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SubjectRe: [ANNOUNCE] Btrfs: a copy on write, snapshotting FS
On Tue, Jun 12, 2007 at 04:14:39PM -0400, Chris Mason wrote:
> > Aside from folding snapshot history into the origin's namespace... It
> > could be possible to have a mount.btrfs that allows subvolumes and/or
> > snapshot volumes to be mounted as unique roots? I'd imagine a bind
> > mount _could_ provide this too? Anyway, I'm just interested in
> > understanding the vision for managing the potentially complex nature
> > of a Btrfs namespace.
>
> One option is to put the real btrfs root into some directory in
> (/sys/fs/btrfs/$device?) and then use tools in userland to mount -o bind
> outside of that. I wanted to wait to get fancy until I had a better
> idea of how people would use the feature.

We already support mounting into subdirectories of a filesystem for
nfs connection sharing. The patch below makes use of this to allow
mounting any subdirectory of a btrfs filesystem by specifying it in
the form of /dev/somedevice:directory and when no subdirectory
is specified uses 'default'. To make this more useful btrfs directories
should grow some way to be marked head of a subvolume, and we'd need
a more useful way to actually create subvolumes and snapshots without
fugly ioctls.

Btw, do create a subvolume with my patch you need to escape back to
the global root which is done by specifing /dev/somedevice:. as the
device on the mount command line.


Index: btrfs-0.2/super.c
===================================================================
--- btrfs-0.2.orig/super.c 2007-06-13 03:44:38.000000000 +0200
+++ btrfs-0.2/super.c 2007-06-13 03:48:35.000000000 +0200
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
@@ -135,11 +137,114 @@ static void btrfs_write_super(struct sup
sb->s_dirt = 0;
}

+/*
+ * This is almost a copy of get_sb_bdev in fs/super.c.
+ * We need the local copy to allow direct mounting of
+ * subvolumes, but this could be easily integrated back
+ * into the generic version. --hch
+ */
+
+/* start copy & paste */
+static int set_bdev_super(struct super_block *s, void *data)
+{
+ s->s_bdev = data;
+ s->s_dev = s->s_bdev->bd_dev;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int test_bdev_super(struct super_block *s, void *data)
+{
+ return (void *)s->s_bdev == data;
+}
+
+int btrfs_get_sb_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
+ int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data,
+ int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int),
+ struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *subvol)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
+ struct super_block *s;
+ struct dentry *root;
+ int error = 0;
+
+ bdev = open_bdev_excl(dev_name, flags, fs_type);
+ if (IS_ERR(bdev))
+ return PTR_ERR(bdev);
+
+ /*
+ * once the super is inserted into the list by sget, s_umount
+ * will protect the lockfs code from trying to start a snapshot
+ * while we are mounting
+ */
+ down(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
+ s = sget(fs_type, test_bdev_super, set_bdev_super, bdev);
+ up(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
+ if (IS_ERR(s))
+ goto error_s;
+
+ if (s->s_root) {
+ if ((flags ^ s->s_flags) & MS_RDONLY) {
+ up_write(&s->s_umount);
+ deactivate_super(s);
+ error = -EBUSY;
+ goto error_bdev;
+ }
+
+ close_bdev_excl(bdev);
+ bdev = NULL;
+ } else {
+ char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
+
+ s->s_flags = flags;
+ strlcpy(s->s_id, bdevname(bdev, b), sizeof(s->s_id));
+ sb_set_blocksize(s, block_size(bdev));
+ error = fill_super(s, data, flags & MS_SILENT ? 1 : 0);
+ if (error) {
+ up_write(&s->s_umount);
+ deactivate_super(s);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ s->s_flags |= MS_ACTIVE;
+ }
+
+ if (subvol) {
+ root = lookup_one_len(subvol, s->s_root, strlen(subvol));
+ if (!root) {
+ error = -ENXIO;
+ goto error_bdev;
+ }
+ } else {
+ root = dget(s->s_root);
+ }
+
+ mnt->mnt_sb = s;
+ mnt->mnt_root = root;
+ return 0;
+
+error_s:
+ error = PTR_ERR(s);
+error_bdev:
+ if (bdev)
+ close_bdev_excl(bdev);
+error:
+ return error;
+}
+/* end copy & paste */
+
static int btrfs_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
- int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
+ int flags, const char *identifier, void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
- return get_sb_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data,
- btrfs_fill_super, mnt);
+ char *_identifier = kstrdup(identifier, GFP_KERNEL);
+ const char *dev_name;
+
+ dev_name = strsep(&_identifier, ":");
+ if (!dev_name)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ return btrfs_get_sb_bdev(fs_type, flags, dev_name, data,
+ btrfs_fill_super, mnt,
+ _identifier ? _identifier : "default");
}

static int btrfs_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
-
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