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Subject[PATCH 05/10] readahead: basic support of interleaved reads
This is a simplified version of the pagecache context based readahead.
It handles the case of multiple threads reading on the same fd and invalidating
each others' readahead state. It does the trick by scanning the pagecache and
recovering the current read stream's readahead status.

The algorithm works in a opportunistic way, in that it do not try to detect
interleaved reads _actively_, which requires a probe into the page cache(which
means a little more overheads for random reads). It only tries to handle a
previously started sequential readahead whose state was overwritten by
another concurrent stream, and it can do this job pretty well.

Negative and positive examples(or what you can expect from it):

1) it cannot detect and serve perfect request-by-request interleaved reads
right:
time stream 1 stream 2
0 1
1 1001
2 2
3 1002
4 3
5 1003
6 4
7 1004
8 5
9 1005
Here no single readahead will be carried out.

2) However, if it's two concurrent reads by two threads, the chance of the
initial sequential readahead be started is huge. Once the first sequential
readahead is started for a stream, this patch will ensure that the readahead
window continues to rampup and won't be disturbed by other streams.

time stream 1 stream 2
0 1
1 2
2 1001
3 3
4 1002
5 1003
6 4
7 5
8 1004
9 6
10 1005
11 7
12 1006
13 1007
Here steam 1 will start a readahead at page 2, and stream 2 will start its
first readahead at page 1003. From then on the two streams will be served right.

Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
---
mm/readahead.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
--- linux-2.6.22-rc6-mm1.orig/mm/readahead.c
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc6-mm1/mm/readahead.c
@@ -371,6 +371,29 @@ ondemand_readahead(struct address_space
}

/*
+ * Hit a marked page without valid readahead state.
+ * E.g. interleaved reads.
+ * Query the pagecache for async_size, which normally equals to
+ * readahead size. Ramp it up and use it as the new readahead size.
+ */
+ if (hit_readahead_marker) {
+ pgoff_t start;
+
+ read_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ start = radix_tree_next_hole(&mapping->page_tree, offset, max+1);
+ read_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+
+ if (!start || start - offset > max)
+ return 0;
+
+ ra->start = start;
+ ra->size = start - offset; /* old async_size */
+ ra->size = get_next_ra_size(ra, max);
+ ra->async_size = ra->size;
+ goto readit;
+ }
+
+ /*
* It may be one of
* - first read on start of file
* - sequential cache miss
@@ -381,16 +404,6 @@ ondemand_readahead(struct address_space
ra->size = get_init_ra_size(req_size, max);
ra->async_size = ra->size > req_size ? ra->size - req_size : ra->size;

- /*
- * Hit on a marked page without valid readahead state.
- * E.g. interleaved reads.
- * Not knowing its readahead pos/size, bet on the minimal possible one.
- */
- if (hit_readahead_marker) {
- ra->start++;
- ra->size = get_next_ra_size(ra, max);
- }
-
readit:
return ra_submit(ra, mapping, filp);
}
--
-
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