lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2007]   [May]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Subject[patch 2/9] lguest: the guest code
From
Date
From: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>

lguest is a simple hypervisor for Linux on Linux. Unlike kvm it doesn't need
VT/SVM hardware. Unlike Xen it's simply "modprobe and go". Unlike both, it's
5000 lines and self-contained.

Performance is ok, but not great (-30% on kernel compile). But given its
hackability, I expect this to improve, along with the paravirt_ops code which
it supplies a complete example for. There's also a 64-bit version being
worked on and other craziness.

But most of all, lguest is awesome fun! Too much of the kernel is a big ball
of hair. lguest is simple enough to dive into and hack, plus has some warts
which scream "fork me!".


This patch:

This is the code and headers required to make an i386 kernel an lguest guest.

Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---
drivers/lguest/lguest.c | 497 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/lguest/lguest_asm.S | 53 +++
drivers/lguest/lguest_bus.c | 148 ++++++++++
include/linux/lguest.h | 85 +++++
include/linux/lguest_bus.h | 33 ++
5 files changed, 816 insertions(+)
diff -puN /dev/null drivers/lguest/lguest.c
--- /dev/null
+++ a/drivers/lguest/lguest.c
@@ -0,0 +1,497 @@
+/*
+ * Lguest specific paravirt-ops implementation
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2006, Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
+ * details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ */
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/screen_info.h>
+#include <linux/irq.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/lguest.h>
+#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
+#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/param.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/desc.h>
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/e820.h>
+#include <asm/mce.h>
+
+/* Declarations for definitions in lguest_guest.S */
+extern char lguest_noirq_start[], lguest_noirq_end[];
+extern const char lgstart_cli[], lgend_cli[];
+extern const char lgstart_sti[], lgend_sti[];
+extern const char lgstart_popf[], lgend_popf[];
+extern const char lgstart_pushf[], lgend_pushf[];
+extern const char lgstart_iret[], lgend_iret[];
+extern void lguest_iret(void);
+
+struct lguest_data lguest_data = {
+ .hcall_status = { [0 ... LHCALL_RING_SIZE-1] = 0xFF },
+ .noirq_start = (u32)lguest_noirq_start,
+ .noirq_end = (u32)lguest_noirq_end,
+ .blocked_interrupts = { 1 }, /* Block timer interrupts */
+};
+struct lguest_device_desc *lguest_devices;
+static __initdata const struct lguest_boot_info *boot = __va(0);
+
+static enum paravirt_lazy_mode lazy_mode;
+static void lguest_lazy_mode(enum paravirt_lazy_mode mode)
+{
+ if (mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_FLUSH)
+ hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC, 0, 0, 0);
+ else {
+ lazy_mode = mode;
+ if (mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
+ hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC, 0, 0, 0);
+ }
+}
+
+static void lazy_hcall(unsigned long call,
+ unsigned long arg1,
+ unsigned long arg2,
+ unsigned long arg3)
+{
+ if (lazy_mode == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
+ hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3);
+ else
+ async_hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3);
+}
+
+void async_hcall(unsigned long call,
+ unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3)
+{
+ /* Note: This code assumes we're uniprocessor. */
+ static unsigned int next_call;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (lguest_data.hcall_status[next_call] != 0xFF) {
+ /* Table full, so do normal hcall which will flush table. */
+ hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3);
+ } else {
+ lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].eax = call;
+ lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].edx = arg1;
+ lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].ebx = arg2;
+ lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].ecx = arg3;
+ /* Make sure host sees arguments before "valid" flag. */
+ wmb();
+ lguest_data.hcall_status[next_call] = 0;
+ if (++next_call == LHCALL_RING_SIZE)
+ next_call = 0;
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+static unsigned long save_fl(void)
+{
+ return lguest_data.irq_enabled;
+}
+
+static void restore_fl(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ /* FIXME: Check if interrupt pending... */
+ lguest_data.irq_enabled = flags;
+}
+
+static void irq_disable(void)
+{
+ lguest_data.irq_enabled = 0;
+}
+
+static void irq_enable(void)
+{
+ /* FIXME: Check if interrupt pending... */
+ lguest_data.irq_enabled = X86_EFLAGS_IF;
+}
+
+static void lguest_write_idt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt,
+ int entrynum, u32 low, u32 high)
+{
+ write_dt_entry(dt, entrynum, low, high);
+ hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY, entrynum, low, high);
+}
+
+static void lguest_load_idt(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *desc)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+ struct desc_struct *idt = (void *)desc->address;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < (desc->size+1)/8; i++)
+ hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY, i, idt[i].a, idt[i].b);
+}
+
+static void lguest_load_gdt(const struct Xgt_desc_struct *desc)
+{
+ BUG_ON((desc->size+1)/8 != GDT_ENTRIES);
+ hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_GDT, __pa(desc->address), GDT_ENTRIES, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt,
+ int entrynum, u32 low, u32 high)
+{
+ write_dt_entry(dt, entrynum, low, high);
+ hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_GDT, __pa(dt), GDT_ENTRIES, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
+{
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_TLS, __pa(&t->tls_array), cpu, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries)
+{
+}
+
+static void lguest_load_tr_desc(void)
+{
+}
+
+static void lguest_cpuid(unsigned int *eax, unsigned int *ebx,
+ unsigned int *ecx, unsigned int *edx)
+{
+ int function = *eax;
+
+ native_cpuid(eax, ebx, ecx, edx);
+ switch (function) {
+ case 1: /* Basic feature request. */
+ /* We only allow kernel to see SSE3, CMPXCHG16B and SSSE3 */
+ *ecx &= 0x00002201;
+ /* Similarly: SSE, SSE2, FXSR, MMX, CMOV, CMPXCHG8B, FPU. */
+ *edx &= 0x07808101;
+ /* Host wants to know when we flush kernel pages: set PGE. */
+ *edx |= 0x00002000;
+ break;
+ case 0x80000000:
+ /* Futureproof this a little: if they ask how much extended
+ * processor information, limit it to known fields. */
+ if (*eax > 0x80000008)
+ *eax = 0x80000008;
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+static unsigned long current_cr0, current_cr3;
+static void lguest_write_cr0(unsigned long val)
+{
+ hcall(LHCALL_TS, val & 8, 0, 0);
+ current_cr0 = val;
+}
+
+static unsigned long lguest_read_cr0(void)
+{
+ return current_cr0;
+}
+
+static void lguest_clts(void)
+{
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_TS, 0, 0, 0);
+ current_cr0 &= ~8U;
+}
+
+static unsigned long lguest_read_cr2(void)
+{
+ return lguest_data.cr2;
+}
+
+static void lguest_write_cr3(unsigned long cr3)
+{
+ hcall(LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE, cr3, 0, 0);
+ current_cr3 = cr3;
+}
+
+static unsigned long lguest_read_cr3(void)
+{
+ return current_cr3;
+}
+
+/* Used to enable/disable PGE, but we don't care. */
+static unsigned long lguest_read_cr4(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void lguest_write_cr4(unsigned long val)
+{
+}
+
+static void lguest_set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
+ pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
+{
+ *ptep = pteval;
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_SET_PTE, __pa(mm->pgd), addr, pteval.pte_low);
+}
+
+/* We only support two-level pagetables at the moment. */
+static void lguest_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmdval)
+{
+ *pmdp = pmdval;
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_SET_PMD, __pa(pmdp)&PAGE_MASK,
+ (__pa(pmdp)&(PAGE_SIZE-1))/4, 0);
+}
+
+/* FIXME: Eliminate all callers of this. */
+static void lguest_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
+{
+ *ptep = pteval;
+ /* Don't bother with hypercall before initial setup. */
+ if (current_cr3)
+ hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 1, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ /* Simply set it to zero, and it will fault back in. */
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_SET_PTE, current_cr3, addr, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_flush_tlb_user(void)
+{
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_flush_tlb_kernel(void)
+{
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 1, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void disable_lguest_irq(unsigned int irq)
+{
+ set_bit(irq, lguest_data.blocked_interrupts);
+}
+
+static void enable_lguest_irq(unsigned int irq)
+{
+ clear_bit(irq, lguest_data.blocked_interrupts);
+ /* FIXME: If it's pending? */
+}
+
+static struct irq_chip lguest_irq_controller = {
+ .name = "lguest",
+ .mask = disable_lguest_irq,
+ .mask_ack = disable_lguest_irq,
+ .unmask = enable_lguest_irq,
+};
+
+static void __init lguest_init_IRQ(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LGUEST_IRQS; i++) {
+ int vector = FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR + i;
+ if (vector != SYSCALL_VECTOR) {
+ set_intr_gate(vector, interrupt[i]);
+ set_irq_chip_and_handler(i, &lguest_irq_controller,
+ handle_level_irq);
+ }
+ }
+ irq_ctx_init(smp_processor_id());
+}
+
+static unsigned long lguest_get_wallclock(void)
+{
+ return hcall(LHCALL_GET_WALLCLOCK, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_time_irq(unsigned int irq, struct irq_desc *desc)
+{
+ do_timer(hcall(LHCALL_TIMER_READ, 0, 0, 0));
+ update_process_times(user_mode_vm(get_irq_regs()));
+}
+
+static void lguest_time_init(void)
+{
+ set_irq_handler(0, lguest_time_irq);
+ hcall(LHCALL_TIMER_READ, 0, 0, 0);
+ enable_lguest_irq(0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_load_esp0(struct tss_struct *tss,
+ struct thread_struct *thread)
+{
+ lazy_hcall(LHCALL_SET_STACK, __KERNEL_DS|0x1, thread->esp0,
+ THREAD_SIZE/PAGE_SIZE);
+}
+
+static void lguest_set_debugreg(int regno, unsigned long value)
+{
+ /* FIXME: Implement */
+}
+
+static void lguest_wbinvd(void)
+{
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+static void lguest_apic_write(unsigned long reg, unsigned long v)
+{
+}
+
+static unsigned long lguest_apic_read(unsigned long reg)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+static void lguest_safe_halt(void)
+{
+ hcall(LHCALL_HALT, 0, 0, 0);
+}
+
+static void lguest_power_off(void)
+{
+ hcall(LHCALL_CRASH, __pa("Power down"), 0, 0);
+}
+
+static int lguest_panic(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long l, void *p)
+{
+ hcall(LHCALL_CRASH, __pa(p), 0, 0);
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block paniced = {
+ .notifier_call = lguest_panic
+};
+
+static __init char *lguest_memory_setup(void)
+{
+ /* We do this here because lockcheck barfs if before start_kernel */
+ atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &paniced);
+
+ e820.nr_map = 0;
+ add_memory_region(0, PFN_PHYS(boot->max_pfn), E820_RAM);
+ return "LGUEST";
+}
+
+static const struct lguest_insns
+{
+ const char *start, *end;
+} lguest_insns[] = {
+ [PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_disable)] = { lgstart_cli, lgend_cli },
+ [PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable)] = { lgstart_sti, lgend_sti },
+ [PARAVIRT_PATCH(restore_fl)] = { lgstart_popf, lgend_popf },
+ [PARAVIRT_PATCH(save_fl)] = { lgstart_pushf, lgend_pushf },
+};
+static unsigned lguest_patch(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *insns, unsigned len)
+{
+ unsigned int insn_len;
+
+ /* Don't touch it if we don't have a replacement */
+ if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(lguest_insns) || !lguest_insns[type].start)
+ return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, insns, len);
+
+ insn_len = lguest_insns[type].end - lguest_insns[type].start;
+
+ /* Similarly if we can't fit replacement. */
+ if (len < insn_len)
+ return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, insns, len);
+
+ memcpy(insns, lguest_insns[type].start, insn_len);
+ return insn_len;
+}
+
+__init void lguest_init(void)
+{
+ paravirt_ops.name = "lguest";
+ paravirt_ops.paravirt_enabled = 1;
+ paravirt_ops.kernel_rpl = 1;
+
+ paravirt_ops.save_fl = save_fl;
+ paravirt_ops.restore_fl = restore_fl;
+ paravirt_ops.irq_disable = irq_disable;
+ paravirt_ops.irq_enable = irq_enable;
+ paravirt_ops.load_gdt = lguest_load_gdt;
+ paravirt_ops.memory_setup = lguest_memory_setup;
+ paravirt_ops.cpuid = lguest_cpuid;
+ paravirt_ops.write_cr3 = lguest_write_cr3;
+ paravirt_ops.flush_tlb_user = lguest_flush_tlb_user;
+ paravirt_ops.flush_tlb_single = lguest_flush_tlb_single;
+ paravirt_ops.flush_tlb_kernel = lguest_flush_tlb_kernel;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte = lguest_set_pte;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pte_at = lguest_set_pte_at;
+ paravirt_ops.set_pmd = lguest_set_pmd;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
+ paravirt_ops.apic_write = lguest_apic_write;
+ paravirt_ops.apic_write_atomic = lguest_apic_write;
+ paravirt_ops.apic_read = lguest_apic_read;
+#endif
+ paravirt_ops.load_idt = lguest_load_idt;
+ paravirt_ops.iret = lguest_iret;
+ paravirt_ops.load_esp0 = lguest_load_esp0;
+ paravirt_ops.load_tr_desc = lguest_load_tr_desc;
+ paravirt_ops.set_ldt = lguest_set_ldt;
+ paravirt_ops.load_tls = lguest_load_tls;
+ paravirt_ops.set_debugreg = lguest_set_debugreg;
+ paravirt_ops.clts = lguest_clts;
+ paravirt_ops.read_cr0 = lguest_read_cr0;
+ paravirt_ops.write_cr0 = lguest_write_cr0;
+ paravirt_ops.init_IRQ = lguest_init_IRQ;
+ paravirt_ops.read_cr2 = lguest_read_cr2;
+ paravirt_ops.read_cr3 = lguest_read_cr3;
+ paravirt_ops.read_cr4 = lguest_read_cr4;
+ paravirt_ops.write_cr4 = lguest_write_cr4;
+ paravirt_ops.write_gdt_entry = lguest_write_gdt_entry;
+ paravirt_ops.write_idt_entry = lguest_write_idt_entry;
+ paravirt_ops.patch = lguest_patch;
+ paravirt_ops.safe_halt = lguest_safe_halt;
+ paravirt_ops.get_wallclock = lguest_get_wallclock;
+ paravirt_ops.time_init = lguest_time_init;
+ paravirt_ops.set_lazy_mode = lguest_lazy_mode;
+ paravirt_ops.wbinvd = lguest_wbinvd;
+
+ hcall(LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT, __pa(&lguest_data), 0, 0);
+ strncpy(boot_command_line, boot->cmdline, COMMAND_LINE_SIZE);
+
+ /* We use top of mem for initial pagetables. */
+ init_pg_tables_end = __pa(pg0);
+
+ asm volatile ("mov %0, %%fs" : : "r" (__KERNEL_DS) : "memory");
+
+ reserve_top_address(lguest_data.reserve_mem);
+
+ cpu_detect(&new_cpu_data);
+ /* Need this before paging_init. */
+ set_bit(X86_FEATURE_PGE, new_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ /* Math is always hard! */
+ new_cpu_data.hard_math = 1;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
+ mce_disabled = 1;
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
+ acpi_disabled = 1;
+ acpi_ht = 0;
+#endif
+
+ add_preferred_console("hvc", 0, NULL);
+
+ if (boot->initrd_size) {
+ /* We stash this at top of memory. */
+ INITRD_START = boot->max_pfn*PAGE_SIZE - boot->initrd_size;
+ INITRD_SIZE = boot->initrd_size;
+ LOADER_TYPE = 0xFF;
+ }
+
+ pm_power_off = lguest_power_off;
+ start_kernel();
+}
diff -puN /dev/null drivers/lguest/lguest_asm.S
--- /dev/null
+++ a/drivers/lguest/lguest_asm.S
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/lguest.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+
+/* FIXME: Once asm/processor-flags.h goes in, include that */
+#define X86_EFLAGS_IF 0x00000200
+
+/*
+ * This is where we begin: we have a magic signature which the launcher looks
+ * for. The plan is that the Linux boot protocol will be extended with a
+ * "platform type" field which will guide us here from the normal entry point,
+ * but for the moment this suffices.
+ *
+ * We put it in .init.text will be discarded after boot.
+ */
+.section .init.text, "ax", @progbits
+.ascii "GenuineLguest"
+ /* Set up initial stack. */
+ movl $(init_thread_union+THREAD_SIZE),%esp
+ jmp lguest_init
+
+/* The templates for inline patching. */
+#define LGUEST_PATCH(name, insns...) \
+ lgstart_##name: insns; lgend_##name:; \
+ .globl lgstart_##name; .globl lgend_##name
+
+LGUEST_PATCH(cli, movl $0, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled)
+LGUEST_PATCH(sti, movl $X86_EFLAGS_IF, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled)
+LGUEST_PATCH(popf, movl %eax, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled)
+LGUEST_PATCH(pushf, movl lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled, %eax)
+
+.text
+/* These demark the EIP range where host should never deliver interrupts. */
+.global lguest_noirq_start
+.global lguest_noirq_end
+
+/*
+ * We move eflags word to lguest_data.irq_enabled to restore interrupt state.
+ * For page faults, gpfs and virtual interrupts, the hypervisor has saved
+ * eflags manually, otherwise it was delivered directly and so eflags reflects
+ * the real machine IF state, ie. interrupts on. Since the kernel always dies
+ * if it takes such a trap with interrupts disabled anyway, turning interrupts
+ * back on unconditionally here is OK.
+ */
+ENTRY(lguest_iret)
+ pushl %eax
+ movl 12(%esp), %eax
+lguest_noirq_start:
+ movl %eax,%ss:lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled
+ popl %eax
+ iret
+lguest_noirq_end:
diff -puN /dev/null drivers/lguest/lguest_bus.c
--- /dev/null
+++ a/drivers/lguest/lguest_bus.c
@@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/lguest_bus.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+
+static ssize_t type_show(struct device *_dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%hu", lguest_devices[dev->index].type);
+}
+static ssize_t features_show(struct device *_dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%hx", lguest_devices[dev->index].features);
+}
+static ssize_t pfn_show(struct device *_dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%u", lguest_devices[dev->index].pfn);
+}
+static ssize_t status_show(struct device *_dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%hx", lguest_devices[dev->index].status);
+}
+static ssize_t status_store(struct device *_dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ if (sscanf(buf, "%hi", &lguest_devices[dev->index].status) != 1)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ return count;
+}
+static struct device_attribute lguest_dev_attrs[] = {
+ __ATTR_RO(type),
+ __ATTR_RO(features),
+ __ATTR_RO(pfn),
+ __ATTR(status, 0644, status_show, status_store),
+ __ATTR_NULL
+};
+
+static int lguest_dev_match(struct device *_dev, struct device_driver *_drv)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ struct lguest_driver *drv = container_of(_drv,struct lguest_driver,drv);
+
+ return (drv->device_type == lguest_devices[dev->index].type);
+}
+
+struct lguest_bus {
+ struct bus_type bus;
+ struct device dev;
+};
+
+static struct lguest_bus lguest_bus = {
+ .bus = {
+ .name = "lguest",
+ .match = lguest_dev_match,
+ .dev_attrs = lguest_dev_attrs,
+ },
+ .dev = {
+ .parent = NULL,
+ .bus_id = "lguest",
+ }
+};
+
+static int lguest_dev_probe(struct device *_dev)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct lguest_device *dev = container_of(_dev,struct lguest_device,dev);
+ struct lguest_driver *drv = container_of(dev->dev.driver,
+ struct lguest_driver, drv);
+
+ lguest_devices[dev->index].status |= LGUEST_DEVICE_S_DRIVER;
+ ret = drv->probe(dev);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ lguest_devices[dev->index].status |= LGUEST_DEVICE_S_DRIVER_OK;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int register_lguest_driver(struct lguest_driver *drv)
+{
+ if (!lguest_devices)
+ return 0;
+
+ drv->drv.bus = &lguest_bus.bus;
+ drv->drv.name = drv->name;
+ drv->drv.owner = drv->owner;
+ drv->drv.probe = lguest_dev_probe;
+
+ return driver_register(&drv->drv);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_lguest_driver);
+
+static void add_lguest_device(unsigned int index)
+{
+ struct lguest_device *new;
+
+ lguest_devices[index].status |= LGUEST_DEVICE_S_ACKNOWLEDGE;
+ new = kmalloc(sizeof(struct lguest_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new) {
+ printk(KERN_EMERG "Cannot allocate lguest device %u\n", index);
+ lguest_devices[index].status |= LGUEST_DEVICE_S_FAILED;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ new->index = index;
+ new->private = NULL;
+ memset(&new->dev, 0, sizeof(new->dev));
+ new->dev.parent = &lguest_bus.dev;
+ new->dev.bus = &lguest_bus.bus;
+ sprintf(new->dev.bus_id, "%u", index);
+ if (device_register(&new->dev) != 0) {
+ printk(KERN_EMERG "Cannot register lguest device %u\n", index);
+ lguest_devices[index].status |= LGUEST_DEVICE_S_FAILED;
+ kfree(new);
+ }
+}
+
+static void scan_devices(void)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < LGUEST_MAX_DEVICES; i++)
+ if (lguest_devices[i].type)
+ add_lguest_device(i);
+}
+
+static int __init lguest_bus_init(void)
+{
+ if (strcmp(paravirt_ops.name, "lguest") != 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Devices are in page above top of "normal" mem. */
+ lguest_devices = ioremap(max_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (bus_register(&lguest_bus.bus) != 0
+ || device_register(&lguest_bus.dev) != 0)
+ panic("lguest bus registration failed");
+
+ scan_devices();
+ return 0;
+}
+postcore_initcall(lguest_bus_init);
diff -puN /dev/null include/linux/lguest.h
--- /dev/null
+++ a/include/linux/lguest.h
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+/* Things the lguest guest needs to know. Note: like all lguest interfaces,
+ * this is subject to wild and random change between versions. */
+#ifndef _ASM_LGUEST_H
+#define _ASM_LGUEST_H
+
+/* These are randomly chosen numbers which indicate we're an lguest at boot */
+#define LGUEST_MAGIC_EBP 0x4C687970
+#define LGUEST_MAGIC_EDI 0x652D4D65
+#define LGUEST_MAGIC_ESI 0xFFFFFFFF
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#include <asm/irq.h>
+
+#define LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC 0
+#define LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT 1
+#define LHCALL_CRASH 2
+#define LHCALL_LOAD_GDT 3
+#define LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE 4
+#define LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB 5
+#define LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY 6
+#define LHCALL_SET_STACK 7
+#define LHCALL_TS 8
+#define LHCALL_TIMER_READ 9
+#define LHCALL_HALT 10
+#define LHCALL_GET_WALLCLOCK 11
+#define LHCALL_BIND_DMA 12
+#define LHCALL_SEND_DMA 13
+#define LHCALL_SET_PTE 14
+#define LHCALL_SET_PMD 15
+#define LHCALL_LOAD_TLS 16
+
+#define LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY 0x1F
+
+static inline unsigned long
+hcall(unsigned long call,
+ unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3)
+{
+ asm volatile("int $" __stringify(LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY)
+ : "=a"(call)
+ : "a"(call), "d"(arg1), "b"(arg2), "c"(arg3)
+ : "memory");
+ return call;
+}
+
+void async_hcall(unsigned long call,
+ unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3);
+
+/* Can't use our min() macro here: needs to be a constant */
+#define LGUEST_IRQS (NR_IRQS < 32 ? NR_IRQS: 32)
+
+#define LHCALL_RING_SIZE 64
+struct hcall_ring
+{
+ u32 eax, edx, ebx, ecx;
+};
+
+/* All the good stuff happens here: guest registers it with LGUEST_INIT */
+struct lguest_data
+{
+/* Fields which change during running: */
+ /* 512 == enabled (same as eflags) */
+ unsigned int irq_enabled;
+ /* Interrupts blocked by guest. */
+ DECLARE_BITMAP(blocked_interrupts, LGUEST_IRQS);
+
+ /* Virtual address of page fault. */
+ unsigned long cr2;
+
+ /* Async hypercall ring. 0xFF == done, 0 == pending. */
+ u8 hcall_status[LHCALL_RING_SIZE];
+ struct hcall_ring hcalls[LHCALL_RING_SIZE];
+
+/* Fields initialized by the hypervisor at boot: */
+ /* Memory not to try to access */
+ unsigned long reserve_mem;
+ /* ID of this guest (used by network driver to set ethernet address) */
+ u16 guestid;
+
+/* Fields initialized by the guest at boot: */
+ /* Instruction range to suppress interrupts even if enabled */
+ unsigned long noirq_start, noirq_end;
+};
+extern struct lguest_data lguest_data;
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* _ASM_LGUEST_H */
diff -puN /dev/null include/linux/lguest_bus.h
--- /dev/null
+++ a/include/linux/lguest_bus.h
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_LGUEST_DEVICE_H
+#define _ASM_LGUEST_DEVICE_H
+/* Everything you need to know about lguest devices. */
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/lguest.h>
+#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
+
+struct lguest_device {
+ /* Unique busid, and index into lguest_page->devices[] */
+ /* By convention, each device can use irq index+1 if it wants to. */
+ unsigned int index;
+
+ struct device dev;
+
+ /* Driver can hang data off here. */
+ void *private;
+};
+
+struct lguest_driver {
+ const char *name;
+ struct module *owner;
+ u16 device_type;
+ int (*probe)(struct lguest_device *dev);
+ void (*remove)(struct lguest_device *dev);
+
+ struct device_driver drv;
+};
+
+extern int register_lguest_driver(struct lguest_driver *drv);
+extern void unregister_lguest_driver(struct lguest_driver *drv);
+
+extern struct lguest_device_desc *lguest_devices; /* Just past max_pfn */
+#endif /* _ASM_LGUEST_DEVICE_H */
_
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2007-05-09 11:55    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site