on the partition used to be swap.
The corruption occured after downloading the ltp from source-forge,
untaring it and a attempted make
(The make never completed, therefore I did not run the stress-tests of
ltp)

Some infos:

thecus:~/#uname -a
Linux thecus.coldtobi.ip 2.6.26-1-iop32x #1 Fri Aug 8 23:42:37 UTC 2008
armv5tel GNU/Linux

thecus:~# dpkg -l xfsprogs
+++-==============================================================
ii xfsprogs 2.9.8-1 Utilities for managing the XFS filesystem

hecus:~#xfs_check /dev/md1 2>&1 | tee fsck.log -
ERROR: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which needs
to
be replayed. Mount the filesystem to replay the log, and unmount it
before
re-running xfs_check. If you are unable to mount the filesystem, then
use
the xfs_repair -L option to destroy the log and attempt a repair.
Note that destroying the log may cause corruption -- please attempt a
mount
of the filesystem before doing this.
ERROR: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which needs
to
be replayed. Mount the filesystem to replay the log, and unmount it
before
re-running xfs_check. If you are unable to mount the filesystem, then
use
the xfs_repair -L option to destroy the log and attempt a repair.
Note that destroying the log may cause corruption -- please attempt a
mount
of the filesystem before doing this.
thecus:~# mount -o ro /dev/md1 /tmp/tst/
thecus:~# dmesg
[43132282.570000] Filesystem "md1": Disabling barriers, not supported by
the underlying device
[43132282.590000] XFS mounting filesystem md1
[43132283.600000] Starting XFS recovery on filesystem: md1 (logdev:
internal)
[43132283.620000] Filesystem "md1": XFS internal error
xlog_valid_rec_header(1) at line 3471 of file fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c.
Caller 0xbf24b298
[43132283.640000] [<c00291e0>] (dump_stack+0x0/0x14) from [<bf232704>]
(xfs_error_report+0x4c/0x5c [xfs])
[43132283.650000] [<bf2326b8>] (xfs_error_report+0x0/0x5c [xfs]) from
[<bf249fc4>] (xlog_valid_rec_header+0x150/0x184 [xfs])
[43132283.660000] r4:defc0000
[43132283.660000] [<bf249e74>] (xlog_valid_rec_header+0x0/0x184 [xfs])
from [<bf24b298>] (xlog_do_recovery_pass+0x21c/0x824 [xfs])
[43132283.670000] r5:defbc4a0 r4:00000000
[43132283.680000] [<bf24b07c>] (xlog_do_recovery_pass+0x0/0x824 [xfs])
from [<bf24b8ec>] (xlog_do_log_recovery+0x4c/0x98 [xfs])
[43132283.690000] [<bf24b8a0>] (xlog_do_log_recovery+0x0/0x98 [xfs])
from [<bf24b958>] (xlog_do_recover+0x20/0x124 [xfs])
[43132283.700000] r9:00000000 r8:df738400 r6:000008f8 r5:ce0512e0
r4:000008f8
[43132283.710000] [<bf24b938>] (xlog_do_recover+0x0/0x124 [xfs]) from
[<bf24baf0>] (xlog_recover+0x94/0xbc [xfs])
[43132283.720000] r9:00000000 r8:df738400 r6:000008f8 r5:000001f0
r4:ce0512e0
[43132283.730000] [<bf24ba5c>] (xlog_recover+0x0/0xbc [xfs]) from
[<bf2442b8>] (xfs_log_mount+0xe0/0x164 [xfs])
[43132283.730000] r7:00000000 r6:00000000 r4:001dc860
[43132283.730000] [<bf2441d8>] (xfs_log_mount+0x0/0x164 [xfs]) from
[<bf24db8c>] (xfs_mountfs+0x270/0x664 [xfs])
[43132283.750000] r8:df738420 r7:df738400 r6:00005000 r5:00000000
r4:0003b90c
[43132283.760000] [<bf24d91c>] (xfs_mountfs+0x0/0x664 [xfs]) from
[<bf2554c4>] (xfs_mount+0x290/0x348 [xfs])
[43132283.760000] [<bf255234>] (xfs_mount+0x0/0x348 [xfs]) from
[<bf266854>] (xfs_fs_fill_super+0xbc/0x208 [xfs])
[43132283.780000] [<bf266798>] (xfs_fs_fill_super+0x0/0x208 [xfs]) from
[<c00946c4>] (get_sb_bdev+0xf4/0x14c)
[43132283.790000] [<c00945d0>] (get_sb_bdev+0x0/0x14c) from [<bf264dd4>]
(xfs_fs_get_sb+0x24/0x30 [xfs])
[43132283.800000] [<bf264db0>] (xfs_fs_get_sb+0x0/0x30 [xfs]) from
[<c00941d0>] (vfs_kern_mount+0xa0/0x140)
[43132283.810000] [<c0094130>] (vfs_kern_mount+0x0/0x140) from
[<c00942d0>] (do_kern_mount+0x40/0xdc)
[43132283.820000] [<c0094290>] (do_kern_mount+0x0/0xdc) from
[<c00ab0d0>] (do_new_mount+0x5c/0x8c)
[43132283.830000] r8:00000001 r7:00000040 r6:df0d1ef0 r5:dfe7b000
r4:00000001
[43132283.830000] [<c00ab074>] (do_new_mount+0x0/0x8c) from [<c00ab298>]
(do_mount+0x198/0x1c0)
[43132283.850000] r7:df0d1ef0 r6:00000040 r5:00000001 r4:00000000
[43132283.850000] [<c00ab100>] (do_mount+0x0/0x1c0) from [<c00ab34c>]
(sys_mount+0x8c/0xd4)
[43132283.860000] [<c00ab2c0>] (sys_mount+0x0/0xd4) from [<c0024a60>]
(ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
[43132283.860000] r7:00000015 r6:beb295c0 r5:beb29598 r4:00000000
[43132283.870000] XFS: log mount/recovery failed: error 117
[43132283.910000] XFS: log mount failed
thecus:~# xfs_repair /dev/md1
Phase 1 - find and verify superblock...
Phase 2 - using internal log
- zero log...
ERROR: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which needs
to
be replayed. Mount the filesystem to replay the log, and unmount it
before
re-running xfs_repair. If you are unable to mount the filesystem, then
use
the -L option to destroy the log and attempt a repair.
Note that destroying the log may cause corruption -- please attempt a
mount
of the filesystem before doing this.
thecus:~# xfs_repair -L /dev/md1
Phase 1 - find and verify superblock...
Phase 2 - using internal log
- zero log...
ALERT: The filesystem has valuable metadata changes in a log which is
being
destroyed because the -L option was used.
- scan filesystem freespace and inode maps...
- found root inode chunk
Phase 3 - for each AG...
- scan and clear agi unlinked lists...
- process known inodes and perform inode discovery...
- agno = 0
- agno = 1
- agno = 2
- agno = 3
- process newly discovered inodes...
Phase 4 - check for duplicate blocks...
- setting up duplicate extent list...
- check for inodes claiming duplicate blocks...
- agno = 0
- agno = 1
- agno = 2
- agno = 3
Phase 5 - rebuild AG headers and trees...
- reset superblock...
Phase 6 - check inode connectivity...
- resetting contents of realtime bitmap and summary inodes
- traversing filesystem ...
- traversal finished ...
- moving disconnected inodes to lost+found ...
Phase 7 - verify and correct link counts...
done

thecus:~# xfs_check /dev/md1 2>&1 | tee fsck.log -
thecus:~# mount /dev/md1 /tmp/tst/
thecus:~# dmesg
[43132552.030000] Filesystem "md1": Disabling barriers, not supported by
the underlying device
[43132552.050000] XFS mounting filesystem md1
[43132552.190000] Ending clean XFS mount for filesystem: md1
thecus:~# cd /tmp/tst
thecus:/tmp/tst# rm -r ltp-full-20080731
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/kernel/syscalls': Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/ballista/ballista/outfiles': Directory not
empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/open_posix_testsuite/conformance/interfaces': Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/network/rpc/rpc-tirpc-full-test-suite':
Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/open_hpi_testsuite/utils/t/epath':
Directory not empty
thecus:/tmp/tst# rm -rf ltp-full-20080731
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/kernel/syscalls': Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/ballista/ballista/outfiles': Directory not
empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/open_posix_testsuite/conformance/interfaces': Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/network/rpc/rpc-tirpc-full-test-suite':
Directory not empty
rm: cannot remove directory
`ltp-full-20080731/testcases/open_hpi_testsuite/utils/t/epath':
Directory not empty

thecus:~# dmesg
[43132552.190000] Ending clean XFS mount for filesystem: md1
[43132681.530000] 00000000: 58 46 53 42 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 07 72
10 XFSB..........r.
[43132681.550000] Filesystem "md1": XFS internal error xfs_da_do_buf(2)
at line 2085 of file fs/xfs/xfs_da_btree.c. Caller 0xbf226cac
[43132681.560000] [<c00291e0>] (dump_stack+0x0/0x14) from [<bf232704>]
(xfs_error_report+0x4c/0x5c [xfs])
[43132681.570000] [<bf2326b8>] (xfs_error_report+0x0/0x5c [xfs]) from
[<bf232770>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x5c/0x68 [xfs])
[43132681.580000] r4:def2e400
[43132681.580000] [<bf232714>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x0/0x68 [xfs])
from [<bf226b00>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x568/0x688 [xfs])
[43132681.580000] r6:bf226cac r5:00000000 r4:ce179438
[43132681.600000] [<bf226598>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x0/0x688 [xfs]) from
[<bf226cac>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x34/0x3c [xfs])
[43132681.600000] [<bf226c78>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x0/0x3c [xfs]) from
[<bf22ccdc>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x484/0x8bc [xfs])
[43132681.620000] [<bf22c858>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x0/0x8bc [xfs])
from [<bf229200>] (xfs_readdir+0xcc/0xe0 [xfs])
[43132681.620000] [<bf229134>] (xfs_readdir+0x0/0xe0 [xfs]) from
[<bf25ff7c>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x144/0x194 [xfs])
[43132681.640000] [<bf25fe38>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x0/0x194 [xfs]) from
[<c009ee48>] (vfs_readdir+0x84/0xb8)
[43132681.650000] [<c009edc4>] (vfs_readdir+0x0/0xb8) from [<c009eee8>]
(sys_getdents64+0x6c/0xc0)
[43132681.650000] [<c009ee7c>] (sys_getdents64+0x0/0xc0) from
[<c0024a60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
[43132681.670000] r7:000000d9 r6:0001ea84 r5:0001ea98 r4:00000000
[43132682.010000] 00000000: 58 46 53 42 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 07 72
10 XFSB..........r.
[43132682.030000] Filesystem "md1": XFS internal error xfs_da_do_buf(2)
at line 2085 of file fs/xfs/xfs_da_btree.c. Caller 0xbf226cac
[43132682.040000] [<c00291e0>] (dump_stack+0x0/0x14) from [<bf232704>]
(xfs_error_report+0x4c/0x5c [xfs])
[43132682.050000] [<bf2326b8>] (xfs_error_report+0x0/0x5c [xfs]) from
[<bf232770>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x5c/0x68 [xfs])
[43132682.050000] r4:def2e400
[43132682.050000] [<bf232714>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x0/0x68 [xfs])
from [<bf226b00>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x568/0x688 [xfs])
[43132682.080000] r6:bf226cac r5:00000000 r4:ce179438
[43132682.080000] [<bf226598>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x0/0x688 [xfs]) from
[<bf226cac>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x34/0x3c [xfs])
[43132682.090000] [<bf226c78>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x0/0x3c [xfs]) from
[<bf22ccdc>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x484/0x8bc [xfs])
[43132682.100000] [<bf22c858>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x0/0x8bc [xfs])
from [<bf229200>] (xfs_readdir+0xcc/0xe0 [xfs])
[43132682.110000] [<bf229134>] (xfs_readdir+0x0/0xe0 [xfs]) from
[<bf25ff7c>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x144/0x194 [xfs])
[43132682.130000] [<bf25fe38>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x0/0x194 [xfs]) from
[<c009ee48>] (vfs_readdir+0x84/0xb8)
[43132682.140000] [<c009edc4>] (vfs_readdir+0x0/0xb8) from [<c009eee8>]
(sys_getdents64+0x6c/0xc0)
[43132682.150000] [<c009ee7c>] (sys_getdents64+0x0/0xc0) from
[<c0024a60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
[43132682.150000] r7:000000d9 r6:0001fdc4 r5:0001fdd8 r4:00000000
[43132683.550000] 00000000: 58 46 53 42 00 00 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 07 72
10 XFSB..........r.
[43132683.570000] Filesystem "md1": XFS internal error xfs_da_do_buf(2)
at line 2085 of file fs/xfs/xfs_da_btree.c. Caller 0xbf226cac
[43132683.580000] [<c00291e0>] (dump_stack+0x0/0x14) from [<bf232704>]
(xfs_error_report+0x4c/0x5c [xfs])
[43132683.590000] [<bf2326b8>] (xfs_error_report+0x0/0x5c [xfs]) from
[<bf232770>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x5c/0x68 [xfs])
[43132683.610000] r4:def2e400
[43132683.610000] [<bf232714>] (xfs_corruption_error+0x0/0x68 [xfs])
from [<bf226b00>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x568/0x688 [xfs])
[43132683.620000] r6:bf226cac r5:00000000 r4:ce179438
[43132683.620000] [<bf226598>] (xfs_da_do_buf+0x0/0x688 [xfs]) from
[<bf226cac>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x34/0x3c [xfs])
[43132683.640000] [<bf226c78>] (xfs_da_read_buf+0x0/0x3c [xfs]) from
[<bf22ccdc>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x484/0x8bc [xfs])
[43132683.650000] [<bf22c858>] (xfs_dir2_leaf_getdents+0x0/0x8bc [xfs])
from [<bf229200>] (xfs_readdir+0xcc/0xe0 [xfs])
[43132683.650000] [<bf229134>] (xfs_readdir+0x0/0xe0 [xfs]) from
[<bf25ff7c>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x144/0x194 [xfs])
[43132683.670000] [<bf25fe38>] (xfs_file_readdir+0x0/0x194 [xfs]) from
[<c009ee48>] (vfs_readdir+0x84/0xb8)
[43132683.680000] [<c009edc4>] (vfs_readdir+0x0/0xb8) from [<c009eee8>]
(sys_getdents64+0x6c/0xc0)
[43132683.690000] [<c009ee7c>] (sys_getdents64+0x0/0xc0) from
[<c0024a60>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x3c)
[43132683.690000] r7:000000d9 r6:0001fe04 r5:0001fe18 r4:00000000
(..)
Valid signature








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