lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2007]   [Jul]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
SubjectRe: Towards eliminating the freezer
Date
On Tuesday, 24 July 2007 16:29, Alan Stern wrote:
> On Tue, 24 Jul 2007, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>
> > > Now here's an idea which might work. Can we require every caller of
> > > device_add() to hold some existing device's semaphore? Normally it
> > > would be the semaphore of the new device's parent, but it could be a
> > > higher ancestor. There even could be a single "root" semaphore for
> > > drivers registering a top-level device with no parent.
> > >
> > > (Some testing shows that during startup things like ACPI and IDE don't
> > > fulfill this requirement, so maybe we should require it only after
> > > userspace has begun running. After all, the system can't suspend
> > > until then.)
> > >
> > > It seems like a reasonable sort of thing to do. Hotplugged devices
> > > tend to be registered as they are discovered by their parent's driver,
> > > so it shouldn't be too much to ask that the parent's semaphore be held
> > > when the new device is registered. Static devices generally aren't
> > > quite so nice; the serial and floppy drivers in particular would need a
> > > little work (and probably some other drivers too).
> > >
> > > If we do this, then once the PM core has acquired the semaphore for
> > > every device it will be guaranteed that no new devices can be added.
> > > It would be a simple solution to a rather nasty problem.
> >
> > Hmm, in device_pm_add() and device_pm_remove() we acquire dpm_list_mtx which
> > also is acquired by device_suspend() and device_resume(). Thus, every attempt
> > to register a new device or unregister an existing one will be blocked while
> > either device_suspend() or device_resume() is running.
> >
> > If we arrange things so that dpm_list_mtx is acquired, but not released, by
> > device_suspend() and released, but not acquired, by device_resume(), then it
> > won't be possible to register/unregister a device during a suspend-resume
> > cycle.
>
> As with Oliver's suggestion, this would create a locking order
> violation. Drivers registering children (and thus acquiring
> dpm_list_mtx) will often already hold the parent's sem. But
> device_suspend() needs to acquire device sems while holding
> dpm_list_mtx.

Hmm, but this is done already (ie. device_suspend() acquires device sems
while holding dpm_list_mtx in the current code).

What I'm suggesting is not to let device_suspend() release dpm_list_mtx
when it's finished. The appended patch illustrates that I mean.

Greetings,
Rafael


---
dpm_list_mtx is used by the PM core to prevent device objects from being
added/removed while device_suspend() and device_resume() are running. However,
it should also be impossible to add a device after device_suspend() has
finished, because at that time the dpm_active list is empty and adding new
devices to it would break the ordering of devices during the next suspend.
Thus, it seems reasonable to leave device_suspend() with dpm_list_mtx held
and release at the end of device_resume().
In that case device_suspend() and device_resume() cannot be run concurrently
and dpm_mtx is no longer needed. Also, it's a bug to run device_resume() after
a failing device_suspend(), so the APM code needs to be updated.

---
arch/i386/kernel/apm.c | 5 ++++-
drivers/base/power/main.c | 1 -
drivers/base/power/power.h | 5 -----
drivers/base/power/resume.c | 3 ---
drivers/base/power/suspend.c | 3 ---
5 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6.23-rc1/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23-rc1.orig/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c 2007-07-23 22:28:35.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc1/arch/i386/kernel/apm.c 2007-07-24 11:04:45.000000000 +0200
@@ -1202,7 +1202,9 @@ static int suspend(int vetoable)
printk(KERN_CRIT "apm: suspend was vetoed, but suspending anyway.\n");
}

- device_suspend(PMSG_SUSPEND);
+ err = device_suspend(PMSG_SUSPEND);
+ if (err)
+ goto send_resume;
local_irq_disable();
device_power_down(PMSG_SUSPEND);

@@ -1224,6 +1226,7 @@ static int suspend(int vetoable)
device_power_up();
local_irq_enable();
device_resume();
+ send_resume:
pm_send_all(PM_RESUME, (void *)0);
queue_event(APM_NORMAL_RESUME, NULL);
out:
Index: linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/resume.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23-rc1.orig/drivers/base/power/resume.c 2007-07-23 22:06:42.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/resume.c 2007-07-24 11:18:04.000000000 +0200
@@ -72,7 +72,6 @@ static int resume_device_early(struct de
*/
void dpm_resume(void)
{
- mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
while(!list_empty(&dpm_off)) {
struct list_head * entry = dpm_off.next;
struct device * dev = to_device(entry);
@@ -99,9 +98,7 @@ void dpm_resume(void)
void device_resume(void)
{
might_sleep();
- mutex_lock(&dpm_mtx);
dpm_resume();
- mutex_unlock(&dpm_mtx);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(device_resume);
Index: linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/suspend.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23-rc1.orig/drivers/base/power/suspend.c 2007-07-23 22:06:42.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/suspend.c 2007-07-24 11:17:52.000000000 +0200
@@ -127,7 +127,6 @@ int device_suspend(pm_message_t state)
int error = 0;

might_sleep();
- mutex_lock(&dpm_mtx);
mutex_lock(&dpm_list_mtx);
while (!list_empty(&dpm_active) && error == 0) {
struct list_head * entry = dpm_active.prev;
@@ -153,11 +152,9 @@ int device_suspend(pm_message_t state)
error == -EAGAIN ? " (please convert to suspend_late)" : "");
put_device(dev);
}
- mutex_unlock(&dpm_list_mtx);
if (error)
dpm_resume();

- mutex_unlock(&dpm_mtx);
return error;
}

Index: linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/main.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23-rc1.orig/drivers/base/power/main.c 2007-07-23 22:06:42.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/main.c 2007-07-24 11:17:16.000000000 +0200
@@ -28,7 +28,6 @@ LIST_HEAD(dpm_active);
LIST_HEAD(dpm_off);
LIST_HEAD(dpm_off_irq);

-DEFINE_MUTEX(dpm_mtx);
DEFINE_MUTEX(dpm_list_mtx);

int (*platform_enable_wakeup)(struct device *dev, int is_on);
Index: linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/power.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23-rc1.orig/drivers/base/power/power.h 2007-07-23 22:06:42.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc1/drivers/base/power/power.h 2007-07-24 11:17:33.000000000 +0200
@@ -12,11 +12,6 @@ extern void device_shutdown(void);
*/

/*
- * Used to synchronize global power management operations.
- */
-extern struct mutex dpm_mtx;
-
-/*
* Used to serialize changes to the dpm_* lists.
*/
extern struct mutex dpm_list_mtx;
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2007-07-24 17:19    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans