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SubjectRe: [Cbe-oss-dev] [RFC, PATCH] CELL Oprofile SPU profiling updated patch
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On Feb 9, 2007, at 1:10 PM, Arnd Bergmann wrote:

> On Friday 09 February 2007 19:47, Milton Miller wrote:
>> On Feb 8, 2007, at 11:21 AM, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>>
>
>>> Doing the translation in two stages in user space, as you
>>> suggest here, definitely makes sense to me. I think it
>>> can be done a little simpler though:
>>>
>>> Why would you need the accurate dcookie information to be
>>> provided by the kernel? The ELF loader is done in user
>>> space, and the kernel only reproduces what it thinks that
>>> came up with. If the kernel only gives the dcookie information
>>> about the SPU ELF binary to the oprofile user space, then
>>> that can easily recreate the same mapping.
>>
>> Actually, I was trying to cover issues such as anonymous
>> memory.   If the kernel doesn't generate dcookies for
>> the load segments the information is not recoverable once
>> the task exits.  This would also allow the loader to create
>> an artifical elf header that covered both the base executable
>> and a dynamicly linked one.
>>
>> Other alternatives exist, such as a structure for context-id
>> that would have its own identifing magic and an array of elf
>> header pointers.
>
> But _why_ do you want to solve that problem? we don't have
> dynamically linked binaries and I really don't see why the loader
> would want to create artificial elf headers...

I'm explainign how they could be handled. Actully I think
the other proposal (an identified structure that points to
sevear elf headers) would be more approprate. As you point
out, if there are presently no dynamic libraries in use, it
doesn't have to be solved today. I'm just trying to make
the code future proof, or at least a clear path forward.

>
>>> The kernel still needs to provide the overlay identifiers
>>> though.
>>
>> Yes, which means it needs to parse the header (or libpse
>> be enhanced to write the monitor info to a spufs file).
>
> we thought about this in the past and discarded it because of
> the complexity of an spufs interface that would handle this
> correctly.

Not sure what would be difficuult, and it would allow other
binary formats. But parsing the headers in the kernel
means existing userspace doesn't have to be upgraded, so I
am not proposing this requirement.

>
>>> yes, this sounds nice. But tt does not at all help accuracy,
>>> only performance, right?
>>
>> It allows the user space to know when the sample was taken
>> and  be aware of the ambiguity.   If the sample rate is
>> high enough in relation to the overlay switch rate, user space
>> could decide to discard the ambiguous samples.
>
> yes, good point.
>
>>>> This approach allows multiple objects by its nature.  A new
>>>> elf header could be constructed in memory that contained
>>>> the union of the elf objects load segments, and the tools
>>>> will magically work.   Alternatively the object id could
>>>> point to a new structure, identified via a new header, that
>>>> it points to other elf headers (easily differentiated by the
>>>> elf magic headers).   Other binary formats, including several
>>>> objects in a ar archive, could be supported.
>>>
>>> Yes, that would be a new feature if the kernel passed dcookie
>>> information for every section, but I doubt that it is worth
>>> it. I have not seen any program that allows loading code
>>> from more than one ELF file. In particular, the ELF format
>>> on the SPU is currently lacking the relocation mechanisms
>>> that you would need for resolving spu-side symbols at load
>>> time
>>
>> Actually, It could check all load segments, and only report
>> those where the dcookie changes (as opposed to the offset).
>
> I'm not really following you here, but probably you misunderstood
> my point as well.

I was thinking in terms of dyanmic libraries, and totally skipped
your comment about the relocaiton info being missing. My reply
point was that the table could be compressed to the current
entry if all hased to the same vm area.

>
>>> This seems to incur a run-time overhead on the SPU even if not
>>> profiling, I would consider that not acceptable.
>>
>> It definitely is overhead.  Which means it would have to be
>> optional, like gprof.
>
> There is some work going on for another profiler independent
> of the hardware feature that only relies on instrumenting the
> spu executable for things like DMA transfers and overlay
> changes.

Regardless, its beyond the current scope.

milton

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