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SubjectRe: 4Gb ram not showing up
From
On Mon, Jun 04, 2007 at 11:14:40AM -0400, Tom Moore wrote:
> I am having some difficulty trying to get my 4Gb of ram recognized by
> the system. I have tried googling around to get some information on how
> to do this configuration, but I have come up dry. I suspect that the
> reason that there is not much info on how to set things up is because
> usually it just works. However, on my system I don't think it is.
>
> By the way, I am not subscribed to this mailing list, so could you
> please CC me any replies.
>
> The basics are that I have an Athlon 64 X2 Dual core, 4Gb ram, ASUS
> M2N-MX motherboard. The bios has a configuration item for MTRR mapping,
> with options for CONTINUOUS and DISCRETE. I have selected CONTINUOUS,
> which explicitly describes the PCI hole as non-cacheable. The other
> option leaves the PCI hole undescribed.
>
> My config has selected
> CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G=y

That supports of to 4GB memory space.

> free -m reports the following....
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 2906 2794 112 0 275 31
> -/+ buffers/cache: 2487 419
> Swap: 4996 366 4630
>
>
> /proc/mtrr contains the following....
>
> reg00: base=0x00000000 ( 0MB), size=4096MB: write-back, count=1
> reg01: base=0x100000000 (4096MB), size=1024MB: write-back, count=1
> reg02: base=0xc0000000 (3072MB), size=1024MB: uncachable, count=1

Your memory map however has 3GB at address 0 and 1GB at address 4GB (so
memory is places at address 0 - 3GB and 4-5GB. The addresses from 3 to
4GB are reserved for PCI).

If you run a 64bit kernel you will see it all, or you can use a kernel
configured for 64GB memory space.

> Relevant bootup messages include these....
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes Linux version 2.6.20-gentoo-r8 (root@fawkes) (gcc
> version 4.1.1 (Gentoo 4.1.1-r3)) #6 SMP Tue May 15 10:18:59 EDT 2007
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes sanitize start
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes sanitize end
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 0000000000000000 size:
> 000000000009fc00 end: 000000000009fc00 type: 1
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() type is E820_RAM
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 000000000009fc00 size:
> 0000000000000400 end: 00000000000a0000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000000e0000 size:
> 0000000000020000 end: 0000000000100000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 0000000000100000 size:
> 00000000b7ec0000 end: 00000000b7fc0000 type: 1
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() type is E820_RAM
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000b7fc0000 size:
> 000000000000e000 end: 00000000b7fce000 type: 3
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000b7fce000 size:
> 0000000000022000 end: 00000000b7ff0000 type: 4
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000b7ff0000 size:
> 0000000000010000 end: 00000000b8000000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000fec00000 size:
> 0000000000001000 end: 00000000fec01000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000fee00000 size:
> 0000000000100000 end: 00000000fef00000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 00000000ff780000 size:
> 0000000000880000 end: 0000000100000000 type: 2
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() start: 0000000100000000 size:
> 0000000040000000 end: 0000000140000000 type: 1
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes copy_e820_map() type is E820_RAM
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00
> (usable)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 00000000b7fc0000
> (usable)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000b7fc0000 - 00000000b7fce000
> (ACPI data)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000b7fce000 - 00000000b7ff0000
> (ACPI NVS)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000b7ff0000 - 00000000b8000000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000fec00000 - 00000000fec01000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000fee00000 - 00000000fef00000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 00000000ff780000 - 0000000100000000
> (reserved)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes BIOS-e820: 0000000100000000 - 0000000140000000
> (usable)
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes Warning only 4GB will be used.
> Jun 3 13:50:52 fawkes Use a PAE enabled kernel.

Oh look, it even tells you right there that you have to use a PAE (>4GB
for 32bit machines) kernel to get all your ram.

--
Len Sorensen
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