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SubjectRe: [PATCH 41/49] ext4: Add multi block allocator for ext4
> On Mon, 21 Jan 2008 22:02:20 -0500 "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@MIT.EDU> wrote:
> From: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com>
>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@clusterfs.com>
> Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
>
> ...
>
> +#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
> +#define mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr) \
> +{ \
> + bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 7UL) << 3; \
> + addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~7UL); \
> +}
> +#elif BITS_PER_LONG == 32
> +#define mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr) \
> +{ \
> + bit += ((unsigned long) addr & 3UL) << 3; \
> + addr = (void *) ((unsigned long) addr & ~3UL); \
> +}
> +#else
> +#error "how many bits you are?!"
> +#endif

Why do these exist?

> +static inline int mb_test_bit(int bit, void *addr)
> +{
> + mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr);
> + return ext4_test_bit(bit, addr);
> +}

ext2_test_bit() already handles bitnum > wordsize.

If mb_correct_addr_and_bit() is actually needed then some suitable comment
would help.

> +static inline void mb_set_bit(int bit, void *addr)
> +{
> + mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr);
> + ext4_set_bit(bit, addr);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void mb_set_bit_atomic(spinlock_t *lock, int bit, void *addr)
> +{
> + mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr);
> + ext4_set_bit_atomic(lock, bit, addr);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void mb_clear_bit(int bit, void *addr)
> +{
> + mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr);
> + ext4_clear_bit(bit, addr);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void mb_clear_bit_atomic(spinlock_t *lock, int bit, void *addr)
> +{
> + mb_correct_addr_and_bit(bit, addr);
> + ext4_clear_bit_atomic(lock, bit, addr);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void *mb_find_buddy(struct ext4_buddy *e4b, int order, int *max)

uninlining this will save about eighty squigabytes of text.

Please review all of ext4/jbd2 with a view to removig unnecessary and wrong
inlings.

> +{
> + char *bb;
> +
> + /* FIXME!! is this needed */
> + BUG_ON(EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b) == EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b));
> + BUG_ON(max == NULL);
> +
> + if (order > e4b->bd_blkbits + 1) {
> + *max = 0;
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + /* at order 0 we see each particular block */
> + *max = 1 << (e4b->bd_blkbits + 3);
> + if (order == 0)
> + return EXT4_MB_BITMAP(e4b);
> +
> + bb = EXT4_MB_BUDDY(e4b) + EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_offsets[order];
> + *max = EXT4_SB(e4b->bd_sb)->s_mb_maxs[order];
> +
> + return bb;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +#else
> +#define mb_free_blocks_double(a, b, c, d)
> +#define mb_mark_used_double(a, b, c)
> +#define mb_cmp_bitmaps(a, b)
> +#endif

Please use the do{}while(0) thing. Or, better, proper C functions which
have typechecking (unless this will cause undefined-var compile errors,
which happens sometimes)

> +/* find most significant bit */
> +static int fmsb(unsigned short word)
> +{
> + int order;
> +
> + if (word > 255) {
> + order = 7;
> + word >>= 8;
> + } else {
> + order = -1;
> + }
> +
> + do {
> + order++;
> + word >>= 1;
> + } while (word != 0);
> +
> + return order;
> +}

Did we just reinvent fls()?

> +/* FIXME!! need more doc */
> +static void ext4_mb_mark_free_simple(struct super_block *sb,
> + void *buddy, unsigned first, int len,
> + struct ext4_group_info *grp)
> +{
> + struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
> + unsigned short min;
> + unsigned short max;
> + unsigned short chunk;
> + unsigned short border;
> +
> + BUG_ON(len >= EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
> +
> + border = 2 << sb->s_blocksize_bits;

Won't this explode with >= 32k blocksize?

> + while (len > 0) {
> + /* find how many blocks can be covered since this position */
> + max = ffs(first | border) - 1;
> +
> + /* find how many blocks of power 2 we need to mark */
> + min = fmsb(len);
> +
> + if (max < min)
> + min = max;
> + chunk = 1 << min;
> +
> + /* mark multiblock chunks only */
> + grp->bb_counters[min]++;
> + if (min > 0)
> + mb_clear_bit(first >> min,
> + buddy + sbi->s_mb_offsets[min]);
> +
> + len -= chunk;
> + first += chunk;
> + }
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static int ext4_mb_init_cache(struct page *page, char *incore)
> +{
> + int blocksize;
> + int blocks_per_page;
> + int groups_per_page;
> + int err = 0;
> + int i;
> + ext4_group_t first_group;
> + int first_block;
> + struct super_block *sb;
> + struct buffer_head *bhs;
> + struct buffer_head **bh;
> + struct inode *inode;
> + char *data;
> + char *bitmap;
> +
> + mb_debug("init page %lu\n", page->index);
> +
> + inode = page->mapping->host;
> + sb = inode->i_sb;
> + blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
> + blocks_per_page = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE / blocksize;
> +
> + groups_per_page = blocks_per_page >> 1;
> + if (groups_per_page == 0)
> + groups_per_page = 1;
> +
> + /* allocate buffer_heads to read bitmaps */
> + if (groups_per_page > 1) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + i = sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * groups_per_page;
> + bh = kmalloc(i, GFP_NOFS);
> + if (bh == NULL)
> + goto out;
> + memset(bh, 0, i);

kzalloc()

> + } else
> + bh = &bhs;
> +
> + first_group = page->index * blocks_per_page / 2;
> +
> + /* read all groups the page covers into the cache */
> + for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page; i++) {
> + struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
> +
> + if (first_group + i >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count)
> + break;
> +
> + err = -EIO;
> + desc = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, first_group + i, NULL);
> + if (desc == NULL)
> + goto out;
> +
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + bh[i] = sb_getblk(sb, ext4_block_bitmap(sb, desc));
> + if (bh[i] == NULL)
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (buffer_uptodate(bh[i]))
> + continue;
> +
> + lock_buffer(bh[i]);
> + if (buffer_uptodate(bh[i])) {
> + unlock_buffer(bh[i]);
> + continue;
> + }

Didn't we just add a helper in fs/buffer.c to do this?

> + if (desc->bg_flags & cpu_to_le16(EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT)) {
> + ext4_init_block_bitmap(sb, bh[i],
> + first_group + i, desc);
> + set_buffer_uptodate(bh[i]);
> + unlock_buffer(bh[i]);
> + continue;
> + }
> + get_bh(bh[i]);
> + bh[i]->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync;
> + submit_bh(READ, bh[i]);
> + mb_debug("read bitmap for group %lu\n", first_group + i);
> + }
> +
> + /* wait for I/O completion */
> + for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page && bh[i]; i++)
> + wait_on_buffer(bh[i]);
> +
> + err = -EIO;
> + for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page && bh[i]; i++)
> + if (!buffer_uptodate(bh[i]))
> + goto out;
> +
> + first_block = page->index * blocks_per_page;
> + for (i = 0; i < blocks_per_page; i++) {
> + int group;
> + struct ext4_group_info *grinfo;
> +
> + group = (first_block + i) >> 1;
> + if (group >= EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count)
> + break;
> +
> + /*
> + * data carry information regarding this
> + * particular group in the format specified
> + * above
> + *
> + */
> + data = page_address(page) + (i * blocksize);
> + bitmap = bh[group - first_group]->b_data;
> +
> + /*
> + * We place the buddy block and bitmap block
> + * close together
> + */
> + if ((first_block + i) & 1) {
> + /* this is block of buddy */
> + BUG_ON(incore == NULL);
> + mb_debug("put buddy for group %u in page %lu/%x\n",
> + group, page->index, i * blocksize);
> + memset(data, 0xff, blocksize);
> + grinfo = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
> + grinfo->bb_fragments = 0;
> + memset(grinfo->bb_counters, 0,
> + sizeof(unsigned short)*(sb->s_blocksize_bits+2));
> + /*
> + * incore got set to the group block bitmap below
> + */
> + ext4_mb_generate_buddy(sb, data, incore, group);
> + incore = NULL;
> + } else {
> + /* this is block of bitmap */
> + BUG_ON(incore != NULL);
> + mb_debug("put bitmap for group %u in page %lu/%x\n",
> + group, page->index, i * blocksize);
> +
> + /* see comments in ext4_mb_put_pa() */
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
> + memcpy(data, bitmap, blocksize);
> +
> + /* mark all preallocated blks used in in-core bitmap */
> + ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(sb, data, group);
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> +
> + /* set incore so that the buddy information can be
> + * generated using this
> + */
> + incore = data;
> + }
> + }
> + SetPageUptodate(page);

Is the page locked here?

> +out:
> + if (bh) {
> + for (i = 0; i < groups_per_page && bh[i]; i++)
> + brelse(bh[i]);

put_bh()

> + if (bh != &bhs)
> + kfree(bh);
> + }
> + return err;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static void mb_set_bits(spinlock_t *lock, void *bm, int cur, int len)
> +{
> + __u32 *addr;
> +
> + len = cur + len;
> + while (cur < len) {
> + if ((cur & 31) == 0 && (len - cur) >= 32) {
> + /* fast path: clear whole word at once */

s/clear/set/

> + addr = bm + (cur >> 3);
> + *addr = 0xffffffff;
> + cur += 32;
> + continue;
> + }
> + mb_set_bit_atomic(lock, cur, bm);
> + cur++;
> + }
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static void ext4_mb_use_best_found(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac,
> + struct ext4_buddy *e4b)
> +{
> + struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb);
> + int ret;
> +
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group != e4b->bd_group);
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_status == AC_STATUS_FOUND);
> +
> + ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len = min(ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len, ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len);
> + ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical;
> + ret = mb_mark_used(e4b, &ac->ac_b_ex);
> +
> + /* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually
> + * allocated blocks for history */
> + ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex;
> +
> + ac->ac_status = AC_STATUS_FOUND;
> + ac->ac_tail = ret & 0xffff;
> + ac->ac_buddy = ret >> 16;
> +
> + /* XXXXXXX: SUCH A HORRIBLE **CK */
> + /*FIXME!! Why ? */

?

> + ac->ac_bitmap_page = e4b->bd_bitmap_page;
> + get_page(ac->ac_bitmap_page);
> + ac->ac_buddy_page = e4b->bd_buddy_page;
> + get_page(ac->ac_buddy_page);
> +
> + /* store last allocated for subsequent stream allocation */
> + if ((ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA)) {
> + spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
> + sbi->s_mb_last_group = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_group;
> + sbi->s_mb_last_start = ac->ac_f_ex.fe_start;
> + spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
> + }
> +}
>
> ...
>
> +static void ext4_mb_generate_from_pa(struct super_block *sb, void *bitmap,
> + ext4_group_t group)
> +{
> + struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa;
> + struct list_head *cur;
> + ext4_group_t groupnr;
> + ext4_grpblk_t start;
> + int preallocated = 0;
> + int count = 0;
> + int len;
> +
> + /* all form of preallocation discards first load group,
> + * so the only competing code is preallocation use.
> + * we don't need any locking here
> + * notice we do NOT ignore preallocations with pa_deleted
> + * otherwise we could leave used blocks available for
> + * allocation in buddy when concurrent ext4_mb_put_pa()
> + * is dropping preallocation
> + */
> + list_for_each_rcu(cur, &grp->bb_prealloc_list) {
> + pa = list_entry(cur, struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_group_list);
> + spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart,
> + &groupnr, &start);
> + len = pa->pa_len;
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + if (unlikely(len == 0))
> + continue;
> + BUG_ON(groupnr != group);
> + mb_set_bits(sb_bgl_lock(EXT4_SB(sb), group),
> + bitmap, start, len);
> + preallocated += len;
> + count++;
> + }

Seems to be missing rcu_read_lock()

> + mb_debug("prellocated %u for group %lu\n", preallocated, group);
> +}
> +
> +static void ext4_mb_pa_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
> +{
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa;
> + pa = container_of(head, struct ext4_prealloc_space, u.pa_rcu);
> + kmem_cache_free(ext4_pspace_cachep, pa);
> +}
> +#define mb_call_rcu(__pa) call_rcu(&(__pa)->u.pa_rcu, ext4_mb_pa_callback)

Is there any reason why this had to be implemented as a macro?

>
> ...
>
> +static int ext4_mb_new_inode_pa(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac)
> +{
> + struct super_block *sb = ac->ac_sb;
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa;
> + struct ext4_group_info *grp;
> + struct ext4_inode_info *ei;
> +
> + /* preallocate only when found space is larger then requested */
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len >= ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len);
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_status != AC_STATUS_FOUND);
> + BUG_ON(!S_ISREG(ac->ac_inode->i_mode));
> +
> + pa = kmem_cache_alloc(ext4_pspace_cachep, GFP_NOFS);

Do all the GFP_NOFS's in this code really need to be GFP_NOFS?

> + if (pa == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + if (ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len < ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len) {
> + int winl;
> + int wins;
> + int win;
> + int offs;
> +
> + /* we can't allocate as much as normalizer wants.
> + * so, found space must get proper lstart
> + * to cover original request */
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical > ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical);
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_g_ex.fe_len < ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len);
> +
> + /* we're limited by original request in that
> + * logical block must be covered any way
> + * winl is window we can move our chunk within */
> + winl = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical - ac->ac_g_ex.fe_logical;
> +
> + /* also, we should cover whole original request */
> + wins = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len - ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len;
> +
> + /* the smallest one defines real window */
> + win = min(winl, wins);
> +
> + offs = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical % ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len;
> + if (offs && offs < win)
> + win = offs;
> +
> + ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical - win;
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical < ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical);
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len > ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len);
> + }
> +
> + /* preallocation can change ac_b_ex, thus we store actually
> + * allocated blocks for history */
> + ac->ac_f_ex = ac->ac_b_ex;
> +
> + pa->pa_lstart = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_logical;
> + pa->pa_pstart = ext4_grp_offs_to_block(sb, &ac->ac_b_ex);
> + pa->pa_len = ac->ac_b_ex.fe_len;
> + pa->pa_free = pa->pa_len;
> + atomic_set(&pa->pa_count, 1);
> + spin_lock_init(&pa->pa_lock);
> + pa->pa_deleted = 0;
> + pa->pa_linear = 0;
> +
> + mb_debug("new inode pa %p: %llu/%u for %u\n", pa,
> + pa->pa_pstart, pa->pa_len, pa->pa_lstart);
> +
> + ext4_mb_use_inode_pa(ac, pa);
> + atomic_add(pa->pa_free, &EXT4_SB(sb)->s_mb_preallocated);
> +
> + ei = EXT4_I(ac->ac_inode);
> + grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
> +
> + pa->pa_obj_lock = &ei->i_prealloc_lock;
> + pa->pa_inode = ac->ac_inode;
> +
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
> + list_add_rcu(&pa->pa_group_list, &grp->bb_prealloc_list);
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, ac->ac_b_ex.fe_group);
> +
> + spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock);
> + list_add_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list, &ei->i_prealloc_list);
> + spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock);

hm. Strange to see list_add_rcu() inside spinlock like this.

> + return 0;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static int ext4_mb_discard_group_preallocations(struct super_block *sb,
> + ext4_group_t group, int needed)
> +{
> + struct ext4_group_info *grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
> + struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL;
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *tmp;
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct ext4_buddy e4b;
> + int err;
> + int busy = 0;
> + int free = 0;
> +
> + mb_debug("discard preallocation for group %lu\n", group);
> +
> + if (list_empty(&grp->bb_prealloc_list))
> + return 0;
> +
> + bitmap_bh = read_block_bitmap(sb, group);
> + if (bitmap_bh == NULL) {
> + /* error handling here */
> + ext4_mb_release_desc(&e4b);
> + BUG_ON(bitmap_bh == NULL);
> + }
> +
> + err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b);
> + BUG_ON(err != 0); /* error handling here */
> +
> + if (needed == 0)
> + needed = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) + 1;
> +
> + grp = ext4_get_group_info(sb, group);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&list);
> +
> +repeat:
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp,
> + &grp->bb_prealloc_list, pa_group_list) {
> + spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + if (atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)) {
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + busy = 1;
> + continue;
> + }
> + if (pa->pa_deleted) {
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + /* seems this one can be freed ... */
> + pa->pa_deleted = 1;
> +
> + /* we can trust pa_free ... */
> + free += pa->pa_free;
> +
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> +
> + list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_group_list);
> + list_add(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list, &list);
> + }

Strange to see rcu operations outside rcu_read_lock().

> + /* if we still need more blocks and some PAs were used, try again */
> + if (free < needed && busy) {
> + busy = 0;
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> + /*
> + * Yield the CPU here so that we don't get soft lockup
> + * in non preempt case.
> + */
> + yield();

argh, no, yield() is basically unusable. schedule_timeout(1) is preferable.

Please test this code whe there are lots of cpu-intensive tasks running.

> + goto repeat;
> + }
> +
> + /* found anything to free? */
> + if (list_empty(&list)) {
> + BUG_ON(free != 0);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + /* now free all selected PAs */
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &list, u.pa_tmp_list) {
> +
> + /* remove from object (inode or locality group) */
> + spin_lock(pa->pa_obj_lock);
> + list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list);
> + spin_unlock(pa->pa_obj_lock);
> +
> + if (pa->pa_linear)
> + ext4_mb_release_group_pa(&e4b, pa);
> + else
> + ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(&e4b, bitmap_bh, pa);
> +
> + list_del(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list);
> + mb_call_rcu(pa);
> + }
> +
> +out:
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> + ext4_mb_release_desc(&e4b);
> + brelse(bitmap_bh);

put_bh()

> + return free;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * releases all non-used preallocated blocks for given inode
> + *
> + * It's important to discard preallocations under i_data_sem
> + * We don't want another block to be served from the prealloc
> + * space when we are discarding the inode prealloc space.
> + *
> + * FIXME!! Make sure it is valid at all the call sites
> + */
> +void ext4_mb_discard_inode_preallocations(struct inode *inode)
> +{
> + struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
> + struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
> + struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL;
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space *pa, *tmp;
> + ext4_group_t group = 0;
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct ext4_buddy e4b;
> + int err;
> +
> + if (!test_opt(sb, MBALLOC) || !S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
> + /*BUG_ON(!list_empty(&ei->i_prealloc_list));*/
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + mb_debug("discard preallocation for inode %lu\n", inode->i_ino);
> +
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&list);
> +
> +repeat:
> + /* first, collect all pa's in the inode */
> + spin_lock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock);
> + while (!list_empty(&ei->i_prealloc_list)) {
> + pa = list_entry(ei->i_prealloc_list.next,
> + struct ext4_prealloc_space, pa_inode_list);
> + BUG_ON(pa->pa_obj_lock != &ei->i_prealloc_lock);
> + spin_lock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + if (atomic_read(&pa->pa_count)) {
> + /* this shouldn't happen often - nobody should
> + * use preallocation while we're discarding it */
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock);
> + printk(KERN_ERR "uh-oh! used pa while discarding\n");
> + dump_stack();

WARN_ON(1) would be more conventional.

> + current->state = TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE;
> + schedule_timeout(HZ);

schedule_timeout_uninterruptible()

> + goto repeat;
> +
> + }
> + if (pa->pa_deleted == 0) {
> + pa->pa_deleted = 1;
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_inode_list);
> + list_add(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list, &list);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + /* someone is deleting pa right now */
> + spin_unlock(&pa->pa_lock);
> + spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock);
> +
> + /* we have to wait here because pa_deleted
> + * doesn't mean pa is already unlinked from
> + * the list. as we might be called from
> + * ->clear_inode() the inode will get freed
> + * and concurrent thread which is unlinking
> + * pa from inode's list may access already
> + * freed memory, bad-bad-bad */
> +
> + /* XXX: if this happens too often, we can
> + * add a flag to force wait only in case
> + * of ->clear_inode(), but not in case of
> + * regular truncate */
> + current->state = TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE;
> + schedule_timeout(HZ);

ditto

> + goto repeat;
> + }
> + spin_unlock(&ei->i_prealloc_lock);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry_safe(pa, tmp, &list, u.pa_tmp_list) {
> + BUG_ON(pa->pa_linear != 0);
> + ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, pa->pa_pstart, &group, NULL);
> +
> + err = ext4_mb_load_buddy(sb, group, &e4b);
> + BUG_ON(err != 0); /* error handling here */
> +
> + bitmap_bh = read_block_bitmap(sb, group);
> + if (bitmap_bh == NULL) {
> + /* error handling here */
> + ext4_mb_release_desc(&e4b);
> + BUG_ON(bitmap_bh == NULL);
> + }
> +
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
> + list_del_rcu(&pa->pa_group_list);
> + ext4_mb_release_inode_pa(&e4b, bitmap_bh, pa);
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> +
> + ext4_mb_release_desc(&e4b);
> + brelse(bitmap_bh);
> +
> + list_del(&pa->u.pa_tmp_list);
> + mb_call_rcu(pa);
> + }
> +}

Would be nice to ask Paul to review all the rcu usage in here. It looks odd.

>
> ...
>
> +#else
> +#define ext4_mb_show_ac(x)
> +#endif

static inlined C functions are preferred (+1e6 dittoes)

> +/*
> + * We use locality group preallocation for small size file. The size of the
> + * file is determined by the current size or the resulting size after
> + * allocation which ever is larger
> + *
> + * One can tune this size via /proc/fs/ext4/<partition>/stream_req
> + */
> +static void ext4_mb_group_or_file(struct ext4_allocation_context *ac)
> +{
> + struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(ac->ac_sb);
> + int bsbits = ac->ac_sb->s_blocksize_bits;
> + loff_t size, isize;
> +
> + if (!(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA))
> + return;
> +
> + size = ac->ac_o_ex.fe_logical + ac->ac_o_ex.fe_len;
> + isize = i_size_read(ac->ac_inode) >> bsbits;
> + if (size < isize)
> + size = isize;

min()?

> + /* don't use group allocation for large files */
> + if (size >= sbi->s_mb_stream_request)
> + return;
> +
> + if (unlikely(ac->ac_flags & EXT4_MB_HINT_GOAL_ONLY))
> + return;
> +
> + BUG_ON(ac->ac_lg != NULL);
> + ac->ac_lg = &sbi->s_locality_groups[get_cpu()];
> + put_cpu();

Strange-looking code. I'd be interested in a description of the per-cou
design here.

> + /* we're going to use group allocation */
> + ac->ac_flags |= EXT4_MB_HINT_GROUP_ALLOC;
> +
> + /* serialize all allocations in the group */
> + down(&ac->ac_lg->lg_sem);

This should be a mutex, shouldn't it?

> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> +static int ext4_mb_free_metadata(handle_t *handle, struct ext4_buddy *e4b,
> + ext4_group_t group, ext4_grpblk_t block, int count)
> +{
> + struct ext4_group_info *db = e4b->bd_info;
> + struct super_block *sb = e4b->bd_sb;
> + struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
> + struct ext4_free_metadata *md;
> + int i;
> +
> + BUG_ON(e4b->bd_bitmap_page == NULL);
> + BUG_ON(e4b->bd_buddy_page == NULL);
> +
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
> + md = db->bb_md_cur;
> + if (md && db->bb_tid != handle->h_transaction->t_tid) {
> + db->bb_md_cur = NULL;
> + md = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + if (md == NULL) {
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> + md = kmalloc(sizeof(*md), GFP_KERNEL);

Why was this one not GFP_NOFS?

> + if (md == NULL)
> + return -ENOMEM;

Did we just leak some memory?

> + md->num = 0;
> + md->group = group;
> +
> + ext4_lock_group(sb, group);
> + if (db->bb_md_cur == NULL) {
> + spin_lock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
> + list_add(&md->list, &sbi->s_active_transaction);
> + spin_unlock(&sbi->s_md_lock);
> + /* protect buddy cache from being freed,
> + * otherwise we'll refresh it from
> + * on-disk bitmap and lose not-yet-available
> + * blocks */
> + page_cache_get(e4b->bd_buddy_page);
> + page_cache_get(e4b->bd_bitmap_page);
> + db->bb_md_cur = md;
> + db->bb_tid = handle->h_transaction->t_tid;
> + mb_debug("new md 0x%p for group %lu\n",
> + md, md->group);
> + } else {
> + kfree(md);
> + md = db->bb_md_cur;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + BUG_ON(md->num >= EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS);
> + md->blocks[md->num] = block + i;
> + md->num++;
> + if (md->num == EXT4_BB_MAX_BLOCKS) {
> + /* no more space, put full container on a sb's list */
> + db->bb_md_cur = NULL;
> + }
> + }
> + ext4_unlock_group(sb, group);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
>
> ...
>
> + case Opt_mballoc:
> + set_opt(sbi->s_mount_opt, MBALLOC);
> + break;
> + case Opt_nomballoc:
> + clear_opt(sbi->s_mount_opt, MBALLOC);
> + break;
> + case Opt_stripe:
> + if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
> + return 0;
> + if (option < 0)
> + return 0;
> + sbi->s_stripe = option;
> + break;

These appear to be undocumented.

> default:
> printk (KERN_ERR
> "EXT4-fs: Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" "
> @@ -1742,6 +1762,33 @@ static ext4_fsblk_t descriptor_loc(struct super_block *sb,
> return (has_super + ext4_group_first_block_no(sb, bg));
> }
>
> +/**
> + * ext4_get_stripe_size: Get the stripe size.
> + * @sbi: In memory super block info
> + *
> + * If we have specified it via mount option, then
> + * use the mount option value. If the value specified at mount time is
> + * greater than the blocks per group use the super block value.
> + * If the super block value is greater than blocks per group return 0.
> + * Allocator needs it be less than blocks per group.
> + *
> + */
> +static unsigned long ext4_get_stripe_size(struct ext4_sb_info *sbi)
> +{
> + unsigned long stride = le16_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stride);
> + unsigned long stripe_width =
> + le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_raid_stripe_width);
> +
> + if (sbi->s_stripe && sbi->s_stripe <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) {
> + return sbi->s_stripe;
> + } else if (stripe_width <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) {
> + return stripe_width;
> + } else if (stride <= sbi->s_blocks_per_group) {
> + return stride;
> + }

unneeded braces.

> + return 0;
> +}
>
> ...
>
> +static inline
> +struct ext4_group_info *ext4_get_group_info(struct super_block *sb,
> + ext4_group_t group)
> +{
> + struct ext4_group_info ***grp_info;
> + long indexv, indexh;
> + grp_info = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_group_info;
> + indexv = group >> (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb));
> + indexh = group & ((EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) - 1);
> + return grp_info[indexv][indexh];
> +}

This should be uninlined.



Gosh what a lot of code. Is it faster?

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