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Subject[patch 13/29] xen: Account for time stolen by Xen
This accounts for the time Xen steals from our VCPUs.  This accounting
gets run on each timer interrupt, just as a way to get it run
relatively often, and when interesting things are going on.

Stolen time is not really used by much in the kernel; it is reported
in /proc/stats, and that's about it.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>
Acked-by: Chris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
Cc: john stultz <johnstul@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
---
arch/i386/xen/time.c | 106 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 105 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/xen/time.c
+++ b/arch/i386/xen/time.c
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/clocksource.h>
#include <linux/clockchips.h>
+#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>

#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
@@ -14,6 +15,7 @@

#define XEN_SHIFT 22
#define TIMER_SLOP 100000 /* Xen may fire a timer up to this many ns early */
+#define NS_PER_TICK (1000000000ll / HZ)

/* These are perodically updated in shared_info, and then copied here. */
struct shadow_time_info {
@@ -26,6 +28,104 @@ struct shadow_time_info {

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct shadow_time_info, shadow_time);

+/* runstate info updated by Xen */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vcpu_runstate_info, runstate);
+
+/* snapshots of runstate info */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vcpu_runstate_info, runstate_snapshot);
+
+/* unused ns of stolen and blocked time */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, residual_stolen);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, residual_blocked);
+
+/*
+ * Runstate accounting
+ */
+static void get_runstate_snapshot(struct vcpu_runstate_info *res)
+{
+ u64 state_time;
+ struct vcpu_runstate_info *state;
+
+ preempt_disable();
+
+ state = &__get_cpu_var(runstate);
+
+ /*
+ * The runstate info is always updated by the hypervisor on
+ * the current CPU, so there's no need to use anything
+ * stronger than a compiler barrier when fetching it.
+ */
+ do {
+ state_time = state->state_entry_time;
+ barrier();
+ *res = *state;
+ barrier();
+ } while(state->state_entry_time != state_time);
+
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
+static void setup_runstate_info(void)
+{
+ struct vcpu_register_runstate_memory_area area;
+
+ area.addr.v = &__get_cpu_var(runstate);
+
+ if (HYPERVISOR_vcpu_op(VCPUOP_register_runstate_memory_area,
+ smp_processor_id(), &area))
+ BUG();
+
+ get_runstate_snapshot(&__get_cpu_var(runstate_snapshot));
+}
+
+static void do_stolen_accounting(void)
+{
+ struct vcpu_runstate_info state;
+ struct vcpu_runstate_info *snap;
+ u64 blocked, runnable, offline, stolen;
+ cputime_t ticks;
+
+ get_runstate_snapshot(&state);
+
+ WARN_ON(state.state != RUNSTATE_running);
+
+ snap = &__get_cpu_var(runstate_snapshot);
+
+ /* work out how much time the VCPU has not been runn*ing* */
+ blocked = state.time[RUNSTATE_blocked] - snap->time[RUNSTATE_blocked];
+ runnable = state.time[RUNSTATE_runnable] - snap->time[RUNSTATE_runnable];
+ offline = state.time[RUNSTATE_offline] - snap->time[RUNSTATE_offline];
+
+ *snap = state;
+
+ /* Add the appropriate number of ticks of stolen time,
+ including any left-overs from last time. Passing NULL to
+ account_steal_time accounts the time as stolen. */
+ stolen = runnable + offline + __get_cpu_var(residual_stolen);
+ ticks = 0;
+ while(stolen >= NS_PER_TICK) {
+ ticks++;
+ stolen -= NS_PER_TICK;
+ }
+ __get_cpu_var(residual_stolen) = stolen;
+ account_steal_time(NULL, ticks);
+
+ /* Add the appropriate number of ticks of blocked time,
+ including any left-overs from last time. Passing idle to
+ account_steal_time accounts the time as idle/wait. */
+ blocked += __get_cpu_var(residual_blocked);
+ ticks = 0;
+ while(blocked >= NS_PER_TICK) {
+ ticks++;
+ blocked -= NS_PER_TICK;
+ }
+ __get_cpu_var(residual_blocked) = blocked;
+ account_steal_time(idle_task(smp_processor_id()), ticks);
+}
+
+
+
+/* Get the CPU speed from Xen */
unsigned long xen_cpu_khz(void)
{
u64 cpu_khz = 1000000ULL << 32;
@@ -338,6 +438,8 @@ static irqreturn_t xen_timer_interrupt(i
ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
}

+ do_stolen_accounting();
+
return ret;
}

@@ -364,6 +466,8 @@ static void xen_setup_timer(int cpu)
evt->irq = irq;
clockevents_register_device(evt);

+ setup_runstate_info();
+
put_cpu_var(xen_clock_events);
}

@@ -376,7 +480,7 @@ __init void xen_time_init(void)
clocksource_register(&xen_clocksource);

if (HYPERVISOR_vcpu_op(VCPUOP_stop_periodic_timer, cpu, NULL) == 0) {
- /* Successfully turned off 100hz tick, so we have the
+ /* Successfully turned off 100Hz tick, so we have the
vcpuop-based timer interface */
printk(KERN_DEBUG "Xen: using vcpuop timer interface\n");
xen_clockevent = &xen_vcpuop_clockevent;
--

-
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