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Subject[patch 13/17] add common patching machinery
Implement the actual patching machinery.  paravirt_patch_default()
contains the logic to automatically patch a callsite based on a few
simple rules:

- if the paravirt_op function is paravirt_nop, then patch nops
- if the paravirt_op function is a jmp target, then jmp to it
- if the paravirt_op function is callable and doesn't clobber too much
for the callsite, call it directly

paravirt_patch_default is suitable as a default implementation of
paravirt_ops.patch, will remove most of the expensive indirect calls
in favour of either a direct call or a pile of nops.

Backends may implement their own patcher, however. There are several
helper functions to help with this:

paravirt_patch_nop nop out a callsite
paravirt_patch_ignore leave the callsite as-is
paravirt_patch_call patch a call if the caller and callee
have compatible clobbers
paravirt_patch_jmp patch in a jmp
paravirt_patch_insns patch some literal instructions over
the callsite, if they fit

This patch also implements more direct patches for the native case, so
that when running on native hardware many common operations are
implemented inline.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com>
Cc: Anthony Liguori <anthony@codemonkey.ws>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c | 5 -
arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c | 165 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/asm-i386/paravirt.h | 11 ++
3 files changed, 149 insertions(+), 32 deletions(-)
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -361,11 +361,14 @@ void apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patc
used = paravirt_ops.patch(p->instrtype, p->clobbers, p->instr,
p->len);

+ BUG_ON(used > p->len);
+
/* Pad the rest with nops */
nop_out(p->instr + used, p->len - used);
}

- /* Sync to be conservative, in case we patched following instructions */
+ /* Sync to be conservative, in case we patched following
+ instructions */
sync_core();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */
===================================================================
--- a/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
+++ b/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
@@ -54,40 +54,143 @@ char *memory_setup(void)
#define DEF_NATIVE(name, code) \
extern const char start_##name[], end_##name[]; \
asm("start_" #name ": " code "; end_" #name ":")
-DEF_NATIVE(cli, "cli");
-DEF_NATIVE(sti, "sti");
-DEF_NATIVE(popf, "push %eax; popf");
-DEF_NATIVE(pushf, "pushf; pop %eax");
+
+DEF_NATIVE(irq_disable, "cli");
+DEF_NATIVE(irq_enable, "sti");
+DEF_NATIVE(restore_fl, "push %eax; popf");
+DEF_NATIVE(save_fl, "pushf; pop %eax");
DEF_NATIVE(iret, "iret");
-DEF_NATIVE(sti_sysexit, "sti; sysexit");
-
-static const struct native_insns
-{
- const char *start, *end;
-} native_insns[] = {
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_disable)] = { start_cli, end_cli },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable)] = { start_sti, end_sti },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(restore_fl)] = { start_popf, end_popf },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(save_fl)] = { start_pushf, end_pushf },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(iret)] = { start_iret, end_iret },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable_sysexit)] = { start_sti_sysexit, end_sti_sysexit },
-};
+DEF_NATIVE(irq_enable_sysexit, "sti; sysexit");
+DEF_NATIVE(read_cr2, "mov %cr2, %eax");
+DEF_NATIVE(write_cr3, "mov %eax, %cr3");
+DEF_NATIVE(read_cr3, "mov %cr3, %eax");
+DEF_NATIVE(clts, "clts");
+DEF_NATIVE(read_tsc, "rdtsc");
+
+DEF_NATIVE(pushf_cli, "pushf; pop %eax; cli");
+DEF_NATIVE(ud2a, "ud2a");

static unsigned native_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns, unsigned len)
{
- unsigned int insn_len;
-
- /* Don't touch it if we don't have a replacement */
- if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(native_insns) || !native_insns[type].start)
- return len;
-
- insn_len = native_insns[type].end - native_insns[type].start;
-
- /* Similarly if we can't fit replacement. */
- if (len < insn_len)
- return len;
-
- memcpy(insns, native_insns[type].start, insn_len);
+ const unsigned char *start, *end;
+ unsigned ret;
+
+ switch(type) {
+#define SITE(x) case PARAVIRT_PATCH(x): start = start_##x; end = end_##x; goto patch_site
+ SITE(irq_disable);
+ SITE(irq_enable);
+ SITE(restore_fl);
+ SITE(save_fl);
+ SITE(iret);
+ SITE(irq_enable_sysexit);
+ SITE(read_cr2);
+ SITE(read_cr3);
+ SITE(write_cr3);
+ SITE(clts);
+ SITE(read_tsc);
+#undef SITE
+
+ patch_site:
+ ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insns, len, start, end);
+ break;
+
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(make_pgd):
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(make_pte):
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(pgd_val):
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(pte_val):
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(make_pmd):
+ case PARAVIRT_PATCH(pmd_val):
+#endif
+ /* These functions end up returning exactly what
+ they're passed, in the same registers. */
+ ret = paravirt_patch_nop();
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ ret = paravirt_patch_default(type, clobbers, insns, len);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_nop(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_ignore(unsigned len)
+{
+ return len;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
+ void *site, u16 site_clobbers,
+ unsigned len)
+{
+ unsigned char *call = site;
+ unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (unsigned long)(call+5);
+
+ if (tgt_clobbers & ~site_clobbers)
+ return len; /* target would clobber too much for this site */
+ if (len < 5)
+ return len; /* call too long for patch site */
+
+ *call++ = 0xe8; /* call */
+ *(unsigned long *)call = delta;
+
+ return 5;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *target, void *site, unsigned len)
+{
+ unsigned char *jmp = site;
+ unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (unsigned long)(jmp+5);
+
+ if (len < 5)
+ return len; /* call too long for patch site */
+
+ *jmp++ = 0xe9; /* jmp */
+ *(unsigned long *)jmp = delta;
+
+ return 5;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *site, unsigned len)
+{
+ void *opfunc = *((void **)&paravirt_ops + type);
+ unsigned ret;
+
+ if (opfunc == NULL)
+ /* If there's no function, patch it with a ud2a (BUG) */
+ ret = paravirt_patch_insns(site, len, start_ud2a, end_ud2a);
+ else if (opfunc == paravirt_nop)
+ /* If the operation is a nop, then nop the callsite */
+ ret = paravirt_patch_nop();
+ else if (type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(iret) ||
+ type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable_sysexit))
+ /* If operation requires a jmp, then jmp */
+ ret = paravirt_patch_jmp(opfunc, site, len);
+ else
+ /* Otherwise call the function; assume target could
+ clobber any caller-save reg */
+ ret = paravirt_patch_call(opfunc, CLBR_ANY,
+ site, clobbers, len);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *site, unsigned len,
+ const char *start, const char *end)
+{
+ unsigned insn_len = end - start;
+
+ if (insn_len > len || start == NULL)
+ insn_len = len;
+ else
+ memcpy(site, start, insn_len);
+
return insn_len;
}

@@ -110,7 +213,7 @@ static void native_flush_tlb_global(void
__native_flush_tlb_global();
}

-static void native_flush_tlb_single(u32 addr)
+static void native_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)
{
__native_flush_tlb_single(addr);
}
===================================================================
--- a/include/asm-i386/paravirt.h
+++ b/include/asm-i386/paravirt.h
@@ -933,6 +933,17 @@ struct paravirt_patch_site {
u16 clobbers; /* what registers you may clobber */
};

+unsigned paravirt_patch_nop(void);
+unsigned paravirt_patch_ignore(unsigned len);
+unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
+ void *site, u16 site_clobbers,
+ unsigned len);
+unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *target, void *site, unsigned len);
+unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *site, unsigned len);
+
+unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *site, unsigned len,
+ const char *start, const char *end);
+
extern struct paravirt_patch_site __start_parainstructions[],
__stop_parainstructions[];

--

-
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