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SubjectRe: [patch 1/8] Immediate Values - Global Modules List and Module Mutex
* Rusty Russell (rusty@rustcorp.com.au) wrote:
> On Tue, 2007-09-11 at 10:27 -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> > * Rusty Russell (rusty@rustcorp.com.au) wrote:
> > > On Mon, 2007-09-10 at 20:45 -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> > > > Code patching of _live_ SMP code is allowed. This is why I went through
> > > > all this trouble on i386.
> > >
> > > Oh, I was pretty sure it wasn't. OK.
> > >
> > > So now why three versions of immediate_set()? And why are you using my
> > > lock for exclusion? Against what?
> > >
> >
> > If we need to patch code at boot time, when interrupts are still
> > disabled (it happens when we parse the kernel arguments for instance),
> > we cannot afford to use IPIs to call sync_core() on each cpu, using
> > breakpoints/notifier chains could be tricky (because we are very early
> > at boot and alternatives or paravirt may not have been applied yet).
>
> Hi Mathieu,
>
> Sure, but why is that the caller's problem? immediate_set() isn't
> fastpath, so why not make it do an "if (early_boot)" internally?
>

I see two reasons:
1 - early_boot, or anything that looks like this, does not exist
currently (and the following reason might show why).
2 - If we use this, we cannot declare the early code with __init, so it
will have to stay there forever insteaf of being removable once boot is
over.

Therefore, I think it's better to stick to an immediate_set_early
version.

> > _immediate_set() has been introduced because of the way immediate values
> > are used by markers: the linux kernel markers already hold the module
> > mutex when they need to update the immediate values. Taking the mutex
> > twice makes no sence, so _immediate_set() is used when the caller
> > already holds the module mutex.
>
> > Why not just have one immediate_set() which iterates through and fixes
> > > up all the references?
> >
> > (reasons explained above)
> >
> > > It can use an internal lock if you want to avoid
> > > concurrent immediate_set() calls.
> > >
> >
> > An internal lock won't protect against modules load/unload race. We have
> > to iterate on the module list.
>
> Sure, but it seems like that's fairly easy to do within module.c:
>
> /* This updates all the immediates even though only one might have
> * changed. But it's so rare it's not worth optimizing. */
> void module_update_immediates(void)
> {
> mutex_lock(&module_mutex);
> list_for_each_entry(mod, &modules, list)
> update_immediates(mod->immediate, mod->num_immediate);
> mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
> }
>
> Then during module load you do:
>
> update_immediates(mod->immediate, mod->num_immediate);
>
> Your immediate_update() just becomes:
>
> update_immediates(__start___immediate,
> __stop___immediate - __start___immediate);
> module_update_immediates();
>
> update_immediates() can grab the immediate_mutex if you want.
>

Yup, excellent idea. I just changed the linux kernel markers too.


> > > Why is it easier to patch the sites now than later? Currently it's just
> > > churn. You could go back and find them when this mythical patch gets
> > > merged into this mythical future gcc version. It could well need a
> > > completely different macro style, like "cond_imm(var, code)".
> >
> > Maybe you're right. My though was that if we have a way to express a
> > strictly boolean if() statement that can later be optimized further by
> > gcc using a jump rather than a conditionnal branch and currently emulate
> > it by using a load immediate/test/branch, we might want to do so right
> > now so we don't have to do a second code transition from
> > if (immediate_read(&var)) to immediate_if (&var) later. But you might be
> > right in that the form could potentially change anyway when the
> > implementation would come, although I don't see how.
>
> I was thinking that we might find useful specific cases before we get
> GCC support, which archs can override with tricky asm if they wish.
>

The first useful case is the Linux Kernel Markers, which really needs a
completely boolean if: active or inactive. That would be a good test
case to get gcc support.

Mathieu

> Cheers,
> Rusty.
>
>

--
Mathieu Desnoyers
Computer Engineering Ph.D. Student, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
OpenPGP key fingerprint: 8CD5 52C3 8E3C 4140 715F BA06 3F25 A8FE 3BAE 9A68
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