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SubjectRe: Hibernation considerations
On Monday, 16 July 2007 00:42, wrote:
> On Mon, 16 Jul 2007, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> > On Sunday, 15 July 2007 22:13, wrote:
> >> On Sun, 15 Jul 2007, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >>
> >>> Hi,
> >>>
> >>> Since many alternative approaches to hibernation are now being considered and
> >>> discussed, I thought it might be a good idea to list some things that in my not
> >>> so humble opinion should be taken care of by any hibernation framework. They
> >>> are listed below, not in any particular order, because I think they all are
> >>> important. Still, I might have forgotten something, so everyone with
> >>> experience in implementing hibernation, especially Pavel and Nigel, please
> >>> check if the list is complete.
> >>>
> >>> (1) Filesystems mounted before the hibernation are untouchable
> >>>
> >>> When there's a memory snapshot, either in the form of a hibernation image,
> >>> or in the form of the "old" kernel and processes available to the "new"
> >>> kexeced kernel responsible for saving their memory, the filesystems mounted
> >>> before the hibernation should not be accessed, even for reading, because
> >>> that would cause their on-disk state to be inconsistent with the snapshot
> >>> and might lead to a filesystem corruption.
> >>
> >> AFAIK this is only the case with ext3, all other filesystems could be
> >> accessed read-only safely
> >>
> >> this is arguably a bug with ext3 (and has been discussed as such), but
> >> right now the ext3 team has decided not to change this bahavior so
> >> hibernate needs to work around it. but don't mistake a work-around for a
> >> single (admittedly very popular) filesystem with a hard and fast
> >> directive.
> >>
> >>> (2) Swap space in use before the hibernation must be handled with care
> >>>
> >>> If swap space is used for saving the memory snapshot, the snapshot-saving
> >>> application (or kernel) must be careful enough not to overwrite swap pages
> >>> that contain valid memory contents stored in there before the hibernation.
> >>
> >> true, in fact, given that many distros and live-CD's autodetect swap
> >> partitions and consider them fair game, I would argue that the best thing
> >> to do would be to have the main system free up it's swap partitions before
> >> going into hibernation.
> >>
> >> however, this could be a decision of the particular hibernate routines.
> >>
> >> for the kexec approach the mapping of what swap pages are in use is one
> >> more chunk of data that needs to be assembled and made available through a
> >> defined interface.
> >>
> >>> (4) The user should be able to limit the size of a hibernation image
> >>>
> >>> There are a couple of reasons of that. For example, the storage space
> >>> used for saving the image may be smaller than the entire RAM or the user
> >>> may want the image to be saved quickier.
> >>
> >> it may make sense for this to be split into hard and soft limits.
> >>
> >> if you try to save more then the storage space can hold you cannot
> >> continue, but if you are just a little over the arbatrary size limit that
> >> was set to make things fast you are better off saving things as-is then
> >> punting, going back to the system, trying to free more ram, and trying a
> >> hibernate again.
> >>
> >> with the kexec approach the enforcment of these limits is also split into
> >> two sections.
> >>
> >> when the hibernate command is given in the main kernel, it's userspace
> >> needs to follow some policy to decide how much (if any) memory to free.
> >
> > How are you going to achieve this without (a) having hibernation-aware
> > user space or (b) the freezer?
> the hibernate command is a userspace command, but the fact that other
> things in userspace are running at the same time is exactly why this is
> only an estimate and best-effort as I said in the paragraph below.
> >> but since the kexec command and the preporation of the devices can change
> >> the memory, the estimates done by the first kernel's userspace are just
> >> that, estimates.
> >>
> >>> (7) On ACPI systems special platform-related actions have to be carried out at
> >>> the right points, so that the platform works correctly after the restore
> >>>
> >>> The ACPI specification requires us to invoke some global ACPI methods
> >>> during the hibernation and during the restore. Moreover, the ordering of
> >>> code related to these ACPI methods may not be arbitrary (eg. some of
> >>> them have to be executed after devices are put into low power states etc.).
> >>
> >> for a pure hibernate mode, you will be powering off the box after saving
> >> the suspend image. why are there any special ACPI modes involved?
> >
> > Because, for example, on my machine the status of power supply (present
> > vs not present) is not updated correctly after the restore if ACPI callbacks
> > aren't used during the hibernation. That's just experience and it's in line
> > with the ACPI spec.
> so if a machine is actually powered off the /dev/suspend process won't
> work?

No, it sort of works as usual, but after the restore the platform is not in the
correct state.

> remember that the system may run a different OS between the hibernate and
> the resume, makeing any assumptions about what state the hardware is in
> when you start the resume is a problem.

True, that's problematic.


"Premature optimization is the root of all evil." - Donald Knuth
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