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    SubjectRe: [PATCH] Fix early_ioremap on x86-64

    * Andi Kleen <> wrote:

    > Fix early_ioremap on x86-64
    > [Venki, sorry for blaming PAT for this earlier. It was innocent.]
    > [Note the patch is on top of git-x86 + gbpages applied. I think there
    > will be an trivial reject without gbpages-direct applied first]
    > I had ACPI failures on several machines since a few days. Symptom was
    > NUMA nodes not getting detected or worse cores not getting detected.
    > They all came from ACPI not being able to read various of its tables.
    > I finally bisected it down to Jeremy's "put _PAGE_GLOBAL into
    > PAGE_KERNEL" change. With that the fix was fairly obvious. The problem
    > was that early_ioremap() didn't use a "_all" flush that would affect
    > the global PTEs too. So with global bits getting used everywhere now
    > an early_ioremap would not actually flush a mapping if something else
    > was mapped previously on that slot (which can happen with
    > early_iounmap inbetween)
    > This patch changes all flushes in init_64.c to be __flush_tlb_all()
    > and fixes the problem here.

    ah, very nice! This is the bad commit:

    Subject: x86: fold _PAGE_GLOBAL into __PAGE_KERNEL
    From: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>

    With the iounmap problem resolved, it should be OK to always set

    [ Did this patch cause problems before? ]

    Jeremy did suspect something about this change, as indicated in the
    changelog. But because the change was so finegrained, the bisection
    almost directly led to the fix. _That_ i think clearly demonstrates the
    power of bisection and finegrained changes.

    but note what the fundamental problem is - we've turned a previously
    safe flushing API into an unsafe one - __flush_tlb() will only be safe
    in the rarest of circumstances. There are some other matches:

    ./mm/init_64.c: __flush_tlb();
    ./kernel/head64.c: __flush_tlb();

    The boot identity mappings zapped do not have PGE set at the moment, but
    they could in the future (once we do native pagetable setup straight
    from flat mode) - and this is not a performance critical path anyway.

    ./kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.c: __flush_tlb();
    ./kernel/cpu/mtrr/generic.c: __flush_tlb();

    these include an open-coded version of __flush_tlb_all() so they are

    and we might as well make the non-PGE flush the 'special API'. I.e.
    rename __flush_tlb() to __flush_tlb_partial() and rename
    __flush_tlb_all() to __flush_tlb(). This makes it very apparent which
    should be used by default and which does what.


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