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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/4 -mm] kexec based hibernation -v7 : kimgcore
Date
On Friday, 7 of December 2007, Huang, Ying wrote:
> This patch adds a file in proc file system to access the loaded
> kexec_image, which may contains the memory image of kexeced
> system. This can be used by kexec based hibernation to create a file
> image of hibernating kernel, so that a kernel booting process is not
> needed for each hibernating.

Hm, I'm not sure what you mean.

Can you explain a bit, please?


> Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
>
> ---
> fs/proc/Makefile | 1
> fs/proc/kimgcore.c | 204 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/proc/proc_misc.c | 5 +
> include/linux/kexec.h | 7 +
> kernel/kexec.c | 5 -
> 5 files changed, 217 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/fs/proc/kimgcore.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,204 @@
> +/*
> + * fs/proc/kimgcore.c - Interface for accessing the loaded
> + * kexec_image, which may contains the memory image of kexeced system.
> + * Heavily borrowed from fs/proc/kcore.c
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2007, Intel Corp.
> + * Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
> + *
> + * This file is released under the GPLv2
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> +#include <linux/user.h>
> +#include <linux/elf.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/kexec.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
> +#include <asm/uaccess.h>
> +
> +struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_kimgcore;
> +
> +static u32 kimgcore_size;
> +
> +static char *elfcorebuf;
> +static size_t elfcorebuf_sz;
> +
> +static void *buf_page;
> +
> +static ssize_t kimage_copy_to_user(struct kimage *image, char __user *buf,
> + unsigned long offset, size_t count)
> +{
> + kimage_entry_t *ptr, entry;
> + unsigned long off = 0, offinp, trunk;
> + struct page *page;
> + void *vaddr;
> +
> + for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) {
> + if (!(entry & IND_SOURCE))
> + continue;
> + if (off + PAGE_SIZE > offset) {
> + offinp = offset - off;
> + if (count > PAGE_SIZE - offinp)
> + trunk = PAGE_SIZE - offinp;
> + else
> + trunk = count;
> + page = pfn_to_page(entry >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> + if (PageHighMem(page)) {
> + vaddr = kmap(page);
> + memcpy(buf_page, vaddr+offinp, trunk);
> + kunmap(page);
> + vaddr = buf_page;
> + } else
> + vaddr = __va(entry & PAGE_MASK) + offinp;
> + if (copy_to_user(buf, vaddr, trunk))
> + return -EFAULT;
> + buf += trunk;
> + offset += trunk;
> + count -= trunk;
> + if (!count)
> + break;
> + }
> + off += PAGE_SIZE;
> + }
> + return count;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t read_kimgcore(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
> + size_t buflen, loff_t *fpos)
> +{
> + size_t acc = 0;
> + size_t tsz;
> + ssize_t ssz;
> +
> + if (buflen == 0 || *fpos >= kimgcore_size)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* trim buflen to not go beyond EOF */
> + if (buflen > kimgcore_size - *fpos)
> + buflen = kimgcore_size - *fpos;
> + /* Read ELF core header */
> + if (*fpos < elfcorebuf_sz) {
> + tsz = elfcorebuf_sz - *fpos;
> + if (buflen < tsz)
> + tsz = buflen;
> + if (copy_to_user(buffer, elfcorebuf + *fpos, tsz))
> + return -EFAULT;
> + buflen -= tsz;
> + *fpos += tsz;
> + buffer += tsz;
> + acc += tsz;
> +
> + /* leave now if filled buffer already */
> + if (buflen == 0)
> + return acc;
> + }
> +
> + ssz = kimage_copy_to_user(kexec_image, buffer,
> + *fpos - elfcorebuf_sz, buflen);
> + if (ssz < 0)
> + return ssz;
> +
> + *fpos += (buflen - ssz);
> + acc += (buflen - ssz);
> +
> + return acc;
> +}
> +
> +static int init_kimgcore(void)
> +{
> + Elf64_Ehdr *ehdr;
> + Elf64_Phdr *phdr;
> + struct kexec_segment *seg;
> + Elf64_Off off;
> + unsigned long i;
> +
> + elfcorebuf_sz = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr) +
> + kexec_image->nr_segments * sizeof(Elf64_Phdr);
> + elfcorebuf = kzalloc(elfcorebuf_sz, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!elfcorebuf)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + ehdr = (Elf64_Ehdr *)elfcorebuf;
> + memcpy(ehdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG);
> + ehdr->e_ident[EI_CLASS] = ELFCLASS64;
> + ehdr->e_ident[EI_DATA] = ELFDATA2LSB;
> + ehdr->e_ident[EI_VERSION] = EV_CURRENT;
> + ehdr->e_ident[EI_OSABI] = ELFOSABI_NONE;
> + memset(ehdr->e_ident+EI_PAD, 0, EI_NIDENT-EI_PAD);
> + ehdr->e_type = ET_CORE;
> + ehdr->e_machine = ELF_ARCH;
> + ehdr->e_version = EV_CURRENT;
> + ehdr->e_entry = kexec_image->start;
> + ehdr->e_phoff = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr);
> + ehdr->e_shoff = 0;
> + ehdr->e_flags = 0;
> + ehdr->e_ehsize = sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr);
> + ehdr->e_phentsize = sizeof(Elf64_Phdr);
> + ehdr->e_phnum = kexec_image->nr_segments;
> + ehdr->e_shentsize = 0;
> + ehdr->e_shnum = 0;
> + ehdr->e_shstrndx = 0;
> +
> + off = elfcorebuf_sz;
> + phdr = (Elf64_Phdr *)(elfcorebuf + sizeof(Elf64_Ehdr));
> + seg = kexec_image->segment;
> + for (i = 0; i < kexec_image->nr_segments; i++, phdr++, seg++) {
> + phdr->p_type = PT_LOAD;
> + phdr->p_flags = PF_R|PF_W|PF_X;
> + phdr->p_offset = off;
> + phdr->p_paddr = seg->mem;
> + phdr->p_filesz = seg->memsz;
> + phdr->p_memsz = seg->memsz;
> + phdr->p_align = PAGE_SIZE;
> + off += seg->memsz;
> + }
> + kimgcore_size = off;
> +
> + buf_page = (void *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!buf_page) {
> + kfree(elfcorebuf);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void destroy_kimgcore(void)
> +{
> + kfree(elfcorebuf);
> + free_page((unsigned long)buf_page);
> + elfcorebuf_sz = 0;
> + kimgcore_size = 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int open_kimgcore(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + if (xchg(&kexec_lock, 1))
> + return -EBUSY;
> + if (!kexec_image) {
> + ret = -ENOENT;
> + goto unlock;
> + }
> + ret = init_kimgcore();
> + if (ret)
> + goto unlock;
> + return 0;
> +unlock:
> + xchg(&kexec_lock, 0);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int release_kimgcore(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> + destroy_kimgcore();
> + xchg(&kexec_lock, 0);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +const struct file_operations proc_kimgcore_operations = {
> + .read = read_kimgcore,
> + .open = open_kimgcore,
> + .release = release_kimgcore,
> +};
> --- a/include/linux/kexec.h
> +++ b/include/linux/kexec.h
> @@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
> #include <linux/elfcore.h>
> #include <linux/elf.h>
> #include <linux/notifier.h>
> +#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
> #include <asm/kexec.h>
>
> /* Verify architecture specific macros are defined */
> @@ -108,6 +109,10 @@ struct kimage {
> };
>
>
> +#define for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) \
> + for (ptr = &image->head; (entry = *ptr) && !(entry & IND_DONE); \
> + ptr = (entry & IND_INDIRECTION)? \
> + phys_to_virt((entry & PAGE_MASK)): ptr + 1)
>
> /* kexec interface functions */
> extern void machine_kexec(struct kimage *image);
> @@ -228,6 +233,8 @@ extern size_t vmcoreinfo_max_size;
> int __init parse_crashkernel(char *cmdline, unsigned long long system_ram,
> unsigned long long *crash_size, unsigned long long *crash_base);
>
> +extern const struct file_operations proc_kimgcore_operations;
> +extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_kimgcore;
> #else /* !CONFIG_KEXEC */
> struct pt_regs;
> struct task_struct;
> --- a/fs/proc/Makefile
> +++ b/fs/proc/Makefile
> @@ -14,5 +14,6 @@ proc-$(CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL) += proc_sysct
> proc-$(CONFIG_NET) += proc_net.o
> proc-$(CONFIG_PROC_KCORE) += kcore.o
> proc-$(CONFIG_PROC_VMCORE) += vmcore.o
> +proc-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kimgcore.o
> proc-$(CONFIG_PROC_DEVICETREE) += proc_devtree.o
> proc-$(CONFIG_PRINTK) += kmsg.o
> --- a/fs/proc/proc_misc.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/proc_misc.c
> @@ -1034,6 +1034,11 @@ void __init proc_misc_init(void)
> if (proc_vmcore)
> proc_vmcore->proc_fops = &proc_vmcore_operations;
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
> + proc_root_kimgcore = create_proc_entry("kimgcore", S_IRUSR, NULL);
> + if (proc_root_kimgcore)
> + proc_root_kimgcore->proc_fops = &proc_kimgcore_operations;
> +#endif
> #ifdef CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ
> {
> struct proc_dir_entry *entry;
> --- a/kernel/kexec.c
> +++ b/kernel/kexec.c
> @@ -614,11 +614,6 @@ static int kimage_terminate(struct kimag
> return 0;
> }
>
> -#define for_each_kimage_entry(image, ptr, entry) \
> - for (ptr = &image->head; (entry = *ptr) && !(entry & IND_DONE); \
> - ptr = (entry & IND_INDIRECTION)? \
> - phys_to_virt((entry & PAGE_MASK)): ptr +1)
> -
> static void kimage_free_entry(kimage_entry_t entry)
> {
> struct page *page;


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