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Subject[Patch 10/18] fs/logfs/inode.c
--- /dev/null	2007-03-13 19:15:28.862769062 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.21logfs/fs/logfs/inode.c 2007-06-03 20:06:15.000000000 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,512 @@
+/*
+ * fs/logfs/inode.c - inode handling code
+ *
+ * As should be obvious for Linux kernel code, license is GPLv2
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2005-2007 Joern Engel
+ */
+#include "logfs.h"
+#include <linux/writeback.h>
+
+/*
+ * We need to include <linux/writeback.h> - a header we normally shouldn't
+ * be mucking with. If life only were that easy!
+ *
+ * As it is, LogFS' requirement to read inodes for garbage collection keeps
+ * breaking Linux assumptions. In particular, an inode can get be in
+ * I_DELETING state when being written out. Logfs then notices that it
+ * needs some space, does a little GC and tries to read just the inode in
+ * I_DELETING state. So the code is waiting for itself to finish, lovely.
+ *
+ * Our strategy to solve this problem is to overload the generic drop_inode()
+ * and destroy_inode() methods. Writeback happens between those two calls,
+ * so add the inode to a list in drop_inode() and remove it again in
+ * destroy_inode(). Any iget() in the GC path is replaced with logfs_iget(),
+ * which will check the list and only call the blocking iget() if the inode
+ * in question cannot deadlock.
+ *
+ * And of course this would be racy if we didn't take inode_lock in a few
+ * key moments.
+ */
+static struct kmem_cache *logfs_inode_cache;
+
+static int __logfs_read_inode(struct inode *inode);
+
+static struct inode *__logfs_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = iget_locked(sb, ino);
+ int err;
+
+ if (inode && (inode->i_state & I_NEW)) {
+ err = __logfs_read_inode(inode);
+ unlock_new_inode(inode);
+ if (err) {
+ /* set i_nlink to 0 to prevent caching */
+ inode->i_nlink = 0;
+ logfs_inode(inode)->li_flags |= LOGFS_IF_ZOMBIE;
+ iput(inode);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return inode;
+}
+
+/*
+ * is_cached is set to 1 if we hand out a cached inode, 0 otherwise.
+ * this allows logfs_iput to do the right thing later
+ */
+struct inode *logfs_iget(struct super_block *sb, ino_t ino, int *is_cached)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(sb);
+ struct logfs_inode *li;
+
+ if (ino == LOGFS_INO_MASTER)
+ return super->s_master_inode;
+
+ spin_lock(&inode_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(li, &super->s_freeing_list, li_freeing_list)
+ if (li->vfs_inode.i_ino == ino) {
+ spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+ *is_cached = 1;
+ return &li->vfs_inode;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+
+ *is_cached = 0;
+ return __logfs_iget(sb, ino);
+}
+
+void logfs_iput(struct inode *inode, int is_cached)
+{
+ if (inode->i_ino == LOGFS_INO_MASTER)
+ return;
+
+ if (is_cached)
+ return;
+
+ iput(inode);
+}
+
+static void logfs_init_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+ int i;
+
+ li->li_flags = LOGFS_IF_VALID;
+ li->li_used_bytes = 0;
+ inode->i_uid = 0;
+ inode->i_gid = 0;
+ inode->i_size = 0;
+ inode->i_blocks = 0;
+ inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
+ inode->i_mtime = CURRENT_TIME;
+ inode->i_nlink = 1;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&li->li_freeing_list);
+
+ for (i=0; i<LOGFS_EMBEDDED_FIELDS; i++)
+ li->li_data[i] = 0;
+
+ return;
+}
+
+static struct inode *logfs_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li;
+
+ li = kmem_cache_alloc(logfs_inode_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!li)
+ return NULL;
+ logfs_init_inode(&li->vfs_inode);
+ return &li->vfs_inode;
+}
+
+struct inode *logfs_new_meta_inode(struct super_block *sb, u64 ino)
+{
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ inode = logfs_alloc_inode(sb);
+ if (!inode)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ inode->i_mode = 0;
+ inode->i_ino = ino;
+ inode->i_sb = sb;
+
+ /* This is a blatant copy of alloc_inode code. We'd need alloc_inode
+ * to be nonstatic, alas. */
+ {
+ static const struct address_space_operations empty_aops;
+ struct address_space * const mapping = &inode->i_data;
+
+ mapping->a_ops = &empty_aops;
+ mapping->host = inode;
+ mapping->flags = 0;
+ mapping_set_gfp_mask(mapping, GFP_HIGHUSER);
+ mapping->assoc_mapping = NULL;
+ mapping->backing_dev_info = &default_backing_dev_info;
+ inode->i_mapping = mapping;
+ }
+
+ return inode;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Time is stored as nanoseconds since the epoch.
+ */
+static struct timespec be64_to_timespec(__be64 betime)
+{
+ return ns_to_timespec(be64_to_cpu(betime));
+}
+
+static __be64 timespec_to_be64(struct timespec tsp)
+{
+ return cpu_to_be64((u64)tsp.tv_sec * NSEC_PER_SEC + tsp.tv_nsec);
+}
+
+static void logfs_disk_to_inode(struct logfs_disk_inode *di, struct inode*inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+ int i;
+
+ inode->i_mode = be16_to_cpu(di->di_mode);
+ li->li_height = di->di_height;
+ li->li_flags = be32_to_cpu(di->di_flags);
+ inode->i_uid = be32_to_cpu(di->di_uid);
+ inode->i_gid = be32_to_cpu(di->di_gid);
+ inode->i_size = be64_to_cpu(di->di_size);
+ logfs_set_blocks(inode, be64_to_cpu(di->di_used_bytes));
+ inode->i_ctime = be64_to_timespec(di->di_ctime);
+ inode->i_mtime = be64_to_timespec(di->di_mtime);
+ inode->i_nlink = be32_to_cpu(di->di_refcount);
+ inode->i_generation = be32_to_cpu(di->di_generation);
+
+ switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
+ case S_IFCHR: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFBLK: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFIFO:
+ inode->i_rdev = be64_to_cpu(di->di_data[0]);
+ break;
+ default:
+ for (i=0; i<LOGFS_EMBEDDED_FIELDS; i++)
+ li->li_data[i] = be64_to_cpu(di->di_data[i]);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+static void logfs_inode_to_disk(struct inode *inode, struct logfs_disk_inode*di)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+ int i;
+
+ di->di_mode = cpu_to_be16(inode->i_mode);
+ di->di_height = li->li_height;
+ di->di_pad = 0;
+ di->di_flags = cpu_to_be32(li->li_flags);
+ di->di_uid = cpu_to_be32(inode->i_uid);
+ di->di_gid = cpu_to_be32(inode->i_gid);
+ di->di_size = cpu_to_be64(i_size_read(inode));
+ di->di_used_bytes = cpu_to_be64(li->li_used_bytes);
+ di->di_ctime = timespec_to_be64(inode->i_ctime);
+ di->di_mtime = timespec_to_be64(inode->i_mtime);
+ di->di_refcount = cpu_to_be32(inode->i_nlink);
+ di->di_generation = cpu_to_be32(inode->i_generation);
+
+ switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
+ case S_IFCHR: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFBLK: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFIFO:
+ di->di_data[0] = cpu_to_be64(inode->i_rdev);
+ break;
+ default:
+ for (i=0; i<LOGFS_EMBEDDED_FIELDS; i++)
+ di->di_data[i] = cpu_to_be64(li->li_data[i]);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+/* return 0 if inodes are equal */
+static int logfs_compare_inode(struct inode *inode, struct logfs_disk_inode *di)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+ int i;
+
+ switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
+ case S_IFCHR: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFBLK: /* fall through */
+ case S_IFIFO:
+ if (di->di_data[0] != cpu_to_be64(inode->i_rdev))
+ return 1;
+ break;
+ default:
+ for (i=0; i<LOGFS_EMBEDDED_FIELDS; i++)
+ if (di->di_data[i] != cpu_to_be64(li->li_data[i]))
+ return 1;
+ break;
+ }
+ return (di->di_mode != cpu_to_be16(inode->i_mode))
+ || (di->di_height != li->li_height)
+ || (di->di_flags != cpu_to_be32(li->li_flags))
+ || (di->di_uid != cpu_to_be32(inode->i_uid))
+ || (di->di_gid != cpu_to_be32(inode->i_gid))
+ || (di->di_size != cpu_to_be64(i_size_read(inode)))
+ || (di->di_used_bytes != cpu_to_be64(li->li_used_bytes))
+ || (di->di_ctime != timespec_to_be64(inode->i_ctime))
+ || (di->di_mtime != timespec_to_be64(inode->i_mtime))
+ || (di->di_refcount != cpu_to_be32(inode->i_nlink))
+ || (di->di_generation != cpu_to_be32(inode->i_generation));
+}
+
+#define VALID_MASK (LOGFS_IF_VALID | LOGFS_IF_INVALID)
+static int logfs_read_disk_inode(struct logfs_disk_inode *di,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(inode->i_sb);
+ ino_t ino = inode->i_ino;
+ int ret;
+
+ BUG_ON(!super->s_master_inode);
+ ret = logfs_inode_read(super->s_master_inode, di, sizeof(*di), ino);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if ((be32_to_cpu(di->di_flags) & VALID_MASK) != LOGFS_IF_VALID) {
+ /*
+ * We read wrong data, someone scribbled over it or we
+ * have a bug. Worth mentioning in the logs.
+ */
+ printk(KERN_WARNING"LOGFS: read corrupt inode #%lx\n", ino);
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __logfs_read_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_disk_inode di;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = logfs_read_disk_inode(&di, inode);
+ /* FIXME: move back to mkfs when format has settled */
+ if (ret == -ENODATA && inode->i_ino == LOGFS_INO_ROOT) {
+ memset(&di, 0, sizeof(di));
+ di.di_flags = cpu_to_be32(LOGFS_IF_VALID);
+ di.di_mode = cpu_to_be16(S_IFDIR | 0755);
+ di.di_refcount = cpu_to_be32(2);
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ logfs_disk_to_inode(&di, inode);
+
+ switch (inode->i_mode & S_IFMT) {
+ case S_IFDIR:
+ inode->i_op = &logfs_dir_iops;
+ inode->i_fop = &logfs_dir_fops;
+ break;
+ case S_IFREG:
+ inode->i_op = &logfs_reg_iops;
+ inode->i_fop = &logfs_reg_fops;
+ inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &logfs_reg_aops;
+ break;
+ default:
+ ;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void logfs_read_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ BUG_ON(inode->i_ino == LOGFS_INO_MASTER);
+
+ ret = __logfs_read_inode(inode);
+
+ if (ret)
+ make_bad_inode(inode);
+}
+
+/* This function should move to fs/fs-writeback.c or similar. */
+static void clear_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ spin_lock(&inode_lock);
+ inode->i_state &= ~I_DIRTY_SYNC;
+ spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+}
+
+static int logfs_write_disk_inode(struct logfs_disk_inode *di,
+ struct inode *inode, int lock)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(inode->i_sb);
+ int ret;
+
+ logfs_inode_to_disk(inode, di);
+ ret = logfs_inode_write(super->s_master_inode, di, sizeof(*di),
+ inode->i_ino, lock);
+ clear_inode_dirty_sync(inode);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int __logfs_write_inode(struct inode *inode, int lock)
+{
+ struct logfs_disk_inode di;
+
+ BUG_ON(inode->i_ino == LOGFS_INO_MASTER);
+
+ /* read and compare the inode first. If it hasn't changed, don't
+ * bother writing it. */
+ if (logfs_read_disk_inode(&di, inode))
+ return logfs_write_disk_inode(&di, inode, lock);
+ if (logfs_compare_inode(inode, &di))
+ return logfs_write_disk_inode(&di, inode, lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int logfs_write_inode(struct inode *inode, int do_sync)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* Can only happen if creat() failed. Safe to skip. */
+ if (logfs_inode(inode)->li_flags & LOGFS_IF_STILLBORN)
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = __logfs_write_inode(inode, 1);
+ LOGFS_BUG_ON(ret, inode->i_sb);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void logfs_truncate_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ i_size_write(inode, 0);
+ logfs_truncate(inode);
+ truncate_inode_pages(&inode->i_data, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ZOMBIE inodes have already been deleted before and should remain dead,
+ * if it weren't for valid checking. No need to kill them again here.
+ */
+static void logfs_delete_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(inode->i_sb);
+
+ if (! (logfs_inode(inode)->li_flags & LOGFS_IF_ZOMBIE)) {
+ if (i_size_read(inode) > 0)
+ logfs_truncate_inode(inode);
+ logfs_delete(super->s_master_inode, inode->i_ino);
+ }
+ clear_inode(inode);
+}
+
+void __logfs_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ kmem_cache_free(logfs_inode_cache, logfs_inode(inode));
+}
+
+/*
+ * We need to remember which inodes are currently being dropped. They
+ * would deadlock the cleaner, if it were to iget() them. So
+ * logfs_drop_inode() adds them to super->s_freeing_list,
+ * logfs_destroy_inode() removes them again and logfs_iget() checks the
+ * list.
+ */
+static void logfs_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+
+ BUG_ON(list_empty(&li->li_freeing_list));
+ spin_lock(&inode_lock);
+ list_del(&li->li_freeing_list);
+ spin_unlock(&inode_lock);
+ kmem_cache_free(logfs_inode_cache, li);
+}
+
+/* called with inode_lock held */
+static void logfs_drop_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(inode->i_sb);
+ struct logfs_inode *li = logfs_inode(inode);
+
+ list_move(&li->li_freeing_list, &super->s_freeing_list);
+ generic_drop_inode(inode);
+}
+
+static u64 logfs_get_ino(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ struct logfs_super *super = logfs_super(sb);
+ u64 ino;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME: ino allocation should work in two modes:
+ * o nonsparse - ifile is mostly occupied, just append
+ * o sparse - ifile has lots of holes, fill them up
+ *
+ * SEEK_HOLE would obviously help a lot here.
+ */
+ spin_lock(&super->s_ino_lock);
+ ino = super->s_last_ino;
+ super->s_last_ino++;
+ spin_unlock(&super->s_ino_lock);
+ return ino;
+}
+
+struct inode *logfs_new_inode(struct inode *dir, int mode)
+{
+ struct super_block *sb = dir->i_sb;
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ inode = new_inode(sb);
+ if (!inode)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ logfs_init_inode(inode);
+
+ inode->i_mode = mode;
+ inode->i_ino = logfs_get_ino(sb);
+
+ insert_inode_hash(inode);
+
+ return inode;
+}
+
+static void logfs_init_once(void *_li, struct kmem_cache *cachep,
+ unsigned long flags)
+{
+ struct logfs_inode *li = _li;
+ int i;
+
+ li->li_flags = 0;
+ li->li_used_bytes = 0;
+ for (i=0; i<LOGFS_EMBEDDED_FIELDS; i++)
+ li->li_data[i] = 0;
+ inode_init_once(&li->vfs_inode);
+}
+
+const struct super_operations logfs_super_operations = {
+ .alloc_inode = logfs_alloc_inode,
+ .delete_inode = logfs_delete_inode,
+ .destroy_inode = logfs_destroy_inode,
+ .drop_inode = logfs_drop_inode,
+ .read_inode = logfs_read_inode,
+ .write_inode = logfs_write_inode,
+ .statfs = logfs_statfs,
+};
+
+int logfs_init_inode_cache(void)
+{
+ logfs_inode_cache = kmem_cache_create("logfs_inode_cache",
+ sizeof(struct logfs_inode), 0, SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT,
+ logfs_init_once, NULL);
+ if (!logfs_inode_cache)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void logfs_destroy_inode_cache(void)
+{
+ kmem_cache_destroy(logfs_inode_cache);
+}
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