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Subject[RFC][PATCH -mm 1/3] PM: Hibernation and suspend notifiers
Date
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>

Make it possible to register hibernation and suspend notifiers, so that
subsystems can perform hibernation-related or suspend-related operations that
should not be carried out by device drivers' .suspend() and .resume() routines.

Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>

Documentation/power/notifiers.txt | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/notifier.h | 13 ++++++
include/linux/suspend.h | 25 +++++++++++-
kernel/power/Makefile | 2 -
kernel/power/disk.c | 31 +++++++++++++--
kernel/power/main.c | 12 ++++++
kernel/power/notifier.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/power/power.h | 4 ++
kernel/power/user.c | 11 ++++-
9 files changed, 214 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/notifier.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/notifier.c 2007-05-27 14:43:14.000000000 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,51 @@
+/*
+ * linux/kernel/power/notifier.c
+ *
+ * This file contains functions used for registering and calling hibernation and
+ * suspend (PM) notifiers that can be used by subsystems for carrying out some
+ * special hibernation-related and/or suspend-related operations.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
+ *
+ * This file is released under the GPLv2.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/suspend.h>
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(pm_notifier_lock);
+
+static RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(pm_chain);
+
+int register_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+ int ret;
+ mutex_lock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+ ret = raw_notifier_chain_register(&pm_chain, nb);
+ mutex_unlock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_pm_notifier);
+
+void unregister_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+ raw_notifier_chain_unregister(&pm_chain, nb);
+ mutex_unlock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_pm_notifier);
+
+int pm_notifier_call_chain(unsigned long val)
+{
+ int error = 0;
+
+ mutex_lock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+ if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&pm_chain, val, NULL) == NOTIFY_BAD)
+ error = -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&pm_notifier_lock);
+ return error;
+}
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/kernel/power/Makefile 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/Makefile 2007-05-27 14:43:14.000000000 +0200
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_PM_DEBUG),y)
EXTRA_CFLAGS += -DDEBUG
endif

-obj-y := main.o process.o console.o
+obj-y := main.o process.o console.o notifier.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PM_LEGACY) += pm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND) += swsusp.o disk.o snapshot.o swap.o user.o

Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/suspend.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/include/linux/suspend.h 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/suspend.h 2007-05-27 14:43:14.000000000 +0200
@@ -54,7 +54,8 @@ struct hibernation_ops {
void (*restore_cleanup)(void);
};

-#if defined(CONFIG_PM) && defined(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND)
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+#ifdef CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND
/* kernel/power/snapshot.c */
extern void __register_nosave_region(unsigned long b, unsigned long e, int km);
static inline void register_nosave_region(unsigned long b, unsigned long e)
@@ -72,7 +73,7 @@ extern unsigned long get_safe_page(gfp_t

extern void hibernation_set_ops(struct hibernation_ops *ops);
extern int hibernate(void);
-#else
+#else /* CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND */
static inline void register_nosave_region(unsigned long b, unsigned long e) {}
static inline void register_nosave_region_late(unsigned long b, unsigned long e) {}
static inline int swsusp_page_is_forbidden(struct page *p) { return 0; }
@@ -81,7 +82,7 @@ static inline void swsusp_unset_page_fre

static inline void hibernation_set_ops(struct hibernation_ops *ops) {}
static inline int hibernate(void) { return -ENOSYS; }
-#endif /* defined(CONFIG_PM) && defined(CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND) */
+#endif /* CONFIG_SOFTWARE_SUSPEND */

void save_processor_state(void);
void restore_processor_state(void);
@@ -89,4 +90,22 @@ struct saved_context;
void __save_processor_state(struct saved_context *ctxt);
void __restore_processor_state(struct saved_context *ctxt);

+int register_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
+void unregister_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
+
+#define pm_notifier(fn, pri) { \
+ static struct notifier_block fn##_nb = \
+ { .notifier_call = fn, .priority = pri }; \
+ register_pm_notifier(&fn##_nb); \
+}
+#else /* CONFIG_PM */
+static inline int register_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) {
+ return 0;
+}
+static inline void unregister_pm_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb) {
+}
+
+#define pm_notifier(fn, pri) do { (void)(fn); } while (0)
+#endif /* CONFIG_PM */
+
#endif /* _LINUX_SWSUSP_H */
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/power.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/kernel/power/power.h 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/power.h 2007-05-27 14:43:14.000000000 +0200
@@ -173,5 +173,9 @@ extern void swsusp_close(void);
extern int suspend_enter(suspend_state_t state);

struct timeval;
+/* kernel/power/swsusp.c */
extern void swsusp_show_speed(struct timeval *, struct timeval *,
unsigned int, char *);
+
+/* kernel/power/notifier.c */
+extern int pm_notifier_call_chain(unsigned long val);
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/notifier.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/include/linux/notifier.h 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/include/linux/notifier.h 2007-05-27 14:43:14.000000000 +0200
@@ -209,5 +209,18 @@ extern int __srcu_notifier_call_chain(st
#define CPU_DOWN_FAILED_FROZEN (CPU_DOWN_FAILED | CPU_TASKS_FROZEN)
#define CPU_DEAD_FROZEN (CPU_DEAD | CPU_TASKS_FROZEN)

+/* Hibernation and suspend events */
+#define PM_PRE_FREEZE 0x0001 /* Going to freeze tasks */
+#define PM_POST_THAW 0x0002 /* Tasks have just been thawed */
+#define PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE 0x0003 /* Tasks frozen, going to hibernate */
+#define PM_SNAPSHOT_FAILED 0x0004 /* Couldn't create hibernation image */
+#define PM_POST_SNAPSHOT 0x0005 /* Image created, going to save it */
+#define PM_RESTORE_PREPARE 0x0006 /* Going to restore snapshotted system */
+#define PM_RESTORE_FAILED 0x0007 /* Couldn't restore snapshotted system */
+#define PM_POST_RESTORE 0x0008 /* Restore complete, thawing tasks */
+#define PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE 0x0009 /* Tasks frozen, going to suspend */
+#define PM_SUSPEND_FAILED 0x000A /* Couldn't suspend */
+#define PM_POST_RESUME 0x000B /* Resume successful, thawing tasks */
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/disk.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/kernel/power/disk.c 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/disk.c 2007-05-27 15:42:54.000000000 +0200
@@ -130,6 +130,10 @@ int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mo
{
int error;

+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
/* Free memory before shutting down devices. */
error = swsusp_shrink_memory();
if (error)
@@ -161,6 +165,12 @@ int hibernation_snapshot(int platform_mo
device_resume();
Resume_console:
resume_console();
+ if (error)
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_SNAPSHOT_FAILED);
+ else
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(in_suspend ?
+ PM_POST_SNAPSHOT : PM_POST_RESTORE);
+
return error;
}

@@ -177,6 +187,10 @@ int hibernation_restore(int platform_mod
{
int error;

+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_RESTORE_PREPARE);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
pm_prepare_console();
suspend_console();
error = device_suspend(PMSG_PRETHAW);
@@ -195,6 +209,7 @@ int hibernation_restore(int platform_mod
Finish:
resume_console();
pm_restore_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_RESTORE_FAILED);
return error;
}

@@ -259,12 +274,17 @@ static void unprepare_processes(void)
{
thaw_processes();
pm_restore_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_THAW);
}

static int prepare_processes(void)
{
int error = 0;

+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_PRE_FREEZE);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
pm_prepare_console();
if (freeze_processes()) {
error = -EBUSY;
@@ -281,9 +301,12 @@ int hibernate(void)
{
int error;

+ mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
/* The snapshot device should not be opened while we're running */
- if (!atomic_add_unless(&snapshot_device_available, -1, 0))
- return -EBUSY;
+ if (!atomic_add_unless(&snapshot_device_available, -1, 0)) {
+ error = -EBUSY;
+ goto Unlock;
+ }

/* Allocate memory management structures */
error = create_basic_memory_bitmaps();
@@ -294,7 +317,6 @@ int hibernate(void)
if (error)
goto Finish;

- mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
if (hibernation_mode == HIBERNATION_TESTPROC) {
printk("swsusp debug: Waiting for 5 seconds.\n");
mdelay(5000);
@@ -316,12 +338,13 @@ int hibernate(void)
swsusp_free();
}
Thaw:
- mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
unprepare_processes();
Finish:
free_basic_memory_bitmaps();
Exit:
atomic_inc(&snapshot_device_available);
+ Unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
return error;
}

Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/main.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/kernel/power/main.c 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/main.c 2007-05-27 15:05:51.000000000 +0200
@@ -82,6 +82,10 @@ static int suspend_prepare(suspend_state
if (!pm_ops || !pm_ops->enter)
return -EPERM;

+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_PRE_FREEZE);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
pm_prepare_console();

if (freeze_processes()) {
@@ -89,6 +93,10 @@ static int suspend_prepare(suspend_state
goto Thaw;
}

+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
if ((free_pages = global_page_state(NR_FREE_PAGES))
< FREE_PAGE_NUMBER) {
pr_debug("PM: free some memory\n");
@@ -121,9 +129,11 @@ static int suspend_prepare(suspend_state
device_resume();
Resume_console:
resume_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_SUSPEND_FAILED);
Thaw:
thaw_processes();
pm_restore_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_THAW);
return error;
}

@@ -173,8 +183,10 @@ static void suspend_finish(suspend_state
pm_finish(state);
device_resume();
resume_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_RESUME);
thaw_processes();
pm_restore_console();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_THAW);
}


Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/user.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.22-rc3.orig/kernel/power/user.c 2007-05-27 14:41:59.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/kernel/power/user.c 2007-05-27 15:53:03.000000000 +0200
@@ -149,9 +149,13 @@ static int snapshot_ioctl(struct inode *
if (data->frozen)
break;
mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
- if (freeze_processes()) {
- thaw_processes();
- error = -EBUSY;
+ error = pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_PRE_FREEZE);
+ if (!error) {
+ error = freeze_processes();
+ if (error) {
+ thaw_processes();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_THAW);
+ }
}
mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
if (!error)
@@ -163,6 +167,7 @@ static int snapshot_ioctl(struct inode *
break;
mutex_lock(&pm_mutex);
thaw_processes();
+ pm_notifier_call_chain(PM_POST_THAW);
mutex_unlock(&pm_mutex);
data->frozen = 0;
break;
Index: linux-2.6.22-rc3/Documentation/power/notifiers.txt
===================================================================
--- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
+++ linux-2.6.22-rc3/Documentation/power/notifiers.txt 2007-05-27 18:20:48.000000000 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,76 @@
+Suspend notifiers
+ (C) 2007 Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>, GPL
+
+There are some operations that device drivers may want to carry out in their
+.suspend() routines, but shouldn't, because they can cause the hibernation or
+suspend to fail. For example, a driver may want to allocate a substantial amount
+of memory (like 50 MB) in .suspend(), but that shouldn't be done after the
+swsusp's memory shrinker has run.
+
+Also, there may be some operations, that subsystems want to carry out before a
+hibernation/suspend or after a restore/resume, requiring the system to be fully
+functional, so the drivers' .suspend() and .resume() routines are not suitable
+for this purpose. For example, device drivers may want to upload firmware to
+their devices after a restore from a hibernation image, but they cannot do it by
+calling request_firmware() from their .resume() routines (user land processes
+are frozen at this point). The solution may be to load the firmware into
+memory before processes are frozen and upload it from there in the .resume()
+routine. Of course, a hibernation notifier may be used for this purpose.
+
+The subsystems that have such needs can register suspend notifiers that will be
+called upon the following events by the suspend core:
+
+PM_PRE_FREEZE The system is going to hibernate or suspend, tasks will
+ be frozen immediately
+
+PM_POST_THAW Tasks have just been thawed after a resume or restore
+ from a hibernation image
+
+PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE The system is preparing for hibernation. Tasks have
+ been frozen, memory is going to be freed and devices
+ are going to be suspended.
+
+PM_SNAPSHOT_FAILED The creation of hibernation image has failed. Tasks
+ will be thawed immediately.
+
+PM_POST_SNAPSHOT Hibernation image has been created and it is going to
+ be saved immediately. Device drivers' .resume()
+ callbacks have been executed.
+
+PM_RESTORE_PREPARE The system is preparing for the restoration from a
+ hibernation image. Tasks have been frozen, devices
+ are going to be prepared for the restore.
+
+PM_RESTORE_FAILED The restore operation has failed. Tasks will be thawed
+ immediately and the system boot will continue.
+
+PM_POST_RESTORE The system memory state has been restored from a
+ hibernation image. Device drivers' .resume()
+ callbacks have been executed, tasks will be thawed
+ immediately.
+
+PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE The system is preparing for a suspend. Tasks have been
+ frozen, devices are going to be suspended.
+
+PM_SUSPEND_FAILED The suspend transition failed. Tasks will be thawed
+ immediately.
+
+PM_POST_RESUME The system has resumed. Tasks will be thawed
+ immediately.
+
+It is generally assumed that whatever the notifiers do for PM_PRE_FREEZE,
+should be undone for PM_POST_THAW. Moreover, what is done for
+PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE, should be undone for PM_SNAPSHOT_FAILED,
+PM_POST_SNAPSHOT and PM_POST_RESTORE (eg. if memory is allocated for
+PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE, it should be freed for PM_SNAPSHOT_FAILED,
+PM_POST_SNAPSHOT and PM_POST_RESTORE). Analogously, operations performed for
+PM_RESTORE_PREPARE should be reversed for PM_RESTORE_FAILED and operations
+performed for PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE should be reversed for PM_SUSPEND_FAILED and
+PM_POST_RESUME.
+
+The hibernation and suspend notifiers are called with pm_mutex held. They are
+defined in the usual way, but their last argument is meaningless (it is always
+NULL). To register and/or unregister a suspend notifier use the functions
+register_pm_notifier() and unregister_pm_notifier(), respectively, defined in
+kernel/power/notifier.c . If you don't need to unregister the notifier, you can
+also use the pm_notifier() macro defined in include/linux/suspend.h .
-
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