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SubjectRe: [i386] Questions regarding provisional page tables initialization
Ahmed S. Darwish wrote:
> Hi list,
>
> AFAIK, in the initializaion phase, kernel builds pages tables with two
> mappings, identity and PAGE_OFFSET + C mapping. The provisional _global
> directory_ is contained in swapper_pg_dir variable. while the provisional
> _page tables_ are stored starting from pg0, right after _end.
>
> There're some stuff that confused me for a full day about the code (head.S)
> that accomplishes the above words:
>
> movl $(pg0 - __PAGE_OFFSET), %edi
> movl $(swapper_pg_dir - __PAGE_OFFSET), %edx
> movl $0x007, %eax /* 0x007 = PRESENT+RW+USER */
> 10:
> leal $0x007(%edi),%ecx /* Create PDE entry */
>
> What does the address of 7 bytes displacement after %edi - the physical address
> of pg0 - represent ?. Why not just putting the address of %edi (the address of
> pagetable cell to be mapped by swapper_pg_dir) in %ecx without displacement?
>

The pte format contains the pfn in the top 20 bits, and flags in the
lower 12 bits. As the comment says "0x007 = PRESENT+RW+USER".

> page_pde_offset = (__PAGE_OFFSET >> 20)
> movl %ecx,(%edx) /* Store identity PDE entry */
> movl %ecx,page_pde_offset(%edx) /* Store kernel PDE entry */
>
> Why the pde_offset is PAGE_OFFSET >> 20 instead of PAGE_OFFSET >> 22 ?
> * 22 to right shift the whole page_shift (12) and pgdir_shift (10) bits.
>

As Andreas said, its (PAGE_OFFSET >> 22) << 2.

> [...]
> /* Initialize the 1024 _page table_ cells with %eax (0x007) */
> movl $1024, %ecx
> 11:
> stosl
> addl $0x1000,%eax
> loop 11b
>
> The page table entries beginning from pg0 (pointed by %edi) and following pages
> are initialized with the series 7 + 8 + 8 + ... for each cell. This series has
> the property of setting the PRESENT+RW+USER bits in the whole entries to 1 but it
> sets lots of the entries BASE address to 0 too. Why is this done ?
>

I don't follow you. Are you overlooking the 'L' on stosl?

J
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