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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/5][RFC] Physical PCI slot objects
Date
On Tuesday 13 November 2007 03:59:36 pm Kristen Carlson Accardi wrote:
> On Tue, 13 Nov 2007 12:26:32 -0800 Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> wrote:
> > And isn't there some other tool that dumps the raw ACPI tables? I
> > thought the acpi developers used it all the time when debugging things
> > with users.
>
> There are - people should take a look at the Intel Linux Firmware Kit
> for an example of how to parse ACPI tables in userspace - the code
> is also GPL'd, so you are free to use it in another GPL application.
>
> http://www.linuxfirmwarekit.org/download.php#source
>
> In many DSDTs I've seen, _SUN is hardcoded anyway and can be found
> by reading the DSDT from userspace. This is what the firmwarekit
> does to check for duplicate _SUN in one of it's tests.

I see three relevant things in the firmware kit:

1) ExecuteAmlMethod() in amlpoke/amlpoke.c. This uses
/proc/acpi/hotkey/event_config to cause the kernel to
execute an AML method. This looks similar to what dev_acpi
does and is unsafe for the same reasons (the method may have
side effects that interfere with kernel drivers). The kernel
support for this was removed in 2.6.21:

http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=5ee6edbcde4d3b14e4e03d4b331df1099a34aa8d

2) execute_aml_method() in acpitable.c. Similar to above.

3) parse_SUN_name() in SUN/SUN.c. This uses acpidump, acpixtract,
and iasl -d to disassemble the DSDT and SSDTs, then looks for
things like "Name (_SUN, 0x0000012C)". That works well if _SUN
merely returns a constant, and many DSDTs do that.
But _SUN can be implemented as a control method, and then we have
a problem because we can't determine the _SUN value by inspecting
the DSDT. We have to evaluate the method, and that may require
operation regions, semaphores, etc., so it can only be done in the
kernel.

So I agree that the firmware kit has a clever hack that works on much
existing x86 firmware, and it sounds like Tivoli might even rely on
it. But I don't feel good about it, and it could easily break when
some BIOS writer needs to make _SUN slightly more complicated.

Bjorn
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