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    Subject[PATCH] x86_64 irq: check remote IRR bit before migrating level triggered irq (v2)

    On x86_64 kernel, level triggered irq migration gets initiated in the context
    of that interrupt(after executing the irq handler) and following steps are
    followed to do the irq migration.

    1. mask IOAPIC RTE entry; // write to IOAPIC RTE
    2. EOI; // processor EOI write
    3. reprogram IOAPIC RTE entry // write to IOAPIC RTE with new destination and
    // and interrupt vector due to per cpu vector
    // allocation.
    4. unmask IOAPIC RTE entry; // write to IOAPIC RTE

    Because of the per cpu vector allocation in x86_64 kernels, when the irq
    migrates to a different cpu, new vector(corresponding to the new cpu) will
    get allocated.

    An EOI write to local APIC has a side effect of generating an EOI write
    for level trigger interrupts (normally this is a broadcast to all IOAPICs).
    The EOI broadcast generated as a side effect of EOI write to processor may
    be delayed while the other IOAPIC writes (step 3 and 4) can go through.

    Normally, the EOI generated by local APIC for level trigger interrupt
    contains vector number. The IOAPIC will take this vector number and
    search the IOAPIC RTE entries for an entry with matching vector number and
    clear the remote IRR bit (indicate EOI). However, if the vector number is
    changed (as in step 3) the IOAPIC will not find the RTE entry when the EOI
    is received later. This will cause the remote IRR to get stuck causing the
    interrupt hang (no more interrupt from this RTE).

    Current x86_64 kernel assumes that remote IRR bit is cleared by the time
    IOAPIC RTE is reprogrammed. Fix this assumption by checking for remote IRR
    bit and if it still set, delay the irq migration to the next interrupt
    arrival event(hopefully, next time remote IRR bit will get cleared
    before the IOAPIC RTE is reprogrammed).

    Initial analysis and patch from Nanhai.

    Clean up patch from Suresh.

    Rewritten to be less intrusive, and to contain a big fat comment by Eric.

    Cc: Nanhai Zou <>
    Cc: Suresh Siddha <>
    Cc: Asit Mallick <>
    Cc: Keith Packard <>
    Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
    arch/x86_64/kernel/io_apic.c | 57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
    1 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

    diff --git a/arch/x86_64/kernel/io_apic.c b/arch/x86_64/kernel/io_apic.c
    index d8bfe31..2d52aed 100644
    --- a/arch/x86_64/kernel/io_apic.c
    +++ b/arch/x86_64/kernel/io_apic.c
    @@ -152,6 +152,31 @@ static inline void io_apic_modify(unsigned int apic, unsigned int value)
    writel(value, &io_apic->data);

    +static int io_apic_level_ack_pending(unsigned int irq)
    + struct irq_pin_list *entry;
    + unsigned long flags;
    + int pending = 0;
    + spin_lock_irqsave(&ioapic_lock, flags);
    + entry = irq_2_pin + irq;
    + for (;;) {
    + unsigned int reg;
    + int pin;
    + pin = entry->pin;
    + if (pin == -1)
    + break;
    + reg = io_apic_read(entry->apic, 0x10 + pin*2);
    + /* Is the remote IRR bit set? */
    + pending |= (reg >> 14) & 1;
    + if (!entry->next)
    + break;
    + entry = irq_2_pin + entry->next;
    + }
    + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&ioapic_lock, flags);
    + return pending;
    * Synchronize the IO-APIC and the CPU by doing
    * a dummy read from the IO-APIC
    @@ -1418,9 +1443,37 @@ static void ack_apic_level(unsigned int irq)

    /* Now we can move and renable the irq */
    - move_masked_irq(irq);
    - if (unlikely(do_unmask_irq))
    + if (unlikely(do_unmask_irq)) {
    + /* Only migrate the irq if the ack has been received.
    + *
    + * On rare occaions the broadcast level triggered ack gets
    + * delayed going to ioapics, and if we reprogram the
    + * vector while Remote IRR is still the irq will never
    + * fire again.
    + *
    + * To prevent this scenario we read the Remote IRR bit
    + * of the ioapic. This has two affects.
    + * - On any sane system the read of the ioapic will
    + * flush writes (and acks) going to the ioapic from
    + * this cpu.
    + * - We get to see if the ACK has actually been delivered.
    + *
    + * Based on failed experiments of reprogramming the
    + * ioapic entry from outside of irq context starting
    + * with masking the ioapic entry and then polling until
    + * Remote IRR was clear before reprogramming the
    + * ioapic I don't trust the Remote IRR bit to be
    + * completey accurate.
    + *
    + * However there appears to be no other way to plug
    + * this race, so if the Remote IRR bit is not
    + * accurate and causing problems it is a hardware bug
    + * and you can go talk chipset vendor about it.
    + */
    + if (!io_apic_level_ack_pending(irq))
    + move_masked_irq(irq);
    + }

    static struct irq_chip ioapic_chip __read_mostly = {
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      Last update: 2007-05-31 13:39    [W:0.024 / U:15.632 seconds]
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