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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] : hwmon - new chip driver for TI ADS7828 A-D
Hi Steve,

On Fri, 4 Jan 2008 07:34:39 +0000, Steve Hardy wrote:
> Jean - you mentioned declaring the devices as platform data & writing
> a new-style I2C driver - are there any examples of this approach I can
> refer to? I simply copied what is/was currently in-tree for this
> driver, which seems to work well with the hardware I'm working with (a
> COTS CPCI carrier)
In Linus' tree you can find the following new-style drivers:
drivers/rtc/rtc-ds1307.c
drivers/rtc/rtc-ds1374.c
drivers/rtc/rtc-m41t80.c
drivers/rtc/rtc-rs5c372.c

You may also take a look at one that was submitted for merge:
http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=119956436514432&w=2

This doesn't have to be done now though, if you prefer to submit your
driver as-is for now and convert it later, that's fine with me.

> Since I've dropped Thunderbird I hope the patch mangling will be
> fixed.

Yes formatting looks OK this time.

Overall your driver looks good, I only have minor remarks:

> diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/hwmon/ads7828 linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/Documentation/hwmon/ads7828
> --- linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/hwmon/ads7828 1970-01-01 01:00:00.000000000 +0100
> +++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/Documentation/hwmon/ads7828 2008-01-02 16:30:39.000000000 +0000
> @@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
> +Kernel driver ads7828
> +=====================
> +
> +Supported chips:
> + * Texas Instruments/Burr-Brown ADS7828
> + Prefix: 'ads7828'
> + Addresses scanned: I2C 0x48, 0x49, 0x4a, 0x4b
> + Datasheet: Publicly available at the Texas Instruments website :

No space before colon.

> + http://focus.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/ads7828.pdf
> +
> +Authors:
> + Steve Hardy <steve@linuxrealtime.co.uk>
> +
> +Module Parameters
> +-----------------
> +
> +* se_input: bool (default Y)
> + Single ended operation - set to N for differential mode
> +* int_vref: bool (default Y)
> + Operate with the internal 2.5v reference - set to N for external reference

2.5V

As far as I know boolean parameters take values 0 and 1, not N and Y.

> +* vref_mv: int (default 2500)
> + If using an external reference, set this to the reference voltage in mv

Correct unit spelling is "mV".

> +
> +Description
> +-----------
> +
> +This driver implements support for the Texas Instruments ADS7828.
> +
> +This device is a 12bit 8ch A-D converter.

12-bit 8-channel

> +
> +It can operate in single ended mode (8 +ve inputs) or in differential mode,
> +when 4 differential pairs can be measured.

s/when/where/?

If there are only 4 measurement channels in differential mode, then
ideally your driver should only create 4 sysfs files in this mode, and
it should only read 4 values from the chip rather than 8 in the update
function. I2C transactions aren't cheap.

> +
> +The chip also has the facility to use an external voltage reference. This
> +may be required if your hardware supplies the ADS7828 from a 5v supply, see

5V

> +the datasheet for more details.
> +
> +

You can drop these extra blank lines.

> diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig
> --- linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig 2008-01-02 16:37:43.000000000 +0000
> +++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/Kconfig 2008-01-02 16:49:42.000000000 +0000
> @@ -588,6 +588,16 @@ config SENSORS_SMSC47B397
> This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> will be called smsc47b397.
>
> +config SENSORS_ADS7828
> + tristate "Texas Instruments ADS7828"
> + depends on I2C
> + help
> + If you say yes here you get support for Texas Instruments ADS7828
> + 12-bit 8-channel ADC device.
> +
> + This driver can also be built as a module. If so, the module
> + will be called ads7828.

The help block is traditionally indented with two extra spaces.

> +
> config SENSORS_THMC50
> tristate "Texas Instruments THMC50 / Analog Devices ADM1022"
> depends on I2C && EXPERIMENTAL
> diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/Makefile linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/Makefile
> --- linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/Makefile 2008-01-02 16:37:43.000000000 +0000
> +++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/Makefile 2008-01-02 16:35:27.000000000 +0000
> @@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1026) += adm1026
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1029) += adm1029.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM1031) += adm1031.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADM9240) += adm9240.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADS7828) += ads7828.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_ADT7470) += adt7470.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_APPLESMC) += applesmc.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SENSORS_AMS) += ams/
> diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.24-rc6/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/ads7828.c linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/ads7828.c
> --- linux-2.6.24-rc6/drivers/hwmon/ads7828.c 1970-01-01 01:00:00.000000000 +0100
> +++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-ads7828/drivers/hwmon/ads7828.c 2008-01-02 16:35:27.000000000 +0000
> @@ -0,0 +1,296 @@
> +/*
> + ads7828.c - lm_sensors driver for ads7828 12bit 8ch ADC
> + (C) 2007 EADS Astrium
> +
> + This driver is based on the lm75 and other lm_sensors/hwmon drivers
> +
> + Written by Steve Hardy <steve@linuxrealtime.co.uk>
> +
> + Datasheet available at : http://focus.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/ads7828.pdf

No space before colon.

> +
> + This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + (at your option) any later version.
> +
> + This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + GNU General Public License for more details.
> +
> + You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
> + Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> +*/
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/jiffies.h>
> +#include <linux/i2c.h>
> +#include <linux/hwmon.h>
> +#include <linux/hwmon-sysfs.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +
> +/* The ADS7828 registers */
> +#define ADS7828_NCH 8 /* 8 channels of 12bit A-D supported */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_SD_SE 0x80 /* Single ended inputs */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_SD_DIFF 0x00 /* Differential inputs */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_PD0 0x0 /* Power Down between A-D conversions */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_PD1 0x04 /* Internal ref OFF && A-D ON */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_PD2 0x08 /* Internal ref ON && A-D OFF */
> +#define ADS7828_CMD_PD3 0x0C /* Internal ref ON && A-D ON */
> +#define ADS7828_INT_VREF_MV 2500 /* Internal vref is 2.5v, 2500mV */

2.5V

> +
> +/* Addresses to scan */
> +static unsigned short normal_i2c[] = { 0x48, 0x49, 0x4a, 0x4b,
> + I2C_CLIENT_END };
> +
> +/* Insmod parameters */
> +I2C_CLIENT_INSMOD_1(ads7828);
> +
> +/* Other module parameters */
> +static int se_input = 1; /* Default is SE, 0 == diff */
> +static int int_vref = 1; /* Default is internal ref ON */
> +static int vref_mv = ADS7828_INT_VREF_MV; /* set if vref != 2.5v */

2.5V

> +module_param(se_input, bool, S_IRUGO);
> +module_param(int_vref, bool, S_IRUGO);
> +module_param(vref_mv, int, S_IRUGO);
> +
> +/* Global Variables */
> +static u8 ads7828_cmd_byte; /* cmd byte without channel bits */
> +static unsigned int ads7828_lsb_resol; /* resolution of the ADC sample lsb */
> +
> +/* Each client has this additional data */
> +struct ads7828_data {
> + struct i2c_client client;
> + struct device *hwmon_dev;
> + struct mutex update_lock; /* mutex protect updates */
> + char valid; /* !=0 if following fields are valid */
> + unsigned long last_updated; /* In jiffies */
> + u16 adc_input[ADS7828_NCH]; /* ADS7828_NCH 12bit samples */

12-bit

> +};
> +
> +/* Function declaration - neccesary due to function dependencies */

Spelling: necessary.

> +static int ads7828_detect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address, int kind);
> +
> +/* The ADS7828 returns the 12bit sample in two bytes,
> + these are read as a word then byte-swapped */
> +static u16 ads7828_read_value(struct i2c_client *client, u8 reg)
> +{
> + return swab16(i2c_smbus_read_word_data(client, reg));
> +}
> +
> +static inline u8 channel_cmd_byte(int ch)
> +{
> + /* cmd byte C2,C1,C0 - see datasheet */
> + u8 cmd = (((ch>>1) | (ch&0x01)<<2)<<4);
> + cmd |= ads7828_cmd_byte;
> + return cmd;
> +}
> +
> +/* Update data for the device (all 8 channels) */
> +static struct ads7828_data *ads7828_update_device(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
> + struct ads7828_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&data->update_lock);
> +
> + if (time_after(jiffies, data->last_updated + HZ + HZ / 2)
> + || !data->valid) {

Note: depending on your application, this caching behavior may or may
not be desirable. It's convenient for PC drivers to prevent users from
saturating the SMBus, but for embedded designs it might cause trouble.
You might want to lower the cache lifetime or even disable the caching
behavior to always get real-time measurements.

> + unsigned int ch;
> + dev_dbg(&client->dev, "Starting ads7828 update\n");
> +
> + for (ch = 0; ch < ADS7828_NCH; ch++) {
> + u8 cmd = channel_cmd_byte(ch);
> + data->adc_input[ch] = ads7828_read_value(client, cmd);
> + }
> + data->last_updated = jiffies;
> + data->valid = 1;
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&data->update_lock);
> +
> + return data;
> +}
> +
> +/* sysfs callback function */
> +static ssize_t show_in(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *da,
> + char *buf)
> +{
> + struct sensor_device_attribute *attr = to_sensor_dev_attr(da);
> + struct ads7828_data *data = ads7828_update_device(dev);
> + /* Print value (in mv as specified in sysfs-interface documentation) */

mV

> + return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", (data->adc_input[attr->index] *
> + ads7828_lsb_resol)/1000);
> +}
> +
> +#define in_reg(offset)\
> +static SENSOR_DEVICE_ATTR(in##offset##_input, S_IRUGO, show_in,\
> + NULL, offset);

Trailing semi-colon is not needed.

> +
> +in_reg(0);
> +in_reg(1);
> +in_reg(2);
> +in_reg(3);
> +in_reg(4);
> +in_reg(5);
> +in_reg(6);
> +in_reg(7);
> +
> +static struct attribute *ads7828_attributes[] = {
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in0_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in1_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in2_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in3_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in4_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in5_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in6_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + &sensor_dev_attr_in7_input.dev_attr.attr,
> + NULL
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group ads7828_group = {
> + .attrs = ads7828_attributes,
> +};
> +
> +static int ads7828_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
> +{
> + if (!(adapter->class & I2C_CLASS_HWMON))
> + return 0;
> + return i2c_probe(adapter, &addr_data, ads7828_detect);
> +}
> +
> +static int ads7828_detach_client(struct i2c_client *client)
> +{
> + struct ads7828_data *data = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
> + hwmon_device_unregister(data->hwmon_dev);
> + sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ads7828_group);
> + i2c_detach_client(client);
> + kfree(i2c_get_clientdata(client));
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/* This is the driver that will be inserted */
> +static struct i2c_driver ads7828_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "ads7828",
> + },
> + .attach_adapter = ads7828_attach_adapter,
> + .detach_client = ads7828_detach_client,
> +};
> +
> +/* This function is called by i2c_detect */

Actually not, it's called by i2c_probe.

> +static int ads7828_detect(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address, int kind)
> +{
> + struct i2c_client *client;
> + struct ads7828_data *data;
> + int err=0;
> + const char *name = "";
> +
> + /* Check we have a valid client */
> + if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter, I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_WORD_DATA))
> + goto exit;
> +
> + /* OK. For now, we presume we have a valid client. We now create the
> + client structure, even though we cannot fill it completely yet.
> + But it allows us to access ads7828_read_value. */

Strange indentation...

> + data = kzalloc(sizeof(struct ads7828_data), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!data) {
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto exit;
> + }
> +
> + client = &data->client;
> + i2c_set_clientdata(client, data);
> + client->addr = address;
> + client->adapter = adapter;
> + client->driver = &ads7828_driver;
> +
> + /* Now, we do the remaining detection. There is no identification
> + dedicated register so attempt to sanity check using knowledge of the chip
> + - Read from the 8 channel addresses
> + - Check the top 4 bits of each result are not set (12 data bits)
> + */
> + if (kind < 0) {
> + int ch;
> + for (ch = 0; ch < ADS7828_NCH; ch++) {
> + u16 in_data;
> + u8 cmd = channel_cmd_byte(ch);
> + in_data = ads7828_read_value(client, cmd);
> + if (in_data & 0xF000) {
> + printk(KERN_DEBUG
> + "%s : Doesn't look like an ads7828 device\n",
> + __FUNCTION__);
> + goto exit_free;
> + }
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Determine the chip type - only one kind supported! */
> + if (kind <= 0)
> + kind = ads7828;
> +
> + if (kind == ads7828)
> + name = "ads7828";
> +
> + /* Fill in the remaining client fields, put it into the global list */
> + strlcpy(client->name, name, I2C_NAME_SIZE);
> +
> + mutex_init(&data->update_lock);
> +
> + /* Tell the I2C layer a new client has arrived */
> + err = i2c_attach_client(client);
> + if (err)
> + goto exit_free;
> +
> + /* Register sysfs hooks */
> + err = sysfs_create_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ads7828_group);
> + if (err)
> + goto exit_detach;
> +
> + data->hwmon_dev = hwmon_device_register(&client->dev);
> + if (IS_ERR(data->hwmon_dev)) {
> + err = PTR_ERR(data->hwmon_dev);
> + goto exit_remove;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +exit_remove:
> + sysfs_remove_group(&client->dev.kobj, &ads7828_group);
> +exit_detach:
> + i2c_detach_client(client);
> +exit_free:
> + kfree(data);
> +exit:
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +static int __init sensors_ads7828_init(void)
> +{
> + /* Initialise the command byte according to module parameters */

Spelling: Initialize.

> + ads7828_cmd_byte = se_input ?
> + ADS7828_CMD_SD_SE : ADS7828_CMD_SD_DIFF;
> + ads7828_cmd_byte |= int_vref ?
> + ADS7828_CMD_PD3 : ADS7828_CMD_PD1;
> +
> + /* Calculate the LSB resolution */
> + ads7828_lsb_resol = (vref_mv*1000)/4096;
> +
> + return i2c_add_driver(&ads7828_driver);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit sensors_ads7828_exit(void)
> +{
> + i2c_del_driver(&ads7828_driver);
> +}
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Steve Hardy <steve@linuxrealtime.co.uk>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("ADS7828 driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +
> +module_init(sensors_ads7828_init);
> +module_exit(sensors_ads7828_exit);

The rest looks OK to me. I suggest that you give a try to lm-sensors
3.0.0 with this driver, that's the best way to ensure that your sysfs
interface is properly implemented.

--
Jean Delvare


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