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SubjectRe: [PATCH] scheduler: fix x86 regression in native_sched_clock

* Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> wrote:

> third update. the cpufreq callbacks are not quite OK yet.

fourth update - the cpufreq callbacks are back. This is a version that
is supposed fix all known aspects of TSC and frequency-change
weirdnesses.

Ingo

Index: linux/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
+++ linux/arch/arm/kernel/time.c
@@ -79,17 +79,6 @@ static unsigned long dummy_gettimeoffset
}
#endif

-/*
- * An implementation of printk_clock() independent from
- * sched_clock(). This avoids non-bootable kernels when
- * printk_clock is enabled.
- */
-unsigned long long printk_clock(void)
-{
- return (unsigned long long)(jiffies - INITIAL_JIFFIES) *
- (1000000000 / HZ);
-}
-
static unsigned long next_rtc_update;

/*
Index: linux/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c
+++ linux/arch/ia64/kernel/time.c
@@ -344,33 +344,6 @@ udelay (unsigned long usecs)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(udelay);

-static unsigned long long ia64_itc_printk_clock(void)
-{
- if (ia64_get_kr(IA64_KR_PER_CPU_DATA))
- return sched_clock();
- return 0;
-}
-
-static unsigned long long ia64_default_printk_clock(void)
-{
- return (unsigned long long)(jiffies_64 - INITIAL_JIFFIES) *
- (1000000000/HZ);
-}
-
-unsigned long long (*ia64_printk_clock)(void) = &ia64_default_printk_clock;
-
-unsigned long long printk_clock(void)
-{
- return ia64_printk_clock();
-}
-
-void __init
-ia64_setup_printk_clock(void)
-{
- if (!(sal_platform_features & IA64_SAL_PLATFORM_FEATURE_ITC_DRIFT))
- ia64_printk_clock = ia64_itc_printk_clock;
-}
-
/* IA64 doesn't cache the timezone */
void update_vsyscall_tz(void)
{
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
@@ -113,10 +113,19 @@ void default_idle(void)
smp_mb();

local_irq_disable();
- if (!need_resched())
+ if (!need_resched()) {
+ ktime_t t0, t1;
+ u64 t0n, t1n;
+
+ t0 = ktime_get();
+ t0n = ktime_to_ns(t0);
safe_halt(); /* enables interrupts racelessly */
- else
- local_irq_enable();
+ local_irq_disable();
+ t1 = ktime_get();
+ t1n = ktime_to_ns(t1);
+ sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(t1n - t0n);
+ }
+ local_irq_enable();
current_thread_info()->status |= TS_POLLING;
} else {
/* loop is done by the caller */
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_32.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_32.c
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>

#include <asm/delay.h>
#include <asm/tsc.h>
@@ -78,15 +79,35 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(check_tsc_unstable);
* cyc2ns_scale is limited to 10^6 * 2^10, which fits in 32 bits.
* (mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca)
*
+ * ns += offset to avoid sched_clock jumps with cpufreq
+ *
* -johnstul@us.ibm.com "math is hard, lets go shopping!"
*/
-unsigned long cyc2ns_scale __read_mostly;

-#define CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR 10 /* 2^10, carefully chosen */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cyc2ns);

-static inline void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long cpu_khz)
+static void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long cpu_khz, int cpu)
{
- cyc2ns_scale = (1000000 << CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR)/cpu_khz;
+ unsigned long flags, prev_scale, *scale;
+ unsigned long long tsc_now, ns_now;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ sched_clock_idle_sleep_event();
+
+ scale = &per_cpu(cyc2ns, cpu);
+
+ rdtscll(tsc_now);
+ ns_now = __cycles_2_ns(tsc_now);
+
+ prev_scale = *scale;
+ if (cpu_khz)
+ *scale = (NSEC_PER_MSEC << CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR)/cpu_khz;
+
+ /*
+ * Start smoothly with the new frequency:
+ */
+ sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(0);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
}

/*
@@ -239,7 +260,9 @@ time_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_bl
ref_freq, freq->new);
if (!(freq->flags & CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS)) {
tsc_khz = cpu_khz;
- set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz);
+ preempt_disable();
+ set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz, smp_processor_id());
+ preempt_enable();
/*
* TSC based sched_clock turns
* to junk w/ cpufreq
@@ -367,6 +390,8 @@ static inline void check_geode_tsc_relia

void __init tsc_init(void)
{
+ int cpu;
+
if (!cpu_has_tsc || tsc_disable)
goto out_no_tsc;

@@ -380,7 +405,15 @@ void __init tsc_init(void)
(unsigned long)cpu_khz / 1000,
(unsigned long)cpu_khz % 1000);

- set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz);
+ /*
+ * Secondary CPUs do not run through tsc_init(), so set up
+ * all the scale factors for all CPUs, assuming the same
+ * speed as the bootup CPU. (cpufreq notifiers will fix this
+ * up if their speed diverges)
+ */
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+ set_cyc2ns_scale(cpu_khz, cpu);
+
use_tsc_delay();

/* Check and install the TSC clocksource */
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_64.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_64.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/tsc_64.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@

#include <asm/hpet.h>
#include <asm/timex.h>
+#include <asm/timer.h>

static int notsc __initdata = 0;

@@ -18,16 +19,50 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_khz);
unsigned int tsc_khz;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(tsc_khz);

-static unsigned int cyc2ns_scale __read_mostly;
+/* Accelerators for sched_clock()
+ * convert from cycles(64bits) => nanoseconds (64bits)
+ * basic equation:
+ * ns = cycles / (freq / ns_per_sec)
+ * ns = cycles * (ns_per_sec / freq)
+ * ns = cycles * (10^9 / (cpu_khz * 10^3))
+ * ns = cycles * (10^6 / cpu_khz)
+ *
+ * Then we use scaling math (suggested by george@mvista.com) to get:
+ * ns = cycles * (10^6 * SC / cpu_khz) / SC
+ * ns = cycles * cyc2ns_scale / SC
+ *
+ * And since SC is a constant power of two, we can convert the div
+ * into a shift.
+ *
+ * We can use khz divisor instead of mhz to keep a better precision, since
+ * cyc2ns_scale is limited to 10^6 * 2^10, which fits in 32 bits.
+ * (mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca)
+ *
+ * ns += offset to avoid sched_clock jumps with cpufreq
+ *
+ * -johnstul@us.ibm.com "math is hard, lets go shopping!"
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cyc2ns);

-static inline void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long khz)
+static void set_cyc2ns_scale(unsigned long cpu_khz, int cpu)
{
- cyc2ns_scale = (NSEC_PER_MSEC << NS_SCALE) / khz;
-}
+ unsigned long flags, prev_scale, *scale;
+ unsigned long long tsc_now, ns_now;

-static unsigned long long cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
-{
- return (cyc * cyc2ns_scale) >> NS_SCALE;
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ sched_clock_idle_sleep_event();
+
+ scale = &per_cpu(cyc2ns, cpu);
+
+ rdtscll(tsc_now);
+ ns_now = __cycles_2_ns(tsc_now);
+
+ prev_scale = *scale;
+ if (cpu_khz)
+ *scale = (NSEC_PER_MSEC << CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR)/cpu_khz;
+
+ sched_clock_idle_wakeup_event(0);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
}

unsigned long long sched_clock(void)
@@ -100,7 +135,9 @@ static int time_cpufreq_notifier(struct
mark_tsc_unstable("cpufreq changes");
}

- set_cyc2ns_scale(tsc_khz_ref);
+ preempt_disable();
+ set_cyc2ns_scale(tsc_khz_ref, smp_processor_id());
+ preempt_enable();

return 0;
}
@@ -151,7 +188,7 @@ static unsigned long __init tsc_read_ref
void __init tsc_calibrate(void)
{
unsigned long flags, tsc1, tsc2, tr1, tr2, pm1, pm2, hpet1, hpet2;
- int hpet = is_hpet_enabled();
+ int hpet = is_hpet_enabled(), cpu;

local_irq_save(flags);

@@ -206,7 +243,9 @@ void __init tsc_calibrate(void)
}

tsc_khz = tsc2 / tsc1;
- set_cyc2ns_scale(tsc_khz);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+ set_cyc2ns_scale(tsc_khz, cpu);
}

/*
Index: linux/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
+++ linux/drivers/acpi/processor_idle.c
@@ -531,6 +531,11 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)

case ACPI_STATE_C3:
/*
+ * Must be done before busmaster disable as we might
+ * need to access HPET !
+ */
+ acpi_state_timer_broadcast(pr, cx, 1);
+ /*
* disable bus master
* bm_check implies we need ARB_DIS
* !bm_check implies we need cache flush
@@ -557,7 +562,6 @@ static void acpi_processor_idle(void)
/* Get start time (ticks) */
t1 = inl(acpi_gbl_FADT.xpm_timer_block.address);
/* Invoke C3 */
- acpi_state_timer_broadcast(pr, cx, 1);
/* Tell the scheduler that we are going deep-idle: */
sched_clock_idle_sleep_event();
acpi_cstate_enter(cx);
@@ -1401,9 +1405,6 @@ static int acpi_idle_enter_simple(struct
if (acpi_idle_suspend)
return(acpi_idle_enter_c1(dev, state));

- if (pr->flags.bm_check)
- acpi_idle_update_bm_rld(pr, cx);
-
local_irq_disable();
current_thread_info()->status &= ~TS_POLLING;
/*
@@ -1418,13 +1419,21 @@ static int acpi_idle_enter_simple(struct
return 0;
}

+ /*
+ * Must be done before busmaster disable as we might need to
+ * access HPET !
+ */
+ acpi_state_timer_broadcast(pr, cx, 1);
+
+ if (pr->flags.bm_check)
+ acpi_idle_update_bm_rld(pr, cx);
+
if (cx->type == ACPI_STATE_C3)
ACPI_FLUSH_CPU_CACHE();

t1 = inl(acpi_gbl_FADT.xpm_timer_block.address);
/* Tell the scheduler that we are going deep-idle: */
sched_clock_idle_sleep_event();
- acpi_state_timer_broadcast(pr, cx, 1);
acpi_idle_do_entry(cx);
t2 = inl(acpi_gbl_FADT.xpm_timer_block.address);

Index: linux/include/asm-x86/timer.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/include/asm-x86/timer.h
+++ linux/include/asm-x86/timer.h
@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
#define _ASMi386_TIMER_H
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>

#define TICK_SIZE (tick_nsec / 1000)

@@ -16,7 +17,7 @@ extern int recalibrate_cpu_khz(void);
#define calculate_cpu_khz() native_calculate_cpu_khz()
#endif

-/* Accellerators for sched_clock()
+/* Accelerators for sched_clock()
* convert from cycles(64bits) => nanoseconds (64bits)
* basic equation:
* ns = cycles / (freq / ns_per_sec)
@@ -31,20 +32,32 @@ extern int recalibrate_cpu_khz(void);
* And since SC is a constant power of two, we can convert the div
* into a shift.
*
- * We can use khz divisor instead of mhz to keep a better percision, since
+ * We can use khz divisor instead of mhz to keep a better precision, since
* cyc2ns_scale is limited to 10^6 * 2^10, which fits in 32 bits.
* (mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca)
*
* -johnstul@us.ibm.com "math is hard, lets go shopping!"
*/
-extern unsigned long cyc2ns_scale __read_mostly;
+
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cyc2ns);

#define CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR 10 /* 2^10, carefully chosen */

-static inline unsigned long long cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
+static inline unsigned long long __cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
{
- return (cyc * cyc2ns_scale) >> CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR;
+ return cyc * per_cpu(cyc2ns, smp_processor_id()) >> CYC2NS_SCALE_FACTOR;
}

+static inline unsigned long long cycles_2_ns(unsigned long long cyc)
+{
+ unsigned long long ns;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ ns = __cycles_2_ns(cyc);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ns;
+}

#endif
Index: linux/kernel/hrtimer.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/hrtimer.c
+++ linux/kernel/hrtimer.c
@@ -850,6 +850,14 @@ hrtimer_start(struct hrtimer *timer, kti
#ifdef CONFIG_TIME_LOW_RES
tim = ktime_add(tim, base->resolution);
#endif
+ /*
+ * Careful here: User space might have asked for a
+ * very long sleep, so the add above might result in a
+ * negative number, which enqueues the timer in front
+ * of the queue.
+ */
+ if (tim.tv64 < 0)
+ tim.tv64 = KTIME_MAX;
}
timer->expires = tim;

Index: linux/kernel/lockdep.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/lockdep.c
+++ linux/kernel/lockdep.c
@@ -2654,10 +2654,15 @@ static void check_flags(unsigned long fl
if (!debug_locks)
return;

- if (irqs_disabled_flags(flags))
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirqs_enabled);
- else
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->hardirqs_enabled);
+ if (irqs_disabled_flags(flags)) {
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
+ printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-off.\n");
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
+ printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-on.\n");
+ }
+ }

/*
* We dont accurately track softirq state in e.g.
Index: linux/kernel/printk.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/printk.c
+++ linux/kernel/printk.c
@@ -573,11 +573,6 @@ static int __init printk_time_setup(char

__setup("time", printk_time_setup);

-__attribute__((weak)) unsigned long long printk_clock(void)
-{
- return sched_clock();
-}
-
/* Check if we have any console registered that can be called early in boot. */
static int have_callable_console(void)
{
@@ -628,30 +623,57 @@ asmlinkage int printk(const char *fmt, .
/* cpu currently holding logbuf_lock */
static volatile unsigned int printk_cpu = UINT_MAX;

+const char printk_recursion_bug_msg [] =
+ KERN_CRIT "BUG: recent printk recursion!\n";
+static int printk_recursion_bug;
+
asmlinkage int vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
+ static int log_level_unknown = 1;
+ static char printk_buf[1024];
+
unsigned long flags;
- int printed_len;
+ int printed_len = 0;
+ int this_cpu;
char *p;
- static char printk_buf[1024];
- static int log_level_unknown = 1;

boot_delay_msec();

preempt_disable();
- if (unlikely(oops_in_progress) && printk_cpu == smp_processor_id())
- /* If a crash is occurring during printk() on this CPU,
- * make sure we can't deadlock */
- zap_locks();
-
/* This stops the holder of console_sem just where we want him */
raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ /*
+ * Ouch, printk recursed into itself!
+ */
+ if (unlikely(printk_cpu == this_cpu)) {
+ /*
+ * If a crash is occurring during printk() on this CPU,
+ * then try to get the crash message out but make sure
+ * we can't deadlock. Otherwise just return to avoid the
+ * recursion and return - but flag the recursion so that
+ * it can be printed at the next appropriate moment:
+ */
+ if (!oops_in_progress) {
+ printk_recursion_bug = 1;
+ goto out_restore_irqs;
+ }
+ zap_locks();
+ }
+
lockdep_off();
spin_lock(&logbuf_lock);
- printk_cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ printk_cpu = this_cpu;

+ if (printk_recursion_bug) {
+ printk_recursion_bug = 0;
+ strcpy(printk_buf, printk_recursion_bug_msg);
+ printed_len = sizeof(printk_recursion_bug_msg);
+ }
/* Emit the output into the temporary buffer */
- printed_len = vscnprintf(printk_buf, sizeof(printk_buf), fmt, args);
+ printed_len += vscnprintf(printk_buf + printed_len,
+ sizeof(printk_buf), fmt, args);

/*
* Copy the output into log_buf. If the caller didn't provide
@@ -680,7 +702,11 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk(const char *fmt,
loglev_char = default_message_loglevel
+ '0';
}
- t = printk_clock();
+ if (panic_timeout) {
+ panic_timeout = 0;
+ printk("recurse!\n");
+ }
+ t = cpu_clock(printk_cpu);
nanosec_rem = do_div(t, 1000000000);
tlen = sprintf(tbuf,
"<%c>[%5lu.%06lu] ",
@@ -744,6 +770,7 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk(const char *fmt,
printk_cpu = UINT_MAX;
spin_unlock(&logbuf_lock);
lockdep_on();
+out_restore_irqs:
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}

Index: linux/kernel/sched.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/sched.c
+++ linux/kernel/sched.c
@@ -488,7 +488,12 @@ unsigned long long cpu_clock(int cpu)

local_irq_save(flags);
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
- update_rq_clock(rq);
+ /*
+ * Only call sched_clock() if the scheduler has already been
+ * initialized (some code might call cpu_clock() very early):
+ */
+ if (rq->idle)
+ update_rq_clock(rq);
now = rq->clock;
local_irq_restore(flags);

Index: linux/kernel/sched_fair.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/sched_fair.c
+++ linux/kernel/sched_fair.c
@@ -511,8 +511,7 @@ place_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, stru

if (!initial) {
/* sleeps upto a single latency don't count. */
- if (sched_feat(NEW_FAIR_SLEEPERS) && entity_is_task(se) &&
- task_of(se)->policy != SCHED_BATCH)
+ if (sched_feat(NEW_FAIR_SLEEPERS) && entity_is_task(se))
vruntime -= sysctl_sched_latency;

/* ensure we never gain time by being placed backwards. */
Index: linux/kernel/time/clockevents.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/kernel/time/clockevents.c
+++ linux/kernel/time/clockevents.c
@@ -78,6 +78,11 @@ int clockevents_program_event(struct clo
unsigned long long clc;
int64_t delta;

+ if (unlikely(expires.tv64 < 0)) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return -ETIME;
+ }
+
delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(expires, now));

if (delta <= 0)

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