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SubjectRe: [CALL FOR TESTING] Make Ext3 fsck way faster [2.6.23.13]
Date
Hi,

(Sorry for the inconvenience caused due to previous misformatted patch, I've most definitely figured out the problem this time. Thanks Michael, Daniel, and Ingo for your help.)

This patch speeds up e2fsck on Ext3 significantly using a technique called Metaclustering. Metaclustering is being discussed on LKML in some other threads, here is the latest patch against the 2.6.23.13 stable kernel, any help in testing and evaluating this will be greatly appreciated! While I'd direct anyone interested in details of metaclustering to other LKML threads discussing it, I've enclosed a brief description here:

Metaclustering refers to storing indirect blocks in clusters on a per-group basis instead of spreading them out along with the data blocks. This makes e2fsck faster since it can now read and verify all indirect blocks without much seeks. However, done naively it can affect IO performance, so we have built in some optimizations to prevent that from happening. Finally, the benefit in fsck performance is noticeable only when indirect block reads are the bottleneck which is not always the case, but quite frequently is, in the case of moderate to large disks with lot of data on them. However, when indirect block reads are not the
bottleneck, e2fsck is generally quite fast anyway to warrant any performance improvements.

Thanks!
Abhishek


Signed-off-by: Abhishek Rai <abhishekrai@google.com>

diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/balloc.c linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/balloc.c
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/balloc.c 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/balloc.c 2008-01-12 23:59:36.000000000 -0500
@@ -33,6 +33,29 @@
* super block. Each descriptor contains the number of the bitmap block and
* the free blocks count in the block. The descriptors are loaded in memory
* when a file system is mounted (see ext3_fill_super).
+ *
+ * A note on ext3 metaclustering:
+ *
+ * Start of End of
+ * block group block group
+ * ________________________________________________________________
+ * | NON-MC REGION | MC REGION |
+ * | |Overflow |
+ * |Data blocks and |data Indirect |
+ * |overflow indirect blocks |blocks blocks |
+ * |----------> |-------> <--------|
+ * |________________________________________________________________|
+ *
+ * Every block group has at its end a semi-reserved region called the
+ * metacluster mostly used for allocating indirect blocks. Under normal
+ * circumstances, the metacluster is used only for allocating indirect
+ * blocks which are allocated in decreasing order of block numbers.
+ * The non-Metacluster region is used for data block allocation which are
+ * allocated in increasing order of block numbers. However, when the MC
+ * runs out of space, indirect blocks can be allocated in the non-MC
+ * region along with the data blocks in the forward direction. Similarly,
+ * when non-MC runs out of space, new data blocks are allocated in MC but
+ * in the forward direction.
*/


@@ -108,6 +131,88 @@ read_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb
error_out:
return bh;
}
+
+
+/*
+ * Count number of free blocks in a block group that don't lie in the
+ * metacluster region of the block group.
+ */
+static void
+ext3_init_grp_free_nonmc_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh,
+ unsigned long block_group)
+{
+ struct ext3_sb_info *sbi = EXT3_SB(sb);
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi = &sbi->s_bginfo[block_group];
+
+ BUG_ON(!test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER));
+
+ spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, block_group));
+ if (bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >= 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count =
+ ext3_count_free(bitmap_bh, sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group/8);
+
+out:
+ spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, block_group));
+ BUG_ON(bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_update_nonmc_block_count:
+ * Update bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count for block group 'group_no' following
+ * an allocation or deallocation.
+ *
+ * @group_no: affected block group
+ * @start: start of the [de]allocated range
+ * @count: number of blocks [de]allocated
+ * @allocation: 1 if blocks were allocated, 0 otherwise.
+ */
+static inline void
+ext3_update_nonmc_block_count(struct ext3_sb_info *sbi, unsigned long group_no,
+ ext3_grpblk_t start, unsigned long count,
+ int allocation)
+{
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bginfo = &sbi->s_bginfo[group_no];
+ ext3_grpblk_t change;
+
+ BUG_ON(bginfo->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count < 0);
+ BUG_ON(start >= sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group);
+
+ change = min_t(ext3_grpblk_t, start + count,
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group) - start;
+
+ spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+ BUG_ON(bginfo->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group);
+ BUG_ON(allocation && bginfo->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count < change);
+
+ bginfo->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count += (allocation ? -change : change);
+
+ BUG_ON(bginfo->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group);
+ spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+}
+
+/*
+ * allow_mc_alloc:
+ * Check if we can use metacluster region of a block group for general
+ * allocation if needed. Ideally, we should allow this only if
+ * bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count == 0, but sometimes there is a small number
+ * of blocks which don't get allocated in the first pass, no point
+ * breaking our file at the metacluster boundary because of that, so we
+ * relax the limit to 8.
+ */
+static inline int allow_mc_alloc(struct ext3_sb_info *sbi,
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi,
+ ext3_grpblk_t blk)
+{
+ return !(blk >= 0 && blk >= sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group &&
+ bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >= 8);
+}
+
/*
* The reservation window structure operations
* --------------------------------------------
@@ -424,6 +529,7 @@ void ext3_free_blocks_sb(handle_t *handl
struct ext3_group_desc * desc;
struct ext3_super_block * es;
struct ext3_sb_info *sbi;
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi;
int err = 0, ret;
ext3_grpblk_t group_freed;

@@ -463,6 +569,13 @@ do_more:
if (!desc)
goto error_return;

+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER)) {
+ bgi = &sbi->s_bginfo[block_group];
+ if (bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count < 0)
+ ext3_init_grp_free_nonmc_blocks(sb, bitmap_bh,
+ block_group);
+ }
+
if (in_range (le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_block_bitmap), block, count) ||
in_range (le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_inode_bitmap), block, count) ||
in_range (block, le32_to_cpu(desc->bg_inode_table),
@@ -582,6 +695,9 @@ do_more:
if (!err) err = ret;
*pdquot_freed_blocks += group_freed;

+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER) && bit < sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group)
+ ext3_update_nonmc_block_count(sbi, block_group, bit, count, 0);
+
if (overflow && !err) {
block += count;
count = overflow;
@@ -687,6 +803,50 @@ bitmap_search_next_usable_block(ext3_grp
return -1;
}

+static ext3_grpblk_t
+bitmap_find_prev_zero_bit(char *map, ext3_grpblk_t start, ext3_grpblk_t lowest)
+{
+ ext3_grpblk_t k, blk;
+
+ k = start & ~7;
+ while (lowest <= k) {
+ if (map[k/8] != '\255' &&
+ (blk = ext3_find_next_zero_bit(map, k + 8, k))
+ < (k + 8))
+ return blk;
+
+ k -= 8;
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static ext3_grpblk_t
+bitmap_search_prev_usable_block(ext3_grpblk_t start, struct buffer_head *bh,
+ ext3_grpblk_t lowest)
+{
+ ext3_grpblk_t next;
+ struct journal_head *jh = bh2jh(bh);
+
+ /*
+ * The bitmap search --- search backward alternately through the actual
+ * bitmap and the last-committed copy until we find a bit free in
+ * both
+ */
+ while (start >= lowest) {
+ next = bitmap_find_prev_zero_bit(bh->b_data, start, lowest);
+ if (next < lowest)
+ return -1;
+ if (ext3_test_allocatable(next, bh))
+ return next;
+ jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
+ if (jh->b_committed_data)
+ start = bitmap_find_prev_zero_bit(jh->b_committed_data,
+ next, lowest);
+ jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
/**
* find_next_usable_block()
* @start: the starting block (group relative) to find next
@@ -794,19 +954,27 @@ claim_block(spinlock_t *lock, ext3_grpbl
* file's own reservation window;
* Otherwise, the allocation range starts from the give goal block, ends at
* the block group's last block.
- *
- * If we failed to allocate the desired block then we may end up crossing to a
- * new bitmap. In that case we must release write access to the old one via
- * ext3_journal_release_buffer(), else we'll run out of credits.
*/
static ext3_grpblk_t
ext3_try_to_allocate(struct super_block *sb, handle_t *handle, int group,
struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh, ext3_grpblk_t grp_goal,
unsigned long *count, struct ext3_reserve_window *my_rsv)
{
+ struct ext3_sb_info *sbi = EXT3_SB(sb);
+ struct ext3_group_desc *gdp;
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi = NULL;
+ struct buffer_head *gdp_bh;
ext3_fsblk_t group_first_block;
ext3_grpblk_t start, end;
unsigned long num = 0;
+ const int metaclustering = test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER);
+
+ if (metaclustering)
+ bgi = &sbi->s_bginfo[group];
+
+ gdp = ext3_get_group_desc(sb, group, &gdp_bh);
+ if (!gdp)
+ goto fail_access;

/* we do allocation within the reservation window if we have a window */
if (my_rsv) {
@@ -851,8 +1019,10 @@ repeat:
}
start = grp_goal;

- if (!claim_block(sb_bgl_lock(EXT3_SB(sb), group),
- grp_goal, bitmap_bh)) {
+ if (metaclustering && !allow_mc_alloc(sbi, bgi, grp_goal))
+ goto fail_access;
+
+ if (!claim_block(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group), grp_goal, bitmap_bh)) {
/*
* The block was allocated by another thread, or it was
* allocated and then freed by another thread
@@ -867,8 +1037,8 @@ repeat:
grp_goal++;
while (num < *count && grp_goal < end
&& ext3_test_allocatable(grp_goal, bitmap_bh)
- && claim_block(sb_bgl_lock(EXT3_SB(sb), group),
- grp_goal, bitmap_bh)) {
+ && (!metaclustering || allow_mc_alloc(sbi, bgi, grp_goal))
+ && claim_block(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group), grp_goal, bitmap_bh)) {
num++;
grp_goal++;
}
@@ -1099,7 +1269,9 @@ static int alloc_new_reservation(struct

/*
* find_next_reservable_window() simply finds a reservable window
- * inside the given range(start_block, group_end_block).
+ * inside the given range(start_block, group_end_block). The
+ * reservation window must have a reservable free bit inside it for our
+ * callers to work correctly.
*
* To make sure the reservation window has a free bit inside it, we
* need to check the bitmap after we found a reservable window.
@@ -1131,10 +1303,17 @@ retry:
my_rsv->rsv_start - group_first_block,
bitmap_bh, group_end_block - group_first_block + 1);

- if (first_free_block < 0) {
+ if (first_free_block < 0 ||
+ (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER)
+ && !allow_mc_alloc(EXT3_SB(sb), &EXT3_SB(sb)->s_bginfo[group],
+ first_free_block))) {
/*
- * no free block left on the bitmap, no point
- * to reserve the space. return failed.
+ * No free block left on the bitmap, no point to reserve space,
+ * return failed. We also fail here if metaclustering is enabled
+ * and the first free block in the window lies in the
+ * metacluster while there are free non-mc blocks in the block
+ * group, such a window or any window following it is not useful
+ * to us.
*/
spin_lock(rsv_lock);
if (!rsv_is_empty(&my_rsv->rsv_window))
@@ -1237,25 +1416,17 @@ ext3_try_to_allocate_with_rsv(struct sup
unsigned int group, struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh,
ext3_grpblk_t grp_goal,
struct ext3_reserve_window_node * my_rsv,
- unsigned long *count, int *errp)
+ unsigned long *count)
{
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi;
ext3_fsblk_t group_first_block, group_last_block;
ext3_grpblk_t ret = 0;
- int fatal;
unsigned long num = *count;

- *errp = 0;
-
- /*
- * Make sure we use undo access for the bitmap, because it is critical
- * that we do the frozen_data COW on bitmap buffers in all cases even
- * if the buffer is in BJ_Forget state in the committing transaction.
- */
- BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "get undo access for new block");
- fatal = ext3_journal_get_undo_access(handle, bitmap_bh);
- if (fatal) {
- *errp = fatal;
- return -1;
+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER)) {
+ bgi = &EXT3_SB(sb)->s_bginfo[group];
+ if (bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count < 0)
+ ext3_init_grp_free_nonmc_blocks(sb, bitmap_bh, group);
}

/*
@@ -1331,19 +1502,6 @@ ext3_try_to_allocate_with_rsv(struct sup
num = *count;
}
out:
- if (ret >= 0) {
- BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "journal_dirty_metadata for "
- "bitmap block");
- fatal = ext3_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, bitmap_bh);
- if (fatal) {
- *errp = fatal;
- return -1;
- }
- return ret;
- }
-
- BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "journal_release_buffer");
- ext3_journal_release_buffer(handle, bitmap_bh);
return ret;
}

@@ -1389,22 +1547,149 @@ int ext3_should_retry_alloc(struct super
return journal_force_commit_nested(EXT3_SB(sb)->s_journal);
}

+/*
+ * ext3_alloc_indirect_blocks:
+ * Helper function for ext3_new_blocks. Allocates indirect blocks from the
+ * metacluster region only and stores their numbers in new_blocks[].
+ */
+int ext3_alloc_indirect_blocks(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh,
+ struct ext3_group_desc *gdp,
+ int group_no, unsigned long indirect_blks,
+ ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[])
+{
+ struct ext3_bg_info *bgi = &EXT3_SB(sb)->s_bginfo[group_no];
+ ext3_grpblk_t blk = EXT3_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - 1;
+ ext3_grpblk_t mc_start = EXT3_SB(sb)->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group;
+ ext3_fsblk_t group_first_block;
+ int allocated = 0;
+
+ BUG_ON(!test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER));
+
+ /* This check is racy but that wouldn't harm us. */
+ if (bgi->bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count >=
+ le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count))
+ return 0;
+
+ group_first_block = ext3_group_first_block_no(sb, group_no);
+ while (allocated < indirect_blks && blk >= mc_start) {
+ if (!ext3_test_allocatable(blk, bitmap_bh)) {
+ blk = bitmap_search_prev_usable_block(blk, bitmap_bh,
+ mc_start);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (claim_block(sb_bgl_lock(EXT3_SB(sb), group_no), blk,
+ bitmap_bh)) {
+ new_blocks[allocated++] = group_first_block + blk;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * The block was allocated by another thread, or it
+ * was allocated and then freed by another thread
+ */
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+ if (allocated < indirect_blks)
+ blk = bitmap_search_prev_usable_block(blk, bitmap_bh,
+ mc_start);
+ }
+ return allocated;
+}
+
+/*
+ * check_allocated_blocks:
+ * Helper function for ext3_new_blocks. Checks newly allocated block
+ * numbers.
+ */
+int check_allocated_blocks(ext3_fsblk_t blk, unsigned long num,
+ struct super_block *sb, int group_no,
+ struct ext3_group_desc *gdp,
+ struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh)
+{
+ struct ext3_super_block *es = EXT3_SB(sb)->s_es;
+ struct ext3_sb_info *sbi = EXT3_SB(sb);
+ ext3_fsblk_t grp_blk = blk - ext3_group_first_block_no(sb, group_no);
+
+ if (in_range(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap), blk, num) ||
+ in_range(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap), blk, num) ||
+ in_range(blk, le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_table),
+ EXT3_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group) ||
+ in_range(blk + num - 1, le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_table),
+ EXT3_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group))
+ ext3_error(sb, "ext3_new_blocks",
+ "Allocating block in system zone - "
+ "blocks from "E3FSBLK", length %lu",
+ blk, num);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JBD_DEBUG
+ {
+ struct buffer_head *debug_bh;
+
+ /* Record bitmap buffer state in the newly allocated block */
+ debug_bh = sb_find_get_block(sb, blk);
+ if (debug_bh) {
+ BUFFER_TRACE(debug_bh, "state when allocated");
+ BUFFER_TRACE2(debug_bh, bitmap_bh, "bitmap state");
+ brelse(debug_bh);
+ }
+ }
+ jbd_lock_bh_state(bitmap_bh);
+ spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+ if (buffer_jbd(bitmap_bh) && bh2jh(bitmap_bh)->b_committed_data) {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ if (ext3_test_bit(grp_blk+i,
+ bh2jh(bitmap_bh)->b_committed_data))
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: block was unexpectedly set"
+ " in b_committed_data\n", __FUNCTION__);
+ }
+ }
+ ext3_debug("found bit %d\n", grp_blk);
+ spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+ jbd_unlock_bh_state(bitmap_bh);
+#endif
+
+ if (blk + num - 1 >= le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count)) {
+ ext3_error(sb, "ext3_new_blocks",
+ "block("E3FSBLK") >= blocks count(%d) - "
+ "block_group = %d, es == %p ", blk,
+ le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count), group_no, es);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
- * ext3_new_blocks() -- core block(s) allocation function
- * @handle: handle to this transaction
- * @inode: file inode
- * @goal: given target block(filesystem wide)
- * @count: target number of blocks to allocate
- * @errp: error code
+ * ext3_new_blocks - allocate indirect blocks and direct blocks.
+ * @handle: handle to this transaction
+ * @inode: file inode
+ * @goal: given target block(filesystem wide)
+ * @indirect_blks number of indirect blocks to allocate
+ * @blks number of direct blocks to allocate
+ * @new_blocks this will store the block numbers of indirect blocks
+ * and direct blocks upon return.
*
- * ext3_new_blocks uses a goal block to assist allocation. It tries to
- * allocate block(s) from the block group contains the goal block first. If that
- * fails, it will try to allocate block(s) from other block groups without
- * any specific goal block.
+ * returns the number of direct blocks allocated. Fewer than requested
+ * number of direct blocks may be allocated but all requested indirect
+ * blocks must be allocated in order to return success.
*
+ * Without metaclustering, ext3_new_block allocates all blocks using a
+ * goal block to assist allocation. It tries to allocate block(s) from
+ * the block group contains the goal block first. If that fails, it will
+ * try to allocate block(s) from other block groups without any specific
+ * goal block.
+ *
+ * With metaclustering, the only difference is that indirect block
+ * allocation is first attempted in the metacluster region of the same
+ * block group failing which they are allocated along with direct blocks.
+ *
+ * This function also updates quota and i_blocks field.
*/
-ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- ext3_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp)
+int ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ ext3_fsblk_t goal, int indirect_blks, int blks,
+ ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[4], int *errp)
+
{
struct buffer_head *bitmap_bh = NULL;
struct buffer_head *gdp_bh;
@@ -1413,10 +1698,16 @@ ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *h
ext3_grpblk_t grp_target_blk; /* blockgroup relative goal block */
ext3_grpblk_t grp_alloc_blk; /* blockgroup-relative allocated block*/
ext3_fsblk_t ret_block; /* filesyetem-wide allocated block */
+ ext3_fsblk_t group_first_block; /* first block in the group */
int bgi; /* blockgroup iteration index */
int fatal = 0, err;
int performed_allocation = 0;
ext3_grpblk_t free_blocks; /* number of free blocks in a group */
+ unsigned long ngroups;
+ unsigned long grp_mc_alloc;/* blocks allocated from mc in a group */
+ unsigned long grp_alloc; /* blocks allocated outside mc in a group */
+ int indirect_blks_done = 0;/* total ind blocks allocated so far */
+ int blks_done = 0; /* total direct blocks allocated */
struct super_block *sb;
struct ext3_group_desc *gdp;
struct ext3_super_block *es;
@@ -1424,23 +1715,23 @@ ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *h
struct ext3_reserve_window_node *my_rsv = NULL;
struct ext3_block_alloc_info *block_i;
unsigned short windowsz = 0;
+ int i;
#ifdef EXT3FS_DEBUG
static int goal_hits, goal_attempts;
#endif
- unsigned long ngroups;
- unsigned long num = *count;

*errp = -ENOSPC;
sb = inode->i_sb;
if (!sb) {
- printk("ext3_new_block: nonexistent device");
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ext3_new_blocks: nonexistent device");
+ *errp = -ENODEV;
return 0;
}

/*
* Check quota for allocation of this block.
*/
- if (DQUOT_ALLOC_BLOCK(inode, num)) {
+ if (DQUOT_ALLOC_BLOCK(inode, indirect_blks + blks)) {
*errp = -EDQUOT;
return 0;
}
@@ -1474,73 +1765,194 @@ ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *h
group_no = (goal - le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) /
EXT3_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
goal_group = group_no;
-retry_alloc:
- gdp = ext3_get_group_desc(sb, group_no, &gdp_bh);
- if (!gdp)
- goto io_error;
-
- free_blocks = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count);
- /*
- * if there is not enough free blocks to make a new resevation
- * turn off reservation for this allocation
- */
- if (my_rsv && (free_blocks < windowsz)
- && (rsv_is_empty(&my_rsv->rsv_window)))
- my_rsv = NULL;
-
- if (free_blocks > 0) {
- grp_target_blk = ((goal - le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) %
- EXT3_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
- bitmap_bh = read_block_bitmap(sb, group_no);
- if (!bitmap_bh)
- goto io_error;
- grp_alloc_blk = ext3_try_to_allocate_with_rsv(sb, handle,
- group_no, bitmap_bh, grp_target_blk,
- my_rsv, &num, &fatal);
- if (fatal)
- goto out;
- if (grp_alloc_blk >= 0)
- goto allocated;
- }

+retry_alloc:
+ grp_target_blk = ((goal - le32_to_cpu(es->s_first_data_block)) %
+ EXT3_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb));
ngroups = EXT3_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
smp_rmb();

/*
- * Now search the rest of the groups. We assume that
- * i and gdp correctly point to the last group visited.
+ * Iterate over successive block groups for allocating (any) indirect
+ * blocks and direct blocks until at least one direct block has been
+ * allocated. If metaclustering is enabled, we try allocating indirect
+ * blocks first in the metacluster region and then in the general
+ * region and if that fails too, we repeat the same algorithm in the
+ * next block group and so on. This not only keeps the indirect blocks
+ * together in the metacluster, but also keeps them in close proximity
+ * to their corresponding direct blocks.
+ *
+ * The search begins and ends at the goal group, though the second time
+ * we are at the goal group we try allocating without a goal.
*/
- for (bgi = 0; bgi < ngroups; bgi++) {
- group_no++;
+ bgi = 0;
+ while (bgi < ngroups + 1) {
+ grp_mc_alloc = 0;
+
if (group_no >= ngroups)
group_no = 0;
+
gdp = ext3_get_group_desc(sb, group_no, &gdp_bh);
if (!gdp)
goto io_error;
+
free_blocks = le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count);
- /*
- * skip this group if the number of
- * free blocks is less than half of the reservation
- * window size.
- */
- if (free_blocks <= (windowsz/2))
- continue;
+ if (group_no == goal_group) {
+ if (my_rsv && (free_blocks < windowsz)
+ && (rsv_is_empty(&my_rsv->rsv_window)))
+ my_rsv = NULL;
+ if (free_blocks == 0)
+ goto next;
+ } else if (free_blocks <= windowsz/2)
+ goto next;

- brelse(bitmap_bh);
bitmap_bh = read_block_bitmap(sb, group_no);
if (!bitmap_bh)
goto io_error;
+
/*
- * try to allocate block(s) from this group, without a goal(-1).
+ * Make sure we use undo access for the bitmap, because it is
+ * critical that we do the frozen_data COW on bitmap buffers in
+ * all cases even if the buffer is in BJ_Forget state in the
+ * committing transaction.
+ */
+ BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "get undo access for new block");
+ fatal = ext3_journal_get_undo_access(handle, bitmap_bh);
+ if (fatal)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * If metaclustering is enabled, first try to allocate indirect
+ * blocks in the metacluster.
*/
+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER) &&
+ indirect_blks_done < indirect_blks)
+ grp_mc_alloc = ext3_alloc_indirect_blocks(sb,
+ bitmap_bh, gdp, group_no,
+ indirect_blks - indirect_blks_done,
+ new_blocks + indirect_blks_done);
+
+ /* Allocate data blocks and any leftover indirect blocks. */
+ grp_alloc = indirect_blks + blks
+ - (indirect_blks_done + grp_mc_alloc);
grp_alloc_blk = ext3_try_to_allocate_with_rsv(sb, handle,
- group_no, bitmap_bh, -1, my_rsv,
- &num, &fatal);
+ group_no, bitmap_bh, grp_target_blk,
+ my_rsv, &grp_alloc);
+ if (grp_alloc_blk < 0)
+ grp_alloc = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * If we couldn't allocate anything, there is nothing more to
+ * do with this block group, so move over to the next. But
+ * before that We must release write access to the old one via
+ * ext3_journal_release_buffer(), else we'll run out of credits.
+ */
+ if (grp_mc_alloc == 0 && grp_alloc == 0) {
+ BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "journal_release_buffer");
+ ext3_journal_release_buffer(handle, bitmap_bh);
+ goto next;
+ }
+
+ BUFFER_TRACE(bitmap_bh, "journal_dirty_metadata for "
+ "bitmap block");
+ fatal = ext3_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, bitmap_bh);
if (fatal)
goto out;
- if (grp_alloc_blk >= 0)
+
+ ext3_debug("using block group %d(%d)\n",
+ group_no, gdp->bg_free_blocks_count);
+
+ BUFFER_TRACE(gdp_bh, "get_write_access");
+ fatal = ext3_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdp_bh);
+ if (fatal)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Should this be called before ext3_journal_dirty_metadata? */
+ for (i = 0; i < grp_mc_alloc; i++) {
+ if (check_allocated_blocks(
+ new_blocks[indirect_blks_done + i], 1, sb,
+ group_no, gdp, bitmap_bh))
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (grp_alloc > 0) {
+ ret_block = ext3_group_first_block_no(sb, group_no) +
+ grp_alloc_blk;
+ if (check_allocated_blocks(ret_block, grp_alloc, sb,
+ group_no, gdp, bitmap_bh))
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ indirect_blks_done += grp_mc_alloc;
+ performed_allocation = 1;
+
+ /* The caller will add the new buffer to the journal. */
+ if (grp_alloc > 0)
+ ext3_debug("allocating block %lu. "
+ "Goal hits %d of %d.\n",
+ ret_block, goal_hits, goal_attempts);
+
+ spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+ gdp->bg_free_blocks_count =
+ cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count) -
+ (grp_mc_alloc + grp_alloc));
+ spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
+ percpu_counter_mod(&sbi->s_freeblocks_counter,
+ -(grp_mc_alloc + grp_alloc));
+
+ BUFFER_TRACE(gdp_bh, "journal_dirty_metadata for "
+ "group descriptor");
+ err = ext3_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, gdp_bh);
+ if (!fatal)
+ fatal = err;
+
+ sb->s_dirt = 1;
+ if (fatal)
+ goto out;
+
+ brelse(bitmap_bh);
+ bitmap_bh = NULL;
+
+ if (grp_alloc == 0)
+ goto next;
+
+ /* Update block group non-mc block count since we used some. */
+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER) &&
+ grp_alloc_blk < sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group)
+ ext3_update_nonmc_block_count(sbi, group_no,
+ grp_alloc_blk, grp_alloc, 1);
+
+ /*
+ * Assign all the non-mc blocks that we allocated from this
+ * block group.
+ */
+ group_first_block = ext3_group_first_block_no(sb, group_no);
+ while (grp_alloc > 0 && indirect_blks_done < indirect_blks) {
+ new_blocks[indirect_blks_done++] =
+ group_first_block + grp_alloc_blk;
+ grp_alloc_blk++;
+ grp_alloc--;
+ }
+
+ if (grp_alloc > 0) {
+ blks_done = grp_alloc;
+ new_blocks[indirect_blks_done] =
+ group_first_block + grp_alloc_blk;
goto allocated;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If we allocated something but not the minimum required,
+ * it's OK to retry in this group as it might have more free
+ * blocks.
+ */
+ continue;
+
+next:
+ bgi++;
+ group_no++;
+ grp_target_blk = -1;
}
+
/*
* We may end up a bogus ealier ENOSPC error due to
* filesystem is "full" of reservations, but
@@ -1559,96 +1971,11 @@ retry_alloc:
goto out;

allocated:
-
- ext3_debug("using block group %d(%d)\n",
- group_no, gdp->bg_free_blocks_count);
-
- BUFFER_TRACE(gdp_bh, "get_write_access");
- fatal = ext3_journal_get_write_access(handle, gdp_bh);
- if (fatal)
- goto out;
-
- ret_block = grp_alloc_blk + ext3_group_first_block_no(sb, group_no);
-
- if (in_range(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_block_bitmap), ret_block, num) ||
- in_range(le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_bitmap), ret_block, num) ||
- in_range(ret_block, le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_table),
- EXT3_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group) ||
- in_range(ret_block + num - 1, le32_to_cpu(gdp->bg_inode_table),
- EXT3_SB(sb)->s_itb_per_group))
- ext3_error(sb, "ext3_new_block",
- "Allocating block in system zone - "
- "blocks from "E3FSBLK", length %lu",
- ret_block, num);
-
- performed_allocation = 1;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_JBD_DEBUG
- {
- struct buffer_head *debug_bh;
-
- /* Record bitmap buffer state in the newly allocated block */
- debug_bh = sb_find_get_block(sb, ret_block);
- if (debug_bh) {
- BUFFER_TRACE(debug_bh, "state when allocated");
- BUFFER_TRACE2(debug_bh, bitmap_bh, "bitmap state");
- brelse(debug_bh);
- }
- }
- jbd_lock_bh_state(bitmap_bh);
- spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
- if (buffer_jbd(bitmap_bh) && bh2jh(bitmap_bh)->b_committed_data) {
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
- if (ext3_test_bit(grp_alloc_blk+i,
- bh2jh(bitmap_bh)->b_committed_data)) {
- printk("%s: block was unexpectedly set in "
- "b_committed_data\n", __FUNCTION__);
- }
- }
- }
- ext3_debug("found bit %d\n", grp_alloc_blk);
- spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
- jbd_unlock_bh_state(bitmap_bh);
-#endif
-
- if (ret_block + num - 1 >= le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count)) {
- ext3_error(sb, "ext3_new_block",
- "block("E3FSBLK") >= blocks count(%d) - "
- "block_group = %d, es == %p ", ret_block,
- le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_count), group_no, es);
- goto out;
- }
-
- /*
- * It is up to the caller to add the new buffer to a journal
- * list of some description. We don't know in advance whether
- * the caller wants to use it as metadata or data.
- */
- ext3_debug("allocating block %lu. Goal hits %d of %d.\n",
- ret_block, goal_hits, goal_attempts);
-
- spin_lock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
- gdp->bg_free_blocks_count =
- cpu_to_le16(le16_to_cpu(gdp->bg_free_blocks_count)-num);
- spin_unlock(sb_bgl_lock(sbi, group_no));
- percpu_counter_mod(&sbi->s_freeblocks_counter, -num);
-
- BUFFER_TRACE(gdp_bh, "journal_dirty_metadata for group descriptor");
- err = ext3_journal_dirty_metadata(handle, gdp_bh);
- if (!fatal)
- fatal = err;
-
- sb->s_dirt = 1;
- if (fatal)
- goto out;
-
*errp = 0;
- brelse(bitmap_bh);
- DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode, *count-num);
- *count = num;
- return ret_block;
+ DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode,
+ indirect_blks + blks - indirect_blks_done - blks_done);
+
+ return blks_done;

io_error:
*errp = -EIO;
@@ -1661,7 +1988,13 @@ out:
* Undo the block allocation
*/
if (!performed_allocation)
- DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode, *count);
+ DQUOT_FREE_BLOCK(inode, indirect_blks + blks);
+ /*
+ * Free any indirect blocks we allocated already. If the transaction
+ * has been aborted this is essentially a no-op.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < indirect_blks_done; i++)
+ ext3_free_blocks(handle, inode, new_blocks[i], 1);
brelse(bitmap_bh);
return 0;
}
@@ -1669,9 +2002,13 @@ out:
ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext3_fsblk_t goal, int *errp)
{
- unsigned long count = 1;
+ ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[4];

- return ext3_new_blocks(handle, inode, goal, &count, errp);
+ ext3_new_blocks(handle, inode, goal, 0, 1, new_blocks, errp);
+ if (*errp)
+ return 0;
+
+ return new_blocks[0];
}

/**
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/bitmap.c linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/bitmap.c
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/bitmap.c 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/bitmap.c 2008-01-12 22:30:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -11,8 +11,6 @@
#include <linux/jbd.h>
#include <linux/ext3_fs.h>

-#ifdef EXT3FS_DEBUG
-
static int nibblemap[] = {4, 3, 3, 2, 3, 2, 2, 1, 3, 2, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0};

unsigned long ext3_count_free (struct buffer_head * map, unsigned int numchars)
@@ -27,6 +25,3 @@ unsigned long ext3_count_free (struct bu
nibblemap[(map->b_data[i] >> 4) & 0xf];
return (sum);
}
-
-#endif /* EXT3FS_DEBUG */
-
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/inode.c linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/inode.c
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/inode.c 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/inode.c 2008-01-13 00:00:14.000000000 -0500
@@ -36,10 +36,33 @@
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/sort.h>
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"

+typedef struct {
+ __le32 *p;
+ __le32 key;
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+} Indirect;
+
+struct ext3_ind_read_info {
+ int count;
+ int seq_prefetch;
+ long size;
+ struct buffer_head *bh[0];
+};
+
+# define EXT3_IND_READ_INFO_SIZE(_c) \
+ (sizeof(struct ext3_ind_read_info) + \
+ sizeof(struct buffer_head *) * (_c))
+
+# define EXT3_IND_READ_MAX (32)
+
static int ext3_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *inode);
+static Indirect *ext3_read_indblocks(struct inode *inode, int iblock,
+ int depth, int offsets[4],
+ Indirect chain[4], int *err);

/*
* Test whether an inode is a fast symlink.
@@ -233,12 +256,6 @@ no_delete:
clear_inode(inode); /* We must guarantee clearing of inode... */
}

-typedef struct {
- __le32 *p;
- __le32 key;
- struct buffer_head *bh;
-} Indirect;
-
static inline void add_chain(Indirect *p, struct buffer_head *bh, __le32 *v)
{
p->key = *(p->p = v);
@@ -352,18 +369,21 @@ static int ext3_block_to_path(struct ino
* the whole chain, all way to the data (returns %NULL, *err == 0).
*/
static Indirect *ext3_get_branch(struct inode *inode, int depth, int *offsets,
- Indirect chain[4], int *err)
+ Indirect chain[4], int ind_readahead, int *err)
{
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
Indirect *p = chain;
struct buffer_head *bh;
+ int index;

*err = 0;
/* i_data is not going away, no lock needed */
add_chain (chain, NULL, EXT3_I(inode)->i_data + *offsets);
if (!p->key)
goto no_block;
- while (--depth) {
+ for (index = 0; index < depth - 1; index++) {
+ if (ind_readahead && depth > 2 && index == depth - 2)
+ break;
bh = sb_bread(sb, le32_to_cpu(p->key));
if (!bh)
goto failure;
@@ -396,7 +416,11 @@ no_block:
* It is used when heuristic for sequential allocation fails.
* Rules are:
* + if there is a block to the left of our position - allocate near it.
- * + if pointer will live in indirect block - allocate near that block.
+ * + If METACLUSTER options is not specified, allocate the data
+ * block close to the metadata block. Otherwise, if pointer will live in
+ * indirect block, we cannot allocate near the indirect block since
+ * indirect blocks are allocated in the metacluster, just put in the same
+ * cylinder group as the inode.
* + if pointer will live in inode - allocate in the same
* cylinder group.
*
@@ -421,9 +445,11 @@ static ext3_fsblk_t ext3_find_near(struc
return le32_to_cpu(*p);
}

- /* No such thing, so let's try location of indirect block */
- if (ind->bh)
- return ind->bh->b_blocknr;
+ if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, METACLUSTER)) {
+ /* No such thing, so let's try location of indirect block */
+ if (ind->bh)
+ return ind->bh->b_blocknr;
+ }

/*
* It is going to be referred to from the inode itself? OK, just put it
@@ -475,8 +501,7 @@ static ext3_fsblk_t ext3_find_goal(struc
* @blks: number of data blocks to be mapped.
* @blocks_to_boundary: the offset in the indirect block
*
- * return the total number of blocks to be allocate, including the
- * direct and indirect blocks.
+ * return the total number of direct blocks to be allocated.
*/
static int ext3_blks_to_allocate(Indirect *branch, int k, unsigned long blks,
int blocks_to_boundary)
@@ -505,75 +530,18 @@ static int ext3_blks_to_allocate(Indirec
}

/**
- * ext3_alloc_blocks: multiple allocate blocks needed for a branch
- * @indirect_blks: the number of blocks need to allocate for indirect
- * blocks
- *
- * @new_blocks: on return it will store the new block numbers for
- * the indirect blocks(if needed) and the first direct block,
- * @blks: on return it will store the total number of allocated
- * direct blocks
- */
-static int ext3_alloc_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- ext3_fsblk_t goal, int indirect_blks, int blks,
- ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[4], int *err)
-{
- int target, i;
- unsigned long count = 0;
- int index = 0;
- ext3_fsblk_t current_block = 0;
- int ret = 0;
-
- /*
- * Here we try to allocate the requested multiple blocks at once,
- * on a best-effort basis.
- * To build a branch, we should allocate blocks for
- * the indirect blocks(if not allocated yet), and at least
- * the first direct block of this branch. That's the
- * minimum number of blocks need to allocate(required)
- */
- target = blks + indirect_blks;
-
- while (1) {
- count = target;
- /* allocating blocks for indirect blocks and direct blocks */
- current_block = ext3_new_blocks(handle,inode,goal,&count,err);
- if (*err)
- goto failed_out;
-
- target -= count;
- /* allocate blocks for indirect blocks */
- while (index < indirect_blks && count) {
- new_blocks[index++] = current_block++;
- count--;
- }
-
- if (count > 0)
- break;
- }
-
- /* save the new block number for the first direct block */
- new_blocks[index] = current_block;
-
- /* total number of blocks allocated for direct blocks */
- ret = count;
- *err = 0;
- return ret;
-failed_out:
- for (i = 0; i <index; i++)
- ext3_free_blocks(handle, inode, new_blocks[i], 1);
- return ret;
-}
-
-/**
* ext3_alloc_branch - allocate and set up a chain of blocks.
* @inode: owner
* @indirect_blks: number of allocated indirect blocks
* @blks: number of allocated direct blocks
+ * @goal: goal for allocation
* @offsets: offsets (in the blocks) to store the pointers to next.
* @branch: place to store the chain in.
*
- * This function allocates blocks, zeroes out all but the last one,
+ * returns error and number of direct blocks allocated via *blks
+ *
+ * This function allocates indirect_blks + *blks, zeroes out all
+ * indirect blocks,
* links them into chain and (if we are synchronous) writes them to disk.
* In other words, it prepares a branch that can be spliced onto the
* inode. It stores the information about that chain in the branch[], in
@@ -602,7 +570,7 @@ static int ext3_alloc_branch(handle_t *h
ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[4];
ext3_fsblk_t current_block;

- num = ext3_alloc_blocks(handle, inode, goal, indirect_blks,
+ num = ext3_new_blocks(handle, inode, goal, indirect_blks,
*blks, new_blocks, &err);
if (err)
return err;
@@ -799,17 +767,21 @@ int ext3_get_blocks_handle(handle_t *han
int blocks_to_boundary = 0;
int depth;
struct ext3_inode_info *ei = EXT3_I(inode);
- int count = 0;
+ int count = 0, ind_readahead;
ext3_fsblk_t first_block = 0;

-
J_ASSERT(handle != NULL || create == 0);
depth = ext3_block_to_path(inode,iblock,offsets,&blocks_to_boundary);

if (depth == 0)
goto out;

- partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, depth, offsets, chain, &err);
+ ind_readahead = !create && depth > 2;
+ partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, depth, offsets, chain,
+ ind_readahead, &err);
+ if (!partial && ind_readahead)
+ partial = ext3_read_indblocks(inode, iblock, depth,
+ offsets, chain, &err);

/* Simplest case - block found, no allocation needed */
if (!partial) {
@@ -844,7 +816,7 @@ int ext3_get_blocks_handle(handle_t *han
}

/* Next simple case - plain lookup or failed read of indirect block */
- if (!create || err == -EIO)
+ if (!create || (err && err != -EAGAIN))
goto cleanup;

mutex_lock(&ei->truncate_mutex);
@@ -866,7 +838,8 @@ int ext3_get_blocks_handle(handle_t *han
brelse(partial->bh);
partial--;
}
- partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, depth, offsets, chain, &err);
+ partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, depth, offsets, chain, 0,
+ &err);
if (!partial) {
count++;
mutex_unlock(&ei->truncate_mutex);
@@ -1907,7 +1880,7 @@ static Indirect *ext3_find_shared(struct
/* Make k index the deepest non-null offest + 1 */
for (k = depth; k > 1 && !offsets[k-1]; k--)
;
- partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, k, offsets, chain, &err);
+ partial = ext3_get_branch(inode, k, offsets, chain, 0, &err);
/* Writer: pointers */
if (!partial)
partial = chain + k-1;
@@ -3230,3 +3203,559 @@ int ext3_change_inode_journal_flag(struc

return err;
}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_ind_read_end_bio --
+ *
+ * bio callback for read IO issued from ext3_read_indblocks.
+ * May be called multiple times until the whole I/O completes at
+ * which point bio->bi_size = 0 and it frees read_info and bio.
+ * The first time it is called, first_bh is unlocked so that any sync
+ * waier can unblock.
+ */
+static void ext3_ind_read_end_bio(struct bio *bio, int err)
+{
+ struct ext3_ind_read_info *read_info = bio->bi_private;
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+ int uptodate = !err && test_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
+ int i;
+
+ if (err == -EOPNOTSUPP)
+ set_bit(BIO_EOPNOTSUPP, &bio->bi_flags);
+
+ /* Wait for all buffers to finish - is this needed? */
+ if (bio->bi_size)
+ return;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < read_info->count; i++) {
+ bh = read_info->bh[i];
+ if (err == -EOPNOTSUPP)
+ set_bit(BH_Eopnotsupp, &bh->b_state);
+
+ if (uptodate) {
+ BUG_ON(buffer_uptodate(bh));
+ BUG_ON(ext3_buffer_prefetch(bh));
+ set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
+ if (read_info->seq_prefetch)
+ ext3_set_buffer_prefetch(bh);
+ }
+
+ unlock_buffer(bh);
+ brelse(bh);
+ }
+
+ kfree(read_info);
+ bio_put(bio);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_get_max_read --
+ * @inode: inode of file.
+ * @block: block number in file (starting from zero).
+ * @offset_in_dind_block: offset of the indirect block inside it's
+ * parent doubly-indirect block.
+ *
+ * Compute the maximum no. of indirect blocks that can be read
+ * satisfying following constraints:
+ * - Don't read indirect blocks beyond the end of current
+ * doubly-indirect block.
+ * - Don't read beyond eof.
+ */
+static inline unsigned long ext3_get_max_read(const struct inode *inode,
+ int block,
+ int offset_in_dind_block)
+{
+ const struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
+ unsigned long max_read;
+ unsigned long ptrs = EXT3_ADDR_PER_BLOCK(inode->i_sb);
+ unsigned long ptrs_bits = EXT3_ADDR_PER_BLOCK_BITS(inode->i_sb);
+ unsigned long blocks_in_file =
+ (inode->i_size + sb->s_blocksize - 1) >> sb->s_blocksize_bits;
+ unsigned long remaining_ind_blks_in_dind =
+ (ptrs >= offset_in_dind_block) ? (ptrs - offset_in_dind_block)
+ : 0;
+ unsigned long remaining_ind_blks_before_eof =
+ ((blocks_in_file - EXT3_NDIR_BLOCKS + ptrs - 1) >> ptrs_bits) -
+ ((block - EXT3_NDIR_BLOCKS) >> ptrs_bits);
+
+ BUG_ON(block >= blocks_in_file);
+
+ max_read = min_t(unsigned long, remaining_ind_blks_in_dind,
+ remaining_ind_blks_before_eof);
+
+ BUG_ON(max_read < 1);
+
+ return max_read;
+}
+
+static void ext3_read_indblocks_submit(struct bio **pbio,
+ struct ext3_ind_read_info **pread_info,
+ int *read_cnt, int seq_prefetch)
+{
+ struct bio *bio = *pbio;
+ struct ext3_ind_read_info *read_info = *pread_info;
+
+ BUG_ON(*read_cnt < 1);
+
+ read_info->seq_prefetch = seq_prefetch;
+ read_info->count = *read_cnt;
+ read_info->size = bio->bi_size;
+ bio->bi_private = read_info;
+ bio->bi_end_io = ext3_ind_read_end_bio;
+ submit_bio(READ, bio);
+
+ *pbio = NULL;
+ *pread_info = NULL;
+ *read_cnt = 0;
+}
+
+struct ind_block_info {
+ ext3_fsblk_t blockno;
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+};
+
+static int ind_info_cmp(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ struct ind_block_info *info_a = (struct ind_block_info *)a;
+ struct ind_block_info *info_b = (struct ind_block_info *)b;
+
+ return info_a->blockno - info_b->blockno;
+}
+
+static void ind_info_swap(void *a, void *b, int size)
+{
+ struct ind_block_info *info_a = (struct ind_block_info *)a;
+ struct ind_block_info *info_b = (struct ind_block_info *)b;
+ struct ind_block_info tmp;
+
+ tmp = *info_a;
+ *info_a = *info_b;
+ *info_b = tmp;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_read_indblocks_async --
+ * @sb: super block
+ * @ind_blocks[]: array of indirect block numbers on disk
+ * @count: maximum number of indirect blocks to read
+ * @first_bh: buffer_head for indirect block ind_blocks[0], may be
+ * NULL
+ * @seq_prefetch: if this is part of a sequential prefetch and buffers'
+ * prefetch bit must be set.
+ * @blocks_done: number of blocks considered for prefetching.
+ *
+ * Issue a single bio request to read upto count buffers identified in
+ * ind_blocks[]. Fewer than count buffers may be read in some cases:
+ * - If a buffer is found to be uptodate and it's prefetch bit is set, we
+ * don't look at any more buffers as they will most likely be in the cache.
+ * - We skip buffers we cannot lock without blocking (except for first_bh
+ * if specified).
+ * - We skip buffers beyond a certain range on disk.
+ *
+ * This function must issue read on first_bh if specified unless of course
+ * it's already uptodate.
+ */
+static int ext3_read_indblocks_async(struct super_block *sb,
+ const __le32 ind_blocks[], int count,
+ struct buffer_head *first_bh,
+ int seq_prefetch,
+ unsigned long *blocks_done)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+ struct bio *bio = NULL;
+ struct ext3_ind_read_info *read_info = NULL;
+ int read_cnt = 0, blk;
+ ext3_fsblk_t prev_blk = 0, io_start_blk = 0, curr;
+ struct ind_block_info *ind_info = NULL;
+ int err = 0, ind_info_count = 0;
+
+ BUG_ON(count < 1);
+ /* Don't move this to ext3_get_max_read() since callers often need to
+ * trim the count returned by that function. So this bound must only
+ * be imposed at the last moment. */
+ count = min_t(unsigned long, count, EXT3_IND_READ_MAX);
+ *blocks_done = 0UL;
+
+ if (count == 1 && first_bh) {
+ lock_buffer(first_bh);
+ get_bh(first_bh);
+ first_bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_read_sync;
+ submit_bh(READ, first_bh);
+ *blocks_done = 1UL;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ ind_info = kmalloc(count * sizeof(*ind_info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!ind_info))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /*
+ * First pass: sort block numbers for all indirect blocks that we'll
+ * read. This allows us to scan blocks in sequenial order during the
+ * second pass which helps coalasce requests to contiguous blocks.
+ * Since we sort block numbers here instead of assuming any specific
+ * layout on the disk, we have some protection against different
+ * indirect block layout strategies as long as they keep all indirect
+ * blocks close by.
+ */
+ for (blk = 0; blk < count; blk++) {
+ curr = le32_to_cpu(ind_blocks[blk]);
+ if (!curr)
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Skip this block if it lies too far from blocks we have
+ * already decided to read. "Too far" should typically indicate
+ * lying on a different track on the disk. EXT3_IND_READ_MAX
+ * seems reasonable for most disks.
+ */
+ if (io_start_blk > 0 &&
+ (max(io_start_blk, curr) - min(io_start_blk, curr) >=
+ EXT3_IND_READ_MAX))
+ continue;
+
+ if (blk == 0 && first_bh) {
+ bh = first_bh;
+ get_bh(first_bh);
+ } else {
+ bh = sb_getblk(sb, curr);
+ if (unlikely(!bh)) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto failure;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+ if (ext3_buffer_prefetch(bh)) {
+ brelse(bh);
+ break;
+ }
+ brelse(bh);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (io_start_blk == 0)
+ io_start_blk = curr;
+
+ ind_info[ind_info_count].blockno = curr;
+ ind_info[ind_info_count].bh = bh;
+ ind_info_count++;
+ }
+ *blocks_done = blk;
+
+ sort(ind_info, ind_info_count, sizeof(*ind_info),
+ ind_info_cmp, ind_info_swap);
+
+ /* Second pass: compose bio requests and issue them. */
+ for (blk = 0; blk < ind_info_count; blk++) {
+ bh = ind_info[blk].bh;
+ curr = ind_info[blk].blockno;
+
+ if (prev_blk > 0 && curr != prev_blk + 1) {
+ ext3_read_indblocks_submit(&bio, &read_info,
+ &read_cnt, seq_prefetch);
+ prev_blk = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Lock the buffer without blocking, skipping any buffers
+ * which would require us to block. first_bh when specified is
+ * an exception as caller typically wants it to be read for
+ * sure (e.g., ext3_read_indblocks_sync).
+ */
+ if (bh == first_bh) {
+ lock_buffer(bh);
+ } else if (test_set_buffer_locked(bh)) {
+ brelse(bh);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* Check again with the buffer locked. */
+ if (buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+ if (ext3_buffer_prefetch(bh)) {
+ unlock_buffer(bh);
+ brelse(bh);
+ break;
+ }
+ unlock_buffer(bh);
+ brelse(bh);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (read_cnt == 0) {
+ /* read_info freed in ext3_ind_read_end_bio(). */
+ read_info = kmalloc(EXT3_IND_READ_INFO_SIZE(count),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (unlikely(!read_info)) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto failure;
+ }
+
+ bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, count);
+ if (unlikely(!bio)) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto failure;
+ }
+ bio->bi_sector = bh->b_blocknr * (bh->b_size >> 9);
+ bio->bi_bdev = bh->b_bdev;
+ }
+
+ if (bio_add_page(bio, bh->b_page, bh->b_size, bh_offset(bh))
+ < bh->b_size) {
+ brelse(bh);
+ if (read_cnt == 0)
+ goto failure;
+
+ break;
+ }
+
+ read_info->bh[read_cnt++] = bh;
+ prev_blk = curr;
+ }
+
+ if (read_cnt == 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ ext3_read_indblocks_submit(&bio, &read_info, &read_cnt, seq_prefetch);
+
+ kfree(ind_info);
+ return 0;
+
+failure:
+ while (--read_cnt >= 0) {
+ unlock_buffer(read_info->bh[read_cnt]);
+ brelse(read_info->bh[read_cnt]);
+ }
+ *blocks_done = 0UL;
+
+done:
+ kfree(read_info);
+
+ if (bio)
+ bio_put(bio);
+
+ kfree(ind_info);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_read_indblocks_sync --
+ * @sb: super block
+ * @ind_blocks[]: array of indirect block numbers on disk
+ * @count: maximum number of indirect blocks to read
+ * @first_bh: buffer_head for indirect block ind_blocks[0], must be
+ * non-NULL.
+ * @seq_prefetch: set prefetch bit of buffers, used when this is part of
+ * a sequential prefetch.
+ * @blocks_done: number of blocks considered for prefetching.
+ *
+ * Synchronously read at most count indirect blocks listed in
+ * ind_blocks[]. This function calls ext3_read_indblocks_async() to do all
+ * the hard work. It waits for read to complete on first_bh before
+ * returning.
+ */
+
+static int ext3_read_indblocks_sync(struct super_block *sb,
+ const __le32 ind_blocks[], int count,
+ struct buffer_head *first_bh,
+ int seq_prefetch,
+ unsigned long *blocks_done)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ BUG_ON(count < 1);
+ BUG_ON(!first_bh);
+
+ err = ext3_read_indblocks_async(sb, ind_blocks, count, first_bh,
+ seq_prefetch, blocks_done);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ wait_on_buffer(first_bh);
+ if (!buffer_uptodate(first_bh))
+ err = -EIO;
+
+ /* if seq_prefetch != 0, ext3_read_indblocks_async() sets prefetch bit
+ * for all buffers, but the first buffer for sync IO is never a prefetch
+ * buffer since it's needed presently so mark it so.
+ */
+ if (seq_prefetch)
+ ext3_clear_buffer_prefetch(first_bh);
+
+ BUG_ON(ext3_buffer_prefetch(first_bh));
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext3_read_indblocks --
+ *
+ * @inode: inode of file
+ * @iblock: block number inside file (starting from 0).
+ * @depth: depth of path from inode to data block.
+ * @offsets: array of offsets within blocks identified in 'chain'.
+ * @chain: array of Indirect with info about all levels of blocks until
+ * the data block.
+ * @err: error pointer.
+ *
+ * This function is called after reading all metablocks leading to 'iblock'
+ * except the (singly) indirect block. It reads the indirect block if not
+ * already in the cache and may also prefetch next few indirect blocks.
+ * It uses a combination of synchronous and asynchronous requests to
+ * accomplish this. We do prefetching even for random reads by reading
+ * ahead one indirect block since reads of size >=512KB have at least 12%
+ * chance of spanning two indirect blocks.
+ */
+
+static Indirect *ext3_read_indblocks(struct inode *inode, int iblock,
+ int depth, int offsets[4],
+ Indirect chain[4], int *err)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
+ struct buffer_head *first_bh, *prev_bh;
+ unsigned long max_read, blocks_done = 0;
+ __le32 *ind_blocks;
+
+ /* Must have doubly indirect block for prefetching indirect blocks. */
+ BUG_ON(depth <= 2);
+ BUG_ON(!chain[depth-2].key);
+
+ *err = 0;
+
+ /* Handle first block */
+ ind_blocks = chain[depth-2].p;
+ first_bh = sb_getblk(sb, le32_to_cpu(ind_blocks[0]));
+ if (unlikely(!first_bh)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to get block %u for sb %p\n",
+ le32_to_cpu(ind_blocks[0]), sb);
+ goto failure;
+ }
+
+ BUG_ON(first_bh->b_size != sb->s_blocksize);
+
+ if (buffer_uptodate(first_bh)) {
+ /* Found the buffer in cache, either it was accessed recently or
+ * it was prefetched while reading previous indirect block(s).
+ * We need to figure out if we need to prefetch the following
+ * indirect blocks.
+ */
+ if (!ext3_buffer_prefetch(first_bh)) {
+ /* Either we've seen this indirect block before while
+ * accessing another data block, or this is a random
+ * read. In the former case, we must have done the
+ * needful the first time we had a cache hit on this
+ * indirect block, in the latter case we obviously
+ * don't need to do any prefetching.
+ */
+ goto done;
+ }
+
+ max_read = ext3_get_max_read(inode, iblock,
+ offsets[depth-2]);
+
+ /* This indirect block is in the cache due to prefetching and
+ * this is its first cache hit, clear the prefetch bit and
+ * make sure the following blocks are also prefetched.
+ */
+ ext3_clear_buffer_prefetch(first_bh);
+
+ if (max_read >= 2) {
+ /* ext3_read_indblocks_async() stops at the first
+ * indirect block which has the prefetch bit set which
+ * will most likely be the very next indirect block.
+ */
+ ext3_read_indblocks_async(sb, &ind_blocks[1],
+ max_read - 1,
+ NULL, 1, &blocks_done);
+ }
+
+ } else {
+ /* Buffer is not in memory, we need to read it. If we are
+ * reading sequentially from the previous indirect block, we
+ * have just detected a sequential read and we must prefetch
+ * some indirect blocks for future.
+ */
+
+ max_read = ext3_get_max_read(inode, iblock,
+ offsets[depth-2]);
+
+ if ((ind_blocks - (__le32 *)chain[depth-2].bh->b_data) >= 1) {
+ prev_bh = sb_getblk(sb, le32_to_cpu(ind_blocks[-1]));
+ if (buffer_uptodate(prev_bh) &&
+ !ext3_buffer_prefetch(prev_bh)) {
+ /* Detected sequential read. */
+ brelse(prev_bh);
+
+ /* Sync read indirect block, also read the next
+ * few indirect blocks.
+ */
+ *err = ext3_read_indblocks_sync(sb, ind_blocks,
+ max_read, first_bh, 1,
+ &blocks_done);
+
+ if (*err)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* In case the very next indirect block is
+ * discontiguous by a non-trivial amount,
+ * ext3_read_indblocks_sync() above won't
+ * prefetch it (indicated by blocks_done < 2).
+ * So to help sequential read, schedule an
+ * async request for reading the next
+ * contiguous indirect block range (which
+ * in metaclustering case would be the next
+ * metacluster, without metaclustering it
+ * would be the next indirect block). This is
+ * expected to benefit the non-metaclustering
+ * case.
+ */
+ if (max_read >= 2 && blocks_done < 2)
+ ext3_read_indblocks_async(sb,
+ &ind_blocks[1],
+ max_read - 1,
+ NULL, 1, &blocks_done);
+
+ goto done;
+ }
+ brelse(prev_bh);
+ }
+
+ /* Either random read, or sequential detection failed above.
+ * We always prefetch the next indirect block in this case
+ * whenever possible.
+ * This is because for random reads of size ~512KB, there is
+ * >12% chance that a read will span two indirect blocks.
+ */
+ *err = ext3_read_indblocks_sync(sb, ind_blocks,
+ (max_read >= 2) ? 2 : 1,
+ first_bh, 0, &blocks_done);
+ if (*err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+done:
+ /* Reader: pointers */
+ if (!verify_chain(chain, &chain[depth - 2])) {
+ brelse(first_bh);
+ goto changed;
+ }
+ add_chain(&chain[depth - 1], first_bh,
+ (__le32 *)first_bh->b_data + offsets[depth - 1]);
+ /* Reader: end */
+ if (!chain[depth - 1].key)
+ goto out;
+
+ BUG_ON(!buffer_uptodate(first_bh));
+ return NULL;
+
+changed:
+ *err = -EAGAIN;
+ goto out;
+failure:
+ *err = -EIO;
+out:
+ if (*err) {
+ ext3_debug("Error %d reading indirect blocks\n", *err);
+ return &chain[depth - 2];
+ } else
+ return &chain[depth - 1];
+}
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/super.c linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/super.c
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/fs/ext3/super.c 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/fs/ext3/super.c 2008-01-12 22:30:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -556,6 +556,9 @@ static int ext3_show_options(struct seq_
else if (test_opt(sb, DATA_FLAGS) == EXT3_MOUNT_WRITEBACK_DATA)
seq_puts(seq, ",data=writeback");

+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER))
+ seq_puts(seq, ",metacluster");
+
ext3_show_quota_options(seq, sb);

return 0;
@@ -684,7 +687,7 @@ enum {
Opt_usrjquota, Opt_grpjquota, Opt_offusrjquota, Opt_offgrpjquota,
Opt_jqfmt_vfsold, Opt_jqfmt_vfsv0, Opt_quota, Opt_noquota,
Opt_ignore, Opt_barrier, Opt_err, Opt_resize, Opt_usrquota,
- Opt_grpquota
+ Opt_grpquota, Opt_metacluster
};

static match_table_t tokens = {
@@ -734,6 +737,7 @@ static match_table_t tokens = {
{Opt_quota, "quota"},
{Opt_usrquota, "usrquota"},
{Opt_barrier, "barrier=%u"},
+ {Opt_metacluster, "metacluster"},
{Opt_err, NULL},
{Opt_resize, "resize"},
};
@@ -1066,6 +1070,9 @@ clear_qf_name:
case Opt_bh:
clear_opt(sbi->s_mount_opt, NOBH);
break;
+ case Opt_metacluster:
+ set_opt(sbi->s_mount_opt, METACLUSTER);
+ break;
default:
printk (KERN_ERR
"EXT3-fs: Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" "
@@ -1594,6 +1601,13 @@ static int ext3_fill_super (struct super
}
sbi->s_frags_per_block = 1;
sbi->s_blocks_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_blocks_per_group);
+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER)) {
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group = sbi->s_blocks_per_group -
+ sbi->s_blocks_per_group / 12;
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group &= ~7;
+ } else
+ sbi->s_nonmc_blocks_per_group = sbi->s_blocks_per_group;
+
sbi->s_frags_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_frags_per_group);
sbi->s_inodes_per_group = le32_to_cpu(es->s_inodes_per_group);
if (EXT3_INODE_SIZE(sb) == 0)
@@ -1695,6 +1709,18 @@ static int ext3_fill_super (struct super
sbi->s_rsv_window_head.rsv_goal_size = 0;
ext3_rsv_window_add(sb, &sbi->s_rsv_window_head);

+ if (test_opt(sb, METACLUSTER)) {
+ sbi->s_bginfo = kmalloc(sbi->s_groups_count *
+ sizeof(*sbi->s_bginfo), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!sbi->s_bginfo) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "EXT3-fs: not enough memory\n");
+ goto failed_mount3;
+ }
+ for (i = 0; i < sbi->s_groups_count; i++)
+ sbi->s_bginfo[i].bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count = -1;
+ } else
+ sbi->s_bginfo = NULL;
+
/*
* set up enough so that it can read an inode
*/
@@ -1720,16 +1746,16 @@ static int ext3_fill_super (struct super
if (!test_opt(sb, NOLOAD) &&
EXT3_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT3_FEATURE_COMPAT_HAS_JOURNAL)) {
if (ext3_load_journal(sb, es, journal_devnum))
- goto failed_mount3;
+ goto failed_mount4;
} else if (journal_inum) {
if (ext3_create_journal(sb, es, journal_inum))
- goto failed_mount3;
+ goto failed_mount4;
} else {
if (!silent)
printk (KERN_ERR
"ext3: No journal on filesystem on %s\n",
sb->s_id);
- goto failed_mount3;
+ goto failed_mount4;
}

/* We have now updated the journal if required, so we can
@@ -1752,7 +1778,7 @@ static int ext3_fill_super (struct super
(sbi->s_journal, 0, 0, JFS_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_REVOKE)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT3-fs: Journal does not support "
"requested data journaling mode\n");
- goto failed_mount4;
+ goto failed_mount5;
}
default:
break;
@@ -1775,13 +1801,13 @@ static int ext3_fill_super (struct super
if (!sb->s_root) {
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT3-fs: get root inode failed\n");
iput(root);
- goto failed_mount4;
+ goto failed_mount5;
}
if (!S_ISDIR(root->i_mode) || !root->i_blocks || !root->i_size) {
dput(sb->s_root);
sb->s_root = NULL;
printk(KERN_ERR "EXT3-fs: corrupt root inode, run e2fsck\n");
- goto failed_mount4;
+ goto failed_mount5;
}

ext3_setup_super (sb, es, sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY);
@@ -1813,8 +1839,10 @@ cantfind_ext3:
sb->s_id);
goto failed_mount;

-failed_mount4:
+failed_mount5:
journal_destroy(sbi->s_journal);
+failed_mount4:
+ kfree(sbi->s_bginfo);
failed_mount3:
percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeblocks_counter);
percpu_counter_destroy(&sbi->s_freeinodes_counter);
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/ext3_fs.h linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/ext3_fs.h
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/ext3_fs.h 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/ext3_fs.h 2008-01-12 22:30:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -384,6 +384,7 @@ struct ext3_inode {
#define EXT3_MOUNT_QUOTA 0x80000 /* Some quota option set */
#define EXT3_MOUNT_USRQUOTA 0x100000 /* "old" user quota */
#define EXT3_MOUNT_GRPQUOTA 0x200000 /* "old" group quota */
+#define EXT3_MOUNT_METACLUSTER 0x400000 /* Indirect block clustering */

/* Compatibility, for having both ext2_fs.h and ext3_fs.h included at once */
#ifndef _LINUX_EXT2_FS_H
@@ -497,6 +498,7 @@ struct ext3_super_block {
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/ext3_fs_i.h>
#include <linux/ext3_fs_sb.h>
+#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
static inline struct ext3_sb_info * EXT3_SB(struct super_block *sb)
{
return sb->s_fs_info;
@@ -732,6 +734,11 @@ struct dir_private_info {
__u32 next_hash;
};

+/* Special bh flag used by the metacluster readahead logic. */
+enum ext3_bh_state_bits {
+ EXT3_BH_PREFETCH = BH_JBD_Sentinel,
+};
+
/* calculate the first block number of the group */
static inline ext3_fsblk_t
ext3_group_first_block_no(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long group_no)
@@ -740,6 +747,24 @@ ext3_group_first_block_no(struct super_b
le32_to_cpu(EXT3_SB(sb)->s_es->s_first_data_block);
}

+static inline void
+ext3_set_buffer_prefetch(struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ set_bit(EXT3_BH_PREFETCH, &bh->b_state);
+}
+
+static inline void
+ext3_clear_buffer_prefetch(struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ clear_bit(EXT3_BH_PREFETCH, &bh->b_state);
+}
+
+static inline int
+ext3_buffer_prefetch(struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ return test_bit(EXT3_BH_PREFETCH, &bh->b_state);
+}
+
/*
* Special error return code only used by dx_probe() and its callers.
*/
@@ -762,8 +787,9 @@ extern int ext3_bg_has_super(struct supe
extern unsigned long ext3_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb, int group);
extern ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_block (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext3_fsblk_t goal, int *errp);
-extern ext3_fsblk_t ext3_new_blocks (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- ext3_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp);
+extern int ext3_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ ext3_fsblk_t goal, int indirect_blks, int blks,
+ ext3_fsblk_t new_blocks[], int *errp);
extern void ext3_free_blocks (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext3_fsblk_t block, unsigned long count);
extern void ext3_free_blocks_sb (handle_t *handle, struct super_block *sb,
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/ext3_fs_sb.h linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/ext3_fs_sb.h
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/ext3_fs_sb.h 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/ext3_fs_sb.h 2008-01-12 22:30:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
#endif
#include <linux/rbtree.h>

+struct ext3_bg_info;
+
/*
* third extended-fs super-block data in memory
*/
@@ -33,6 +35,7 @@ struct ext3_sb_info {
unsigned long s_inodes_per_block;/* Number of inodes per block */
unsigned long s_frags_per_group;/* Number of fragments in a group */
unsigned long s_blocks_per_group;/* Number of blocks in a group */
+ unsigned long s_nonmc_blocks_per_group;/* Number of non-metacluster blocks in a group */
unsigned long s_inodes_per_group;/* Number of inodes in a group */
unsigned long s_itb_per_group; /* Number of inode table blocks per group */
unsigned long s_gdb_count; /* Number of group descriptor blocks */
@@ -66,6 +69,9 @@ struct ext3_sb_info {
struct rb_root s_rsv_window_root;
struct ext3_reserve_window_node s_rsv_window_head;

+ /* array of per-bg in-memory info */
+ struct ext3_bg_info *s_bginfo;
+
/* Journaling */
struct inode * s_journal_inode;
struct journal_s * s_journal;
@@ -82,4 +88,11 @@ struct ext3_sb_info {
#endif
};

+/*
+ * in-memory data associated with each block group.
+ */
+struct ext3_bg_info {
+ int bgi_free_nonmc_blocks_count;/* Number of free non-metacluster blocks in group */
+};
+
#endif /* _LINUX_EXT3_FS_SB */
diff -rupdN linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/jbd.h linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/jbd.h
--- linux-2.6.23.13-clean/include/linux/jbd.h 2008-01-09 12:18:17.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.23.13-ext3mc/include/linux/jbd.h 2008-01-12 22:30:19.000000000 -0500
@@ -307,6 +307,7 @@ enum jbd_state_bits {
BH_State, /* Pins most journal_head state */
BH_JournalHead, /* Pins bh->b_private and jh->b_bh */
BH_Unshadow, /* Dummy bit, for BJ_Shadow wakeup filtering */
+ BH_JBD_Sentinel, /* Start bit for clients of jbd */
};

BUFFER_FNS(JBD, jbd)

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