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Subject[Intel-IOMMU 01/10] DMAR detection and parsing logic
This patch adds support for early detection and parsing of DMAR's
reported to OS via ACPI tables.

Signed-off-by: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
---
arch/x86_64/Kconfig | 11 +
drivers/pci/Makefile | 3
drivers/pci/dmar.c | 318 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/acpi/actbl1.h | 27 +++-
include/linux/dmar.h | 52 ++++++++
5 files changed, 404 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/arch/x86_64/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/arch/x86_64/Kconfig 2007-06-04 12:28:13.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/arch/x86_64/Kconfig 2007-06-04 12:33:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -716,6 +716,17 @@
bool "Support mmconfig PCI config space access"
depends on PCI && ACPI

+config DMAR
+ bool "Support for DMA Remapping Devices (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+ depends on PCI_MSI && ACPI && EXPERIMENTAL
+ default y
+ help
+ DMA remapping(DMAR) devices support enables independent address
+ translations for Direct Memory Access(DMA) from Devices.
+ These DMA remapping devices are reported via ACPI tables
+ and includes pci device scope covered by these DMA
+ remapping device.
+
source "drivers/pci/pcie/Kconfig"

source "drivers/pci/Kconfig"
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/drivers/pci/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/drivers/pci/Makefile 2007-06-04 12:28:13.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/drivers/pci/Makefile 2007-06-04 12:33:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -20,6 +20,9 @@
# Build the Hypertransport interrupt support
obj-$(CONFIG_HT_IRQ) += htirq.o

+# Build Intel IOMMU support
+obj-$(CONFIG_DMAR) += dmar.o
+
#
# Some architectures use the generic PCI setup functions
#
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/drivers/pci/dmar.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/drivers/pci/dmar.c 2007-06-04 12:33:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,318 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2006, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
+ * Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
+ * Copyright (C) Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This file implements early detection/parsing of DMA Remapping Devices
+ * reported to OS through BIOS via DMA remapping reporting (DMAR) ACPI
+ * tables.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/dmar.h>
+
+#undef PREFIX
+#define PREFIX "DMAR:"
+
+/* No locks are needed as DMA remapping hardware unit
+ * list is constructed at boot time and hotplug of
+ * these units are not supported by the architecture.
+ */
+LIST_HEAD(dmar_drhd_units);
+LIST_HEAD(dmar_rmrr_units);
+
+static struct acpi_table_header * __initdata dmar_tbl;
+
+static void __init dmar_register_drhd_unit(struct dmar_drhd_unit *drhd)
+{
+ /*
+ * add INCLUDE_ALL at the tail, so scan the list will find it at
+ * the very end.
+ */
+ if (drhd->include_all)
+ list_add_tail(&drhd->list, &dmar_drhd_units);
+ else
+ list_add(&drhd->list, &dmar_drhd_units);
+}
+
+static void __init dmar_register_rmrr_unit(struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrr)
+{
+ list_add(&rmrr->list, &dmar_rmrr_units);
+}
+
+static int __init dmar_parse_one_dev_scope(struct acpi_dmar_device_scope *scope,
+ struct pci_dev **dev, u16 segment)
+{
+ struct pci_bus *bus;
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
+ struct acpi_dmar_pci_path *path;
+ int count;
+
+ bus = pci_find_bus(segment, scope->bus);
+ path = (struct acpi_dmar_pci_path *)(scope + 1);
+ count = (scope->length - sizeof(struct acpi_dmar_device_scope))
+ /sizeof(struct acpi_dmar_pci_path);
+
+ while (count) {
+ if (pdev)
+ pci_dev_put(pdev);
+ /*
+ * Some BIOSes list non-exist devices in DMAR table, just
+ * ignore it
+ */
+ if (!bus) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ PREFIX "Device scope bus [%d] not found\n",
+ scope->bus);
+ break;
+ }
+ pdev = pci_get_slot(bus, PCI_DEVFN(path->dev, path->fn));
+ if (!pdev) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+ "Device scope device [%04x:%02x:%02x.%02x] not found\n",
+ segment, bus->number, path->dev, path->fn);
+ break;
+ }
+ path ++;
+ count --;
+ bus = pdev->subordinate;
+ }
+ if (!pdev) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX
+ "Device scope device [%04x:%02x:%02x.%02x] not found\n",
+ segment, scope->bus, path->dev, path->fn);
+ *dev = NULL;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if ((scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT && pdev->subordinate)
+ || (scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE && !pdev->subordinate)) {
+ pci_dev_put(pdev);
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Device scope type does not match for %s\n", pci_name(pdev));
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ *dev = pdev;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init dmar_parse_dev_scope(void *start, void *end, int *cnt,
+ struct pci_dev ***devices, u16 segment)
+{
+ struct acpi_dmar_device_scope *scope;
+ void * tmp = start;
+ int index;
+ int ret;
+
+ *cnt = 0;
+ while (start < end) {
+ scope = start;
+ if (scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT ||
+ scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE)
+ (*cnt)++;
+ else
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Unsupported device scope\n");
+ start += scope->length;
+ }
+ if (*cnt == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ *devices = kcalloc(*cnt, sizeof(struct pci_dev *), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!*devices)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ start = tmp;
+ index = 0;
+ while (start < end) {
+ scope = start;
+ if (scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT ||
+ scope->entry_type == ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE) {
+ ret = dmar_parse_one_dev_scope(scope,
+ &(*devices)[index], segment);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(*devices);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ index ++;
+ }
+ start += scope->length;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * dmar_parse_one_drhd - parses exactly one DMA remapping hardware definition
+ * structure which uniquely represent one DMA remapping hardware unit
+ * present in the platform
+ */
+static int __init
+dmar_parse_one_drhd(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+ struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit * drhd = (struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *)header;
+ struct dmar_drhd_unit *dmaru;
+ int ret = 0;
+ static int include_all;
+
+ dmaru = kzalloc(sizeof(*dmaru), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!dmaru)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ dmaru->reg_base_addr = drhd->address;
+ dmaru->include_all = drhd->flags & 0x1; /* BIT0: INCLUDE_ALL */
+
+ if (!dmaru->include_all)
+ ret = dmar_parse_dev_scope((void *)(drhd + 1),
+ ((void *)drhd) + header->length,
+ &dmaru->devices_cnt, &dmaru->devices,
+ drhd->segment);
+ else {
+ /* Only allow one INCLUDE_ALL */
+ if (include_all) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Only one INCLUDE_ALL "
+ "device scope is allowed\n");
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ }
+ include_all = 1;
+ }
+
+ if (ret || (dmaru->devices_cnt == 0 && !dmaru->include_all))
+ kfree(dmaru);
+ else
+ dmar_register_drhd_unit(dmaru);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __init
+dmar_parse_one_rmrr(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+ struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *rmrr = (struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *)header;
+ struct dmar_rmrr_unit *rmrru;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ rmrru = kzalloc(sizeof(*rmrru), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rmrru)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ rmrru->base_address = rmrr->base_address;
+ rmrru->end_address = rmrr->end_address;
+ ret = dmar_parse_dev_scope((void *)(rmrr + 1),
+ ((void*)rmrr) + header->length,
+ &rmrru->devices_cnt, &rmrru->devices, rmrr->segment);
+
+ if (ret || (rmrru->devices_cnt == 0))
+ kfree(rmrru);
+ else
+ dmar_register_rmrr_unit(rmrru);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __init
+dmar_table_print_dmar_entry(struct acpi_dmar_header *header)
+{
+ struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *drhd;
+ struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *rmrr;
+
+ switch (header->type) {
+ case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT:
+ drhd = (struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit *)header;
+ printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX
+ "DRHD (flags: 0x%08x)base: 0x%016Lx\n",
+ drhd->flags, drhd->address);
+ break;
+ case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY:
+ rmrr = (struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory *)header;
+
+ printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX
+ "RMRR base: 0x%016Lx end: 0x%016Lx\n",
+ rmrr->base_address, rmrr->end_address);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * parse_dmar_table - parses the DMA reporting table
+ */
+static int __init
+parse_dmar_table(void)
+{
+ struct acpi_table_dmar *dmar;
+ struct acpi_dmar_header *entry_header;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ dmar = (struct acpi_table_dmar *)dmar_tbl;
+
+ if (!dmar->width) {
+ printk (KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Zero: Invalid DMAR haw\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ printk (KERN_INFO PREFIX "Host address width %d\n",
+ dmar->width + 1);
+
+ entry_header = (struct acpi_dmar_header *)(dmar + 1);
+ while (((unsigned long)entry_header) < (((unsigned long)dmar) + dmar_tbl->length)) {
+ dmar_table_print_dmar_entry(entry_header);
+
+ switch (entry_header->type) {
+ case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT:
+ ret = dmar_parse_one_drhd(entry_header);
+ break;
+ case ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY:
+ ret = dmar_parse_one_rmrr(entry_header);
+ break;
+ default:
+ printk(KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Unknown DMAR structure type\n");
+ ret = 0; /* for forward compatibility */
+ break;
+ }
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ entry_header = ((void *)entry_header + entry_header->length);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+int __init dmar_table_init(void)
+{
+
+ parse_dmar_table();
+ if (list_empty(&dmar_drhd_units)) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR PREFIX "No DMAR devices found\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * early_dmar_detect - checks to see if the platform supports DMAR devices
+ */
+int __init early_dmar_detect(void)
+{
+ acpi_status status = AE_OK;
+
+ /* if we could find DMAR table, then there are DMAR devices */
+ status = acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_DMAR, 0,
+ (struct acpi_table_header **)&dmar_tbl);
+
+ if (ACPI_SUCCESS(status) && !dmar_tbl) {
+ printk (KERN_WARNING PREFIX "Unable to map DMAR\n");
+ status = AE_NOT_FOUND;
+ }
+
+ return (ACPI_SUCCESS(status) ? 1 : 0);
+}
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/acpi/actbl1.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/include/acpi/actbl1.h 2007-06-04 12:28:13.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/acpi/actbl1.h 2007-06-04 12:33:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -257,7 +257,8 @@
struct acpi_table_dmar {
struct acpi_table_header header; /* Common ACPI table header */
u8 width; /* Host Address Width */
- u8 reserved[11];
+ u8 flags;
+ u8 reserved[10];
};

/* DMAR subtable header */
@@ -265,8 +266,6 @@
struct acpi_dmar_header {
u16 type;
u16 length;
- u8 flags;
- u8 reserved[3];
};

/* Values for subtable type in struct acpi_dmar_header */
@@ -274,13 +273,15 @@
enum acpi_dmar_type {
ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_HARDWARE_UNIT = 0,
ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED_MEMORY = 1,
- ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED = 2 /* 2 and greater are reserved */
+ ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_ATSR = 2,
+ ACPI_DMAR_TYPE_RESERVED = 3 /* 3 and greater are reserved */
};

struct acpi_dmar_device_scope {
u8 entry_type;
u8 length;
- u8 segment;
+ u16 reserved;
+ u8 enumeration_id;
u8 bus;
};

@@ -290,7 +291,14 @@
ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_NOT_USED = 0,
ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_ENDPOINT = 1,
ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_BRIDGE = 2,
- ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_RESERVED = 3 /* 3 and greater are reserved */
+ ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_IOAPIC = 3,
+ ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_HPET = 4,
+ ACPI_DMAR_SCOPE_TYPE_RESERVED = 5 /* 5 and greater are reserved */
+};
+
+struct acpi_dmar_pci_path {
+ u8 dev;
+ u8 fn;
};

/*
@@ -301,6 +309,9 @@

struct acpi_dmar_hardware_unit {
struct acpi_dmar_header header;
+ u8 flags;
+ u8 reserved;
+ u16 segment;
u64 address; /* Register Base Address */
};

@@ -312,7 +323,9 @@

struct acpi_dmar_reserved_memory {
struct acpi_dmar_header header;
- u64 address; /* 4_k aligned base address */
+ u16 reserved;
+ u16 segment;
+ u64 base_address; /* 4_k aligned base address */
u64 end_address; /* 4_k aligned limit address */
};

Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/dmar.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/dmar.h 2007-06-04 12:33:15.000000000 -0700
@@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2006, Intel Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
+ * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple
+ * Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
+ * Copyright (C) Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef __DMAR_H__
+#define __DMAR_H__
+
+#include <linux/acpi.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+
+extern int dmar_table_init(void);
+extern int early_dmar_detect(void);
+
+extern struct list_head dmar_drhd_units;
+extern struct list_head dmar_rmrr_units;
+
+struct dmar_drhd_unit {
+ struct list_head list; /* list of drhd units */
+ u64 reg_base_addr; /* register base address*/
+ struct pci_dev **devices; /* target device array */
+ int devices_cnt; /* target device count */
+ u8 ignored:1; /* ignore drhd */
+ u8 include_all:1;
+ struct intel_iommu *iommu;
+};
+
+struct dmar_rmrr_unit {
+ struct list_head list; /* list of rmrr units */
+ u64 base_address; /* reserved base address*/
+ u64 end_address; /* reserved end address */
+ struct pci_dev **devices; /* target devices */
+ int devices_cnt; /* target device count */
+};
+
+#endif /* __DMAR_H__ */
--
-
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