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Subject[PATCH][RFC] pte notifiers -- support for external page tables
Date
[resend due to bad alias expansion resulting in some recipients
being bogus]

Some hardware and software systems maintain page tables outside the normal
Linux page tables, which reference userspace memory. This includes
Infiniband, other RDMA-capable devices, and kvm (with a pending patch).

Because these systems maintain external page tables (and external tlbs),
Linux cannot demand page this memory and it must be locked. For kvm at
least, this is a significant reduction in functionality.

This sample patch adds a new mechanism, pte notifiers, that allows drivers
to register an interest in a changes to ptes. Whenever Linux changes a
pte, it will call a notifier to allow the driver to adjust the external
page table and flush its tlb.

Note that only one notifier is implemented, ->clear(), but others should be
similar.

pte notifiers are different from paravirt_ops: they extend the normal
page tables rather than replace them; and they provide high-level information
such as the vma and the virtual address for the driver to use.

Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com>

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 655094d..5d2bbee 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/pte_notifier.h>

struct mempolicy;
struct anon_vma;
@@ -108,6 +109,9 @@ struct vm_area_struct {
#ifndef CONFIG_MMU
atomic_t vm_usage; /* refcount (VMAs shared if !MMU) */
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_PTE_NOTIFIERS
+ struct list_head pte_notifier_list;
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/pte_notifier.h b/include/linux/pte_notifier.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d28832b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/pte_notifier.h
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+#ifndef _LINUX_PTE_NOTIFIER_H
+#define _LINUX_PTE_NOTIFIER_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+
+struct vm_area_struct;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PTE_NOTIFIERS
+
+struct pte_notifier;
+
+struct pte_notifier_ops {
+ void (*close)(struct pte_notifier *pn, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+ void (*clear)(struct pte_notifier *pn, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long address);
+};
+
+struct pte_notifier {
+ struct list_head link;
+ const struct pte_notifier_ops *ops;
+};
+
+
+void vma_init_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+void vma_close_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+void pte_notifier_register(struct pte_notifier *pn,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+void pte_notifier_unregister(struct pte_notifier *pn);
+
+#define pte_notifier_call(vma, function, args...) \
+ do { \
+ struct pte_notifier *__pn; \
+ \
+ list_for_each_entry(__pn, &vma->pte_notifier_list, link) \
+ __pn->ops->function(__pn, vma, args); \
+ } while (0)
+
+#else
+
+static inline void vma_init_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma) {}
+static inline void vma_close_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma) {}
+static inline void pte_notifier_register(struct pte_notifier *pn,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma) {}
+static inline void pte_notifier_unregister(struct pte_notifier *pn) {}
+
+#define pte_notifier_call(vma, function, args...) \
+ do { } while (0)
+
+#endif
+
+
+#endif
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index e24d348..7b10151 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -176,3 +176,6 @@ config NR_QUICK
config VIRT_TO_BUS
def_bool y
depends on !ARCH_NO_VIRT_TO_BUS
+
+config PTE_NOTIFIERS
+ bool
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 245e33a..59f6a03 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -29,4 +29,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_FS_XIP) += filemap_xip.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MIGRATION) += migrate.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += allocpercpu.o
obj-$(CONFIG_QUICKLIST) += quicklist.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_PTE_NOTIFIERS) += pte_notifiers.o

diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index b653721..cc6c4fe 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -1134,6 +1134,7 @@ munmap_back:
vma->vm_page_prot = protection_map[vm_flags &
(VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)];
vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
+ vma_init_pte_notifiers(vma);

if (file) {
error = -EINVAL;
diff --git a/mm/pte_notifier.c b/mm/pte_notifier.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b9076c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/pte_notifier.c
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+
+#include <linux/pte_notifier.h>
+
+void vma_init_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vma->pte_notifier_list);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vma_init_pte_notifiers);
+
+void vma_destroy_pte_notifiers(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct pte_notifier *pn;
+ struct list_head *n;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(pn, n, &vma->pte_notifier_list, link) {
+ pn->ops->close(__pn, vma);
+ __list_del(n);
+ }
+}
+
+void pte_notifier_register(struct pte_notifier *pn, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ list_add(&pn->link, &vma->pte_notifier_list);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pte_notifier_register);
+
+void pte_notifier_unregister(struct pte_notifier *pn)
+{
+ list_del(&pn->link);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pte_notifier_unregister);
+
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 41ac397..3f61d38 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -682,6 +682,7 @@ static int try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}

/* Nuke the page table entry. */
+ pte_notifier_call(vma, clear, address);
flush_cache_page(vma, address, page_to_pfn(page));
pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pte);

-
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