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SubjectRe: [PATCH] printk deadlocks if called with runqueue lock held
On Thu, 17 Jan 2008 20:04:27 -0500 (EST)
Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> wrote:

>
> I thought that one could place a printk anywhere without worrying.
> But it seems that it is not wise to place a printk where the runqueue
> lock is held.
>
> I just spent two hours debugging why some of my code was locking up,
> to find that the lockup was caused by some debugging printk's that
> I had in the scheduler. The printk's were only in rare paths so
> they shouldn't be too much of a problem, but after I hit the printk
> the system locked up.
>
> Thinking that it was locking up on my code I went looking down the
> wrong path. I finally found (after examining an NMI dump) that
> the lockup happened because printk was trying to wakeup the klogd
> daemon, which caused a deadlock when the try_to_wakeup code tries
> to grab the runqueue lock.

A "well-known" problem which few know about ;)

Anyway you should be developing with all debug options enabled and that
includes NMI watchdog so there.

> Since printks are seldom called with interrupts disabled, we can
> hold off the waking of klogd if they are. We don't have access to
> the runqueue locks from printk, but those locks need interrupts
> disabled in order to be held.
>
> Calling printk with interrupts disabled should only be done for
> emergencies and debugging anyway.
>
> And with this patch, my code ran fine ;-)
>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
> ---
> kernel/printk.c | 8 +++++++-
> 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> Index: linux-mcount.git/kernel/printk.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-mcount.git.orig/kernel/printk.c 2008-01-17 09:06:23.000000000 -0500
> +++ linux-mcount.git/kernel/printk.c 2008-01-17 19:56:59.000000000 -0500
> @@ -978,7 +978,13 @@ void release_console_sem(void)
> console_locked = 0;
> up(&console_sem);
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&logbuf_lock, flags);
> - if (wake_klogd)
> + /*
> + * If we try to wake up klogd while printing with the runqueue lock
> + * held, this will deadlock. We don't have access to the runqueue
> + * lock from here, but just checking for interrupts disabled
> + * should be enough.
> + */
> + if (!irqs_disabled() && wake_klogd)
> wake_up_klogd();
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_console_sem);

this looks fairly foul. Might cause problems if one CPU is stuck with
interrupts off spewing printks?

Couldn't you maintain a sched-hackers-only printk patch which adds a
sched_printk() which avoids the wakeup or something like that?



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