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SubjectRe: Missing RAM on x86_64
Mike Richards a écrit :
> Hi, I appear to be missing quite a bit of RAM on an x86_64 system. I
> have 1GB installed, but 'free' only shows 878MB:
>
> pokey$ free -m
> total used free shared buffers cached
> Mem: 878 571 306 0 52 332
> -/+ buffers/cache: 186 691
> Swap: 1023 0 1023
>
> I'm used to seeing a little bit of RAM missing with 32bit systems, but
> 146MB seems a bit much. The part of dmesg that concerns the RAM is
> shown below. Anyone know what's up here? Is this normal for an x86_64
> system?
>
> Linux version 2.6.20.11 (root@pokey) (gcc version 4.1.2) #1 SMP Thu
> May 24 18:29:52 GMT 2007
> Command line: auto BOOT_IMAGE=2.6.20.11 rw root=801
> BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
> BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00 (usable)
> BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
> BIOS-e820: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
> BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 0000000037fd0000 (usable)
> BIOS-e820: 0000000037fd0000 - 0000000037fde000 (ACPI data)
> BIOS-e820: 0000000037fde000 - 0000000038000000 (ACPI NVS)
> BIOS-e820: 00000000fec00000 - 00000000fec01000 (reserved)
> BIOS-e820: 00000000fee00000 - 00000000fef00000 (reserved)
> BIOS-e820: 00000000ff780000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)


I would say your BIOS needs an update or some tweakings.

The (usable) parts that it gives to the OS (linux) are :

0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00
0000000000100000 - 0000000037fd0000
Thats not 1024 MB, but 892 MB

Here is the output on a 16 GB x86_64 machine

BIOS-provided physical RAM map:
BIOS-e820: 0000000000000000 - 000000000009fc00 (usable)
BIOS-e820: 000000000009fc00 - 00000000000a0000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 00000000000e0000 - 0000000000100000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 0000000000100000 - 000000007fff0000 (usable)
BIOS-e820: 000000007fff0000 - 000000007ffff000 (ACPI data)
BIOS-e820: 000000007ffff000 - 0000000080000000 (ACPI NVS)
BIOS-e820: 00000000ff780000 - 0000000100000000 (reserved)
BIOS-e820: 0000000100000000 - 0000000480000000 (usable)
On node 0 totalpages: 2097039
On node 1 totalpages: 2097152

total of 4194078 pages (while exact 16GB should be 4194304 pages)


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