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SubjectRe: [patch 00/13] Syslets, "Threadlets", generic AIO support, v3

* Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> please also try evserver_epoll_threadlet.c that i've attached below -
> it uses epoll as the main event mechanism but does threadlets for
> request handling.

find updated code below - your evserver_epoll.c spuriously missed event
edges - so i changed it back to level-triggered. While that is not as
fast as edge-triggered, it does not result in spurious hangs and
workflow 'hickups' during the test.

Could this be the reason why in your testing kevents outperformed epoll?

Also, i have removed the set-nonblocking calls because they are not
needed under threadlets.

[ to build this code, copy it into the async-test/ directory and build
it there - or copy the *.h files from async-test/ directory into your
build directory. ]

Ingo

-------{ evserver_epoll_threadlet.c }-------------->
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/sendfile.h>
#include <sys/epoll.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/tcp.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <netdb.h>

#define DEBUG 0

#include "syslet.h"
#include "sys.h"
#include "threadlet.h"

struct request {
struct request *next_free;
/*
* The threadlet stack is part of the request structure
* and is thus reused as threadlets complete:
*/
unsigned long threadlet_stack;
/*
* These are all the request-specific parameters:
*/
long sock;
};
/*
* Freelist to recycle requests:
*/
static struct request *freelist;
/*
* Allocate a request and set up its syslet atoms:
*/
static struct request *alloc_req(void)
{
struct request *req;
/*
* Occasionally we have to refill the new-thread stack
* entry:
*/
if (!async_head.new_thread_stack) {
async_head.new_thread_stack = thread_stack_alloc();
pr("allocated new thread stack: %08lx\n",
async_head.new_thread_stack);
}
if (freelist) {
req = freelist;
pr("reusing req %p, threadlet stack %08lx\n",
req, req->threadlet_stack);
freelist = freelist->next_free;
req->next_free = NULL;
return req;
}
req = calloc(1, sizeof(struct request));
pr("allocated req %p\n", req);
req->threadlet_stack = thread_stack_alloc();
pr("allocated thread stack %08lx\n", req->threadlet_stack);

return req;
}
/*
* Check whether there are any completions queued for user-space
* to finish up:
*/
static unsigned long complete(void)
{
unsigned long completed = 0;
struct request *req;
for (;;) {
req = (void *)completion_ring[async_head.user_ring_idx];
if (!req)
return completed;
completed++;
pr("completed req %p (threadlet stack %08lx)\n",
req, req->threadlet_stack);
req->next_free = freelist;
freelist = req;

/*
* Clear the completion pointer. To make sure the
* kernel never stomps upon still unhandled completions
* in the ring the kernel only writes to a NULL entry,
* so user-space has to clear it explicitly:
*/
completion_ring[async_head.user_ring_idx] = NULL;
async_head.user_ring_idx++;
if (async_head.user_ring_idx == MAX_PENDING)
async_head.user_ring_idx = 0;
}
}
static unsigned int pending_requests;

/*
* Handle a request that has just been submitted (either it has
* already been executed, or we have to account it as pending):
*/
static void handle_submitted_request(struct request *req, long done)
{
unsigned int nr;
if (done) {
/*
* This is the cached case - free the request:
*/
pr("cache completed req %p (threadlet stack %08lx)\n",
req, req->threadlet_stack);
req->next_free = freelist;
freelist = req;
return;
}
/*
* 'cachemiss' case - the syslet is not finished
* yet. We will be notified about its completion
* via the completion ring:
*/
assert(pending_requests < MAX_PENDING-1);
pending_requests++;
pr("req %p is pending. %d reqs pending.\n", req, pending_requests);
/*
* Attempt to complete requests - this is a fast
* check if there's no completions:
*/
nr = complete();
pending_requests -= nr;
/*
* If the ring is full then wait a bit:
*/
while (pending_requests == MAX_PENDING-1) {
pr("sys_async_wait()");
/*
* Wait for 4 events - to batch things a bit:
*/
sys_async_wait(4, async_head.user_ring_idx, &async_head);
nr = complete();
pending_requests -= nr;
pr("after wait: completed %d requests - still pending: %d\n",
nr, pending_requests);
}
}
#include <linux/types.h>

//#define ulog(f, a...) fprintf(stderr, f, ##a)
#define ulog(f, a...)
#define ulog_err(f, a...) printf(f ": %s [%d].\n", ##a, strerror(errno), errno)


static int kevent_ctl_fd, main_server_s;

static void usage(char *p)
{
ulog("Usage: %s -a addr -p port -f kevent_path -t timeout -w wait_num\n", p);
}
static int evtest_server_init(char *addr, unsigned short port)
{
struct hostent *h;
int s, on;
struct sockaddr_in sa;
if (!addr) {
ulog("%s: Bind address cannot be NULL.\n", __func__);
return -1;
}
h = gethostbyname(addr);
if (!h) {
ulog_err("%s: Failed to get address of %s.\n", __func__, addr);
return -1;
}
s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
if (s == -1) {
ulog_err("%s: Failed to create server socket", __func__);
return -1;
}
// fcntl(s, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);
memcpy(&(sa.sin_addr.s_addr), h->h_addr_list[0], 4);
sa.sin_port = htons(port);
sa.sin_family = AF_INET;

on = 1;
setsockopt(s, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, 4);

if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) == -1) {
ulog_err("%s: Failed to bind to %s", __func__, addr);
close(s);
return -1;
}
if (listen(s, 30000) == -1) {
ulog_err("%s: Failed to listen on %s", __func__, addr);
close(s);
return -1;
}
return s;
}
#define EPOLL_EVENT_MASK (EPOLLIN | EPOLLERR | EPOLLPRI)
static int evtest_kevent_remove(int fd)
{
int err;
struct epoll_event event;
event.events = EPOLL_EVENT_MASK;
event.data.fd = fd;

err = epoll_ctl(kevent_ctl_fd, EPOLL_CTL_DEL, fd, &event);
if (err < 0) {
ulog_err("Failed to perform control REMOVE operation");
return err;
}
return err;
}
static int evtest_kevent_init(int fd)
{
int err;
struct timeval tm;
struct epoll_event event;
event.events = EPOLL_EVENT_MASK;
event.data.fd = fd;

err = epoll_ctl(kevent_ctl_fd, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fd, &event);
gettimeofday(&tm, NULL);
ulog("%08lu:%06lu: fd=%3d, err=%1d.\n", tm.tv_sec, tm.tv_usec, fd, err);
if (err < 0) {
ulog_err("Failed to perform control ADD operation: fd=%d, events=%08x", fd, event.events);
return err;
}
return err;
}
#define MAX_FILES 1000000
/*
* Debug check:
*/
static struct request *fd_to_req[MAX_FILES];
static long handle_request(void *__req)
{
struct request *req = __req;
int s = req->sock, err, fd;
off_t offset;
int count;
char path[] = "/tmp/index.html";
char buf[4096];
struct timeval tm;
if (!fd_to_req[s])
ulog_err("Bad: no request to fd?");
count = 40960;
offset = 0;

err = recv(s, buf, sizeof(buf), 0);
if (err < 0) {
ulog_err("Failed to read data from s=%d", s);
goto err_out_remove;
}
if (err == 0) {
gettimeofday(&tm, NULL);
ulog("%08lu:%06lu: Client exited: fd=%d.\n", tm.tv_sec, tm.tv_usec, s);
goto err_out_remove;
}
fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
if (fd == -1) {
ulog_err("Failed to open '%s'", path);
err = -1;
goto err_out_remove;
}
#if 0
do {
err = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
if (err <= 0)
break;
err = send(s, buf, err, 0);
if (err <= 0)
break;
} while (1);
#endif
err = sendfile(s, fd, &offset, count);
{
int on = 0;
setsockopt(s, SOL_TCP, TCP_CORK, &on, sizeof(on));
}
close(fd);
if (err < 0) {
ulog_err("Failed send %d bytes: fd=%d.\n", count, s);
goto err_out_remove;
}
gettimeofday(&tm, NULL);
ulog("%08lu:%06lu: %d bytes has been sent to client fd=%d.\n", tm.tv_sec, tm.tv_usec, err, s);

close(s);
fd_to_req[s] = NULL;

return complete_threadlet_fn(req, &async_head);

err_out_remove:
evtest_kevent_remove(s);
close(s);
fd_to_req[s] = NULL;

return complete_threadlet_fn(req, &async_head);
}
static int evtest_callback_client(int sock)
{
struct request *req;
long done;
if (fd_to_req[sock]) {
ulog_err("Bad: request overlap?");
return 0;
}
req = alloc_req();
if (!req) {
ulog_err("Bad: no req\n");
evtest_kevent_remove(sock);
return -ENOMEM;
}
req->sock = sock;
fd_to_req[sock] = req;
done = threadlet_exec(handle_request, req,
req->threadlet_stack, &async_head);

handle_submitted_request(req, done);

return 0;
}
static int evtest_callback_main(int s)
{
int cs, err;
struct sockaddr_in csa;
socklen_t addrlen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
struct timeval tm;
memset(&csa, 0, sizeof(csa));

if ((cs = accept(s, (struct sockaddr *)&csa, &addrlen)) == -1) {
ulog_err("Failed to accept client");
return -1;
}
// fcntl(cs, F_SETFL, O_NONBLOCK);
gettimeofday(&tm, NULL);

ulog("%08lu:%06lu: Accepted connect from %s:%d.\n",
tm.tv_sec, tm.tv_usec,
inet_ntoa(csa.sin_addr), ntohs(csa.sin_port));

err = evtest_kevent_init(cs);
if (err < 0) {
close(cs);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
static int evtest_kevent_wait(unsigned int timeout, unsigned int wait_num)
{
int num, err;
struct timeval tm;
struct epoll_event event[256];
int i;
err = epoll_wait(kevent_ctl_fd, event, 256, -1);
if (err < 0) {
ulog_err("Failed to perform control operation");
return num;
}
gettimeofday(&tm, NULL);

num = err;
ulog("%08lu.%06lu: Wait: num=%d.\n", tm.tv_sec, tm.tv_usec, num);
for (i=0; i<num; ++i) {
if (event[i].data.fd == main_server_s)
err = evtest_callback_main(event[i].data.fd);
else
err = evtest_callback_client(event[i].data.fd);
}
return err;
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int ch, err;
char *addr;
unsigned short port;
unsigned int timeout, wait_num;
addr = "0.0.0.0";
port = 8080;
timeout = 1000;
wait_num = 1;

async_head_init();

while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "f:n:t:a:p:h")) > 0) {
switch (ch) {
case 't':
timeout = atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'n':
wait_num = atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'a':
addr = optarg;
break;
case 'p':
port = atoi(optarg);
break;
case 'f':
break;
default:
usage(argv[0]);
return -1;
}
}
kevent_ctl_fd = epoll_create(10);
if (kevent_ctl_fd == -1) {
ulog_err("Failed to epoll descriptor");
return -1;
}
main_server_s = evtest_server_init(addr, port);
if (main_server_s < 0)
return main_server_s;
err = evtest_kevent_init(main_server_s);
if (err < 0)
goto err_out_exit;
while (1) {
err = evtest_kevent_wait(timeout, wait_num);
}
err_out_exit:
close(kevent_ctl_fd);

async_head_exit();

return 0;
}
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