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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 1/2 -mm] kexec based hibernation -v3: kexec jump
Date
"Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com> writes:

> Index: linux-2.6.23-rc6/include/linux/kexec.h
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.23-rc6.orig/include/linux/kexec.h 2007-09-20 11:24:25.000000000
> +0800
> +++ linux-2.6.23-rc6/include/linux/kexec.h 2007-09-20 11:26:03.000000000 +0800
> @@ -83,6 +83,7 @@
>
> unsigned long start;
> struct page *control_code_page;
> + struct page *swap_page;
>
> unsigned long nr_segments;
> struct kexec_segment segment[KEXEC_SEGMENT_MAX];
> @@ -194,4 +195,12 @@
> static inline void crash_kexec(struct pt_regs *regs) { }
> static inline int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
> #endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC */
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
> +extern int machine_kexec_jump(struct kimage *image);
> +extern unsigned long kexec_jump_back_entry;
> +extern int kexec_jump(void);
> +#else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP */
> +static inline int kexec_jump(void) { return 0; }
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP */
> #endif /* LINUX_KEXEC_H */

Please the kexec_jump code just be triggered off of a flag in
struct kimage. We just need to define an extra flag to sys_kexec_load
say KEXEC_RETURNS. Ideally in the long term we would not have to
do anything except to accept the flag. Adding a flag makes
a nice feature test if you want to see if your kernel supports
the extended version of kexec.

Until we get the hibernation methods sorted out storing the flag in
struct kimage and making the methods that we call conditional feels
like a more maintainable interface. Especially since we have to
know at kexec image load time what we are going to do with the
kexec image.

> +#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP
> +unsigned long kexec_jump_back_entry;
> +
> +int kexec_jump(void)
> +{
> + int error;
> +
> + if (!kexec_image)
> + return -EINVAL;

I understand where you are coming from with this implementation of
kexec_jump but it looks like this is one of the big parts of this
patch that have not reached their final form.

The line above is racy with sys_kexec_load.

> + pm_prepare_console();
> + suspend_console();
> + error = device_suspend(PMSG_FREEZE);
> + if (error)
> + goto Resume_console;

This as everyone knows needs to be device_shutdown or a better hibernation
replacement.

> + error = disable_nonboot_cpus();
> + if (error)
> + goto Resume_devices;

Can't we just catch the noboot cpu's in a mutex.
disable_nonboot_cpus is actually impossible to implement 100% reliably
with current hardware. But something smp_call_function so we trap them
at a specific location and then the equivalent when we come back should
be simple. I guess the tricky part is bringing the cpus back up again.

Using the broken by design version of cpu hotplug really annoys me here.

> + local_irq_disable();
> + /* At this point, device_suspend() has been called, but *not*
> + * device_power_down(). We *must* device_power_down() now.
> + * Otherwise, drivers for some devices (e.g. interrupt controllers)
> + * become desynchronized with the actual state of the hardware
> + * at resume time, and evil weirdness ensues.
> + */
> + error = device_power_down(PMSG_FREEZE);
> + if (error)
> + goto Enable_irqs;

This of course should go away when we have the proper methods.

> + save_processor_state();
This line might even be reasonable.
> + error = machine_kexec_jump(kexec_image);
> + restore_processor_state();
>
> + /* NOTE: device_power_up() is just a resume() for devices
> + * that suspended with irqs off ... no overall powerup.
> + */
> + device_power_up();
Yep this can go away.
> + Enable_irqs:
> + local_irq_enable();
> + enable_nonboot_cpus();

I haven't looked at the cpu start up code yet to see if it
is generally implementable. I would think so, but I guess
we need to be careful with our data structures.

> + Resume_devices:
> + device_resume();
This of course should change.
> + Resume_console:
> + resume_console();
> + pm_restore_console();

Odd. I'm a little surprised that the console is the last
thing we restore. But it does make sense to treat it specially.

> + return error;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_JUMP */

Eric
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