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Subject[PATCH 53/54] KVM: MMU: Fix SMP shadow instantiation race
Date
From: Marcelo Tosatti <marcelo@kvack.org>

There is a race where VCPU0 is shadowing a pagetable entry while VCPU1
is updating it, which results in a stale shadow copy.

Fix that by comparing the contents of the cached guest pte with the
current guest pte after write-protecting the guest pagetable.

Signed-off-by: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>
---
drivers/kvm/mmu.c | 12 ++++++++----
drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h | 29 +++++++++++++++++++++--------
2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/kvm/mmu.c b/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
index ba71e8d..92ac0d1 100644
--- a/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
+++ b/drivers/kvm/mmu.c
@@ -681,7 +681,8 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
unsigned level,
int metaphysical,
unsigned access,
- u64 *parent_pte)
+ u64 *parent_pte,
+ bool *new_page)
{
union kvm_mmu_page_role role;
unsigned index;
@@ -720,6 +721,8 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
vcpu->mmu.prefetch_page(vcpu, sp);
if (!metaphysical)
rmap_write_protect(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
+ if (new_page)
+ *new_page = 1;
return sp;
}

@@ -993,7 +996,8 @@ static int nonpaging_map(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t v, int write, gfn_t gfn)
>> PAGE_SHIFT;
new_table = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, pseudo_gfn,
v, level - 1,
- 1, ACC_ALL, &table[index]);
+ 1, ACC_ALL, &table[index],
+ NULL);
if (!new_table) {
pgprintk("nonpaging_map: ENOMEM\n");
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -1059,7 +1063,7 @@ static void mmu_alloc_roots(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)

ASSERT(!VALID_PAGE(root));
sp = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, root_gfn, 0,
- PT64_ROOT_LEVEL, 0, ACC_ALL, NULL);
+ PT64_ROOT_LEVEL, 0, ACC_ALL, NULL, NULL);
root = __pa(sp->spt);
++sp->root_count;
vcpu->mmu.root_hpa = root;
@@ -1080,7 +1084,7 @@ static void mmu_alloc_roots(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
root_gfn = 0;
sp = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, root_gfn, i << 30,
PT32_ROOT_LEVEL, !is_paging(vcpu),
- ACC_ALL, NULL);
+ ACC_ALL, NULL, NULL);
root = __pa(sp->spt);
++sp->root_count;
vcpu->mmu.pae_root[i] = root | PT_PRESENT_MASK;
diff --git a/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h b/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
index 3ab3fb6..fb19596 100644
--- a/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
+++ b/drivers/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
@@ -65,7 +65,8 @@
struct guest_walker {
int level;
gfn_t table_gfn[PT_MAX_FULL_LEVELS];
- pt_element_t pte;
+ pt_element_t ptes[PT_MAX_FULL_LEVELS];
+ gpa_t pte_gpa[PT_MAX_FULL_LEVELS];
unsigned pt_access;
unsigned pte_access;
gfn_t gfn;
@@ -150,6 +151,7 @@ walk:
pte_gpa = gfn_to_gpa(table_gfn);
pte_gpa += index * sizeof(pt_element_t);
walker->table_gfn[walker->level - 1] = table_gfn;
+ walker->pte_gpa[walker->level - 1] = pte_gpa;
pgprintk("%s: table_gfn[%d] %lx\n", __FUNCTION__,
walker->level - 1, table_gfn);

@@ -180,6 +182,8 @@ walk:

pte_access = pt_access & FNAME(gpte_access)(vcpu, pte);

+ walker->ptes[walker->level - 1] = pte;
+
if (walker->level == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL) {
walker->gfn = gpte_to_gfn(pte);
break;
@@ -209,9 +213,9 @@ walk:
goto walk;
pte |= PT_DIRTY_MASK;
kvm_mmu_pte_write(vcpu, pte_gpa, (u8 *)&pte, sizeof(pte));
+ walker->ptes[walker->level - 1] = pte;
}

- walker->pte = pte;
walker->pt_access = pt_access;
walker->pte_access = pte_access;
pgprintk("%s: pte %llx pte_access %x pt_access %x\n",
@@ -268,7 +272,7 @@ static u64 *FNAME(fetch)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
u64 *shadow_ent;
unsigned access = walker->pt_access;

- if (!is_present_pte(walker->pte))
+ if (!is_present_pte(walker->ptes[walker->level - 1]))
return NULL;

shadow_addr = vcpu->mmu.root_hpa;
@@ -285,6 +289,7 @@ static u64 *FNAME(fetch)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
u64 shadow_pte;
int metaphysical;
gfn_t table_gfn;
+ bool new_page = 0;

shadow_ent = ((u64 *)__va(shadow_addr)) + index;
if (is_shadow_present_pte(*shadow_ent)) {
@@ -300,16 +305,23 @@ static u64 *FNAME(fetch)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
if (level - 1 == PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL
&& walker->level == PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL) {
metaphysical = 1;
- if (!is_dirty_pte(walker->pte))
+ if (!is_dirty_pte(walker->ptes[level - 1]))
access &= ~ACC_WRITE_MASK;
- table_gfn = gpte_to_gfn(walker->pte);
+ table_gfn = gpte_to_gfn(walker->ptes[level - 1]);
} else {
metaphysical = 0;
table_gfn = walker->table_gfn[level - 2];
}
shadow_page = kvm_mmu_get_page(vcpu, table_gfn, addr, level-1,
metaphysical, access,
- shadow_ent);
+ shadow_ent, &new_page);
+ if (new_page && !metaphysical) {
+ pt_element_t curr_pte;
+ kvm_read_guest(vcpu->kvm, walker->pte_gpa[level - 2],
+ &curr_pte, sizeof(curr_pte));
+ if (curr_pte != walker->ptes[level - 2])
+ return NULL;
+ }
shadow_addr = __pa(shadow_page->spt);
shadow_pte = shadow_addr | PT_PRESENT_MASK | PT_ACCESSED_MASK
| PT_WRITABLE_MASK | PT_USER_MASK;
@@ -317,7 +329,8 @@ static u64 *FNAME(fetch)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
}

mmu_set_spte(vcpu, shadow_ent, access, walker->pte_access & access,
- user_fault, write_fault, walker->pte & PT_DIRTY_MASK,
+ user_fault, write_fault,
+ walker->ptes[walker->level-1] & PT_DIRTY_MASK,
ptwrite, walker->gfn);

return shadow_ent;
@@ -382,7 +395,7 @@ static int FNAME(page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr,
/*
* mmio: emulate if accessible, otherwise its a guest fault.
*/
- if (is_io_pte(*shadow_pte))
+ if (shadow_pte && is_io_pte(*shadow_pte))
return 1;

++vcpu->stat.pf_fixed;
--
1.5.3.7


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