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    Subject[-mm PATCH 0/9] Memory controller introduction (v6)
    Here's version 6 of the memory controller (against 2.6.23-rc2-mm2).

    The tests that were run has been included in the _Test Results section_ below.

    Changelog since version 5

    1. Ported to 2.6.23-rc2-mm2
    2. Added a css_put() in the case of race between allocation of page_containers
    (YAMAMOTO Takashi)

    Changelog since version 4

    1. Renamed meta_page to page_container (Nick Piggin)
    2. Moved locking from page flags to last bit of the page_container pointer
    (Nick Piggin)
    3. Fixed a rare race in mem_container_isolate_pages (YAMAMOTO Takashi)

    Changelog since version 3

    1. Ported to v11 of the containers patchset (2.6.23-rc1-mm1). Paul Menage
    helped immensely with a detailed review of v3
    2. Reclaim is retried to allow reclaim of pages coming in as a result
    of mapped pages reclaim (swap cache growing as a result of RSS reclaim)
    3. page_referenced() is now container aware. During container reclaim,
    references from other containers do not prevent a page from being
    reclaimed from a non-referencing container
    4. Fixed a possible race condition spotted by YAMAMOTO Takashi

    Changelog since version 2

    1. Improved error handling in mm/memory.c (spotted by YAMAMOTO Takashi)
    2. Test results included
    3. try_to_free_mem_container_pages() bug fix (sc->may_writepage is now
    set to !laptop_mode)

    Changelog since version 1

    1. Fixed some compile time errors (in mm/migrate.c from Vaidyanathan S)
    2. Fixed a panic seen when LIST_DEBUG is enabled
    3. Added a mechanism to control whether we track page cache or both
    page cache and mapped pages (as requested by Pavel)
    4. Dave Hansen provided detail review comments on the code.

    This patchset implements another version of the memory controller. These
    patches have been through a big churn, the first set of patches were posted
    last year and earlier this year at
    http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/2/19/10

    This patchset draws from the patches listed above and from some of the
    contents of the patches posted by Vaidyanathan for page cache control.
    http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/6/20/92

    At OLS, the resource management BOF, it was discussed that we need to manage
    RSS and unmapped page cache together. This patchset is a step towards that

    TODO's

    1. Add memory controller water mark support. Reclaim on high water mark
    2. Add support for shrinking on limit change
    3. Add per zone per container LRU lists (this is being actively worked
    on by Pavel Emelianov)
    4. Figure out a better CLUI for the controller
    5. Add better statistics
    6. Explore using read_unit64() as recommended by Paul Menage
    (NOTE: read_ulong() would also be nice to have)

    In case you have been using/testing the RSS controller, you'll find that
    this controller works slower than the RSS controller. The reason being
    that both swap cache and page cache is accounted for, so pages do go
    out to swap upon reclaim (they cannot live in the swap cache).

    Any test output, feedback, comments, suggestions are welcome! I am committed
    to fixing any bugs and improving the performance of the memory controller.
    Do not hesitate to send any fixes, request for fixes that is required.

    Using the patches

    1. Enable Memory controller configuration
    2. Compile and boot the new kernel
    3. mount -t container container -o memory /container
    will mount the memory controller to the /container mount point
    4. mkdir /container/a
    5. echo $$ > /container/a/tasks (add tasks to the new container)
    6. echo -n <num_pages> > /container/a/memory.limit
    example
    echo -n 204800 > /container/a/memory.limit, sets the limit to 800 MB
    on a system with 4K page size
    7. run tasks, see the memory controller work
    8. Report results, provide feedback
    9. Develop/use new patches and go to step 1

    Test Results

    Results for version 3 of the patch were posted at
    http://lwn.net/Articles/242554/

    The code was also tested on a power box with regular machine usage scenarios,
    the config disabled and with a stress suite that touched all the memory
    in the system and was limited in a container.

    Dhaval ran several tests on v6 and gave his thumbs up to the controller
    (a hard to achieve goal :-) ).

    Run kernbench stress
    --------------------
    Three simultaneously and with one inside a container of 800 MB.


    Kernbench results running within the container of 800 MB
    --------------------------------------------------------

    Thu Aug 16 22:34:59 IST 2007
    2.6.23-rc2-mm2-mem-v6
    Average Half load -j 4 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 466.548 (47.6014)
    User Time 876.598 (10.5273)
    System Time 223.136 (1.29247)
    Percent CPU 237.2 (23.2744)
    Context Switches 146351 (6539.91)
    Sleeps 174003 (5031.94)

    Average Optimal load -j 32 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 423.496 (60.625)
    User Time 897.285 (23.0391)
    System Time 228.836 (6.11205)
    Percent CPU 257.1 (40.9022)
    Context Switches 262134 (123397)
    Sleeps 270815 (103597)


    Kernbench results running within the default container
    ------------------------------------------------------

    Thu Aug 16 22:34:33 IST 2007
    2.6.23-rc2-mm2-mem-v6
    Average Half load -j 4 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 424.17 (3.45908)
    User Time 841.992 (5.40178)
    System Time 213.01 (0.706258)
    Percent CPU 248.2 (0.83666)
    Context Switches 134254 (9535.83)
    Sleeps 167359 (6858.45)

    Average Optimal load -j 32 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 407.092 (108.932)
    User Time 878.493 (38.6575)
    System Time 222.155 (9.77127)
    Percent CPU 278.4 (91.5826)
    Context Switches 253836 (127708)
    Sleeps 263760 (103468)


    Kernbench results running within the default container
    ------------------------------------------------------

    Thu Aug 16 22:34:52 IST 2007
    2.6.23-rc2-mm2-mem-v6
    Average Half load -j 4 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 465.038 (48.5147)
    User Time 874.742 (5.86563)
    System Time 222.194 (0.561676)
    Percent CPU 237.2 (22.5211)
    Context Switches 144040 (7052.23)
    Sleeps 172130 (5608.73)

    Average Optimal load -j 32 Run (std deviation):
    Elapsed Time 426.25 (62.34)
    User Time 893.938 (20.6732)
    System Time 227.717 (5.87502)
    Percent CPU 255.6 (40.7163)
    Context Switches 259560 (122953)
    Sleeps 267402 (101801)

    Ebizzy results
    --------------

    ebizzy on top of rc2-mm2 (without mem-controller) gave this

    ebizzy 0.3, Copyright 2006 Intel Corporation
    Written by Val Henson <val_henson@linux.intel.com
    always_mmap 0
    never_mmap 0
    chunks 10
    prevent coalescing using permissions 0
    prevent coalescing using holes 0
    records 1048576
    records per thread 65536
    random_size 0
    chunk_size 262144
    threads 16
    verbose 1
    linear 0
    page size 4096
    Allocated memory
    Wrote memory
    Threads starting
    Threads finished

    real 5m54.362s
    user 33m49.707s
    sys 4m11.100s


    ebizzy with 2500 pages, and oprofiled.

    ebizzy 0.3, Copyright 2006 Intel Corporation
    Written by Val Henson <val_henson@linux.intel.com
    always_mmap 0
    never_mmap 0
    chunks 10
    prevent coalescing using permissions 0
    prevent coalescing using holes 0
    records 1048576
    records per thread 65536
    random_size 0
    chunk_size 262144
    threads 16
    verbose 1
    linear 0
    page size 4096
    Allocated memory
    Wrote memory
    Threads starting
    Threads finished

    real 6m15.561s
    user 36m2.203s
    sys 3m30.829s


    Documentation

    An article describing the design of the memory controller is available
    at http://lwn.net/Articles/243795/

    series

    res_counters_infra.patch
    mem-control-setup.patch
    mem-control-accounting-setup.patch
    mem-control-accounting.patch
    mem-control-task-migration.patch
    mem-control-lru-and-reclaim.patch
    mem-control-out-of-memory.patch
    mem-control-choose-rss-vs-rss-and-pagecache.patch
    mem-control-per-container-page-referenced.patch

    --
    Warm Regards,
    Balbir Singh
    Linux Technology Center
    IBM, ISTL
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