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    Subject[PATCH 00/24] Introduce credential record
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    Hi Al, Christoph, Trond, Stephen, Casey,

    Here's a set of patches that implement a very basic set of COW credentials. It
    compiles, links and runs for x86_64 with EXT3, (V)FAT, NFS, AFS, SELinux and
    keyrings all enabled. I've included a patch that should make most of the other
    archs and filesystems work, but I haven't yet merged it into the primary
    patches.

    A tarball of the patches can be retrieved from:

    http://people.redhat.com/~dhowells/nfs/nfs+fscache-24.tar.bz2


    The cred struct contains the credentials that the kernel needs to act upon
    something or to create something. Credentials that govern how a task may be
    acted upon remain in the task struct.

    In essence, the introduction of the cred struct separates a task's subjective
    context (the authority with which it acts) from its objective context (the
    authorisation required by others that want to act upon it), and permits
    overriding of the subjective context by a kernel service so that the service
    can act on the task's behalf to do something the task couldn't do on its own
    authority.

    Because keyrings and effective capabilities can be installed or changed in one
    process by another process, they are shadowed by the cred structure rather than
    residing there. Additionally, the session and process keyrings are shared
    between all the threads of a process. The shadowing is performed by
    update_current_cred() which is invoked on entry to any system call that might
    need it.

    A thread's cred struct may be read by that thread without any RCU precautions
    as only that thread may replace the its own cred struct. To change a thread's
    credentials, dup_cred() should be called to create a new copy, the copy should
    be changed, and then set_current_cred() should be called to make it live. Once
    live, it may not be changed as it may then be shared with file descriptors, RPC
    calls and other threads. RCU will be used to dispose of the old structure.


    The six patches are:

    (1) Introduce struct cred and migrate fsuid, fsgid, the groups list and the
    keyrings pointer to it.

    (2) Introduce a security pointer into the cred struct and add LSM hooks to
    duplicate the information pointed to thereby and to free it.

    Make SELinux implement the hooks, splitting out some the task security
    data to be associated with struct cred instead.

    (3) Make the security functions that permit task SID retrieval return both the
    objective and subjective SIDs as required.

    (4) Migrate the effective capabilities mask into the cred struct.

    (5) Fix up all the other archs and filesystems that I can manage to compile.
    This should be merged into the preceding patches at some point.

    (6) Provide a pair of LSM hooks so that a kernel service can (a) get a
    credential record representing the authority with which it is permitted to
    act, and (b) alter the file creation context in a credential record.

    In addition, as this works with cachefiles, I've included all the FS-Cache,
    CacheFiles, NFS and AFS patches.

    To substitute a temporary set of credentials, the cred struct attached to the
    task should be altered, like so:

    int get_privileged_creds(...)
    {
    /* get special privileged creds */
    my_special_cred = get_kernel_cred("cachefiles", current);
    change_create_files_as(my_special_cred, my_cache_dir);
    }

    int do_stuff(...)
    {
    struct cred *cred;

    /* rotate in the new creds, saving the old */
    cred = __set_current_cred(get_cred(my_special_cred));

    do_privileged_stuff();

    /* restore the old creds */
    set_current_cred(cred);
    }

    One thing I'm not certain about is how this should interact with /proc, which
    can display some of the stuff in the cred struct. I think it may be necessary
    to have a real cred pointer and an effective cred pointer, with the contents of
    /proc coming from the real, but the effective governing what actually goes on.

    Furthemore, I was thinking that it was a good idea to move the setting of i_uid
    and i_gid to current->cred->i_[ug]id into new_inode(), but now I'm not so sure,
    since the kernel special filesystems may assume that the i_uid and i_gid
    default to 0. Any thoughts on this?

    The NFS FS-Cache sharing patch still needs fixing up to correctly do the
    sharing thing when local caching is enabled.

    David
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