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SubjectRe: Enhance mmu notifiers to accomplish a lockless implementation (incomplete).
Expand the mmu_notifiers to allow for lockless callers.  To accomplish
this, the function receiving notifications needs to implement an rmap
equivalent. The notification function is also responsible for tracking
page dirty state.

Version 2 brings with it __xip_unmap and do_wp_page so this is getting
to the point where we can start testing. It does compile now.

I am traveling tomorrow but should be able to get back to this tomorrow
evening or early Friday.

Thank you for your attention,
Robin Holt

Index: mmu_notifiers/include/linux/export_notifier.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ mmu_notifiers/include/linux/export_notifier.h 2008-01-23 21:24:33.000000000 -0600
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_EXPORT_NOTIFIER_H
+#define _LINUX_EXPORT_NOTIFIER_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+
+struct export_notifier {
+ struct hlist_node hlist;
+ const struct export_notifier_ops *ops;
+};
+
+struct export_notifier_ops {
+ /*
+ * Called with the page lock held after ptes are modified or removed.
+ *
+ * Must clear PageExported()
+ */
+ void (*invalidate_page)(struct export_notifier *em, struct page *page);
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_EXPORT_NOTIFIER
+
+extern void export_notifier_register(struct export_notifier *em);
+extern void export_notifier_unregister(struct export_notifier *em);
+
+extern struct hlist_head export_notifier_list;
+
+#define export_notifier(function, args...) \
+ do { \
+ struct export_notifier *__em; \
+ struct hlist_node *__n; \
+ \
+ rcu_read_lock(); \
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(__em, __n, &export_notifier_list, \
+ hlist) \
+ if (__em->ops->function) \
+ __em->ops->function(__em, args); \
+ rcu_read_unlock(); \
+ } while (0);
+
+#else
+
+#define export_notifier(function, args...)
+
+static inline void export_notifier_register(struct export_notifier *em) {}
+static inline void export_notifier_unregister(struct export_notifier *em) {}
+
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_EXPORT_NOTIFIER_H */
Index: mmu_notifiers/include/linux/page-flags.h
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/include/linux/page-flags.h 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/include/linux/page-flags.h 2008-01-23 21:57:58.000000000 -0600
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@
* 64 bit | FIELDS | ?????? FLAGS |
* 63 32 0
*/
+#define PG_exported 30 /* Page is referenced by something not in the rmaps */
#define PG_uncached 31 /* Page has been mapped as uncached */
#endif

@@ -260,6 +261,14 @@ static inline void __ClearPageTail(struc
#define SetPageUncached(page) set_bit(PG_uncached, &(page)->flags)
#define ClearPageUncached(page) clear_bit(PG_uncached, &(page)->flags)

+#ifdef CONFIG_EXPORT_NOTIFIER
+#define PageExported(page) test_bit(PG_exported, &(page)->flags)
+#define SetPageExported(page) set_bit(PG_exported, &(page)->flags)
+#define ClearPageExported(page) clear_bit(PG_exported, &(page)->flags)
+#else
+#define PageExported(page) 0
+#endif
+
struct page; /* forward declaration */

extern void cancel_dirty_page(struct page *page, unsigned int account_size);
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/Kconfig 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/Kconfig 2008-01-23 21:57:58.000000000 -0600
@@ -197,3 +197,8 @@ config VIRT_TO_BUS
config MMU_NOTIFIER
def_bool y
bool "MMU notifier, for paging KVM/RDMA"
+
+config EXPORT_NOTIFIER
+ def_bool y
+ depends on 64BIT
+ bool "Export Notifier for notifying subsystems about changes to page mappings"
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/Makefile
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/Makefile 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/Makefile 2008-01-23 21:24:33.000000000 -0600
@@ -31,4 +31,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MIGRATION) += migrate.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += allocpercpu.o
obj-$(CONFIG_QUICKLIST) += quicklist.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER) += mmu_notifier.o
-
+obj-$(CONFIG_EXPORT_NOTIFIER) += export_notifier.o
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/export_notifier.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/export_notifier.c 2008-01-23 21:57:27.000000000 -0600
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+#include <linux/export_notifier.h>
+
+HLIST_HEAD(export_notifier_list);
+DEFINE_SPINLOCK(export_notifier_list_lock);
+
+void export_notifier_register(struct export_notifier *en)
+{
+ spin_lock(&export_notifier_list_lock);
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&en->hlist, &export_notifier_list);
+ spin_unlock(&export_notifier_list_lock);
+}
+
+void export_notifier_unregister(struct export_notifier *en)
+{
+ spin_lock(&export_notifier_list_lock);
+ hlist_del_rcu(&en->hlist);
+ spin_unlock(&export_notifier_list_lock);
+}
+
+
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/rmap.c
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/rmap.c 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/rmap.c 2008-01-23 21:57:27.000000000 -0600
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/export_notifier.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

@@ -473,6 +474,8 @@ int page_mkclean(struct page *page)
struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
if (mapping) {
ret = page_mkclean_file(mapping, page);
+ if (unlikely(PageExported(page)))
+ export_notifier(invalidate_page, page);
if (page_test_dirty(page)) {
page_clear_dirty(page);
ret = 1;
@@ -971,6 +974,9 @@ int try_to_unmap(struct page *page, int
else
ret = try_to_unmap_file(page, migration);

+ if (unlikely(PageExported(page)))
+ export_notifier(invalidate_page, page);
+
if (!page_mapped(page))
ret = SWAP_SUCCESS;
return ret;
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/fremap.c
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/fremap.c 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/fremap.c 2008-01-23 21:57:27.000000000 -0600
@@ -211,6 +211,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_remap_file_pages(uns
spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
}

+ mmu_notifier(invalidate_range, mm, start, start + size);
err = populate_range(mm, vma, start, size, pgoff);
if (!err && !(flags & MAP_NONBLOCK)) {
if (unlikely(has_write_lock)) {
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/memory.c
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/memory.c 2008-01-23 21:24:27.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/memory.c 2008-01-23 21:57:27.000000000 -0600
@@ -1637,6 +1637,7 @@ gotten:
/*
* Re-check the pte - we dropped the lock
*/
+ mmu_notifier(invalidate_range, mm, address, address + PAGE_SIZE - 1);
page_table = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
if (likely(pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte))) {
if (old_page) {
Index: mmu_notifiers/mm/filemap_xip.c
===================================================================
--- mmu_notifiers.orig/mm/filemap_xip.c 2008-01-23 21:33:21.000000000 -0600
+++ mmu_notifiers/mm/filemap_xip.c 2008-01-23 21:57:27.000000000 -0600
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
+#include <linux/export_notifier.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

@@ -183,6 +184,7 @@ __xip_unmap (struct address_space * mapp
if (!page)
return;

+ export_notifier(invalidate_page, page);
spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, &iter, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff) {
mm = vma->vm_mm;

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