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Subject[-mm PATCH 6/7] Memory controller add per container LRU and reclaim

Add the meta_page to the per container LRU. The reclaim algorithm has been
modified to make the isolate_lru_pages() as a pluggable component. The
scan_control data structure now accepts the container on behalf of which
reclaims are carried out. try_to_free_pages() has been extended to become
container aware.

Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/memcontrol.h | 11 +++
include/linux/res_counter.h | 23 +++++++
include/linux/swap.h | 3 +
mm/memcontrol.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
mm/swap.c | 2
mm/vmscan.c | 129 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
6 files changed, 230 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
diff -puN include/linux/memcontrol.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim include/linux/memcontrol.h
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/include/linux/memcontrol.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/include/linux/memcontrol.h 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -26,6 +26,13 @@ extern void page_assign_meta_page(struct
extern struct meta_page *page_get_meta_page(struct page *page);
extern int mem_container_charge(struct page *page, struct mm_struct *mm);
extern void mem_container_uncharge(struct meta_page *mp);
+extern void mem_container_move_lists(struct meta_page *mp, bool active);
+extern unsigned long mem_container_isolate_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
+ struct list_head *dst,
+ unsigned long *scanned, int order,
+ int mode, struct zone *z,
+ struct mem_container *mem_cont,
+ int active);

#else /* CONFIG_CONTAINER_MEM_CONT */
static inline void mm_init_container(struct mm_struct *mm,
@@ -56,6 +63,10 @@ static inline void mem_container_uncharg
{
}

+static inline void mem_container_move_lists(struct meta_page *mp, bool active)
+{
+}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_CONTAINER_MEM_CONT */

#endif /* _LINUX_MEMCONTROL_H */
diff -puN include/linux/swap.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim include/linux/swap.h
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/include/linux/swap.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/include/linux/swap.h 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
#include <linux/mmzone.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>

#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
@@ -191,6 +192,8 @@ extern void swap_setup(void);
/* linux/mm/vmscan.c */
extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zone **zones, int order,
gfp_t gfp_mask);
+extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_container_pages(struct mem_container *mem);
+extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, int mode);
extern unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_pages);
extern int vm_swappiness;
extern int remove_mapping(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page);
diff -puN mm/memcontrol.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim mm/memcontrol.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/mm/memcontrol.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/mm/memcontrol.c 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -19,6 +19,8 @@
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/bit_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>

struct container_subsys mem_container_subsys;

@@ -103,6 +105,71 @@ void __always_inline unlock_meta_page(st
bit_spin_unlock(PG_metapage, &page->flags);
}

+unsigned long mem_container_isolate_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
+ struct list_head *dst,
+ unsigned long *scanned, int order,
+ int mode, struct zone *z,
+ struct mem_container *mem_cont,
+ int active)
+{
+ unsigned long nr_taken = 0;
+ struct page *page;
+ unsigned long scan;
+ LIST_HEAD(mp_list);
+ struct list_head *src;
+ struct meta_page *mp;
+
+ if (active)
+ src = &mem_cont->active_list;
+ else
+ src = &mem_cont->inactive_list;
+
+ for (scan = 0; scan < nr_to_scan && !list_empty(src); scan++) {
+ mp = list_entry(src->prev, struct meta_page, list);
+ page = mp->page;
+
+ if (PageActive(page) && !active) {
+ mem_container_move_lists(mp, true);
+ scan--;
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (!PageActive(page) && active) {
+ mem_container_move_lists(mp, false);
+ scan--;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Reclaim, per zone
+ * TODO: make the active/inactive lists per zone
+ */
+ if (page_zone(page) != z)
+ continue;
+
+ list_move(&mp->list, &mp_list);
+ if (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode) == 0) {
+ list_move(&page->lru, dst);
+ nr_taken++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ list_splice(&mp_list, src);
+
+ *scanned = scan;
+ return nr_taken;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This routine assumes that the appropriate zone's lru lock is already held
+ */
+void mem_container_move_lists(struct meta_page *mp, bool active)
+{
+ if (active)
+ list_move(&mp->list, &mp->mem_container->active_list);
+ else
+ list_move(&mp->list, &mp->mem_container->inactive_list);
+}
+
/*
* Charge the memory controller for page usage.
* Return
@@ -159,8 +226,22 @@ int mem_container_charge(struct page *pa
* If we created the meta_page, we should free it on exceeding
* the container limit.
*/
- if (res_counter_charge(&mem->res, 1))
+ while (res_counter_charge(&mem->res, 1)) {
+ if (try_to_free_mem_container_pages(mem))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * try_to_free_mem_container_pages() might not give us a full
+ * picture of reclaim. Some pages are reclaimed and might be
+ * moved to swap cache or just unmapped from the container.
+ * Check the limit again to see if the reclaim reduced the
+ * current usage of the container before giving up
+ */
+ if (res_counter_check_under_limit(&mem->res))
+ continue;
+
goto free_mp;
+ }

lock_meta_page(page);
/*
@@ -177,6 +258,8 @@ int mem_container_charge(struct page *pa
mp->page = page;
page_assign_meta_page(page, mp);

+ list_add(&mp->list, &mem->active_list);
+
done:
unlock_meta_page(page);
return 0;
@@ -205,12 +288,15 @@ void mem_container_uncharge(struct meta_

if (atomic_dec_and_test(&mp->ref_cnt)) {
page = mp->page;
+
lock_meta_page(page);
mem = mp->mem_container;
css_put(&mem->css);
page_assign_meta_page(page, NULL);
unlock_meta_page(page);
+
res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, 1);
+ list_del(&mp->list);
kfree(mp);
}
}
diff -puN mm/swap.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim mm/swap.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/mm/swap.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/mm/swap.c 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>

/* How many pages do we try to swap or page in/out together? */
int page_cluster;
@@ -148,6 +149,7 @@ void fastcall activate_page(struct page
SetPageActive(page);
add_page_to_active_list(zone, page);
__count_vm_event(PGACTIVATE);
+ mem_container_move_lists(page_get_meta_page(page), true);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
}
diff -puN mm/vmscan.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim mm/vmscan.c
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/mm/vmscan.c~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/mm/vmscan.c 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
+#include <linux/memcontrol.h>

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>
@@ -70,6 +71,15 @@ struct scan_control {
int all_unreclaimable;

int order;
+
+ /* Which container do we reclaim from */
+ struct mem_container *mem_container;
+
+ /* Pluggable isolate pages callback */
+ unsigned long (*isolate_pages)(unsigned long nr, struct list_head *dst,
+ unsigned long *scanned, int order, int mode,
+ struct zone *z, struct mem_container *mem_cont,
+ int active);
};

#define lru_to_page(_head) (list_entry((_head)->prev, struct page, lru))
@@ -604,7 +614,7 @@ keep:
*
* returns 0 on success, -ve errno on failure.
*/
-static int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, int mode)
+int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, int mode)
{
int ret = -EINVAL;

@@ -738,6 +748,21 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(u
return nr_taken;
}

+static unsigned long isolate_pages_global(unsigned long nr,
+ struct list_head *dst,
+ unsigned long *scanned, int order,
+ int mode, struct zone *z,
+ struct mem_container *mem_cont,
+ int active)
+{
+ if (active)
+ return isolate_lru_pages(nr, &z->active_list, dst,
+ scanned, order, mode);
+ else
+ return isolate_lru_pages(nr, &z->inactive_list, dst,
+ scanned, order, mode);
+}
+
/*
* clear_active_flags() is a helper for shrink_active_list(), clearing
* any active bits from the pages in the list.
@@ -779,11 +804,11 @@ static unsigned long shrink_inactive_lis
unsigned long nr_freed;
unsigned long nr_active;

- nr_taken = isolate_lru_pages(sc->swap_cluster_max,
- &zone->inactive_list,
+ nr_taken = sc->isolate_pages(sc->swap_cluster_max,
&page_list, &nr_scan, sc->order,
(sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)?
- ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE);
+ ISOLATE_BOTH : ISOLATE_INACTIVE,
+ zone, sc->mem_container, 0);
nr_active = clear_active_flags(&page_list);

__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE, -nr_active);
@@ -932,8 +957,9 @@ force_reclaim_mapped:

lru_add_drain();
spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
- pgmoved = isolate_lru_pages(nr_pages, &zone->active_list,
- &l_hold, &pgscanned, sc->order, ISOLATE_ACTIVE);
+ pgmoved = sc->isolate_pages(nr_pages, &l_hold, &pgscanned, sc->order,
+ ISOLATE_ACTIVE, zone,
+ sc->mem_container, 1);
zone->pages_scanned += pgscanned;
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE, -pgmoved);
spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
@@ -947,10 +973,14 @@ force_reclaim_mapped:
(total_swap_pages == 0 && PageAnon(page)) ||
page_referenced(page, 0)) {
list_add(&page->lru, &l_active);
+ mem_container_move_lists(
+ page_get_meta_page(page), true);
continue;
}
} else if (TestClearPageReferenced(page)) {
list_add(&page->lru, &l_active);
+ mem_container_move_lists(page_get_meta_page(page),
+ true);
continue;
}
list_add(&page->lru, &l_inactive);
@@ -968,6 +998,7 @@ force_reclaim_mapped:
ClearPageActive(page);

list_move(&page->lru, &zone->inactive_list);
+ mem_container_move_lists(page_get_meta_page(page), false);
pgmoved++;
if (!pagevec_add(&pvec, page)) {
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE, pgmoved);
@@ -996,6 +1027,7 @@ force_reclaim_mapped:
SetPageLRU(page);
VM_BUG_ON(!PageActive(page));
list_move(&page->lru, &zone->active_list);
+ mem_container_move_lists(page_get_meta_page(page), true);
pgmoved++;
if (!pagevec_add(&pvec, page)) {
__mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ACTIVE, pgmoved);
@@ -1127,7 +1159,8 @@ static unsigned long shrink_zones(int pr
* holds filesystem locks which prevent writeout this might not work, and the
* allocation attempt will fail.
*/
-unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zone **zones, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zone **zones, gfp_t gfp_mask,
+ struct scan_control *sc)
{
int priority;
int ret = 0;
@@ -1136,14 +1169,6 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct z
struct reclaim_state *reclaim_state = current->reclaim_state;
unsigned long lru_pages = 0;
int i;
- struct scan_control sc = {
- .gfp_mask = gfp_mask,
- .may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
- .swap_cluster_max = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
- .may_swap = 1,
- .swappiness = vm_swappiness,
- .order = order,
- };

delay_swap_prefetch();
count_vm_event(ALLOCSTALL);
@@ -1159,17 +1184,22 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct z
}

for (priority = DEF_PRIORITY; priority >= 0; priority--) {
- sc.nr_scanned = 0;
+ sc->nr_scanned = 0;
if (!priority)
disable_swap_token();
- nr_reclaimed += shrink_zones(priority, zones, &sc);
- shrink_slab(sc.nr_scanned, gfp_mask, lru_pages);
+ nr_reclaimed += shrink_zones(priority, zones, sc);
+ /*
+ * Don't shrink slabs when reclaiming memory from
+ * over limit containers
+ */
+ if (sc->mem_container == NULL)
+ shrink_slab(sc->nr_scanned, gfp_mask, lru_pages);
if (reclaim_state) {
nr_reclaimed += reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab;
reclaim_state->reclaimed_slab = 0;
}
- total_scanned += sc.nr_scanned;
- if (nr_reclaimed >= sc.swap_cluster_max) {
+ total_scanned += sc->nr_scanned;
+ if (nr_reclaimed >= sc->swap_cluster_max) {
ret = 1;
goto out;
}
@@ -1181,18 +1211,18 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct z
* that's undesirable in laptop mode, where we *want* lumpy
* writeout. So in laptop mode, write out the whole world.
*/
- if (total_scanned > sc.swap_cluster_max +
- sc.swap_cluster_max / 2) {
+ if (total_scanned > sc->swap_cluster_max +
+ sc->swap_cluster_max / 2) {
wakeup_pdflush(laptop_mode ? 0 : total_scanned);
- sc.may_writepage = 1;
+ sc->may_writepage = 1;
}

/* Take a nap, wait for some writeback to complete */
- if (sc.nr_scanned && priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)
+ if (sc->nr_scanned && priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)
congestion_wait(WRITE, HZ/10);
}
/* top priority shrink_caches still had more to do? don't OOM, then */
- if (!sc.all_unreclaimable)
+ if (!sc->all_unreclaimable && sc->mem_container == NULL)
ret = 1;
out:
/*
@@ -1215,6 +1245,53 @@ out:
return ret;
}

+unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zone **zones, int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+ struct scan_control sc = {
+ .gfp_mask = gfp_mask,
+ .may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
+ .swap_cluster_max = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
+ .may_swap = 1,
+ .swappiness = vm_swappiness,
+ .order = order,
+ .mem_container = NULL,
+ .isolate_pages = isolate_pages_global,
+ };
+
+ return do_try_to_free_pages(zones, gfp_mask, &sc);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CONTAINER_MEM_CONT
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+#define ZONE_USERPAGES ZONE_HIGHMEM
+#else
+#define ZONE_USERPAGES ZONE_NORMAL
+#endif
+
+unsigned long try_to_free_mem_container_pages(struct mem_container *mem_cont)
+{
+ struct scan_control sc = {
+ .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
+ .may_swap = 1,
+ .swap_cluster_max = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
+ .swappiness = vm_swappiness,
+ .order = 1,
+ .mem_container = mem_cont,
+ .isolate_pages = mem_container_isolate_pages,
+ };
+ int node;
+ struct zone **zones;
+
+ for_each_online_node(node) {
+ zones = NODE_DATA(node)->node_zonelists[ZONE_USERPAGES].zones;
+ if (do_try_to_free_pages(zones, sc.gfp_mask, &sc))
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* For kswapd, balance_pgdat() will work across all this node's zones until
* they are all at pages_high.
@@ -1250,6 +1327,8 @@ static unsigned long balance_pgdat(pg_da
.swap_cluster_max = SWAP_CLUSTER_MAX,
.swappiness = vm_swappiness,
.order = order,
+ .mem_container = NULL,
+ .isolate_pages = isolate_pages_global,
};
/*
* temp_priority is used to remember the scanning priority at which
diff -puN include/linux/res_counter.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim include/linux/res_counter.h
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6/include/linux/res_counter.h~mem-control-lru-and-reclaim 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-balbir/include/linux/res_counter.h 2007-07-04 15:05:31.000000000 -0700
@@ -99,4 +99,27 @@ int res_counter_charge(struct res_counte
void res_counter_uncharge_locked(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);
void res_counter_uncharge(struct res_counter *cnt, unsigned long val);

+static inline bool res_counter_limit_check_locked(struct res_counter *cnt)
+{
+ if (cnt->usage < cnt->limit)
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function to detect if the container is within it's limit or
+ * not. It's currently called from container_rss_prepare()
+ */
+static inline bool res_counter_check_under_limit(struct res_counter *cnt)
+{
+ bool ret;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&cnt->lock, flags);
+ ret = res_counter_limit_check_locked(cnt);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cnt->lock, flags);
+ return ret;
+}
+
#endif
_
--
Warm Regards,
Balbir Singh
Linux Technology Center
IBM, ISTL
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